• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Catch fluctuation

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남해 중부해역 정치망어업 어획량 변동의 원인 (Dominant causes on the catch fluctuation of a set net fishery in the mid-south sea of Korea)

  • 김희용;송세현;이선길;김종빈;유준택;장대수
    • 수산해양기술연구
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.250-260
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    • 2013
  • The annual and monthly fluctuation in the species composition and the catch abundance of dominant species were analyzed using the daily sales slip catch data by a set net in the offshore waters off Dolsan Island in Yeosu from March 2004 to December 2011. Mean catch from 2004 to 2011 is 372M/T and the maximum and the minimum catch are 526 M/T in 2005 and 27 2M/T in 2009, respectively. The dominant species were Engraulis japonicus mainly in spring and Scomberomorous niphonius in Autumn and therefore the set net catch that is dominated by S. niphonius's catch was much higher in autumn than in spring. Through comparative analyses for the environmental factors to the annual catch fluctuation, it is revealed that the water temperature variation affected the recruitment property of S. niphonius to the fishing ground but the effect of typhoon on the catch fluctuation was not distinct. Furthermore, the big blooming event of jellyfish, particularly Nemopilema nomurai, that occurred in 2009 showed a tendency of faster appearance and later extinction until December. The occurring characteristic of N. nomurai became a direct cause that brought about the lowest total catch in 2009 since the dominant species catch of the set net fishery was concentrated mostly in Autumn.

제주 연안의 소대망에서 조석에 의한 어획량 변동 (Catch fluctuation of the Pound Set Net According to Tide Age in the Coastal Waters of Jeju)

  • 김병엽;서두옥;이창헌
    • 한국수산과학회지
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this paper is to obtain the fundamental data on the catch fluctuation in the pound set net according to the tide age from the catch recorded from the year 1997 to 2004 in the coastal waters of Guideok, Jeju. Total catch by the pound set net had a little connection with the tide age. During increasing tide, total catch were reduced slightly from the neap tide to the high tide while there seemed to be a little sign of rise in the total catch until decreasing tide. But in the relation between the catches and the tide age, the level of the correlation coefficient chosen at $p{\le}0.05$ was not significant. Therefore, the catch of the pound set net seemed not to be influenced by the tide age. In addition, CPUE at the high tide was higher than that at the neap tide. When the catch per operating frequency was graded in the order under 50 kg, 50-100 kg and 100-200 kg, the frequency rate by the pound set net was 38%, 19% and 19%, respectively.

제주연안 각망의 조석에 의한 어획량 변동 (Catch fluctuation of the rectangular set net according to the tide age in the coastal waters of Jeju)

  • 이창헌;최찬문
    • 수산해양기술연구
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2008
  • The fundamental data on the catch fluctuation in the rectangular set net according to the tide age were developed based on the catches recorded from the year 1986 to 2004 in the coastal waters of Hamdeok, Jeju. Total catch by the rectangular set net had a deep connection with the tide age. In particular, during increasing tide, total catch were reduced gradually from the neap tide to the high tide. As it turned out, the slope of total catch declined by degree and showed a correlation coefficient of determination of 0.76. On the contrary, in the case of decreasing tide, there was little sign of rise in total catch. In particular, large catch seemed to occur at the next tide to the neap tide. In the relation between the catch and the tide age, the level of the correlation coefficient chosen at $p{\leq}0.05$ decreased in the order rabbitfish(-0.84) and horse mackerel(-0.71), while the significance of other dominant species were not selected.

여수 연안 멸치 자망 어장의 해황과 어획량의 변동 (A Study on the Sea Condition and Catch Fluctuation of Anchovy Gill Net in the Coastal Waters of Yosu)

  • 주찬순;김용주;김동수
    • 수산해양기술연구
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.159-164
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    • 1998
  • In order to investigate the relation between the environmental factors influencing on the fluctuation of fishing condition and the catch of anchovy in gill nets in the coastal waters of Yosu, five oceanographic factors, i.e., water temperature, salinity, chlorophyll-a and the catch of anchovy in gill nets are observed from June 6 to August 12 in 1993. The results obtained are summerized as follows: 1) The water temperature ranged from 16.$0^{\circ}C$ to 22.6$^{\circ}C$ and the salinity from 30.13$\textperthousand$ to 33.65$\textperthousand$. the water temperature and salinity showed no significant influence on the catch of anchovy, but the catch did not expose high values in low temperature and salinity. 2) The catch of anchovy increased with the amount of chlorophyll-a. It is therefore emphasized that the amount of chlorophyll-a is the greatest one of environmental factors influencing on the catch of anchovy.

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여수연안 정치망어장의 환경요인과 어황변동에 관한 연구 - 4 . 수온 염분과 어획량 변동 - (Environmental Factors and Catch Fluctuation of Set Net Grounds in the Coastal Waters of Yosu - 4 . Water Temperature and Salinity and Fluctuation of Catch -)

  • 김동수;노홍길
    • 수산해양기술연구
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 1996
  • In order to investigate the relation between the environmental properties and the catch fluctuation of set net fishing grounds located in the coastal waters of Yosu, oceanographic observations on the fishing grounds were carried out by the training ship ofYosu Fisheries University from January, 1990 to September, 1992, and the data obtained were compared with the catch data from the joint market ofYosu fisheries cooperative society from 1984 to 1993. The resuItes obtained are summerized as follows : 1. The ranges of water temperature and salinity in the fishing ground was 7.0 to $27^{\circ}C.$and 26.6 to 33.2${\textperthousand}$, and water temperature increased from March to August and decreased from September to February of following year. 2. The salinity in the fishing grounds was relatively high without significant changes from November to June of the following year. From July, however, the salinity decreased to continue a low value till September and then increased. The salinity in the fishing ground was dominated mainly by the precipitation and its variation was large at the north entrance of set net fishing ground, influenced greatly by the land waters from the river of Somjin, but small in the offshore of the fishing grounds. 3. The fishes caught by the set nets were arranged in order of catch as follows; Spanish mackerel> Horse mackerel > Sardine > Anchovy > Hair tail. The catches of Anchovy and Sardine were high in April to May and those of Hair tail in June to July, but Spanish mackerel and Horse mackerel were caught for whole period of fishing. Spanish mackerel was caught most in September and least in April and their means were largest in August and smallest in June. 4. The ranges of optimum water temperature for fishing by the set nets was 13.5 to $25^{\circ}C.$, and in the ranges the catches increased with increasing temperature. The ranges of optimum salinity for fishing varied between 25.0 and 32.0${\textperthousand}$.

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여수연안 낙지주낙 어장의 해황과 어획 변동에 관한 연구 (2) (Influence of Sea Condition on Catch Fluctuation of Long Line for Common Octopus, Octopus Variddilis, in the Coastal Waters of Yosu (2))

  • 정정민;김동수
    • 수산해양기술연구
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.159-162
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    • 2001
  • 낙지 주낙 어장의 환경요인이 어획량에 미치는 영향을 조사하기 위하여 1997년 1월부터 7월까지 여수연안에서 수온, 염분, 밀도, 풍향, 풍속등과 어획량을 각각 조사하고 이들을 서로 비교 분석한 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1) 풍향별 어획량은 남동풍일 때 가장 많았고 북서풍일 때 가장 적었으며, 풍속별 어획량은 2일 때 가장 많았고 그보다 커질 경우는 감소하였다. 2) 물때별 단위 노력당 어획량은 15물에서 가장 많고 4물에서 가장 적으며. 조류가 차차 약해지는 11∼14물 사이의 어획량이 조류가 차차 강해지는 1∼4물 사이의 어획량보다 많았다. 3) 썰물과 밀물 때의 어획량은 간조에서 만조로 바뀐 후 1시간 동안의 구간, 즉 간조에서 물이 들기 시작한지 1시간 동안에 어획량이 가장 많았고. 썰물 시각대 보다는 밀물 시각대에 어획량이 비교적 많은 경향이었다

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여수연안 낙지주낙 어장의 해황과 어획 변동에 관한 연구(2) (Influence of Sea Condition on Catch Fluctuation of Long Line for Common Octopus, Octopus Variddilis, in the Coastal Waters of Yosu (2))

  • 정정민;김동수
    • 수산해양기술연구
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.326-330
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    • 2001
  • 낙지주낙 어장의 환경요인이 어획량에 미치는 영향을 조사하기 위하여 1997년 1월부터 7월까지 여수연안에서 풍향, 풍속, 물때별 및 조업 시각대별로 어획량을 각각 사하고 이들을 서로 비교 분석한 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1) 풍향별 어획량은 남동풍일 때 가장 많았고 북서풍일 때 가장 적었으며, 풍속별 어획량은 2일 때 가장 많았고 그보다 커질 경우는 감소하였다. 2) 물때별 단위 노력당 어획량은 15물에서 가장 많고 4물에서 가장 적으며, 조류가 차차 약해지는 11∼14물 사이의 어획량이 조류가 차차 강해지는 1∼4물 사이의 어획량보다 많았다. 3) 썰물과 밀물 때의 어획량은 간조에서 만조로 바뀐 후 1시간 동안의 구간, 즉 간조에서 물이 들기 시작한지 1시간 동안에 어획량이 가장 많았고, 썰물 시각대 보다는 밀물 시각대에 어획량이 비교적 많은 경향이었다.

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대형선망어업에 있어서 고등어 (Scomber japonicus) 어장의 어황변동 (Variation of fisheries conditions of mackerel (Scomber japonicus) fishing ground for large purse seine fisheries)

  • 이햇님;김형석
    • 수산해양기술연구
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.108-117
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    • 2011
  • In order to offer data about fisheries resources management and prediction of catch on large purse seine fisheries, the fluctuation of the fisheries condition and distributions of fishing ground for mackerel were analysed with monthly catch data for 1990.2009. The overall catch has decreased to about 70% since 1997, with approximately 70% of the mackerel (Scomber japonicus) catch and monthly fluctuations showing a similar pattern. Monthly distribution of fishing ground is like distribution of mackerel in large purse seine fishery. The main fishing grounds are near Jeju Island and the Yellow sea with the main fishing season existing between October to December. The catches fluctuations and distribution of fishing ground were related to the effect of regime shifts. Therefore, in order to prediction of catch on large purse seine fisheries should be studied these relationships.

여수연안 정치강어장의 환경요인과 어항변동에 관한 연구 3 . 기초생산자의 출현과 어획량의 변동 (Environmental Factors and Catch Fluctuation of Set Net Grounds in the Coastal Waters of Yeosu 3. The Quantity of Phytoplankton and Catch Fluctuation.)

  • 김동수;노홍길
    • 수산해양기술연구
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 1995
  • 여수 연안 정치망 어장의 주변 해역을 중심으로 1990년 4월부터 11월까지 매월 채집해서 분석한 식물플랑크톤의 분포량과 여수수협 위판장으로부터 구한 어획량 자료등을 이용하여 여수 연안 정치망 어장의 환경요인인 식물플랑크톤의 분포량과 어획량 변동과의 관계를 분석 정리한 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1) 식물성 플랑크톤의 출현량은 춘계와 추계보다 하계에 최대가 되고, 특히 육수의 유입이 많은 여수만 중 돌산연안 수역 분포량이 많고, 소리도와 세존도부근의 식물성 플랑크톤 분포량은 내만수의 확장 경향을 추정하는데 유익하게 이용될 수 있다. 2) 여수 연안 정치망에 어획되는 주요 어종의 어획량은 삼치, 갈치, 고등어, 정어리, 멸치, 전갱이 및 방어의 순이고, 어획되는 시기는 정어리와 멸치가 4~6월, 전갱이, 갈치 및 고등어는 6~10월이 였으며, 삼치는 전 어기에 걸쳐 어획되었다. 3) 여수 연안 정치망 어장의 어획량은 식물성 플랑크톤 출현량과 상관 관계가 있고, 이들 식물성 플랑크톤량은 하계 육수의 영향을 많이 받는 내만수에 최대의 출현량을 보인다. 또, 이 어장의 어획량은 하계에 많으므로 여수 연안 정치망 어장은 육수의 유입에 의해 풍부한 영양염류를 공급받는 내만수내의 이료생물의 생산력이 어획량을 좌우하는 어장의 중요한 환경요인이 될 수 있다

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