• Title, Summary, Keyword: Capital Intensity

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A Study on the Development Plans of Social Enterprises by Regional Comparison of Growth Decisions (사회적기업의 성장결정요인의 지역별 비교를 통한 발전 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Ham, JaeBong;Yoon, BokMan;Park, Keun
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.101-113
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    • 2020
  • Since the number of social enterprises have been increased more than double over the past five years, the determinant of their growth by regional comparison is examined in this paper. In terms of the sale determinant, experimental results show that the total number of workers, business history, and capital intensity in Seoul metropolitan area, the total number of workers, business history, and capital intensity in Gyeongsang area, the total number workers, business history, and the dependence on government subsidies in Chungcheong area, the total number of workers, and the capital intensity in Jeolla/Jeju area have showed positive effects. In terms of asset determinants, experimental results show that the total number of workers, business history, and capital in Seoul metropolitan area, the capital in Gangwon area, the total number of workers, business history, and capital in Gyeongsang area, the total number of workers, business history, and capital intensity in Chungcheong area, the total number of workers, capital, and capital intensity in Jeolla/Jeju area have showed positive effect.

Effects of Mobile Instant Messenger Usage Pattern and Intensity on Users' Social Capital: Focused on Users in Their 20's and 30's (모바일 인스턴트 메신저 이용 행태 및 이용강도가 사회자본에 미치는 영향: 20~30대 이용자들을 중심으로)

  • Jang, Ye-Beet
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.11
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    • pp.541-548
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to examine how mobile instant messenger (MIM) usage pattern and MIM intensity influence MIM users' social capital. Total 253 MIM users in their 20's and 30's participated an online survey. Results showed that MIM frequency and network size affected bonding social capital. Meanwhile, MIM intensity was the only variable that influenced users' bridging social capital. Overall, the strength of strong ties in mobile media use was confirmed again. It was also confirmed that measuring the qualitative level of emotional attachment to the MIM (MIM intensity) was more important than gauging mere usage pattern when evaluating social capital enhancement through mobile media use.

Relationship between Local SNS Usage and Social Capital

  • Yao, Chunliang;Joo, Jae-Hun;Shin, M. Minsuk
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - This study aims to understand the relationship between Chinese local SNS usage and social capital building through Chinese international students in South Korea. A research model that illustrates the relationship between the SNS usage (i.e., intensity, communication and social capital building is proposed. Based on the analysis, this study will provide responses to the question of if SNS really presents the danger of trapping international consumers in their local comfort zone or enhance social capital for the users. Research design, data, and methodology - The survey questionnaire is circulated among the WeChat (a Chinese local SNS) users who are the Chinese international students studying in South Korea. The collected data is analyzed by structural equation method using SPSS and AMOS. Results - Proposed hypotheses of the positive relationships between the attachment of SNS use and both individuals' bridging and bonding social capital are supported. It's also supported that (1) interpersonal communication, (2) interpersonal communication with old friends, and (3) interpersonal communication for making new friends on SNS positively influence individuals' bridging social capital. Conclusions - This paper demonstrates the importance of intensity of WeChat use and interpersonal communication that impact Chinese international students' bridging and bonding social capital on WeChat.

The Relationship among Estimated Intensity of Physical Activity, Stress Response and Positive Psychological Capital (추정된 신체활동 강도와 스트레스 반응 그리고 긍정심리자본의 관계)

  • Kim, Yong-Kyu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.581-588
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among estimated intensity of physical activity, stress response and positive psychological capital. The participants totalled 356 male and female aged 20's~ 50's. Data was collected from 3 Questionnaires and analyzed by descriptive statistics, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis with SPSS and AMOS program. The following conclusions were drawn; First, physical activity had effected on stress response and positive psychological capital. Second, high level physical activity had effected on stress response and positive psychological capital.

Exports, Firm Size, and Firm Dynamics : An Empirical Study on the Korean Manufacturing Industry (기업규모, 기업성장, 그리고 수출성과 : 우리나라 제조업에 대한 실증적 연구)

  • Sung, Tae-Kyung;Park, Kwang-Seo
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.22
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2007
  • This paper investigates the relationships between exports, firm size, and firm dynamics. It is based on a longitudinal data covering listed firms in the Korean manufacturing industry. We found the stylized fact that the probability that a firm is exporter increases with firm size. A regression model for the determinant of export/sales ratio including dynamic adjustment process is tested on a cross-section sample for the year 2001. Empirical findings suggest that there is a positive and inversely U-shaped relationship between firm size and export/sales ratio, just for basic material and capital good industry. Except for firm size, the hypotheses concerning human capital intensity, physical capital intensity, R&D intensity, and patent are rejected. Using Granger causality test, we found that the rate of growth of total sales influences the change of the export/sales ratio with time lag for medium-sized firms. Finally, some policy implications are presented.

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An Analysis on Antecedents Path of Export Performance and Moderating Effects of Social Capital in Materials and Components SMEs (소재부품 중소기업 수출성과의 선행요인 경로 및 사회적 자본의 조절효과 분석)

  • Won, Dong-Hwan
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the moderating effects of social capital on antecedents factors path of export performance in the materials and components SMEs(Small and Medium-sized Enterprises) of Busan and Kyungnam region. In case of materials and components SMEs, they are always trying to achieve business performance including export sales and market share, but it is difficult for them to increase performance due to the limitation of inner & tangible resources. Therefore intangible asset such as technology capability and its antecedents factors which are technology innovation and learning orientation are getting more important to SMEs. In addition, it is supposed that social capital such as local network including distribution channel in overseas market plays an essential role to enhance export performance. Accordingly, the main goal of this study is to find out the relationship between export performance and antecedents factors and the validity of social capital as a moderating valuable. Research design, data, and methodology - Technology innovation, learning orientation and technology capability have been used as antecedents factors for export performance and social capital such as network diversity and intensity has been used for moderating effects analysis. In order to select these valuables mentioned above, this study examined the existing researches on a basis of Resources Based View, Organizational Learning Theory and Social Capital theory. To achieve the objective of this paper, 7 hypotheses including the moderating effects have been proposed with 6 potential variables measured by 24 questions. The survey was carried out from December 2014 to March 2015 and 137 samples out of total 175 were selected for the analysis. PLS(Partial Least Squares) has been used for the methodology of empirical analysis for both antecedents factors path and moderating effects. Results - Research findings are as follows. First, technology innovation has a significant impact on learning orientation, learning orientation has a positive effect on the technology capability and technology capability also has a significant impact on export performance. Therefore 3 valuables are proved as antecedents factors of export performance. Second, the social capital(both network diversity and intensity) plays a moderating role with learning orientation to technology capability. However, there is no moderating effects between both of social capital and technology capability regarding export performance. Conclusions - According to path analysis results, it is suggested that the materials and components SMEs should raise technology innovation and learning orientation in order to improve technology capability and export performance. Meantime, the moderating effect analysis shows that SMEs should consider local network diversity and intensity along with learning orientation to add up technology capability. But local network diversity and intensity does not work systematically with technology capability for export performance and it means that SMEs should find the appropriate local partners for the purpose of establishing concrete distribution channels based on marketing perspective, not for improving technology capability.

Export Performance and Firm Characteristics: Special Reference to Innovation Factors (수출성과와 기업특성: 기술혁신요인을 중심으로)

  • Seong, Tae-Gyeong;Lee, Jong-Min
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.116-134
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    • 2005
  • This paper investigates the relationships between export and firm characteristics, focusing on technology factors. It is based on a longitudinal data covering listed firms in the Korean manufacturing industry. A regression model for the determinant of export/sales ratio including dynamic adjustment process is tested on a cross-section sample of the year 2001. Empirical findings suggest that there is no significant relationship between export/sales ratio and firm's technological level. The hypotheses concerning human capital intensity and physical capital intensity are also rejected. But we found a positive and inversely U-shaped relationship between firm size and export/sales for basic material and capital good industry. As a dynamic aspect, we found that the pattern of export/sales ratio changed unstably over the last decade. Finally, some policy implications are presented.

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기업의 기술혁신 활동 결정요인: 자원기반 관점에서 본 탐색적 연구

  • 성태경
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.69-90
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    • 2002
  • This paper investigates the determinants of the firm's decision to carry out innovative activities in terms of the resource-based view(RBV) in strategic management. Two types of resources are distinguished: tangible(financial autonomy, firm size, capital intensity) and intangible(human resource, entrepreneurship, and commercial resource). R&D intensity and patent statistics are used as proxies for innovative activity. Specific hypotheses about their effect on the probability of a firm carrying out innovative activities are derived and tested on a sample of 337 listed firms in Korean manufacturing industry for the year 1999, using the logistic regression model. Empirical findings suggest that firm size and human resource are the main determinants of firm's internal innovative activities. The results show that the hypotheses concerning financial autonomy, debt ratio, capital intensity, entrepreneurship, and commercial resource are rejected.

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The Effect of TRIPS on the Relationship between R&D Expenditures and Patent Applications (특허권보호제도의 변화가 연구개발지출과 특허권 산출의 관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Jo, Seong-Pyo;Kim, Hui-Jeong
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.43-69
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    • 2006
  • In this study, we examine the effect of TRIPS on the relationship between R&D expenditures and patent applications in manufacturing firms. The first set of tests examines the association between patent applications and R&D expenditures and firm specific factors such as firm size and capital intensity. The next set of tests adds environmental factors including R&D intensity of the industry and development of TRIPS. We divide the sample period into three subperiods according to the progress of TRIPS subperiod 1(1984-1988) before TRIPS, subperiod 2(1989-1994) after negotiation of TRIPS and subperiod 3(1995-2000) after agreement on TRIPS. Regression model reveals that the coefficient on firm size is significantly positive over the all sample Period, while that of R&D expenditures of R&D intensive firms is significantly positive in subperiod 2 and 3(1989-2000) and that of capital intensity is significantly negative only in subperiod 3(1995-2000). The findings suggest that the efficient intellectual property system promotes the patent application of R&D intensive firms.

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