• Title, Summary, Keyword: Capital Gains

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The Effects of Tangible Asset Revaluation on the Market Prices (유형자산 재평가기업의 회계정보 가치관련성)

  • Kim, Dong-Heon
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2010
  • There have been arguments in Korea that fair value accounting system improves quality of accounting information through the asset revaluation. These arguments are based on the fact that investors prefer fair value to cost value information. Others argue that cost principles may offer more proper information to the investors because financial statements applied the cost principles are more objective and thus more reliable. Prior researches focused mainly on the motives of asset revaluation but I examined the effects of the tangible asset revaluation on the stock prices. The empirical findings indicate that : (1) the gains on the tangible asset revaluation are positively correlated with the stock prices; (2) the net book values applied the cost principles explain stock prices better than the net book values applied fair values. My findings suggest that the gains on the tangible asset revaluation constitute a part of the firms' values but the accounting informations measured fair value are not always useful to the investors in the capital market.

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The Effects of Profit-Sharing Schemes on Productivity through Firm's Contribution to the Employee Welfare Fund (사내근로복지기금제도를 통한 이윤공유참여의 생산성효과)

  • Cin, Beom Cheol
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.115-147
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    • 2003
  • This paper scrutinizes the robustness of the profit-sharing findings first employing an original panel data on the Employee Welfare Fund over the period from 1992 to 2000. In examining the effects of profit-sharing schemes on labor productivity, it controls for simultaneity among profit-sharing, production factors, and productivity using both the two-stage least squares procedure and the lagged variable method. The empirical results show that an increase in firm's contribution to the Employee Welfare Fund is associated with capital-embodied and disembodied productivity enhancement, which is both statistically and economically highly significant. The empirical results are in contrast with predictions of both agency and transaction cost theories, and they imply that more tax benefits and financial incentives for expansion of the Employee Welfare Fund should be required to get productivity gains.

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Charging Korean Off-Shore Fisheries for Sustainable Fishing (지속적 어업을 위한 적정 자원이용료 부과에 관한 연구)

  • 박성쾌;김기수;김은채
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.49-74
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    • 2002
  • This study examines, from an economic perspective, the reasons for introducing a resource taxe system into the Korean off-shore fisheries and the type of charges that can be introduced. Following a review of the charging systems in other advanced fisheries, we consider the types of charging scheme and some implications for the Korean off-shore fishing industry. Charges could be used for recovering part of fisheries management cost from the industry(i.e. administration, enforcement, research, etc). This can be justified on the grounds that the fishing industry is the main beneficiary of management and that it should therefore bear at least part of the cost involved. It is arguable that publicly-funded management is in effect a subsidy to the industry. Using charges to raise revenue in excess of the cost of management would represent the extraction of a public rent from the fishery resource, but the short-run financial consqquences for the industry would be significant. Results from a qualtitative analysis suggest that while any new charge will have a significant financial impact on the industry in the short run, a landings tax would have a lesser impact on fleet structure in the long run. The study also considers the possibility of a capital gains tax on license sales in order to recover some rent from the industry. Despite any short run-financial consequences, making the fishing industry pay for at least some of the cost of management could benefit the industry as a whole if there were more cooperation between industry and managers as a result. It is acknowledged, however, that there could be disputes over the relative management costs of different sectors of the industry. Even though this study makes few specific recommendations about charging the Korean off-shore fishing industry, it does advise that the issue be reviewed on the basis of the entire Korea fisheries. Finally, the study notes that insufficient data are available on the economic performance of the Korean off-shore fishing vessels and it recommands that a comprehensive system for the collection of costs and earnings data be put in place. It also suggests that MOMAF pay much attention to the permit right market and its transactions.

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The Evolution of Wage and Productivity Dispersion between Korean Manufacturing Establishments, 2000-14 (제조업 사업체 간 임금 및 생산성격차 추세와 그 관계에 대한 분석)

  • Lee, Changkeun
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.1-31
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    • 2017
  • Recent empirical studies highlight the importance of between-firm or between-establishment factors in rising wage inequality. Examining the establishment-level data from the Mining and Manufacturing Survey of 2000-14, this paper finds that overall between-establishment wage dispersion has increased in Korea. However, unlike other OECD countries, the divergence occured in the lower tail of the wage distribution. Dispersion in labor productivity exhibits a similar movement, therefore explains the widening wage dispersion. In contrast, the link between wages and total factor productivity is much weaker, which appears to be associated with inefficient capital reallocation. I also find much heterogeneity in the productivity-wage relationship across productivity distribution. The most productive establishments turn the smallest portion of productivity gains into wage increases.

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Dividend tax rate, dividend policy, ownership structure, and stock valuation (배당소득세율, 배당정책, 소유구조와 주식가치평가)

  • Ryu, Sung-Yong;Sung-Yeol Ann
    • The Journal of Information Technology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2004
  • This study examine the effects of changes in the dividend income tax rates, the corporate dividend policy, and the ownership structure on the stock valuation. The empirical findings indicate that : (1)firm's ownership structure is positively correlated with stock return ; (2) the interaction of firm's ownership structure and the dividend policy is positively correlated with stock return ; (3) the interaction of the changes in the dividend income tax rates and dividend policy is correlated with stock return ; (4) the interaction of the changes in the dividend income tax rates and firm's ownership structure is correlated with stock return ; (5) the interaction of the increases in the dividend income tax rates, firm's ownership structure, and the dividend policy is positively correlated with stock return. This suggests that non-taxing of capital gains provide tax shelters to individual investors and investors prefer non-taxing income to dividend income.

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A Study on Inheritance Tax Relief System for Business Succession (가업상속제도 개선방안)

  • Lee, Seong-Weon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2014
  • In this study, we look at the current state of the inheritance system of family business in korea, you are trying to present a remedy for the activation of family business succession. The family business inheritance tax assistance benefits at the time, it is necessary to define the effect that offers the advantage of tax support to reflect correctly, the scope of its application subject property, easy to match the requirements of the family business succession is family business succession Small Business issue of effectiveness of the system has not emerged, there is a need to strengthen the requirements of family business succession that takes into account the reality of small and medium-sized enterprises. In addition, if you provide the inheritance tax deduction for the inheritance of the family business, only to inherit the family business of a substantial tax advantages help to move back, the provisions of the post-management is necessary.

The reserch of method of succession on ROK marine's spirit and tradition - Based on the Incheon landing Operation- (해병대 전통정신계승 방안에 관한 연구 - 인천상륙작전 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Ho Chun
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.16 no.6_1
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2016
  • Operation Chromite was the first combined landing operation executed by ROK marine corp's and allied forces on Sept 15, 1950. Its historical significance is that it provided Korea with an opportunity to retake capital city Seoul because it helped to fight back from Nakdong river defense Front. During the landing, ROK marine corp's was highly praised from US commanders that "No any defect was found from ROK marine corp's perfect battle performance." and ROK marine corp's spirit of sacrifice with serving our country presented a grant spectacle to all over the world. In these days, the reason why ROK marine corp's gains trust and has grow successfully as national army force is that it prepares national emergency though strong training during peacetime. However, bad tradition like beating and harsh treatment must be fixed. ROK marine corp's should improve and take over the hard earned tradition from former marines and do our best to be trusted from people.

Evaluation and Forecast of North Korea's Nuclear Policy through Libya Model (리비아 모델을 통한 북한의 핵 정책 평가와 전망)

  • Han, Seung Jo;Shin, Jin
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.113-122
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    • 2018
  • The issue of security on the Korean peninsula is facing the greatest upheaval in 2018 with the inter-Korean summit and the US-North Korea summit. North Korea has pursued the parallel policy developing military and economic at the same time. However, North Korea is changing its route to give up nuclear weapons and focus on the economy through summit talks. Since the change in North Korea is similar to that of Libya in the past, it is necessary to analyze why North Korea is trying to abandon its nuclear program and how the process is flowing compared to the case of Libya. The Libya model was constructed and analyzed in terms of international and domestic perpectives and recognition of the situation by leadership. North Korea's nuclear policy was evaluated based on the Libya model. The nuclear development of Libya and North Korea has caused diplomatic and economic pressures from the international community and ultimately led to instability of the regime. Two countries have tried to abandon nuclear program in order to solve the instability of the regime, also gain the economic reward insead. Libya took economic benefits and secured some of the stability of the regime, but the regime collapsed under the wave of democracy due to the influx of foreign capital and ideas. North Korea will seek diplomatic and economic gains with the example of Libya, but will try to limit as much as possible the culture of democracy and the full opening that can be incidental.

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The Impact of K-IFRS Adoption on Accounting Conservatism: Focus on Distribution Companies (한국채택국제회계기준(K-IFRS)의 도입이 보수주의에 미치는 영향: 유통기업들을 중심으로 (초기 일시적 적응 현상))

  • Noh, Gil-Kwan;Kim, Dong-Il
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - This study provides evidence of the impact of the mandatory adoption of Korean equivalents to International Financial Reporting Standards (K-IFRS) on accounting quality. K-IFRS uses fair value as a basis of measurement and is characterized by principle-based standards. These characteristics can lead to a decrease in conservatism. Therefore, this study aims to examine whether or not there is a change in the level of conservatism before and after the enforcement of K-IFRS (2007~2014). By comparing 2007 through 2008 and 2013 through 2014 (excluding 2009 to 2012), we test "the temporary adjustment phenomenon" and document an overall decline in the degree of conservatism after the adoption of K-IFRS. Research design, data, and methodology - Our sample is comprised of data of all listed Korea Composite Stock Price Index (KOSPI) manufacturing distribution companies in Korea from 2007 to 2014, which yields the pooled sample of 4,412 (panel A) and 1,915 (panel B) firm-year observations for hypotheses 1 and 2. In line with recent literature, we adopt the Givoly and Hayn (2000) model, which recomputes the non-operating accruals, excluding two components that are most likely to capture the effect of restructuring activities: special items and gains or losses from discontinued operations. In addition, we also use these variables: SIZE, LEV, INV_CYCLE, ROA, OWN, and FOR. Results - Our sample period spans 2007 to 2014. This offers evidence on the effect of the mandatory adoption of IFRS on conservatism. Our findings can be summarized as follows. First, in panel A, for mandatory K-IFRS adoption (2011), we do not find any significant evidence of conservatism. We can guess that the "temporary adjustment phenomenon" is the reason that we do not find significant evidence of conservatism. Second, we investigate panel B from 2009 to 2012. We document an overall decline in the degree of conservatism after the adoption of K-IFRS. We can assume that these results are due to "the temporary adjustment phenomenon." Conclusions - This study finds that conservatism significantly decreased after IFRS adoption. In particular, this study makes the initial effort to elucidate "the temporary adjustment phenomenon" to analyze the effect of K-IFRS on conservative accounting. We argue that K-IFRS are conceptually conservative but that inappropriate application of the conservatism principles is likely to prevent financial reporting from reaching the level of conservatism targeted by the IASB. Overall, this paper contributes to the literature on IFRS and can be useful to capital market supervisors who are monitoring the trends of the firms implementing K-IFRS. Additionally, our results inform stakeholders of the potentially negative effect of the greater flexibility permitted by IFRS and/or lack of appropriate enforcement on key dimensions of accounting quality. This has important implications for Korean regulators and standard setters as they review the cost and benefits of IFRS. Our study also sheds light on the importance of the institutional environment in achieving the targeted objectives for improving financial reporting quality.

The Gains To Bidding Firms' Stock Returns From Merger (기업합병의 성과에 영향을 주는 요인에 대한 실증적 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Kap
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.23
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    • pp.41-74
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    • 2007
  • In Korea, corporate merger activities were activated since 1980, and nowadays(particuarly since 1986) the changes in domestic and international economic circumstances have made corporate managers have strong interests in merger. Korea and America have different business environments and it is easily conceivable that there exists many differences in motives, methods, and effects of mergers between the two countries. According to recent studies on takeover bids in America, takeover bids have information effects, tax implications, and co-insurance effects, and the form of payment(cash versus securities), the relative size of target and bidder, the leverage effect, Tobin's q, number of bidders(single versus multiple bidder), the time period (before 1968, 1968-1980, 1981 and later), and the target firm reaction (hostile versus friendly) are important determinants of the magnitude of takeover gains and their distribution between targets and bidders at the announcement of takeover bids. This study examines the theory of takeover bids, the status quo and problems of merger in Korea, and then investigates how the announcement of merger are reflected in common stock returns of bidding firms, finally explores empirically the factors influencing abnormal returns of bidding firms' stock price. The hypotheses of this study are as follows ; Shareholders of bidding firms benefit from mergers. And common stock returns of bidding firms at the announcement of takeover bids, shows significant differences according to the condition of the ratio of target size relative to bidding firm, whether the target being a member of the conglomerate to which bidding firm belongs, whether the target being a listed company, the time period(before 1986, 1986, and later), the number of bidding firm's stock in exchange for a stock of the target, whether the merger being a horizontal and vertical merger or a conglomerate merger, and the ratios of debt to equity capital of target and bidding firm. The data analyzed in this study were drawn from public announcements of proposals to acquire a target firm by means of merger. The sample contains all bidding firms which were listed in the stock market and also engaged in successful mergers in the period 1980 through 1992 for which there are daily stock returns. A merger bid was considered successful if it resulted in a completed merger and the target firm disappeared as a separate entity. The final sample contains 113 acquiring firms. The research hypotheses examined in this study are tested by applying an event-type methodology similar to that described in Dodd and Warner. The ordinary-least-squares coefficients of the market-model regression were estimated over the period t=-135 to t=-16 relative to the date of the proposal's initial announcement, t=0. Daily abnormal common stock returns were calculated for each firm i over the interval t=-15 to t=+15. A daily average abnormal return(AR) for each day t was computed. Average cumulative abnormal returns($CART_{T_1,T_2}$) were also derived by summing the $AR_t's$ over various intervals. The expected values of $AR_t$ and $CART_{T_1,T_2}$ are zero in the absence of abnormal performance. The test statistics of $AR_t$ and $CAR_{T_1,T_2}$ are based on the average standardized abnormal return($ASAR_t$) and the average standardized cumulative abnormal return ($ASCAR_{T_1,T_2}$), respectively. Assuming that the individual abnormal returns are normal and independent across t and across securities, the statistics $Z_t$ and $Z_{T_1,T_2}$ which follow a unit-normal distribution(Dodd and Warner), are used to test the hypotheses that the average standardized abnormal returns and the average cumulative standardized abnormal returns equal zero.

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