• Title, Summary, Keyword: Causal attribution

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Clusters Analysis According to Causal Attribution in Patients with Cancer (암환자가 지각한 원인지각 차원별 동질집단 분석)

  • Ryu, Eun-Jung;Choi, So-Young;Choi, Kyung-Sook
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.66-74
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study is designed to identify clusters according to the causal attribution that people make about the cancer and to determine influences of coping behavior and depression as output of causal attribution. Method: The subjects were 192 patients who had been diagnosed cancer one year ago and attended an outpatient clinic. For cancer patients to be classified homogenious groups according to causal attribution, cluster analysis of subjects' ratings on the Causal Dimension Scale was been made. Results: Cluster 1(n=71) had patients with having external, stable and uncontrollable attribution. Cluster 2(n =70) had patients with having unstable and external controllable attribution regarding cause of cancer. They were not important whether cause of cancer was self or other. Cluster 3(n=51) had patients with having internal, unstable and internal controllable attribution. Coping behaviors between cluster 1 and 3 were significant difference. However, depression was not significant difference among clusters. Conclusion: Based upon these results, it is recommended that the developing training program to be changed to the more positive attribution is necessary.

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A Study on the Perceived Causal Attribution of Cancer Patients (암환자의 원인지각 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yu-Mi;So, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.560-570
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    • 2001
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify factors of the causal attribution of cancer and to determine related variables. Method: Subjects were one hundred and thirty three cancer patients. The tool of the perceived causal attribution used was developed by authors and basically founded on Kim's work(1993). The SAS program was used to analyze the data along with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan's Multiple range test, and Principal component analysis and varimax rotation. Results: 1) The perceived causal attribution measurement revealed four factors; overload, destiny, stress, and constitution. The total percentage of variance explained by the four factors was 44.3%. 2) The scores of destiny on women, having religion, unemployed, lower level of education, no spouse, groups of uterine cervix and lung cancer, not receiving an operation and receiving radiation were significantly higher than those other groups. 3) The scores of stress on women, having religion, and not having a job were significantly higher than those on men, without religion, and having a job. 4) The scores of constitution on those in their forties, women, not receiving an operation and receiving radiation were significantly higher than for those in their sixties, men, receiving operation and not receiving radiation. There was no significant difference in the factor scores of overload by any variables. Conclusion: Factors of the perceived causal attribution of cancer among Korean cancer patients were overload, destiny, stress, and constitution. The scores of each factor the perceived causal attribution was significantly different by general and disease related characteristics.

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A Study on Causal Attribution and Self-Efficacy in the Patients with Cancer (암환자가 지각하는 원인지각과 자기효능에 관한 연구)

  • 류은정;윤은자
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.232-243
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    • 2001
  • When people undergo stressful situations such as a cancer diagnosis, they ask, "why me\ulcorner" The causal attributions people make about cancer influence what kind of coping strategies are chosen. Weiner (1979) suggested three dimensions of causal attributions: focus of causality, stability, and controllability. The purpose of the present study was to test the relation between causal attributions and self-efficacy in patients with cancer. The subjects were 194 patients who had been diagnosed cancer one year ago and attended an outpatient clinic. 1. Each mean score of causal attribution dimensions (focus of control, stability, controllability) that each patient made about cancer was 2.47, 2.73, 2.86, 3.35, and 3.28. The mean score of self-efficacy was 71.03. 2. There was a significant negative correlation between self efficacy and controllability. Particularly, there was a significant negative relationship between self efficacy and external controllability. Based upon these results, it is recommended that the developing nursing interventions to change causal attribution and self-efficacy is necessary. A number of theoretical relationships and empirical finding are confirmed by this data, and future proposals in research is suggested.

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A Study on the Consumer Complaining Behavior (소비자불평행동에 관한 연구 - 불만족의 귀인을 중심으로)

  • 박진영;문숙재
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.15-30
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    • 1990
  • The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for consumer complaining behavior. For this purpose, questionaire was given to 600 individuals who have resided in Seoul as the housewife consumer and possessed the experience to use the purchased refrigerators within the period of 5 years. 437 data were analyzed by the statistical methods like frequency, percentage, ANOVA, Duncan's Multiple Range Test, X2-test, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were described as follows; 1) Complaining behavior have shown significant differences according to housewife's age, degree of perceived housewife's consumer education, husband's job and housewife's job. 2) The type of attribution of dissatisfaction have shown significant differences according to husband's job, housewife's job and family income. 3) There was significant difference in the complaining behavior according to the type of causal attribution and responsibility attribution. 4) The complaining behavior was influenced by causal attribution of dissatisfaction, responsibility attribution of dissatisfaction, family income, degree of perceived housewife's consumer education, husband's job and housewife's age. And the relative contribution of each variable explaining the complaining behavior was decreased according to the order of variables that were described.

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Instrument Development for Mathematical Achievement Attribution (수학 학습 성취 귀인에 대한 측정 도구 개발)

  • Kim, Bu-Mi;Kim, Soo-Jin
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.501-522
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    • 2010
  • In this study, 'Instruments of the achievement attribution in mathematical learning' was develop to investigate the reasons of mathematical learning achievement by reflecting Korean middle school and high school students' psychological characters and learning context in mathematical learning. To develop the appropriate items for the achievement attribution in mathematical learning, after reviewing attribution literature thoroughly, first version of the instrument was developed and Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted. Then, to reduce the effect of the gender difference and achievement level difference, Differential Item Functioning was performed. Also, using Multiple group Confirmatory Factor Analysis, this instrument was investigated to see whether this can be used for both middle school and high school. The final items for success attribution are 3 items for luck, 3 items for effort, 2 items for ability. The failure attribution were composed of 3 items for luck, 3 items for effort, 2 items for ability, and 2 items for other. The instrument was developed by using large samples and psychometric analysis. Therefore, mathematic teachers can use this instrument efficiently to make a foundation for better learning environment so students' cognitive area and affective area can be harmonized.

A Modified Attribution-Affection Model of Public Discrimination against Persons with Mental Illness -Model comparisons among schizophrenia, depression and alcoholism- (정신장애인의 사회적 거리감에 대한 수정된 귀인정서모형 적용 - 정신장애 유형별 모형비교 -)

  • Park, Keun Woo;Seo, Mi Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.4
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    • pp.209-231
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    • 2012
  • Recently, the many anti- stigma program use the 'mental illness is an illness like any other biogenetic illness' approach. This is based on Weiner's attribution affection theory. However, mental illness is difficult to be applied with attribution affection premise because attributing no blame for mental problem(biogenetic cause) leads to fear and dangerousness. We proposed a modified attribution affection model that explains the relations between biogenetic causal belief and social distance. Our model assumed that attributing personal responsibility for each mental problem leads to anger and social distance. And attributing no blame for mental problem(biogenetic causal belief) reinforces perception of dangerousness and social distance. This study presented typical vignettes of schizophrenia, depression and alcoholism according to the diagnosis criteria of DSM-IV to 768 university students randomly. Path analysis was used to test modified attribution affection model. The major findings are, First our original model modified partially for fit index. So final model assumed that i) The more respondents believed personal responsibility, the more anger, the more anger reaction corresponded closely with more social distance. ii) biogenetic causal beliefs leads to a worsening of dangerousness and perception of dangerousness leads to a increasing of social distance. Second, multi-group analysis was conducted to verify how a modified attribution affection model would be applicable to three groups. The result is that there is no difference among three groups. Finding from this research suggest to change anti-stigma program that use medical model.

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Instrument Development and Analysis for Mathematical Learning Motivation and Causal Attribution (수학 학습 동거와 귀인의 측정 도구 개발 및 분석)

  • Lee, Chong-Hee;Kim, Bu-Mi
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.413-444
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of the present study is to develop an instrument of mathematical learning motivation and causal attribution for students and to analyze the results of the instrument. Based on the literature review, mathematical learning motivation is the cumulative effects of self-assessment and self-regulation in mathematical learning and achievement experience. Three factors of mathematical learning motivation is identified as self-regulatory efficacy, task difficulty and mathematical anxiety with 17 self-regulatory efficacy items, 9 task difficulty items and 9 mathematical anxiety items. Three factors of causal attribution for success is identified as ability/effort, luck, and other person with 6 ability/effort items, 4 luck items and 3 other person items. Also, four factors of causal attribution for failure is identified as ability, effort, luck, and other person with 3 ability items, 7 effort items, 3 luck items and 4 other person items. The instrument of mathematical learning motivation and causal attribution for success and failure was administered to 919 middle school students from eight different middle middle schools in Seoul, Gyeonggi-Do, Busan, jeolla-Do area. The correlation of three factors of mathematical learning motivation was calculated. As a result, a positive correlation between self-regulatory efficacy and task difficulty was appeared but mathematical anxiety has a negative correlation with self-regulatory efficacy and task difficulty. This study also examined the differences about mathematical learning motivation's sub-factors shown by three groups of mathematics achievement level. Students of higher achievement level showed that the degree of self-regulatory efficacy and task difficulty was higher than that of lower level group. Students of lowest achievement level showed significantly higher mathematical anxiety degree than that of middle and high group. Students that have higher degree of self-regulatory efficacy and task difficulty preference were attributed into ability/effort cause toward success of mathematics achievement. Also, Male students preferred more difficult task and higher degree of self-regulatory efficacy in mathematics learning than female students. On the contrary, Female students showed higher mathematical anxiety level than male students.

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A Study on Interpretation of the "Causal Link" under WTO Safeguard Agreement (세이프가드협정하의 인과관계의 해석원칙에 관한 연구)

  • Ha, Choong-Lyong;Kim, Sun-Ok
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.209-227
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    • 2006
  • This paper analyse current interpretation of the "causal link" that in particular, focuses principally on the so-called "non-attribution" requirement of Article 4.2(b) of the Safeguards Agreement. The safeguard measures are justified as a temporary economic adjustment to harm that is caused by an increase in imports. The problem with this justification is that there are other kinds of economic forces that may injure domestic industries, such as changes in consumer tastes, government spending or a lack thereof, and economic downturns. These problems do not justify government-imposed remedies. When factors therefore other than increased imports are causing injury to the domestic industry at the same time, such injury shall not be attributed to increased imports. The Appellate Body stressed that a contribution of third-party imports to the existence of serious injury must be sufficiently clear as to establish the existence of the causal link required, it found that Article 4.2(b) does not suggest that increased imports be the sole cause of the serious injury, or that other factors causing injury must be excluded from the determination of serious injury. The interest in separation is to ensure that a measure is not applied to remedy harm not caused by imports, but this basic point assumes that the harm is distinguishable in the first place. It also assumes that the safeguard is designed to respond to harm caused by imports. In fact safeguards were never intended to respond to this kind of unfair trade, but rather to provide whatever emergency relief might assist an ailing domestic industry if imports happened to be a part of that injury. The Appellate Body's insistence in breaking cause and effect down to minutia in the non-attribution analysis seems to be so overly intricate that it conflicts with it's broader focus on evaluating factors that effect harm on the industry as a whole.

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The Effects of Personal and Environmental Variables on Children's Perceived Competence (개인적 변인 및 환경적 변인이 아동의 유능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Mi Jung;Kim, Kyong Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.45-57
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    • 2000
  • This study investigated the effects of personal (gender, school grade and causal attribution for success and failure) and environmental (mother's evaluation of their children and mother's efficacy) variables on children's perceived competence. The subjects were 595 fourth and sixth graders and their mothers selected from 3 elementary schools in Pusan. Children's perceived competence was studied under 3 categories : scholastic, social, and athletic competence. Data were analyzed by SAS/PC+ program. Internal attribution for the success had a positive influence on perceived competence while internal attribution for failure had a negative influence on perceived competence. Mother's evaluation of their children had a stronger influence on perceived competence than mother's efficacy. Mother's evaluation of their children was the most influential variable in all 3 categories of competence while secondary and tertiary variables varied by internal attribution for success or failure and by gender.

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A Study of Incheon Airport Employees' Perception and Attribution on ASQ Service Performances focusing on Outsource Workers (공항운영인력의 ASQ 서비스성과 공유에 대한 인식 및 귀인 연구 : 인천공항 아웃소싱직원을 중심으로)

  • Song, Jung Tae;Kim, Kee Woong;Choi, Youn-Chul;Park, Sung Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.62-70
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    • 2016
  • Perception of outsource workers among Incheon Int'l airport employees was reviewed about the service performances of winning the ASQ awards in 11 consecutive years. 85% of Incheon airport operating authority(Incheon International Airport Corp.) and its outsource companies employees was composed of outsource workers. Thus, their thoughts might represent the overall perception of airport operating authority employees. The perception on the service performances of winning the ASQ awards was analyzed by researchers using attribution theory model. It is useful to apply attribution modeling in order to analyze the causal relationships among variables. Attribution is the process by which individuals explain the causes of behavior and events. Attribution theory is the study of models to explain those processes. According to empirical analysis, it was found outsource workers attributed the excellent service performance of Incheon airport to such an internal factor as service competence. However it was also implied they attributed to such external factors as the positive relationship and institutional support from airport and government authorities.