• Title, Summary, Keyword: Catch fluctuation

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Species composition of the demersal fish assemblage in the coastal waters off Sejon island, Korea (세존도 주변해역에 출현하는 저어류 군집의 종조성)

  • KOH, Eun-Hye;AN, Young-Su;BAECK, Gun-Wook;JANG, Choong-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.630-636
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    • 2015
  • The study aims at analyzing a species composition of the fish live in bottom of the coastal waters off Sejon island, Korea. To reach the goal of the study, a species composition and it's seasonally fluctuation, a seasonally fluctuation of the dominant species and it's appearance type were analyzed with the fishes caught by the bottom trawl in the coastal waters off Sejon island from May, 2011 to March, 2012. The results obtained can be summarized as follows; Fish caught in this area composes 10 orders, 25 families, and 37 species. The most dominant species in an number of fish was Pennahia argentata which was occupied at 42.1% from the whole number, the second most dominant species was Konosirus punctatus which was occupied at 14.2%. The most dominant species in a biomass of fish was Pennahia argentata which was 31.3% out of the whole catch, the next dominant species was Lophius litulonwhich which was 18.2%. The first group (Trichiurus lepturus, Zeus faber, Pennahia argentata, Chelidonichthys spinosus and Lophius litulon) was appeared at May, August, October, the second group (Sphyraena pinguis) was appeared at May and November, the third group (Pampus argenteus) was appeared at August, the fourth group (Pampus echinogaster, Leiognathus nuchalis, Konosirus punctatus and Engraulis japonicus) was appeared at March.

The Relationship between Oceanographic Condition and Fishing Ground Distribution of Yellow Croaker in the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea (동지나해, 황해의 참조기 어장분포와 해황과의 관계)

  • YANG Seong-Ki;CHO Kyu-Dae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.26-34
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    • 1982
  • The East China Sea and the Yellow Sea are abundant in nutritions because of river inflows and are important as the nursery and spawning grounds of demersal and pelagic fishes. The remarkable thermal front between the Yellow Sea Bottom Cold Water and the Tsushima Warm Current is formed in this region, and the fluctuation of this front may affect the variation of the yellow croaker fishing ground. To investigate the mechanism of the yellow croaker fishing ground, the distribution ana seasonal change of the fishing ground are examined by using catch of stow net fishery (Fisheries Research and Development Agency, 1970-1979) and the water temperature data (Japan Hydrographic Association, 1978). The main fishing ground of yellow croaker was nine sea areas (rectangle of 30' latitude by 30' longitude) located at 40-150 nautical miles west and southwest of Jeju Island, the area of which occupies no more than $11\%$ of all fishing grounds, and it appeared that about $70\%$ of total catch of ten years was concentrated in this area. The main fishing periods were from March to May and September to October. The coefficients of variation of the catch for the main fishing ground were from 0.8 to 2.1 and the condition of all fishing grounds was generally unstable. The mean CPUE was 27kg/haul at the main fishing ground, while it was the largest on boundary area of the Yellow Sea Bottom Cold Water. It was found that the seasonal movement of fishing ground is related to the expansion and reduction of the Yellow Sea Bottom Cold Water ($10^{\circ}C$).

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In Relation to the Formation of Fishing Ground and the Fluctuation of Fishing Condition of Anchovy , Engranlis Japonica , Catched by Anchovy Drag Net (멸치 기선권현망의 어장형성과 어황변동에 관하여)

  • Park, Jong-Hwa;Lee, Ju-Hui
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.238-246
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    • 1991
  • In order to make clear the mechanism forming the fishing ground of anchovy drag net in connection with water temperature, catch and oceanographic data for the years of 1970-1988 in the Southern Sea of Korea were analyzed. The annual catch of anchovy drag net was about 21,000M/T in 1970 but it was increasing largely so far 100,000M/T in recent years. The fishing season of anchovy drag net is the whole year beside the prohibition season established in aims to protect the spawning group of anchovy, and then in the best season of the period from July to December, the fishing ground is made up in the coastal area joining Yosu, Namhaedo and Bangeojin. There were some evidences that the fishing condition was controlled by the oceanographic condition, especially water temperature, that is, when there was large difference in water temperature between the south area of the Eastern Sea and the west area of the southern Sea and the thermocline is formed strongly in the larger less than 20m, the fishing condition was good. On the other hand, there was a very effective correlation between the catch(X) of anchovy spawning group in Spring by other fishing gears, mainly drift net and that(Y) of the little size of anchovy by drag net in Autumn, expressed by the relative equation, Y=62,246+1.3X, r=0.63.

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A Prosodic Analysis on the Korean Subjective Particles -With Reference to the Establishment of Acoustic Features-

  • Seong, Cheol-Jae
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.20 no.3E
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    • pp.3-9
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    • 2001
  • This study aims to describe a prosodic pattern on the Korean subjective particles with respect to their discourse function. 4 kinds of Korean subjective particles were mainly investigated with reference to sentential location, grammatical relations that precede or follow the word including subjective particles, and prosodic phrasing. F0 and energy were gradually diminished as the particles moved down to the sentential final position. 'Ga'particle, which has been potentially regarded as having a grammatical focusing function, looks like to show relatively higher F0 in sentential medial in discourse. At sentential medial position, when the words including 'ga, eun, and neun'particles were preceded by adverbials, the acoustic variables of particles tended to be diminished by some ratio in comparison with the mean value. The duration of particles might vary with respect to style variation and especially that it tended to diminish from 150 basic, 50 separate, and finally 50 discourse successively. And there's some specific phenomenon that prosodic phrasing itself was relatively easily taken place after 'eun' and 'neun' particles. Finally, I tried to catch the prosodic characteristics (which would be established as acoustic features) of inter-word position at which specific subjective particles were intervened. These acoustic features can be made up of the duration and F0 fluctuation activated in the successive 3 syllables in which word (or prosodic) boundary was located.

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Seasonal Variation of Fish Assemblages on Jangbong Tidal Flat, Incheon, Korea (장봉도 갯벌을 이용하는 어류군집의 계절 변화)

  • Seo, In-Soo;Hong, Jae-Sang
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.510-520
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated the community structure and seasonal variation of the fish assemblages on Jangbong tidal flat, Incheon, Korea. Fish were collected monthly using a small otter trawl from November 1999 to January 2001. Thirty-six fish species were recorded, with a mean density of 185 individuals and biomass of 2,594.3 gWWt. The most abundant species by number were Johnius grypotus (23.7%), Acanthogobius hasta (17.8%), and Cynoglossus joyneri (10.7%), while the dominant species by catch weight were Acanthogobius hasta (21.2%), Sebastes schlegeli (16.2%), J. grypotus (14.0%), and C. joyneri (10.8%). Cluster analysis and non-metric multi-dimensional scaling (nMDS) were applied to assess the seasonal fluctuation in the fish assemblages. Based on the result of the cluster analysis and nMDS ordination, the faunal group could be divided into cold- and warm-water specialist groups. The cold-water specialists included A. hasta, Acanthogobius luridus, Triaenopogon barbatus, Tridentiger trigonocephalus, and Liza haematocheila. The warm-water specialists were J. grypotus, C. joyneri, S. schlegeli, and Hexagrammos otakii. In conclusion, the community structure showed a distinct seasonal trend, which seemed to be related to the seasonal fluctuations in water temperature.

Fluctuation of Bag-net Catches off Wando, Korea and the Effect of Sea Water Temperature (한국 완도해역 낭장망 어업의 어획량 변동과 수온의 영향)

  • Kim Jin Koo;Choi Ok In;Chang Dae Soo;Kim Joo Il
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.497-503
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    • 2002
  • Fluctuation of the yield of anchovy, Engraulis japonicus and species composition of by-catch were examined to clarify the effect of sea water temperature using samples by bag net off Wando, west southern of Korea from 1999 to 2001. In 1999 and 2001, sea water temperature were higher than 20$^{\circ}C$ from July to October, However that of 2000 was higher than 20$^{\circ}C$ from August to September owing to the strong tidal front formed in south western area of Korea from late spring to summer. Fish captured by bag net off Wando was composed of approximately 73 species which belonging to the juveniles and young stages. Among them, Gymnapogon urospilotus, Lagocephalus sp., Omobranchus elegans, Platycephalus indicus and Konosirus punctatus did not appeared in 2000 when tidal front were developed stronger than in 1999 and 2001. Yield of anchovy landed at fishery of Wando were 1,000 M/T in 1999, 620 M/T in 2000, 1,056 M/T in 2001 respectively and have a tendency to increase from July to August and reach to maximum from August to October.

Environmental Factors and Catch Fluctuation of Set Net Grounds in the Coastal Waters of Yeosu - 2 . Sea Water Circulation in the Vicinity of Set Net Ground - (여수연안 정치망어장의 환경요인과 어황 변동에 관한 연구 - 2 . 어장주변 해역의 해수유동 -)

  • Kim, Dong-Soo;Rho, Hong-Kil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.142-149
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    • 1994
  • In order to investigate the environmental properties of set net grounds located in the coastal waters of Yeosu. The current in the vicinity of set net grounds was observed by drogue and current meter in 1990 and 1992. The results obtained are summarized as follows: The direction of tidal current at the north enterance of Yeosu bay was southerly in ebb and northwesterly in flood without the distiction of the neap tide and the spring tide. In spring tide the maximum Velocity of the tidal current was 68 cm/sec in ebb and 66 cm/sec in flood. In neap tide the maximum velocity of the tidal current was 37 cm/sec in ebb and 35 cm/sec in flood. And so the direction of residual current was the south ward mainly and 21 cm/sec. The direction of tidal current at set net fishing grounds was southwesterly in ebb and westerly or northwesterly in flood. Regardless of the distinction of neap and spring. The maximum velocity of the current in spring tide was 50 cm/sec in ebb and 40 cm/sec in flood and that in neap was 28 cm/sec in ebb and 25 cm/sec in flood. In spring tide the speed vector along the major axis of semidiurnal tide component was three times as large as diurnal tide. In neap tide, however, the speed vector was about 50% less then that in spring tide, and the semidiurnal tide and diurnal tide were equal in the size of current ellipse and the direction of major axis. The sea area had a southwesterly residual current. 11 cm/sec in spring tide and 7 cm/sec in neap tide. According to the result of drogue tracking, the vicinity of set net fishing ground had a southerly residual current which formed in Yeosu Bay and a weak westerly residual current toward Dolsando from Namhedo. Therefore, set net fishing ground in coastal water of Yeosu was distributed in boundary of inner water which formed from Seamjin river and offshore water supplied from the vicinity of Sorido and Yochido.

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Environmental Factors and Catch Fluctuation of Set-Net Grounds in the Coastal Waters of Yeosu (여수연안 정치망 어장의 환경요인과 어항 변동에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Soo;Rho, Hong-Kil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1993
  • In order to investigate the environmental properties of set net grounds located in the coastal waters of Yeosu, oceanographic observations on the fishing grounds were carried out by the training ship of Yeosu Fisheries University from Jun. 1988 to Dec. 1990. The resultes obtained are summarized as follows; 1) The water mass in the fishing grounds were divided into the inner water (29.50-31.00$\textperthousand$), the mixed water (31.10-32.70$\textperthousand$) and the offshore water (32.70-34.30$\textperthousand$) according to the distribution of salinity from T-S diagram plotted all salinity data observed from Jun. 1988 to Dec. 1990. In spring the mixing water prevailed and in summer the inner and mixing water. But in autumn and winter the mixing and offshore waters prevailed. 2) The inner water which was formed by land water from the river of Somjin and the precipitation in the Yeosu district flowed southerly along the coast of Dolsando and spread south-easterly in the vicinity of Kumodo. The inner water and offshore water which supplied from the vicinity of Sorido and Yokchido formed the thermal front and halofront. 3) As the mixing water flowing from the western sea of Cheju to the southern coast of korea was low in temperature, the water mass of low temperature which appeared at the offshore bottom of Sorido in summer was considered not to be the Tsushima warm current. 4) As vertical mixing was made frequently in spring, autumn and winter, the differences in temperature and salinity between surface and bottom was respectively small. In summer, however, the mixing was not made because of the inner water expanded offshore through the space between surface and 10m layer and so a thermocline of $2.0^{\circ}C$/10m and halocline of 4.0$\textperthousand$/10m respectively in vertical gradient was formed. 5) In the vicinity of Dolsando and Kum a water low in salinity prevailed, but in the vicinity of Namhaedo and YoKchido the reverse took place. The inner and mixing waters formed at these arease was limited to the observation area not to spread widely.

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Environmental Character and Catch Fluctuation of Set Net Ground in the Coastal Water of Hanlim in Cheju Island II. Fluctuation of Temperature, Salinity and Current (제주도 한림 연안 정치망 어장의 환경특성과 어획량 변동에 관한 연구 II. 수온 및 염분의 변동과 해수의 유동)

  • KIM Jun-Teck;JEONG Dong-Gun;RHO Hong-Kil
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.98-104
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    • 1999
  • To investigate the relationships between ocean environmental characteristics, the time-series data of temperature and salinity observed at a station near at Hanlim set net in 1995 and 1996 are analyzed, and the results are as follow ; 1. In hanlim set net, the diurnal range of temperature and salinity variation in summer is very large and the amplitude of short-period fluctuation of temperature and salinity is very large. That is, not only the water of the middle and bottom layers (low temperature and high salinity) but also the coalstal water (high temperature and low salinity) appears alternatively depending on the current direction 2. from the result of mooring for 22 days in Hanlim set net, the mean speed and direction of tidal current in neap tide were 9.1 cm/sec and south westward in ebb time, and 11.6 cm/sec and north or northeastward in flood time, respectively. The highest speed of the current was 15cm/sec in ebb time, and 22.6 cm/sec in flood time. The mean speed and direction of tidal current in spring tide were 10.4 cm/sec, and southwestward in ebb time, and 12.3 cm/sec, and north or northestward in flood time, respectively. The highest speed of the current was 19.4 cm/sec in ebb time, and 20 cm/sec in flood time respectively. The mean speed of the current in flood time was larger than that in ebb time. The velocity vector along the major axis of semidiurnal tide ($M_2$) component was 1.5 times larger than that of diurnal tide ($K_1$), The major directions of two compornants were northwestward and east-southeastward and residiual current were 3.25 cm/sec and northwestward-directed. Result of TGPS Buoy tracer for 3 days between Biyang-Do and Chgui-Do showed that the mean speed was 1.6 knot in ebb time and 1.3 knot in flood time. Direction of tidal was southwestward in ebb time and northeastward in flood time respectively. The maximum current speed was 4.8 knot in ebb time and 3.7 knot in flood time respectively. The mean speed and direction of tidal in of offshore were 1.7 knot and northwestward in flood time. The residual current appeared 0.3 knot northeastward.

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Environmental Characteristics and Catch Fluctuations of Set Net Ground in the Coastal Water of Hanlim in Cheju Island I. Properties of Temperature and Salinity (제주도 한림 연안 정치망어장의 환경특성과 어획량변동에 관한 연구 I. 수온 및 염분특성)

  • KIM Jun-Teck;JEONG Dong-Gun;RHO Hong-Kil
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.859-868
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    • 1998
  • In order to investigate the relation between the marine environmental characteristics and the change of the catch in set net, the marine environment properties were analyzed by temperature and salinity observed in the western coastal area of Cheju Island from 1995 to 1996 and the results are as follows 1) Main axis of Tsushima Current appeared in the western coastal area of Cheju Island was off 2$\~$3 miles from November to May. Therefore the waters of high temperature over $14^{\circ}C$ and high salinity from $34.40\%_{\circ}$ to $34.60\%_{\circ}$ were distributed homogeneously from surface to bottom in this time. But China Coastal Waters of low salinity appeared in the Cheju Strait from June to October, surface waters became of high temperature and low salinity, and middle and bottom waters became of the temperature from 11 to $14^{\circ}C$ and the salinity over $33.50\%_{\circ}$ and then vertically sharp thermocline and halocline are formed in the western coastal area of Cheju Island. In summer, the water temperature and salinity of the surface waters in wstern coastal area of Cheju Island were lower and higher respectively than that in middle area of the Cheju Strait and the temperature and salinity of the bottom waters in this area were higher and lower, respectively than that in middle area of the Cheju Strait. Such a distribution shows a tidal front in this coastal area. On the whole year, surface temperature and salinity were from 14 to $23^{\circ}C$ and from 30.60 to $34.60\%_{\circ}$, respectively, and annual fluctuation range of temperature and salinity was within $9^{\circ}C$ and $4.00\%_{\circ}$, respectively, Thus, annual fluctuation range in this area is much narrower than that in the Cheju Strait. In bottom water, temperature ranges from 14 to $20^{\circ}C$ through the year. Thus, the fluctuation range of temperature is narrow. The low temperature of from $11^{\circ}C$ to $13^{\circ}C$ appeared in the west enterance of Cheju Strait was not shown in this coastal area. 2) The salinity of bottom water was from $33.60\%_{\circ}$ to $34.40\%_{\circ}$ in 1995, while low salinity wale. below $32.00\%_{\circ}$ appeared all depth from June in 1996. Thus, the variation of hydrographic conditions in this area is narrow in winter, and wide in summer due to the influence of China Coastal Waters. 3) In summer, surface cold water, local eddy and fronts of temperature and salinity were showed within 2 mile from the west coast of the Cheju Island due to vertical mixing by tidal current. Especially, temperature and salinity of bottom water are changed with the change of depth around Biyang-Do. Thus, the front of temperature and salinity appeared clearly between shallow area with the depth of under 10 m and deep area with of the depth of more than 50m. Surface water in outside area where high temperature and low salinity water appear intrudes between Worlreong-Ri and Geumreung-Ri. Thus, the front of temperature and salinity was made along the line that connects from this coast to Biyang-Do, The temperature of the bottom water is $2^{\circ}C$ to $4^{\circ}C$ lower than that of the surface water and its salinity is $0.02\%_{\circ}$ to $0.08\%_{\circ}$ higher than that of the surface water even in shallow area.

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