• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ceramic Art

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Variation of Rare Earth Element Patterns during Rock Weathering and Ceramic Processes: A Preliminary Study for Application in Soil Chemistry and Archaeology (암석의 풍화과정 및 도자기 제조과정에 따른 희토류원소 분포도의 변화: 토양화학 및 고고학적 응용을 위한 기초연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Gu;Kim, Kun-Han;Kim, Jin-Kwan
    • The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.133-143
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    • 2008
  • On the basis of chemical composition of granite, gneiss and their weathering products, in this paper, rare earth elements (REEs) was estimated as tracer for clarifying a geochemical variance of earth surface material during weathering process. The chemical composition of clay, clay ware and pottery also were measured for testifying usefulness of REE geochemistry in clarifying the source material of pottery. It was observed that there was no systematic variation of chemical composition among source rock, weathered rock and soil during weathering process. The chemical composition of clay, clay ware and pottery also did not show systematic variation by baking pottery. However, PAAS (Post Archean Australian Shale)-normalized REE patterns of rock-weathered rock-soil and clay-clay ware-pottery are similar regardless of weathering process or ceramic art. Our results confirm that REE geochemistry is powerful tool for clarifying the source materials of surface sediment or archaeological ceramic products.

Application of Zn2TiO4 for nucleation and control of willemite crystalline glaze (아연결정유약의 결정 생성 및 제어를 위한 Zn2TiO4 활용 연구)

  • Lee, Hyun-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.154-161
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    • 2017
  • $Zn_2TiO_4$, which is a progenitor of zinc crystallization, plays a significant role in controlling the crystallization of willemite ($Zn_2SiO_4$) in forming glaze at low temperatures. Thus, $Zn_2TiO_4$ was used to formulate stable willemite and to gain structural control. When synthesized 15 wt% of $Zn_2TiO_4$ is added to engobe and then applied, it can manipulate its crystallization and location. Additionally, when colorant is added to $Zn_2TiO_4$ and then applied to engobe, the mixture's colorant effect can be shown at crystallization. Certain characteristics of synthesized $Zn_2TiO_4$ enable various engobes to be applied to clay bodies. With a single glazing, the crystallization, location, and color of the crystals can be discretionarily regulated.

Crystal development and growth mechanism by pretreatment process for zinc crystalline glaze (아연 결정유약 전처리 공정을 통한 결정생성 및 성장의 mechanism)

  • Lee, Chiyoun
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.34-41
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the effect on the zinc nuclei crystallization caused by changes preprocessing of the zinc crystalline glaze preparation has been studied. The mechanism of the nuclei formation in the crystalline glaze and development of the nuclei by studying the preprocessing step was explained. The preprocessing step was improved by altering mixing process of the materials prior to sintering: number of sieving dispersion process and ultra-sonication prove tests with various duration of sonication. According to the result, the sieving and sonication of the starting materials facilitated the interface reactions of $ZnO-SiO_2$ from $680^{\circ}C$ where low temperature willemite is formulated, and altered Si bonding for the easier bonding between Zn-Si. In other words, solely sieving was enough to accelerate the formation of willemite in low temperature. When the particles were distributed evenly by sonication, the willemite formation was even more significant.

Strength Properties and Elastic Waves Characteristics of Silicon Carbide with Damage-Healing Ability (손상치유 능력을 가지는 탄화규소의 강도 특성과 탄성파 특성)

  • KIM MI-KYUNG;AHN BYUNG-GUN;KIM JIN-WOOK;PARK IN-DUCK;AHN SEOK-HWAN;NAM KI-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.337-341
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    • 2004
  • Engineering ceramics have superior heat resistance, corrosion resistance, and wear resistance. Consequently, these art significant candidates for hot-section structural components of heat engine and the inner containment of nuclear fusion reactor. Besides, some of them have the ability to heal cracks and great benefit can be anticipated with great benefit the structural engineering field. Especially, law fracture toughness of ceramics supplement with self-healing ability. In the present study, we have been noticed some practically important points for the healing behavior of silicon nitride, alumina, mullite with SiC particle and whisker. The presence of silicon carbide (SiC) in ceramic compound is very important for crack-healing behavior. However, self-healing of SiC has not been investigated well in detail yet. In this study, commercial SiC was selected as sample, which can be anticipated in the excellent crack healing ability. The specimens were produced three-point bending specimen with a critical semi-circular crack of which size that is about $50-700{\mu}m$. Three-point bending test and static fatigue test were performed cracked and healed SiC specimens. A monotonic bending load was applied to cracked specimens by three-point loading at different temperature. The purpose of this paper is to report Strength Properties and Elastic Waves Characteristics of Silicon Carbide with Crack Healing Ability.

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A Quarter Century of Scientific Study on Korean Traditional Ceramics Culture: From Mounds of Waste Shards to Masterpieces of Bisaek Celadon

  • Choo, Carolyn Kyongshin Koh
    • Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2012
  • The first twenty-five years of scientific study within Korea on Korean traditional ceramics has been characterized as a bridging effort to understand the rich field of artistic ceramic masterpieces on one hand with analytic results gained from mounds of broken shards and kiln wastes on the other. First shard pieces were collected directly from the waste mounds, but most of the analyzed shards were provided by art historians and museum staffs directly involved in systematic excavations. The scientific study is viewed as one of many complimentary ways in learning about the multi-faceted ceramics culture, ultimately connecting human spirits and endeavors from the past to the present to the future. About 1350 pieces of analyzed shards have been so far collected and organized according to the production location and time period. From the experimental results of the analysis, the compositional and microstructural characteristics of bodies and glazes have been deduced for many kiln sites of Goryeo and Joseon dynasties. Except for a few local kilns, porcelain stone was used as body material in both dynasties. The principle of mixing a clay component with a flux material was used in Korean glazes as was in China. The clay component different from body clay was often used early on. In Gangjin a porcelain material appropriate for whiteware body was mixed for celadon glaze, and in Joseon Gwangju kilns glaze stone was chief clay material. The use of wood ash persisted in Korea even in making buncheong glazes, but in Joseon whitewares burnt lime and eventually crushed lime were used as flux material.

Study on Development of Crafts Cultural Industry - Central Region of South Korea Craft Industrial as center - (공예문화산업의 발전방안 연구 - 중부권 공예문화산업 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Sung-Min
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.385-390
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    • 2016
  • Cultural industry consists of a national own value and life style known as the cultural characteristics, and it has decorative and practical features so it covers necessaries and items of personal preference that the public use. Craft Culture Industry means the craft industry where goods with cultural features of traditional art are made based on specific region and surroundings, which is a series of process in which inherent traditional and cultural elements are produced, representing cultural industry. With the review on issues and solutions in each section of Craft Culture Industry, it would help solve the problem when developing Craft Culture Industry. This study examines the popularity and status of the craft cultural products and figures out the current situation of the domestic cultural industry and the development plan.

A brief review of the bilayer electrolyte strategy to achieve high performance solid oxide fuel cells (고성능 고체산화물 연료전지를 위한 이중층 전해질 전략)

  • Park, Jeong Hwa;Kim, Doyeub;Kim, Kyeong Joon;Bae, Kyung Taek;Lee, Kang Taek
    • Ceramist
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.184-199
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    • 2020
  • The solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are the one of the most promising energy conversion devices which can directly convert chemical energy into electric power with high efficiency and low emission. The lowering operating temperature below 800 ℃ has been considered as the mostly considerable research and development for commercialization. The major issue is to maintain reasonably high performance of SOFCs at reduced temperatures due to increment of polarization resistance of electrodes and electrolyte. Thus, the alternative materials with high catalytic activities and fast oxygen ion conductivity are required. For recent advances in electrolyte materials and technology, newly designed, highly conductive electrolyte materials and structural engineering of them provide a new path for further reduction in ohmic polarization resistance from electrolytes. Here, a powerful strategy of the bilayer concept with various oxide electrolytes of SOFCs are briefly reviewed. These recent developments also highlight the need for electrolytes with greater conductivity to achieve a high performance, thus providing a useful guidance for the rational design of cell structures for SOFCs. Moreover, cell design, materials compatibility, processing methods, are discussed, along with their role in determining cell performance. Results from state-of-the-art SOFCs are presented, and future prospects are discussed.

Study about porous of Korean traditional pottery (한국전통옹기의 통기성에 관한연구)

  • Kim, Seok-Ho
    • Journal of Science of Art and Design
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    • v.9
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    • pp.5-24
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    • 2006
  • Human hunted and picked to survive and a vessel was made naturally to store something being hunted and picket, which was a great invention. In modern times, society changed and development of science gave us convenience in making a vessel and various kinds of store instruments which was made of pure natural material, of new stuff, such as plastic and iron. but human became to be inclined to regress into nature because of problems of environment. We can say that the representative trend is well-being, after all this is a symptom to return to life being persued by predecessors before the science civilization was developed. Ancestors have lived with nature, adapted themselves to it. For examples they have built the house which became to be a part of nature and just like it, and studied a method of storing food to eat for four seasons, then displayed a storagehouse and storage containers everywhere of the house. Now Korean has the custody of kimchi in refrigerator at every house, but our forefathers controled a timing to eat food with studying a method of storage to put to use nature. With hot wind of well-being, Korean food is becoming to be globalized, according to this, concern about the wisdom of progenitors is growing more and more. It's an example that the world shows concern seriously about the pottery, which have stored kimchi for a long time fleshly, in globalization of kimchi. This study have three purposes, the first. checking documents about the development history of pottery which is a kind of ceramic, and then the second, through an scientific experiment, with studying characteristic of pottery being built by the wisdom of ancestors, informing the merit of pottery and necessity to the world, and futhermore, the third, working up the development of close environmental vessels putting to use the characteristic of pottery.

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The Formation and Significance of Korean Ceramics Collections in Modern Britain (근대 영국의 한국도자 컬렉션의 형성 과정과 그 의미)

  • Kim, Yunjeong
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.104-123
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    • 2019
  • Various European countries were active rather early on in the formation and research of Korean ceramics, which are considered a representative genre of Korean art. Of these, England is especially noteworthy due to its relatively large volume of extant archival material related to the procurement of Korean ceramics in modern Britain. The material is important in that it contributes to our understanding of the formation and economic worth of these collections. Especially meaningful are the previously unknown documents dating to the period when institutions such as the British Museum and the Victoria & Albert Museum were most actively collecting Korean ceramics. These documents provide insight into the circumstances-process, prices, standards, perceptions, etc.-of procurement for the Korean ceramics now in British collections. The changes in the perception of Korean ceramics and the intention for forming such collections in modern Britain can be divided into three periods. The first, starting from the late 1870s and ending in the late 1880s, is categorized by the collectors' misguided ideal of Korean ceramics in the absence of a true understanding of the subject. During the late 1880s up until 1910, the Korean ceramics entering British collections were mostly ethnographic in nature and examples of implements used in Koreans' daily lives. Lastly, from 1910 to 1940, Korean ceramics were regarded as art objects to be collected, and Goryeo celadons formed the core of many of the British collections being assembled at the time. As for the matter of collecting standards and processes, the matter is examined through the study of three individuals who visited Korea and acquired Korean ceramics in the early 20th century. After 1910, the British started to make trips to the Far East via boat or the Trans-Siberian Express and purchase Korean ceramics during their travels. It has been confirmed that former bureaucrats were able to acquire 'good and old Goryeo ceramics' at reasonable prices from either tomb robbers or through direct visits to regions where such wares were being excavated. In addition, this study also focuses on the previously unfamiliar company Kavanaugh & Co, which made important sales and provided transport of various objects, including Korean ceramics, to its Western clients. The final part of this study examines the standards of appraisal for the Korean ceramics collected in modern Britain. The main criterion the balance between form and price of the piece. In other words, the best pieces were those that were of superior quality but acquired at the cheapest prices. British collectors particularly valued not only the Goryeo celadons favored by the Japanese but also Joseon ceramics for their innovative form, design, and technique. These standards of aesthetic and form were important factors that influenced the formation of diverse Korean ceramic collections in modern Britain.

Stellite bearings for liquid Zn-/Al-Systems with advanced chemical and physical properties by Mechanical Alloying and Standard-PM-Route

  • Zoz, H.;Benz, H.U.;Huettebraeucker, K.;Furken, L.;Ren, H.;Reichardt, R.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.9-10
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    • 2000
  • An important business-field of world-wide steel-industry is the coating of thin metal-sheets with zinc, zinc-aluminum and aluminum based materials. These products mostly go into automotive industry. in particular for the car-body. into building and construction industry as well as household appliances. Due to mass-production, the processing is done in large continuously operating plants where the mostly cold-rolled metal-strip as the substrate is handled in coils up to 40 tons unwind before and rolled up again after passing the processing plant which includes cleaning, annealing, hot-dip galvanizing / aluminizing and chemical treatment. In the liquid Zn, Zn-AI, AI-Zn and AI-Si bathes a combined action of corrosion and wear under high temperature and high stress onto the transfer components (rolls) accounts for major economic losses. Most critical here are the bearing systems of these rolls operating in the liquid system. Rolls in liquid system can not be avoided as they are needed to transfer the steel-strip into and out of the crucible. Since several years, ceramic roller bearings are tested here [1.2], however, in particular due to uncontrollable Slag-impurities within the hot bath [3], slide bearings are still expected to be of a higher potential [4]. The today's state of the art is the application of slide bearings based on Stellite\ulcorneragainst Stellite which is in general a 50-60 wt% Co-matrix with incorporated Cr- and W-carbides and other composites. Indeed Stellite is used as the bearing-material as of it's chemical properties (does not go into solution), the physical properties in particular with poor lubricating properties are not satisfying at all. To increase the Sliding behavior in the bearing system, about 0.15-0.2 wt% of lead has been added into the hot-bath in the past. Due to environmental regulations. this had to be reduced dramatically_ This together with the heavily increasing production rates expressed by increased velocity of the substrate-steel-band up to 200 m/min and increased tractate power up to 10 tons in modern plants. leads to life times of the bearings of a few up to several days only. To improve this situation. the Mechanical Alloying (MA) TeChnique [5.6.7.8] is used to prOduce advanced Stellite-based bearing materials. A lubricating phase is introduced into Stellite-powder-material by MA, the composite-powder-particles are coated by High Energy Milling (HEM) in order to produce bearing-bushes of approximately 12 kg by Sintering, Liquid Phase Sintering (LPS) and Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP). The chemical and physical behavior of samples as well as the bearing systems in the hot galvanizing / aluminizing plant are discussed. DependenCies like lubricant material and composite, LPS-binder and composite, particle shape and PM-route with respect to achievable density. (temperature--) shock-reSistibility and corrosive-wear behavior will be described. The materials are characterized by particle size analysis (laser diffraction), scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. corrosive-wear behavior is determined using a special cylinder-in-bush apparatus (CIBA) as well as field-test in real production condition. Part I of this work describes the initial testing phase where different sample materials are produced, characterized, consolidated and tested in the CIBA under a common AI-Zn-system. The results are discussed and the material-system for the large components to be produced for the field test in real production condition is decided. Outlook: Part II of this work will describe the field test in a hot-dip-galvanizing/aluminizing plant of the mechanically alloyed bearing bushes under aluminum-rich liquid metal. Alter testing, the bushes will be characterized and obtained results with respect to wear. expected lifetime, surface roughness and infiltration will be discussed. Part III of this project will describe a second initial testing phase where the won results of part 1+11 will be transferred to the AI-Si system. Part IV of this project will describe the field test in a hot-dip-aluminizing plant of the mechanically alloyed bearing bushes under aluminum liquid metal. After testing. the bushes will be characterized and obtained results with respect to wear. expected lifetime, surface roughness and infiltration will be discussed.

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