• Title, Summary, Keyword: Catching-up

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A Exploratory Study on the Politics of Technological Innovation of Catching-up Countries: Case Study (후발국의 기술혁신과 기술정치에 과한 탐색적 연구 -이동전화와 PCS 기술개발 사례를 중심으로-)

  • 송위진
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2001
  • This study aims at developing some hypotheses on the politics of innovation in catching-up countries. Although innovation studies of catching-up countries have studied the process of acquisition of technological capabilities, the politics of innovation was not seriously considered in those studies. This study suggests a conceptual frame-works of the innovation politics and analyses the innovation process of mobile telecommunication system in Korea. Some hypotheses on the patterns and effects of innovation politics in catching-up countries are put forward.

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In Search of a Success Model for a National R&D Project;a Case Study of FTTH Technology Development (국가연구개발 사업의 새로운 성공모델 탐색;FTTH 기술개발 사례 분석)

  • Lee, Byung-Heon;Kang, Won-Jin;Kim, Do-Hyeong
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.27-65
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    • 2006
  • This study reviews the success cases of National Research&Development Projects such as TDX and CDMA projects at the catching-up stage and FTTH technology development project at the post catching-up stage. First, we investigate why the success model of national R&D projects at the catching-up stage failed to operate properly at the post catching-up stage, and then we propose improved policies for a successful national R&D project at the post-catching up stage. From the comparison of FTTH development case at the post catching-up with TDX and CDMA cases at the catching-up stage, we observed that at the catching-up stage 1) there are high uncertainties in technology development and it is very difficult to establish technology standards, 2) it is difficult to conduct government driven R&D and to develop a market for the technology developed, 3) it is difficult to share a vision among the participants in the H&D consortium, and 4) commercialization of the technology developed from the project was carried out by SMEs and venture businesses with little marketing capabilities. Also, we discuss the national level technology development strategies and the role of the government for a successful national research and develop project at the post catching-up stage.

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Technological Catching-up in the Korean IT SoC Industry (국내 IT SoC산업의 기술추격)

  • Min, Wan-Kee;Oh, Wan-Keun
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.776-795
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    • 2006
  • This paper aims at examining technological catching-up in the Korean IT SoC industry using the theories of technological catching-up and sectoral system of innovation. The Korean IT SoC industry has accomplished rapid technological catching-up by the process of variety generation and selection. In the process, Korean fabless ventures have pursued the technological path-creative pattern in niche markets. But the cooperative networks among various firms are prerequisite for the coevolution of sectoral innovation system.

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기술역량의 네 가지 요소와 기술추격 주자의 기술역량 발전 양상: 분석의 틀과 한국 반도체산업의 기술발전 사례

  • 조현대
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.171-202
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    • 2000
  • This study presents a developmental pattern of technological capability of catching-up players in terms of production, investment, innovation and networking capability. In order to do this, the study develops an analytical framework and examines the experience of the Korean semiconductor industry. Although the presented pattern in the study is not a general pattern for all catching-up players, this pattern implies one of the useful dynamic strategies for catching-up players in developing countries. In addition, this study discusses its contributions and further research areas in the last part of the paper.

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경험있는 기술추격국의 기술역량 축적과정: 한국의 이동통신산업

  • 이재근;김한주
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.215-236
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    • 2003
  • According to Gerschenkron (1962), the industrialization of relative backward countries was characterized in a systematically varying fashion by sudden spurts. With respect to the technological loaming, its globalization, and the subsequent development of technological capability, Korea, a catching-up nation had some experiences of identifiable discontinuities in her technological development in various industries. This study examines a developmental path of technological catching-up in Korean mobile telecommunication, especially CDMA industry and argues that investment and networking capability play an infrastructural role in accumulating her technological capability. Note that the technological experiences in high-tech industries have made Korea take a different technological path with respect to the previous industrialization. For this purpose, it proposes an analytical framework for examining a developmental path of Korean catching-up players. In addition, it analyzes the case of the Korean mobile telecommunication industry on the basis of the framework, and identifies a developmental path from the case analysis.

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Knowledge Creating Patterns of Technology Catching-up and Pioneering Phase in the New Product Development Process (신제품 개발 과정에서 기술추격과 선도개발 단계의 지식창출 패턴)

  • Seol, Hyun-Do
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.25-51
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the knowledge creating pattern of technology catching-up and pioneering phase in the new product development process. This paper first reviews the knowledge conversion, absorptive capability, learning orientation and the trigger of learning. The paper then presents the integrative model of knowledge creating. Based on the integrative model, in-depth case analysis was conducted on the new product development process in Phicom. As a result, the paper discuss that the pattern of absorptive capability building, knowledge conversion and knowledge transfer is different from technology catching-up and pioneering phase. Finally, the implications and limitations of the study are discussed.

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The Change of Innovation Practice in Post Catching-up Regime: the Case of Korean Mobile Phone Industry (추격에서 선도로: 탈추격체제의 기술혁신 특성 - 한국 이동전화산업 사례 연구 -)

  • 송위진
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.351-372
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    • 2004
  • This paper examines the change of innovation practices in the Korean industry which is entering into the 'post catching-up regime'. In catching-up regime, the technological loaming practices of Korean firms could be characterized as the assimilation and improvement of foreign technologies through crisis construction and time pressure. Crisis construction and time pressure were the important factors enhancing the intensity of technological teaming and shaping the way of doing imitative innovation. But the innovation patterns of firm are changing. The new ways of doing innovation are emerging in Korean mobile phone industry which is becoming a world leader: the emphasis on the importance of technological planning, the enhancement of collaborative networks among related firms, the toleration on the failure and the effort to acquire core technologies. Though Korean firms have not developed enough capabilities to create basic core technologies, they can develop their competitiveness through creative combination of technologies and are approaching the world frontier.

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Catching-Up and National Environment: The Case of the Korean Aircraft Industry

  • Hwang, Chin-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.227-245
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    • 2000
  • Korean firms have attempted to catch up in the aircraft industry during last quarter century. Korean firms have built up their capabilities by moving from parts manufacturing through subassembly to system integration. The number of projects carried out and the intensity of technological effort undertaken by firms strongly influences market position and firm performance. However, successful catching up is not simply dependent on capability building within the firm. The national environment (Porter, 1990) in which firms are located plays a pivotal role. The Korean government has been effective in creating a favorable environ-ment in many areas, but has not been able to replicate this success in the aircraft industry. Opportunities for learning in the aircraft industry have been hampered by the small size of the Korean civilian aircraft market and the sophisticated requirements of military systems. A policy of domestic rivalry in airframe manufacture has created too many firms for such a small market. The ability of Korean firms to catch up in the aircraft industry depends on both the internal capabilities of firms as well as appropriate government policies and the involve- ment of government research institutions and universities over an extended period of time. There have been many studies about the catching up of developing countries in mass production (such as automobile, consumer electronics, and recently DRAM), but few in complex systems, such as aircraft.

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Exploration of new innovation strategies for the post catching-up : Co-ordination between learning process and R&D (탈추격(post catching-up) 단계의 새로운 기술혁신정책의 모색: 학습과정(learning process)과 R&D의 조응(co-ordination))

  • Hwang, Gyu-Hui
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.207-225
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    • 2012
  • 한국이 탈추격에 진입하였으며 이에 대응한 새로운 기술혁신전략이 필요하다고 제기되고 있는데, 본 연구에서는 이를 산업연관표에 기반한 산업별 생산방식 변화 등의 분석을 통하여 확인하며, 산업별 인력 구성의 변화를 중심으로 새로운 기술혁신전략을 모색하였다. 인력양성과 활용의 측면을 중심으로 한 학습과정(leaning process)이 R&D 등 혁신노력과 성공적으로 조응될 때 기대한 혁신성과가 실현될 수 있음을, 28산업분류 수준에서 대학 전공의 일에서의 유용성과 R&D투입간 조응성을 통하여 분석하고, 이러한 사항이 국가수준의 혁신정책에 통합되어야 함을 제시하였다.

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Towards an Innovation-driven Nation: The 'Secondary Innovation' Framework in China

  • Wu, Xiaobo;Li, Jing
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.36-53
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    • 2015
  • The rise of latecomer countries across the world directs academic attention to their catching-up and innovation processof seizing technological opportunities and combining internal and external knowledge. Different from the developed economies as well as the newly industrialized economies, China presents a special innovation environment, wherein its technology regime, market opportunities, and institutions are complex and the globalization trend affects competition in a broader way. In thiscontext, we clarify and extend the framework of "secondary innovation". This framework describes the dynamics of those with relatively poor resources and capabilities in their efforts to capture the values of mature/emerging technology or business models by acquiringthem from across borders and then adapting to catching-up contexts. Such processes, differentiated from original innovation that involves the whole process from R&D to commercialization, has become a prevailing regime during paradigm shifts. In particular, unlike the traditional catch-up literature that focuses more on technology, the secondary innovation framework inclusively contains both technology and business model innovation, and puts forward the co-evolution between the two elements, which is more applicable to China's context. In accordance, we also provide implications towards fulfilling the goal of building an innovation-driven nation.