• Title, Summary, Keyword: Capital Market Risk

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A Study on Measuring the Financial firm's Integrated Risk (금융회사의 통합위험 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Kyung-Chun;Lee, Sang-Heon;Kim, Hyun-Seok
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.207-223
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    • 2010
  • One of the important prudential regulations is the capital regulation. The current domestic and international capital regulation sets the minimum capital requirement according to the size of risk which is the simple sum of market risk and credit risk. However the portfolio theory suggests that, due to the effect of diversification, the total risk is less than the summation of market and credit risk. This paper investigates and does empirical test to verify the diversification effect in measuring financial firm's integrated risk. We verify the diversification effect between the market risk and credit risk. This paper's contribution is to present the empirical evidence that, considering the relationship between market and credit risk, the integrated risk is less than sum of them. This implication is that the surplus capital may be used for the other purposes, therefore enhancing capital allocation efficiency in view of society as a whole.

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A Study on the Sudden Stop in Capital Flows and Foreign Exchange and Distribution Market Stability (자본유출입 급변동과 외환 및 유통시장 안정성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yoon-Chul;Yi, Myung-Hoon
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - Since 1990, the sudden stop in capital flows has caused the economic crisis. The purpose of this research is to suggest the policy measures to mitigate the risk of the sudden stop in capital flows. To this end, we examine the theoretical framework and analyze the case study for countries which are faced with the sudden stop. Also we examine the structural problems of the foreign exchange market in Korea and derive the policy implications to prevent the sudden stop. Research design, data, and methodology - The criteria of whether the sudden stop in capital flows occurs are based upon Calvo et al. (2008). In case the proxy variable for the balance of capital account decreases from the average by over twice standard deviation, we determine that the sudden stop occurs for that country. The sample period is from January 1990 to December 2008, as in Calvo (2014). The sample countries are 17 developed countries and 19 emerging market countries, which are different from those of the previous papers as Agosin and Huaita (2012), and Calvo (2014). When the exchange market pressure index(EMPI) is deviated from the average by over three times standard deviation, we determine that the foreign exchange market is unstable for that country. Results - We find that the characteristics of the sudden stop in capital flows are the bunching or contagion among countries, the rapid drop in real effective exchange rate, and the huge decrease in foreign exchange reserves. Many countries tried to increase foreign exchange reserves and regulate capital flows. Also the foreign exchange market in Korea are found to be the volatile exchange rate, the vulnerable external debt and careless management of the foreign exchange derivatives transaction risk. Conclusions - To lessen the risk in the sudden stop of capital flows, this research suggests the some useful policy measures. To enhance the foreign exchange and distribution market stability, we should improve the price mechanism of exchange rate, hold the appropriate level of foreign exchange reserves, prevent excessive inflows of foreign exchange and promote sound transactions of foreign exchange derivatives.

A Study on the Effect of Fair Value Hierarchy upon Cost of Capital Through the Convergence of Market Risk Management and Audit Quality (시장위험관리와 감사품질의 융합을 통한 공정가치 서열체계의 자본비용에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Oh, Hyun-Taek
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2015
  • The data of fair value hierarchy is expected to contain different degree of measurement error, information asymmetry, and information risk by the level of hierarchy. Thus, this study examines how hierarchy of fair value discriminately influences on companies' cost of capital. Through regression analysis of corporations listed from 2011 to 2014, it turns out that the regression coefficient of level 1 and 2 of fair value variable vary their rank by cost of capital types, while level 3 contains the highest regression coefficient for every cost of capital variable. In addition, further study of how the relevance between cost of capital and the fair value hierarchy gets affected by market risk management level and audit quality finds no consistent results. However, by analyzing the effect of coincident interaction through the convergence of market risk management and audit quality, when audit quality and market risk management level are high, the effect of relieving cost of capital of Level 3 gets the highest. In conclusion, fair value hierarchy data seems to affect discriminately on cost of capital by involved information risk, and the information risk could decrease by the level of market risk management and audit quality.

Market Discipline and Bank Risk Taking: Evidence from the East Asian Banking Sector

  • Hamid, Fazelina Sahul;Yunus, Norhanishah Mohd
    • East Asian Economic Review
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.29-58
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    • 2017
  • The third pillar of the Basel II highlights the role of market discipline in easing the existing pressure on traditional monitoring measures like capital requirement and government supervision. This study test the effectiveness of market discipline in inducing prudential risk management practices among the East Asian banks over the 1995 to 2005 period. Market discipline is measured using information disclosure and interbank deposit holdings. We find that only the latter is an effective market discipline tool. However, the former becomes effective when market concentration is higher. We find that government owned, foreign owned and recapilatised banks are subject to market disciplining when disclosure in taken account but the opposite is true when interbank deposits is taken into account. Finally, we find that banks that disclose more risk related information hold more capital against their non-performing loan. The implications of the findings are discussed.

Capital Structure and Default Risk: Evidence from Korean Stock Market

  • GUL, Sehrish;CHO, Hyun-Rae
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzes the effect of the capital structure of Korean manufacturing firms on default risk based on Moody's KMV option pricing model where the probability of default is obtained by measuring the distance to default as a covariant in logit model developed by Merton (1974). Based on the panel data of manufacturing firms, this study achieves its primary objective, using a fixed effect regression model and examines the effect of a firm's capital structure on default risk amongst publicly listed firms on Korea exchange during 2005-2016. Empirical results obtained suggest that the rise in short-term debt to assets leads to increase the risk of default whereas the increase in long-term debt to assets leads to decrease the default risk. The benefits of short-term debt financing over a short-term period fade out in the presence of information asymmetry. However, long-term debt financing overcomes the information asymmetry and enjoys the paybacks of tax advantage associated with long-term debt. Additionally, size, tangibility and interest coverage ratio are also the important determinants of default risk. Findings support the trade-off theory of capital structure and recommend the optimal use of long-term debt in a firm's capital structure.

Capital Market Volatility MGARCH Analysis: Evidence from Southeast Asia

  • RUSMITA, Sylva Alif;RANI, Lina Nugraha;SWASTIKA, Putri;ZULAIKHA, Siti
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.11
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    • pp.117-126
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    • 2020
  • This paper is aimed to explore the co-movement capital market in Southeast Asia and analysis the correlation of conventional and Islamic Index in the regional and global equity. This research become necessary to represent the risk on the capital market and measure market performance, as investor considers the volatility before investing. The time series daily data use from April 2012 to April 2020 both conventional and Islamic stock index in Malaysia and Indonesia. This paper examines the dynamics of conditional volatilities and correlations between those markets by using Multivariate Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity (MGARCH). Our result shows that conventional or composite index in Malaysia less volatile than Islamic, but on the other hand, both drive correlation movement. The other output captures that Islamic Index in Indonesian capital market more gradual volatilities than the Composite Index that tends to be low in risk so that investors intend to keep the shares. Generally, the result shows a correlation in each country for conventional and the Islamic index. However, Internationally Indonesia and Malaysia composite and Islamic is low correlated. Regionally Indonesia's indices movement looks to be more correlated and it's similar to Malaysian Capital Market counterparts. In the global market distress condition, the diversification portfolio between Indonesia and Malaysia does not give many benefits.

Global Financial Crisis and the Monitoring Role of Foreign Investors (글로벌 금융위기와 외국인투자자의 감시자 역할)

  • Rhee, Chang Seop;Chun, Hong-min;Soh, Seung Bum
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.233-241
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to empirically analyze whether the influence of foreign investors from the monitoring role in Korean capital market is observed differently in accordance with the global financial crisis situation. We collected a total of 2,919 firm data from 2003 to 2015 and performed the empirical tests between foreign investor ownership and firms' cost of equity capital separately according to the situation of the global financial crisis. From the empirical results, foreign investors in general were playing a positive function in the Korean capital market by effectively performing the monitoring role for companies. However, we observed that their monitoring role is not effectively performed when the risk level of capital market is maximized, such as during the global financial crisis. The study suggested that the influence of foreign investors may vary depending on the level of risk in the capital market, which is expected to contribute to the market participants and academia.

Cointegrated Relations between Foreign Ownership and Business Conditions in the Level of Korean Capital Market

  • Kim, Ju-Wan
    • The Korean Journal of Financial Management
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.127-163
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    • 2009
  • This paper examines the results of survey that the foreign ownership is cointegrated with capital market conditions in Korea using Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) and how the mechanism of innovations and dynamics among the foreign ownership and capital market proxies in the VECM was described. Specifically, we find that the foreign ownership and capital market proxies follow I (1) process and there are cointegrated relations between the foreign ownership and capital market proxies. Adopting the impulse response function and variance decomposition in the VECM, we suggest, in turn, the default risk premia, liquidity of market and the rate of interest in long term business cycle take on a special function on the KSE and KOSDAQ. Finally, we also offer evidences of which there are differences of the mechanism of dynamics and innovations between on the KSE and on the KOSDAQ.

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A Co-movement Analysis of Housing Purchase Price of Capital and Non-Capital Area (수도권과 지방 주택매매가격의 동조화 변화 분석)

  • Jang, Han Ik
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the dynamic change in the co-movement between the house price rates with the network methods of Mantegna (1999). First, Capital area and non-capital area form independent clusters which have the heterogeneous co-movement pattern. In other words, Capital and non-capital areas have low connectivity in the housing market. Also, if the co-movement between capital areas have been strengthened, the co-movement between non-capital areas have been weakened. The results of the dynamic analysis show that the degree of the co-movement in the housing market is continuously increased. The members of the co-movement group in the capital area are strongly steadied by all periods. However, the members in the non-capital area have been changed according to the period. Accordingly, it is necessary to establish policies based on various information for the housing market of the non-capital area rather than policies targeting the capital area. In addition, Apartments in Korea are more likely to be used as investment or speculative assets than other types of houses. It has been confirmed that this is Gangbuk, which is locatied in the northern part of Seoul, appears to be a region where the Spillover Effects of price fluctuation can be triggered in the housing and apartment market. However, the housing market in Gangnam, which is locatied in the southern part of Seoul, was divided into low systematic risk.

A Study on Organizational Characteristics and Investment Strategies of Venture Capital Firms in Korea (벤처캐피탈의 조직적 특성과 투자 전략에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Ju-Heon;Kim Seong-Min
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.1784-1787
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    • 2006
  • In the risk capital market there are various types of investors competing each other. In the past, venture capital firms depended on government subsidies to stay in business. In order to be survived in today's competitive market, they need to have had the necessary knowledge and organizational resources to build their own competitive advantages. We examine the relationship between organizational characteristics, human resources, and investment strategies of venture capital firms in Korea.

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