• Title, Summary, Keyword: Capture zone

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Characteristics of Ground Water Capture Zone according to Pumping Rate (지하수 양수량에 따른 지하수유동 및 포획구간 특성 변화)

  • Ahn, Seung-Seop;Park, Dong-Il;Oh, Young-Hun
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.895-903
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    • 2013
  • This study analyzed on characteristics of the ground-water capture zone in coastal areas and mid-mountainous area according to pumping rate. For this study, it targeted Jejudo island where is the volcanic island. To analyze, MODFLOW model and MODPATH model, which are the ground-water flow analysis models, were used. As a result of research, the following conclusions could be obtained. As a result of analyzing influence of a change in pumping time upon length of capture zone, the length of capture zone in coastal area was indicated to be greater in the changing ratio compared to the length of capture zone in mid-mountainous area. Next, in the coastal area, the pumping rate and the capture-zone length are changing similarly. However, in mid-mountainous area, the length of capture zone was indicated to grow when the pumping rate comes to exceed 1,500m3/day. As a result of analyzing influence of a change in pumping time upon capture area, the tendency of a change in the area was indicated similarly in coastal areas and mid-mountainous area. Especially, it could be known that the larger pumping rate leads to the more definite increase in tendency to a change in capture area. Based on this study, it was allowed to be possibly used in the suitable pumping rate in coastal areas and mid-mountainous area of the volcano island in the future. A follow-up research is judged to necessarily analyze the influence of tubular-well group upon capture zone by additionally analyzing a change in capture zone targeting the concentrated tubular well.

Control of Turbid Water Transport with Filamentous Mat (섬모상 매트에 의한 탁수이동차단에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Yu, Jianghua;Yi, Qitao;Kim, Youngchul
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.44-51
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    • 2010
  • A lab-scale apparatus for turbid water transport control was tested and examined. The channel had a dimension of $100cm{\times}30cm{\times}15cm$ (length${\times}$hight${\times}$width). And the turbidity water was prepared using two types of particles, bentonite and loess. The channel equipped with filamentous mat was operated under various shock load conditions. In the control channel, instantly, turbid water mixed with the clean water inside the channel and turbidity prevails the entire channel. While in the mat-equipped channel, it increases only at the bottom. Overall, the filamentous mat gave capture efficiency of 70~90% compared with the control group. The capture efficiency of turbid particles decreased with increased input turbidity flux. The result of experimental run on how turbid particles are separated in the mat channel shows that settling, filtration and attachment are the main processes. Meanwhile, turbidity was diffused from the channel bottom due to turbidity gradient before and after mat zone. The particle size before mat zone was lightly coarser than that after mat zone.

Analytical Solution for Flow Field by Arbitrarily-Located Multi Injection-Pumping Wells

  • Yoo, In-Wook;Lee, Kang-Kun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.79-82
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    • 2001
  • Analytical solutions have been derived to delineate the capture zone created by pumping wells for the remediation design of contaminated groundwater. These previous analytical solutions are often restricted to pumping wells only, specific well locations, a limited number of wells, and an isotropic aquifer. Analytical solution was developed to deal with arbitrarily located multi injection-pumping wells in an anisotropic homogeneous aquifer. The solution presented in this study provides a simple, easy method for determining tile complex flow field caused by multi injection-pumping wells at different rates, and will consequently be useful in pump-and-treat design.

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A Study on Pump and Treat Design through Evaluation of Radius of Influence (영향반경을 이용한 양수처리법 설계에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Jeong-Woo;Lee, Kang-Kun
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2014
  • It is necessary to decide the pumping rate and pumping well location together with the capture zone in order to determine an appropriate groundwater remediation strategy to manage the contaminated groundwater. The relationship between the capture zone and the drawdown radius of influence ($ROI_s$) was considered. $ROI_{cs}$ is defined as the distance where the criteria of drawdown is cs meter from pumping well in this paper. A method to decide the required pumping rate for the remediation of contaminated groundwater in order to create appropriate $ROI_{cs}$ is suggested by using the Theis equation (1935) and Cooper-Jacob equation (1946). It was shown in this study that $ROI_{cs}$ is in proportion to the pumping rate and the criteria of drawdown, which decides $ROI_{cs}$, is inversely proportional to Ti value (transmissivity ${\times}$ hydraulic gradient). The pumping rate which creates the required $ROI_{cs}$ could be planned through the relationship between the $ROI_{cs}$ and pumping rates ($ROI_{cs}$-Q curve) of the field sites 1, 2 and 3. If the drawdown is investigated along with Ti value and pumping rate at a specific site where pump and treat remediation is planned, it is expected that the required criteria of drawdown can be evaluated by using the relationship between the cs and Ti (cs-Ti curve).

Control of Turbid Water Transport with Filamentous Mat in Lake (섬모상 매트에 의한 저수지와 댐에서 탁수확산차단 기술의 개발)

  • Yi, Qitao;Yu, Jianghua;Park, Sung-Soon;Kim, Young-Chul
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.888-890
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    • 2009
  • This study presented a lab-scale apparatus for turbidity control in the lakes or reservoirs. Overall, the filamentous mat had a capture efficiency of 70~90% compared with the control group. Generally, the capture efficiency decreased with improved input turbidity flux. However, the attachment and sedimentation were thought to be the main processes for turbidity water retention and removal. Thus, the increase of hydraulic detention time in the mat zone is very important to improve the capture efficiency of the turbidity water.

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First Annulus Formation and Age Determination for Otoliths of Chub Mackerel Scomber japonicus (고등어(Scomber japonicus) 이석의 초륜 형성 및 연령 사정)

  • Kang, Sukyung;Jung, Kyung-Mi;Cha, Hyung Kee
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.760-767
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    • 2015
  • First annulus formation and age determination of otoliths were examined for chub mackerel Scomber japonicus collected in Korean waters over the one year from January to December in 2009. Translucent zone was regarded as an annual mark. Age interpretation criteria was based on the data of the number of translucent zone, capture date, and edge type of the otolith, assuming the nominal birthday to be 1 January. Monthly changes in mean marginal index indicated that translucent zone was formed once a year, mainly in June. The otolith of 0-ring group was detected comparing the progression by month of the smaller fish length, appearing to be a single first opaque zone. The average distance from the core to the first translucent zone was ~1.77 mm, provided as supplementary information to increase ageing accuracy. The ageing criteria for chub mackerel was made to determine correct year-class with the purpose of effective stock assessment. This method using nominal birthdate and edge type analysis could estimate age of fish closer to the true age than purely counting the number of translucent zone on a whole otolith.

Population Ecological Characteristics of the Soft-shelled Clam, Mya japonica in the Intertidal Zone of South Sea in Korea (한국 남해안 조간대에 서식하는 우럭, Mya japonica의 자원생태학적 특성)

  • 이선길;장창익
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.234-243
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    • 2000
  • This paper is to study population ecological characteristics, including growth parameters, survival rate, instantaneous coefficients of natural and fishing mortalities, and age at first capture of the soft-shelled clam, Mya japonioa in the intertidal zone of South Sea in Korea. For describing growth of the clam a von Bertalanffy growth model was adopted, The von Bertalanffy growth curve had an additive error structure and the growth parameters estimated from a non-linear regression were SH/sub ∞/=79.83mm, K=0.26, and t/sub 0/= -0.01. Survival rate (S) of the soft-shelled clam was 0.26 (SD=0.02). The instantaneous coefficients of natural mortality (M) was estimated to be 0.78/year and fishing mortality (F) 0.57/year for the soft-shelled clam. The age at first capture (t/sub c/) was estimated as 2.69 year. The mean densities of the soft-shelled clam by bottom type were 3.40 inds./m²(SE=0.18) in the sand, 63.4 inds./m²(SE= 0.53) in the muddy sand, and 0 inds./m2 (SE=0) in the gravelly sand. The mean densities of the soft-shelled clam by 3 different areas were 4.88 inds./m²(SE=0.09), 2.61 inds./m²(SE=0.13), 7.20 inds./m²(SE=0.18), respectively and the biomass of the clam were estimated as 131mt, 121mt, 665mt, respectively. An yield-per-recruit analysis showed that the current yield-per-recruit of about 8.30g with F=0.57/year and the age at first capture (t/sub c/) 2.69 year, was lower than the maximum possible yield-per-recruit of 9.60g. Fixing to at the current level and increased fishing intensity (F) could produce an increase in the predicted yield-per-recruit from 8.30g to about 9.40. However, estimated yield-per-recruit increased to 1.30g by decreasing to from the current age (2.69 year) to age two with F fixed at the current level. Yield-per-recruit was estimated under harvest strategies based on F/sub max/ and F/sub 0.1/.

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Development of Microfluidic Channel for Pretreatment of Extracellular ATP using DEP Force (DEP를 이용한 세포 외부 ATP 제거 전처리 미세 유로의 개발)

  • Lim, Hee-Taek;Jung, Hyo-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.1687-1689
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    • 2008
  • In the detection of pathogenic microorganisms ATP-bioluminescence reaction is a fascinating method. ATP(adenosine triphosphate) is an energy source of all kinds of living organism and ATP-bioluminescence reaction uses this ATP. However, ATP exists not only in the cells but also outside the cells. Therefore ATP-bioluminescence reaction only with intracellular ATP is very important in pathogenic microorganism detection. Because of that reason we developed a microfluidic channel containing Dielectrophoretic zone which capture microorganisms and eliminating and washing extracellular ATP with ATP-degarading enzymes, adenosine phosphate deaminase and apyrase. Microorganisms are captured by pDEP force at the DEP electrode zone and only extracellular ATPs are washed and eliminated outside the zone.

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An experimental-computational investigation of fracture in brittle materials

  • De Proft, K.;Wells, G.N.;Sluys, L.J.;De Wilde, W.P.
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.227-248
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    • 2004
  • A combined experimental-computational study of a double edge-notched stone specimen subjected to tensile loading is presented. In the experimental part, the load-deformation response and the displacement field around the crack tip are recorded. An Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometer (ESPI) is used to obtain the local displacement field. The experimental results are used to validate a numerical model for the description of fracture using finite elements. The numerical model uses displacement discontinuities to model cracks. At the discontinuity, a plasticity-based cohesive zone model is applied for monotonic loading and a combined damage-plasticity cohesive zone model is used for cyclic loading. Both local and global results from the numerical simulations are compared with experimental data. It is shown that local measurements add important information for the validation of the numerical model. Consequently, the numerical models are enhanced in order to correctly capture the experimentally observed behaviour.

Torusity Tolerance Verification using Swarm Intelligence

  • Prakasvudhisarn, Chakguy;Kunnapapdeelert, Siwaporn
    • Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.94-105
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    • 2007
  • Measurement technology plays an important role in discrete manufacturing industry. Probe-type coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) are normally used to capture the geometry of part features. The measured points are then fit to verify a specified geometry by using the least squares method (LSQ). However, it occasionally overestimates the tolerance zone, which leads to the rejection of some good parts. To overcome this drawback, minimum zone approaches defined by the ANSI Y14.5M-1994 standard have been extensively pursued for zone fitting in coordinate form literature for such basic features as plane, circle, cylinder and sphere. Meanwhile, complex features such as torus have been left to be dealt-with by the use of profile tolerance definition. This may be impractical when accuracy of the whole profile is desired. Hence, the true deviation model of torus is developed and then formulated as a minimax problem. Next, a relatively new and simple population based evolutionary approach, particle swarm optimization (PSO), is applied by imitating the social behavior of animals to find the minimum tolerance zone torusity. Simulated data with specified torusity zones are used to validate the deviation model. The torusity results are in close agreement with the actual torusity zones and also confirm the effectiveness of the proposed PSO when compared to those of the LSQ.