• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cassia tora L

Search Result 45, Processing Time 0.038 seconds

Anthraquinones with Immunostimulating Activity from Cassia tora L.

  • Chung, Ha-Sook
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.267-271
    • /
    • 2005
  • Many of plants had been reported having immunostimulating activity. This study reports the immunostimulating activity of Cassia tora L. (Leguminosae) seed, by means of solvent extraction method. Ethanol extract and solvent fractions, n-hexane, chloroform, ethylacetate, n-butanol and aqueous layer of Cassia tora L. seed were tested for immunostimulating activity in vitro. The ethylacetate-soluble fraction caused significant inhibition on the production of nitric oxide by murine macrophages (RAW 264.7), and mouse splenocytes were also stimulated at the concentration of 10 pgfmL. Three anthraquinones, chrysophanol (1), isochrysophanol (2) and aloe-emodin (3) with immunostimulating activity were isolated from the ethylacetate-soluble fraction of Cassia tora L. seed through activity-monitored fractionation and isolation method. These results permit Cassia tora L. to be useful as one the of natural immunostimulating crops.

Physicochemical Properties of Ethanol Extracts and Dietary Fiber from Cassia tora L. Seed (결명자 에탄올 추출물 및 식이섬유의 이화학적 특성)

  • Hong, Kyung-Hee;Choi, Won-Hee;Ahn, Ji-Yun;Jung, Chang-Hwa;Ha, Tae-Youl
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.25 no.3
    • /
    • pp.612-619
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate the physicochemical properties of the ethanol extracts and soluble dietary fiber from Cassia tora L. seed. The proximate composition of Cassia tora, soluble solid contents, color intensity and contents of emodin and rhein of Cassia tora extract, molecular mass distribution, sugar contents and viscosity of soluble fiber from Cassia tora were analyzed. Cassia tora contains 12.6% of moisture, 5.2% of ash, 13.4% of crude protein, 7.2% of crude fat, 8.8% of insoluble fiber and 48.3% of soluble fiber. The effects of extract condition on soluble solid contents, color intensity and contents of emodin and rhein of Cassia tora extract were investigated. The soluble solid contents were higher in 70% or 50% ethanol extracts than those in 100% ethanol extracts and showed highest value in grind sample extracts. In Hunter's color value, 100% ethanol extracts and whole Cassia tora sample extracts were higher in L and b value, but on the contrary, were lower in a value, than those of the other. The highest emodin and rhein contents were observed in 70% and 50% ethanol extracts, respectively, and showed higher value in room temperature extracts than in heating extracts. The molecular mass of soluble fiber from Cassia tora seed was estimated by gel filtration chromatography. Most soluble fiber(80%) exhibited a molecular mass range of between 50~2000 kDa. The major sugars of soluble fiber from Cassia tora seed were identified as xylose, mannose and galactose. The apparent viscosity of 0.5% soluble fiber from Cassia tora seed was 33 mPas showing a higher value than pectin or xanthan gum.

Nitrite Scavenging Ability and Antioxidative Activity of Water Extract and Ethanol Extract from Cassia tora L. and Pueraria thunbergiana (결명자 및 칡추출물의 아질산염 소거작용 및 항산화작용)

  • 하정욱;류연경;박혜정
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-9
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to investigate the extraction yield, the contents of total phenol substances and antioxidative substances, electron donating abilities, nitrite scavenging abilities of water and ethanol extracts from Cassia tora L. and Pueraria thunbergiana and antioxidative activity of water and ethoanol extract from Cassia tara L. Tatal phenol substances of water and ethanol extract from Cassia tora L. and Pueraria thunbergiana showed nearly the same levels, and the antioxidative substances of water and ethanol extract from Pueraria thunbergiana has as much as two times higher than those from Cassia tara L.. The nitrite scavenging abilities were measured at pH 1.2, 3.0, 4.2 and 6.0, respectively. Water and ethanol extracts from Cassia tora L showed 14.9%∼22.3% and 49.1%∼56.7%, and those from Pueraria thunbergiana revealed 57.7%∼61.0% of nitrite scavenging abilities, respectively. Especially the extracts from Pueraria thunbergiana showed higher pH dependence than those from Cassia tora L. The electrol donating abilities of water extract from Cassia tora L. were higher than those from Pueraria thunbergiana, and vice versa in the case of ethanol extracts. In the antioxidative activitiy of extracts from Cassia tora L. against linoleic acid during storage of 20 days at 50$^{circ}C$, peroxide values at the addition level of 5mg and 10mg were consoderably lower than 2mg although peroxide value increased above 375 after 12days of storage compared with the control(BHA-added) of 129 at 8days.

  • PDF

Changes of the Physicochemical Characteristics of Cassia tora L. by Roasting Conditions (결명자 종실의 볶음조건에 따른 이화학적 특성변화)

  • 김종국;김귀영
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.6 no.3
    • /
    • pp.317-323
    • /
    • 1996
  • Physicochemical characteristics of Cassia tora seeds roasted at different conditions were investigated. Intact Cassia tora seeds were composed of water 11.6% crude protein 13.1%, crude fat 4.4%, curde fiber 13.8%, N-free extract 47.2% and ash 4.9%. Stacking volume ratio was increased generally by swelling, but soluble solids were decreased by rosating process L and B values decreased conspicuously as roasting temperature increase, but $\Delta$E value increased. The content of anthraquinones was 1, 200mg% in unroasted Cassia tora seeds, it increased as roasting time and temperature increase and reached maxium amount at 19$0^{\circ}C$-30min, 21$0^{\circ}C$-20min. and 23$0^{\circ}C$-10min. agter that it decreased remarkably. Optimum roasting condition of Cassia tora seeds was 21$0^{\circ}C$-20min.

  • PDF

Extraction Characteristics and Antioxidative Activity of Cassia tora L. Extracts (결명자 추출물의 추출특성 및 항산화 효과)

  • Na, Gyung-Min;Han, Ho-Suk;Ye, Su-Hyang;Kim, Hyun-Ku
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.19 no.5
    • /
    • pp.499-505
    • /
    • 2004
  • The present study was conducted to investigate extraction characteristics and antioxidative activity of Cassia tora L. extracts. Cassia tora L. was extracted by reflux extraction under different extraction conditions including solvent. The solid yield, turbidity, color value, titratable acidity, free sugar contents, electron donating ability and superoxide dismutase-like ability of Cassia tora L. extracts were determined. The highest solid yield value was obtained with water of 10 fold. No significant difference in turbidity and color value were found among the extracts prepared with various extraction solvents, 75% ethanol, 50% ethanol and water. The highest titratable acidity was obtained with 50% ethanol of Cassia tora L.. The free sugar contents of Cassia tora L. extracted with water showed the highest value. Cassia tora L. extracts with water included higher contents of free sugar compared with then of the other solvent extracts, 50% ethanol and 75% ethanol extracts. The total polyphenol compound content of Cassia tora L. extracted with 50% ethanol showed the highest value. Cassia tora L. extracts with 50% ethanol included higher contents of total polyphenol compound compared with those of the other solvent extracts, water and 75% ethanol extracts.

A Rubrofusarin Gentiobioside Isomer from Roasted Cassia tora

  • Lee, Hee-Jung;Jung, Jee-Hyung;Kang, Sam-Sick;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
    • /
    • v.20 no.5
    • /
    • pp.513-515
    • /
    • 1997
  • From the roasted seeds of Cassia tora L., a new naphthopyrone glycoside was isolated and characterized as 10-[${\beta}$-D-glucopyranosyl-$(1{\rightarrow}6)-O-{\beta}-D-$glucopyranosyl)oxy]-5-hydrox y-8-methoxy-2-methyl-4H-naphtho[1, 2-b]pyran-4-one(isorubrofusarin gentiobioside). Along with isorubrofusarin gentiobioside, alaternin and adenosine were isolated and identified.

  • PDF

Effect of butanol fraction from Cassia tora L. seeds on glycemic control and insulin secretion in diabetic rats

  • Nam, Jeong-Su;Choi, Hyun-Ju
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
    • /
    • v.2 no.4
    • /
    • pp.240-246
    • /
    • 2008
  • Cassia tora L. seeds have previously been reported to reduce blood glucose level in human and animals with diabetes. In the present study, the effects of Cassia tora L. seed butanol fraction (CATO) were studied on postprandial glucose control and insulin secretion from the pancreas of the normal and diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by an i.p. injection of Streptozotocin (55 mg/kg BW) into the male Sprague-Dawley rats. The postprandial glucose control was monitored during a 240 min-period using a maltose loading test. In normal rats, rats fed CATO (20 mg/l00 g BW/d) showed lower postprandial glucose levels in all the levels from 30 min up to 180 min than those in the control rats without CATO (p<0.05). In diabetic rats, those levels in the CATO group seemed to be lower during the $30{\sim}180$ min, but only glucose level at 30 min showed significant difference compared to that in the control group. Moreover, CATO delayed the peak time of the glucose rise in both normal and diabetic rats in the glucose curves. On the other hand, when CATO was administered orally to the diabetic rats for 5 days, 12 hr fasting serum glucose level was decreased in the diabetic rats (p<0.05). Degree of a decrease in 12 hr fasting serum insulin levels was significantly less in the diabetic CATO rats as compared to diabetic control rats. On the last day of feeding, P cells of the pancreas were stimulated by 200 mg/dL glucose through a 40 min-pancreas perfusion. Amounts of the insulin secreted from the pancreas during the first phase ($11{\sim}20$ min) and the second phase ($21{\sim}40$ min) in the CATO fed diabetic rats were significantly greater than those in the diabetic control group (p<0.05). These findings indicated that constituents of Cassia tora L. seeds have beneficial effect on postprandial blood glucose control which may be partially mediated by stimulated insulin secretion from the pancreas of the diabetic rats.

The Development of Functional Beverage from the Inner Skin of the Chestnut Castanea crenata ( II ) -Physiological Effects of Chestnut Inner Skin Tea, Brown Rice-preen Tea and Cassia tora Tea in Mouse and Rat- (밤속껍질에서 기능성 음료의 개발(II) -밤차, 현미녹차 및 결명자차가 생체기능활성화에 미치는 효과-)

  • 전병관;정현우;이종률;지준명
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.13 no.5
    • /
    • pp.411-418
    • /
    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of chestnut inner skin tea, brown rice-green tea and Cassia lora tea on the activation of physiological functions (regional cerebral blood flow, mean arterial blood pressure, proliferation of immunocytes in vitro and in vitro, suppression of cancer cell proliferation) in mouse and rat. We used 8 weeks-old balb/c male mice, 300g ICR rats and L1210 cell lines. Regional cerebral blood flow(rCBF) and mean arterial blood pressure(BP) were measured using Leser-Doppler Flowmetry(LDF) and the proliferation of cells was measured using a colorimetric tetrazolium assay(MTT assay). The experimental results are as follows : 1. rCBF was increased by Cassia tora tea, but decreased by chestnut inner skin tea in rats. 2. BP was increased by brown rice-green tea in rats. 3. Proliferation of mouse thymocytes and splenocytes were significantly increased by chestnut inner skin tea in vitro. 4. Proliferation of mouse thymocytes was decreased by Cassia tora tea and brown rice-green tea in vitro. 5. Proliferation of mouse thymocytes was decreased by Cassia tora tea and brown rice-green tea in L1210 transplanted mice. 6. Proliferation of splenocytes was accelerated by chestnut inner skin tea in L1210 transplanted mice. 7. Proliferation of L1210 cells was inhibited by chestnut inner skin tea and Cassia tora tea in L1210 transplanted mice.

  • PDF

Effects of Roasted Cassia tora L. Extracts on the Chemical Changes and Microbial Growth (열처리가 결명자의 화학성분 변화 및 추출물의 균체증식에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Jong-Bum;Kim, Kyeong-Gu;Sa, Tong-Min;Lee, Young-Tack;Joo, Hyun-Kyu
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.40 no.6
    • /
    • pp.472-477
    • /
    • 1997
  • The effects of roasting Cassia tora L. were investigated for proximate composition, color, volatile flavor profile, microbial growth and alcohol fermentation. While moisture, protein and fat contents decreased with increasing roasting temperature, fiber and ash contents increased. The L, a and b values of Cassia tora L. extracts decreased with increasing temperature, and only a small difference in total color difference$({\Delta}E)$ was observed. A little difference in major flavor components between raw and roasted treatment was found during roasting. Furfuryl alcohol, a major component of coffee flavor, was separated from Cassia tora L. extracts extracted with ethyl ether. The yeast growth was the highest on the water-extract of Cassia tora L. roasted at $160^{\circ}C$. With increased levels of water-extract at $160^{\circ}C$, S. cerevisiae grew rapidly for 24 hr incubation and the growth rate was higher than the unroasted control group. The growth rate of Bacillus subtilis was the highest in a treatment of 0.5% concentration. Little differences in ${\alpha}-amylase$ produced from Bacillus subtilis were observed among the treatment groups. The total alcohol content increased with increasing roasting temperature during alcohol fermentation.

  • PDF

Alatemin, Cassiaside and Rubrofusarin gentiobioside, Radical Scavenging Priniciples from the Seeds of Cassia tora on 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) Radical

  • Choi, Jae-Sue;Lee, Hee-Jung;Kang, Sam-Sik
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
    • /
    • v.17 no.6
    • /
    • pp.462-466
    • /
    • 1994
  • Radical scavenging principles on 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picylhydrazyl(DPPH) radical were isolated from the seeds of Cassis tora L. Assignments of the^1H-{\;}and{\;}^{13}C-NMR$ data showed the active components to be an anthraquinone, alatemin nad two naphthopyrone glycosides, nor-rubro-fusarin-6-.betha.-D-glucoside(cassiaside) and rubrofusarin-6- -D-gentiobioside. Altemin showed more potent radical sacvenging effect than the others.

  • PDF