• Title, Summary, Keyword: Case-based learning

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The Effects of Project based Action Learning in Web-based SMEs : ALPACO Case

  • Kwon, Soo-Ra
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.113-124
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    • 2009
  • How can action learning program promote organizational learning performance and especially project based team performance in Web-based small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)? This article discusses the association between project based team in action learning program and the performance of Web-based SME to be learning organization. In the case of ALPACO, action learning program that promote employee communication behavior, knowledge sharing, and organizational learning are found to be positively associated with the project based team performance and organizational learning, The results indicate that action learning program in SMEs indeed associated with greater knowledge sharing, learning communication skills and changing organizational culture. Learning organization can be, in turn, positively developed by project based team through action learning program for creating competitive advantage, Also, this study offers further support for the practical perspective on learning organization performance. The evidence from this case study suggests that the project team in action learning program playa significant role in team performance and the development of learning organization of the firm. Therefore, in the future, Web-based SMEs should consider making investments in action learning program that encourage project team's effective management in decision making, knowledge sharing, and organizational learning.

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The Effect of Case-based Learning Program for Scientific Problem Solving (과학 문제 해결력 촉진을 위한 사례 기반 학습 프로그램의 효과)

  • Kwak, Ho-Sook;Jang, Shin-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.340-351
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of case-based learning program on three elementary students' scientific problem solving and attitudes in science class. For this study, case-based learning program was designed for bridging students' scientific knowledge and their personal experiences in real life through 4 stages: understanding the problem, planning for problem solving, conducting problem solving, and making conclusion. This study was carried out through 17 lessons of 4th grade for 6 weeks. The data was collected through close observation on three students in two groups in a class. The results include that cased-based learning program showed overall positive effects on the elementary students' scientific problem solving and attitudes in class. In particular, it turned out that the continuous emphasis of real world examples in case-based learning had powerful impacts on students' problem solving abtsity, motivation, and participation in classroom activities. The key factors to successful problem solving in school science was discussed.

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Design and Implementation of Agent Systems based on Case Markup Language for e-Leaning (e-Learning을 위한 사례 마크업 언어 기반 에이전트 시스템의 설계 및 구현 :사례 기반 학습자 모델을 중심으로)

  • 한선관;윤정섭;조근식
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.63-80
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    • 2001
  • The construction of the students knowledge in e-Learning systems, namely the student modeling, is a core component used to develop e-Learning systems. However, existing e-Learning systems have many problems to share the knowledge in a heterogeneous student model and a distributed knowledge base. Because the methods of the knowledge representation are different in each e-Learning systems, the accumulated knowledge cannot be used or shared without a great deal of difficulty. In order to share this knowledge, existing systems must reconstruct the knowledge bases. Consequently, we propose a new a Case Markup Language based on XML in order to overcome these problems. A distributed e-Learning systems fan have the advantage of easily sharing and managing the heterogeneous knowledge base proposed by CaseML. Moreover students can generate and share a case knowledge to use the communication protocol of agents. In this paper, we have designed and developed a CaseML by using a knowledge markup language. Furthermore, in order to construct an intelligent e-Learning systems, we have done our research based on the design and development of the intelligent agent system by using CaseML.

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Outcomes of active learning methods in an electrocardiography course; identifying the effects of flipped, case-based, and team-based learning (액티브 러닝 학습방법을 활용한 심전도 개론 및 실습 교과과정의 학습효과와 만족도 조사)

  • Kim, Chul-Tae;Kim, Jung Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.61-73
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to introduce active learning methods, including flipped, case-based, and team-based learning in an electrocardiography (ECG) course and to investigate outcomes and satisfaction with these methods. Methods: To identify the learning effect of active learning, pre-and post-academic self-efficacy was compared between the experimental and control groups. In the experimental group, pre-and post-knowledge and clinical performance regarding ECG were also assessed. In addition, class satisfaction was investigated after application of active learning methods in the experimental group. Data were collected from 84 paramedic students and analyzed using SPSS 22.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). Results: The experimental group showed significant improvement in post-academic self-efficacy and knowledge. The experimental group also showed high clinical performance (9.83 out of 10 in ECG checking ability and 9.63 out of 10 in ECG reading ability). The mean satisfaction score was 4.23 out of 5 (responses based on a Likert scale) in the experimental group. Conclusion: Active learning in an ECG course was found to be highly effective and satisfactory. Furthermore, paramedic students can enhance their accountability and judgement with team-based learning through free engagement in discussion.

Effects of Case-based Small Group Learning about Care of Infected Children for Daycare Center Teachers (보육교사를 위한 감염관리 사례기반 소그룹 학습안의 개발 및 효과)

  • Choi, Eun Ju;Hwang, Seon Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.771-782
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to develop and implement a case-based small group learning program on the care of children with infectious disease, and to examine its effects on knowledge, attitude and preventive practice behaviors of daycare center teachers compared to a control group. Methods: Based on the need assessment, the case-based learning program for the management of infectious children was developed. For this quasi-experimental study, 69 teachers were recruited from 14 child daycare centers in a city located in J province. Thirty four teachers were assigned to experimental group and participated in the case-based small group learning once a week for 5 weeks. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 18.0 program to perform ${\chi}^2$-test and t-tests. Analysis of covariance was used to treat the covariate of the number of assigned children between experimental and control groups. Results: The experimental group showed significantly higher posttest scores in knowledge, attitude and preventive practice behaviors than those of control group (p<.001). Conclusion: These findings indicate that case-based small group learning is an effective educational strategy for daycare center teachers to learn infection management through the emphasis of self-reflection and discussion.

A Study on Problem-based Learning Model of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy (정형도수물리치료의 문제중심학습 모형에 관한 고찰)

  • Kim, Ho-Bong;Bang, Sang-Bun
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2012
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to develop a problem-based learning model for orthopedic manual physical therapy. A problem-based learning (PBL) model for orthopedic manual physical therapy developed from PBL module of Jeju C university (Halla-Newcastle PBL Center). A summary of this study is as follows: 1) PBL model is comprised of a class of 30 students, operated small group as of 4~5 students. 2) PBL is suggested a scenario of clinical case, induced variety reaction through group discussion and presentation. 3) PBL is occurred wide variety learning through group work activity and self-directed learning. 4) The tutor as a facilitator is played a guide for group discussion, work activity and team learning. 5) The evaluation for PBL is performed such as student self-evaluation, group activity evaluation, individual presentation, and practice. This model is considered wide variety learning through team learning and self-directed learning by clinical reasoning and problem solving for musculoskeletal clinical case. We suggest problem based learning for the education of orthopedic manual physical therapy in which the learners are very interested in and has the effective outcome.

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Effects of Simulation based Training using a Post-operating Rehabilitation Case on Learning Outcomes (수술 후 재활 사례 기반의 시뮬레이션 교과 운영이 학습성과에 미치는 효과)

  • Oh, Hye Kyung;Jeon, Eun Young
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.90-96
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of simulation based training using a post-operating rehabilitation case on learning outcomes in nursing students. Methods: A quasi-experimental research design (one group pretest and posttest design) and a questionnaire for measuring learning outcomes were used in this study. The participants were 35 students in a college of nursing. Data were collected before the program and immediately after the program that applied simulation based training using a post-operating rehabilitation case consisted of 4th running and debriefing for 26 hours. With SAS 9.2 program, descriptive statistics and paired t-test were used to analyze the data. Results: There were statistically significant increases in necessity (p=.001) and performance of learning outcome (p<.001) of simulation based training using a post-operating rehabilitation case among students in a college of nursing. Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrate that simulation based training using a post-operating rehabilitation case for nursing students may increase performance of learning outcomes on clinical reasoning and critical thinking.

Development of Case-based Multimedia Learning Contents for Preventing Malpractice in Operating Room (수술실 간호오류 예방을 위한 사례중심 멀티미디어 학습콘텐츠 개발)

  • Park, Ji Myung;Hwang, Seon Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.522-532
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to develop case-based self-learning multimedia contents for preventing malpractice that frequently occurred among nurses working in the operating room. Methods: Based on the learning needs of operating room nurses, real case reports, and literature reviews, the case-based multimedia learning contents were developed according to the instructional design procedure. The assessment of learning needs was performed by the combination of surveys using structured questionnaire and of interviews for 40 operating room nurses. Results: The learning contents included four learning modules with real malpractice cases from the areas of operating preparation, nursing skills during operation, environmental management of operating room, and patient safety and observation-related. The 80 minute long case-based multimedia learning contents were finally developed after content validity tests from clinical experts. Each module contained photos, sounds and flash animation with voice recording on the contents of nursing error cases and standardized protocols. Conclusion: The developed multimedia learning contents based on real error cases in this study can be utilized as an educational hands-on training materials for nurses to prevent malpractice in the operating room.

Empirical Study and Evaluation of Case-Based Learning for Improvement of Learning Outcome (학습 성과 개선을 위한 사례기반 학습의 실험적 연구 및 평가)

  • Kim, Seong-Kee;Kim, Young-Hak;Yoon, Hyeon-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.53-64
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    • 2011
  • This paper proposes and evaluates empirically a new recommendation method in order to improve the learning achievement of learners using case-based method. In this paper, we first carried out a survey targeting teachers who work currently in Gyeongbuk area, and constructed learning cases depending on critical factors of learning. We next recommended differentiated learning methods to learners classifying according to learning cases by achievement level through this survey. The students of a middle school took part in the experiment in order to evaluate empirically the proposed learning cases. The students were divided into three groups by their achievement level and three separate learning cases were applied to each group. The weights among learning improvement elements applying to each group were added through the survey result of teachers. The experiment using the proposed case-based recommendation method showed that the learning achievement of learners is improved considerably compared to the previous one.

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