• Title, Summary, Keyword: Characteristics of Work

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The Relationship between Firefighters' Work Demand and Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders: The Moderating Role of Task Characteristics

  • Kodom-Wiredu, Justice K.
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.61-66
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    • 2019
  • Background: Emergency workers such as firefighters are cataloged within the most demanding and injurious professions globally. Considering the health and safety implications in firefighting, a lot of research needs to be conducted to examine how firefighters' task characteristics and their work demand influence the development of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). This study therefore examines how the task characteristics of firefighters moderates the relationship between their work demand and the development of WMSDs. Methods: Convenient sampling was employed to select 320 firefighters in the Greater Accra region of Ghana. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation, and regression. Results: The findings revealed that work demand and task characteristics have significant positive effects on WMSDs. Again, the task characteristics of firefighters moderates the relationship between their work demand and WMSDs. Conclusion: Since the study shows that task characteristics influences the relationship between work demand and WMSDs, it is vital for managers to constantly modify the nature of tasks performed by and work demand of emergency workers to minimize the development of WMSDs and other industrial health complications.

Fathers' work-family reconciliation type and its characteristics (아버지의 일·가정양립 유형과 일·가정양립 양상)

  • Lee, Hyun Ah;Kim, Seon-Mi
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.75-88
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    • 2019
  • This study focuses on changes in a father's role from one that is work-centered to a work-family balance, analyzing the type of father's work-family reconciliation and to compare the differences among the types. An online survey was conducted with 1,037 fathers of school-aged children. The survey subjects were assigned to a ratio of 1:2:1:1 for fathers who have a child in kindergarten, elementary school, middle school and high school. The fathers' work-family reconciliation type was a variable composed of three categories: work-centered, family-centered, and work-family centered. In the research model of this study, the fathers' work-family reconciliation type was influenced by family characteristics(the age of first child, the number of children, dual earner, and spouse support) and work characteristics(weekly working hours, work flexibility, and leaving work on time). We analyzed characteristics of work-family reconciliation through housework time, child care time, leisure time, family meals, and time spend talking with their children. The results showed that father's work-family reconciliation type was significantly different according to the characteristics such as first child age and spouse support, work characteristics such as weekly working hours and leaving work on time. The time distribution differed significantly depending on the father's work-family reconciliation type. Therefore, a fathers' work-family reconciliation can be considered typified by the interaction of family and work characteristics. This study suggests policy implications for supporting fathers' work-family reconciliation.

Convergence Influential Factors on Stress of Workers in the Field of Railroad Electricity by the Railroad Work Characteristics (철도전기 분야 근무자들의 철도 관련 근무 특성이 스트레스에 미치는 융합적 영향 요인)

  • Lee, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.9
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to find the railroad work characteristics that influence stress of workers in the field of Railroad electricity including railroad signaling. After a self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted from Feb. 13 to Mar. 10 of the year 2017, 445 questionnaire copies were analyzed. Objective work characteristics include total working period, current workplace, work type, train service count, train line type, a type of train in charge, failure/accident participation count, work on holidays, and work hours. Subjective work characteristics include work life satisfaction and subjective work intensity. According to bivariate analysis, stress was different depending on all railroad work characteristics. According to multivariate analysis, total working period, train service count, a type of train in charge, work on holidays, work life satisfaction, and subjective work intensity were found to be influential factors. The moderating effect of subjective work characteristics was not found in the relation between objective work characteristics and stress. Therefore, it is necessary for companies to pay attention to the influential factors on stress and manage stress.

The characteristics of work in physical therapist and the effort they to prevent work-related musculo-skeletal disorders (물리치료사 업무 특성과 근골격계 질환 예방을 위한 관심도 연구)

  • Lee, Tae-Sig;Back, Il-Hun
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.163-172
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    • 2003
  • Background and Purpose. Physical therapists are at risk for work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). Little understand the characteristics of work in physical therapist or the effort they take to prevent injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of work in physical therapist and the efforts for prevent injury Subjects. Standardized questionnaire was administered to 103 physical therapist in Pusan association. Methods. An questionnaire was given to each subject. Questions investigated the characteristics of work in physical therapist, efforts and caring of injury prevention. Chi-square Test used to assess the association of general characteristics with the characteristics of work in physical therapist. AVONA and T-test used to assess the association of efforts of prevent injury in independent variable Results. Physical therapist was reported a higher prevalence of WMSDs in most body areas. These attributes sometimes resulted in behaviors that contributed to the development of their WMSDs.

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Work Performance of Critical Care Nurses Based on the Job Characteristics Model (직무특성모형에 근거한 중환자실 간호사의 간호업무성과 설명요인)

  • Seong, Ji-Suk;Song, Rhayun
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.36-47
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The study examined core job characteristics and job preference to explain work performance among critical care nurses. The theoretical model was constructed based on the job characteristics model with core job characteristics as exogenous variables, and work performance and job preference as endogenous variables. Methods: A total of 228 hospital nurses participated in the study from May to September, 2015. Data were collected through structured questionnaires and analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results: The model showed a good fit to the data with $x^2/df=2.90$, goodness of fit index = .91, root mean square residual = .20, comparative fit index = .93, and incremental fit index = .93. The core job characteristics explained 64% of the variance in job preference. The core job characteristics and job preference explained 52% of the variance in work performance. Conclusions: The core job characteristics can explain the work performance among critical care nurses through job preference. Effective strategies to improve the work performance among critical care nurses should focus on the application of the core job characteristic into a productive work environment. Further studies are warranted to explore the role of job preference of critical care nurses in promoting their work performance.

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The Estimated Size and Characteristics of Irregular Employment Work Force, and the Alternatives against Discrimination (비정규직 고용의 규모와 특성 그리고 정책대안의 방향)

  • Won In-Sung
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.13
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    • pp.141-162
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    • 2003
  • This article discusses the issues of the estimated size and characteristics of irregular employment work force in Korea after IMF economic crisis in 1997. The issues of the estimated size of irregular employment work force originated from different concepts and its operationalizations among the labor economists, despite their utilization of the same labor force data, 'Economically Active Population Survey(EAPA)' collected from Korea National Statistical Office(KNSO). And the issues contribute toward the understandings of the irregular employment and the limits of the EAPA, despite its various usefulness. This article also describes the summary characteristics of irregular employment work force from both sides of labor supply and its demand. The major characteristics of irregular employment work force on the labor supply side appears in the concentration of social minorities, i.e. woman, the aged, lower educated and skilled populations. On the labor demand of irregular employment work force, the majority of it concentrated on the establishments under 10 employees, and probably the important incentives for irregular employment work force of the firms is labor cost efficiency. Finally, this article propose an alternative against the discrimination between the regular and irregular work force.

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Job Satisfaction among ICU nurses according to the Preference and Perception of work Characteristics (근무환경 특성에 대한 선호도 및 인지도에 따른 중환자실 간호사의 직무만족도)

  • 송라윤;서연옥
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.431-440
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    • 1998
  • The purposes of this study were to determine the factors that influence job satisfaction for ICU nurses and to analyze group differences in job satisfaction based on the nurses' preference and perception of the work environment with an enhanced professional role. A total of 231 nurses who had been working in Intensive Care Units at least for 6 months at selected university hospitals participated in the study while head nurses or those with administrative positions were excluded. The study participants had an average of 33 months of clinical experience with an age range of 23 to 40 years. The data were analyzed by utilizing SPSSWIN and the results are as follows. 1) Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that work characteristics defined by Job characteristics theory and nurses' preference / perception of ideal work environment together explained 33% of variance in job satisfaction. Skill variety, task identity and autonomy as well as individual perception of work environment were significant variables for explaining job satisfaction. Job satisfaction was not significantly related to age, marital status, education, and clinical experience. 2) The groups classified by nurses' preference and perception of work environment were significantly different in their job satisfaction. Nurses with high preference and high perception showed significantly higher general and specific job satisfaction than other nurses. The nurses who showed high preference but perceived their work environment as not reflecting ideal job characteristics reported the lowest job satisfaction among the groups. In conclusion, the role of individual preference and perception of the work environment in explaining the relationship between the redesign of work environment and job satisfaction was supported by the study, The preferences of nurses to the innovative work characteristics should be considered in the process of enhancing job characteristics to lead job satisfaction and low turnover and ultimately to improve quality of care.

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A Typology of Female Workers' Work-Life Balance: Focused on Full-Time Female Paid Workers Using the 2009 Korean Time Survey (여성 근로자의 일과 삶의 균형 유형화 : 전일제 여성 임금근로자를 중심으로)

  • Park, Cheong Yeul;Sohn, Young Mi
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.75-102
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    • 2014
  • This study classified the current work-life balance of full-time female paid workers and tested the typology by using the 2009 Korean Time Survey. The categorization demographic and psychological characteristics of women belonging to each type were comparatively analyzed. It was found that full-time female paid workers used an average of 435.7 minutes for work, 146.4 minutes for family, 104.5 minutes for leisure, and 17.7 minutes for growth. On the basis of times used in each area of work and life, individuals were classified into family-oriented type, work-leisure parallel type, work-oriented type, work-growth parallel type, and work-family parallel type. Psychological characteristics were examined by type. The work-oriented type women experienced feelings of lack of time and fatigue the most compared with women of other types. From examining the influence that the amount of time used in each area of work and life had on psychological characteristics, it was shown that the activity time relevant to leisure influenced psychological characteristics the most. Lastly, based on the limitations of this study, future assignments are discussed.

An Exploratory Study on the Causes of Career Interruption in inactive nurses (경력단절 간호사의 경력단절 원인에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Yu, Eun-Ju;Lee, Gun-Jeong;Hwang, Sung-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.416-431
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze in-depth the nurses' experience of hospital work and the factors affecting career interruption of nurses. For this purpose, 20 inactive nurses aged 26-55 participated in interviews about their experience as nurses, characteristics of nursing work, and reasons for retirement, and applied the analysis method of Colaizzi among phenomenological research methods. The analysis resulted in 104 significant statements, 17 formulated meanings, 6 clusters of theme, and 2 categories. The two categories are nursing work characteristics and work environment characteristics. In the characteristics of nursing work, there are four clusters of theme of 'time pressure', 'lack of autonomy', 'physical and emotional labor', 'low wage increase', and in the characteristics of nursing work environment, there are two clusters of theme of 'physical environment' and 'human environment'. Therefore, in order to improve the nurse career interruption, efforts should be made to alleviate excessive work intensity, raise the appropriate level of pay and provide a safe working environment.

Influences of Work Characteristics on Older Workers' Job Satisfaction: Focusing on Gender Differences (고령근로자의 직무만족도에 직무특성이 미치는 영향: 성별에 따른 차이를 중심으로)

  • Jung, Yunkyung
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.119-132
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to understand potential gender differences in the association between job characteristics and job satisfaction among older workers. The data are from 506 males and 202 females older than 55 from the first wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing(KLoSA). Analyses focused on examining gender differences in the influences of subjective evaluation of work characteristics measured with education and skill fits of the work, work demands, customary early retirement, as well as more objective job conditions assessed with insurances by the employer, work hours, and salary on job satisfaction. Regression analyses revealed that female workers showed higher job satisfaction while job characteristics worked differently between genders to affect job satisfaction. For males, fitting the job with education and job demands were determining factors of job satisfaction, while the job with skills and work hours appeared to be significant factors for females. Results suggest that opportunities to utilize older workers' human capital and flexible working hours, especially for females workers would be helpful in promoting older adults' employment and satisfaction about their work.