• Title, Summary, Keyword: Capacitation Status

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Applications of capacitation status for litter size enhancement in various pig breeds

  • Kwon, Woo-Sung;Shin, Dong-Ha;Ryu, Do-Yeal;Khatun, Amena;Rahman, Md Saidur;Pang, Myung-Geol
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.842-850
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    • 2018
  • Objective: Several studies have reported the development of new molecular methods for the prognosis and diagnosis of male fertility based on biomarkers aimed at overcoming the limitations of conventional male fertility analysis tools. However, further studies are needed for the field application of these methods. Therefore, alternative methods based on existing semen analysis methods are required to improve production efficiency in the animal industry. Methods: we examined the possibility of improving litter size in various pig breeds using combined Hoechst 33258/chlortetracycline fluorescence (H33258/CTC) staining. The correlation between field fertility and capacitation status by combined H33258/CTC staining in different ejaculates spermatozoa (n = 3) from an individual boar (20 Landrace, 20 Yorkshire, and 20 Duroc) was evaluated as well as overall accuracy. Results: The acrosome reacted (AR) pattern after capacitation (%) was positively correlated with the litter size of Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs and the overall accuracy was 75%, 75%, and 70% in Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs, respectively. The difference (${\Delta}$) in AR pattern before and after capacitation was positively correlated with the litter size of Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs and the overall accuracy was 80%, 65%, and 55% in Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs, respectively. However, the difference (${\Delta}$) in capacitated (B) pattern before and after capacitation was negatively correlated with the litter size of Landrace pigs and the overall accuracy was 75%. Moreover, average litter size was significantly altered according to different combined H33258/CTC staining parameters. Conclusion: These results show that combined H33258/CTC staining may be used to predict male fertility in various breeds. However, the selection of specific efficiency combined H33258/CTC staining parameters requires further consideration. Taken together, these findings suggest that combined H33258/CTC staining may constitute an alternative method for predicting male fertility until such time as fertility-related biomarkers are further validated.

FSCB phosphorylation in mouse spermatozoa capacitation

  • Liu, Shun-Li;Ni, Bing;Wang, Xiang-Wei;Huo, Wen-Qian;Zhang, Jun;Tian, Zhi-Qiang;Huang, Ze-Min;Tian, Yi;Tang, Jun;Zheng, Yan-Hua;Jin, Feng-Shuo;Li, Yan-Feng
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.44 no.8
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    • pp.541-546
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    • 2011
  • It is generally accepted that spermatozoa capacitation is associated with protein kinase A-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation. In our previous study, we identified the fibrous sheath CABYR binding protein (FSCB), which was phosphorylated by PKA. However, the phosphorylation status of FSCB protein during spermatozoa capacitation should be further investigated. To this aim, in this study, we found that phosphorylation of this 270-kDa protein occurred as early as 1 min after mouse spermatozoa capacitation, which increased over time and remained stable after 60 min. Immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that the tyrosine and Ser/Thr phosphorylation of FSCB occurred during spermatozoa capacitation. The extent of phosphorylation and was closely associated with the PKA activity and spermatozoa motility characteristics. FSCB phosphorylation could be induced by PKA agonist DB-cAMP, but was blocked by PKA antagonist H-89.Therefore, FSCB contributes to spermatozoa capacitation in a tyrosine-phosphorylated format, which may help in further elucidating the molecular mechanism of spermatozoa capacitation.

Effect of BTS and Androhep during Storage Times on the Kinematics and Capacitation Status in Liquid Boar Semen (BTS와 Androhep이 보존 기간 동안 액상 정액의 운동역학 및 수정능 획득에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yun-Hee;Park, Yoo-Jin;Yoon, Sung-Jae;Kwon, Woo-Sung;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Pang, Myung-Geol
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of storage time on fresh boar semen in Androhep and Beltsville Thawing Solution (BTS). Boar semen samples extended in each extender were stored at $17^{\circ}C$ up to 4 days. Sperm motility kinematics was evaluated by computer assisted sperm analyzer (CASA) and capacitation status by chlortetracycline (CTC)/Hoechst 33258 staining. Sperm motility (%) was not decreased during storage in BTS and Androhep. No significant difference between extenders was observed. Only significant differences in kinematic parameters on linearity during storage were found. The percentage of dead sperm significantly decreased during storage (p<0.05). Also the percentage of noncapacitated, capacitated, and acrosome-reacted sperm significantly modified during storage (p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between extenders except proportion of capacitated sperm. This finding supported that modification in these parameters was not significantly different between extenders during this short-term storage. Our finding strongly indicated that both Androhep and BIS maintained favorable conditions for motility, motility kinematics, and capacitation status during short-term storage. Despite modifications in some parameters were apparent during sperm storage in extenders, these may not affect the fertilizing capacity of boar semen.

Capacitation and acrosome reaction differences of bovine, mouse and porcine spermatozoa in responsiveness to estrogenic compounds

  • Ryu, Do-Yeal;Kim, Ye-Ji;Lee, June-Sub;Rahman, Md. Saidur;Kwon, Woo-Sung;Yoon, Sung-Jae;Pang, Myung-Geol
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.56 no.7
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    • pp.26.1-26.10
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    • 2014
  • Background: Endocrine disruptors are exogenous substance, interfere with the endocrine system, and disrupt hormonal functions. However, the effect of endocrine disruptors in different species has not yet been elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the possible effects of $17{\beta}$-estradiol (E2), progesterone (P4), genistein (GEN) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), on capacitation and the acrosome reaction in bovine, mouse, and porcine spermatozoa. In this in vitro trial, spermatozoa were incubated with $0.001-100{\mu}M$ of each chemical either 15 or 30 min and then assessed capacitation status using chlortetracycline staining. Results: E2 significantly increased capacitation and the acrosome reaction after 30 min, while the acrosome reaction after 15 min incubation in mouse spermatozoa. Simultaneously, capacitation and the acrosome reaction were induced after 15 and 30 min incubation in porcine spermatozoa, respectively. Capacitation was increased in porcine spermatozoa after 15 min incubation at the lowest concentration, while the acrosome reaction was increased in mouse spermatozoa after 30 min (P < 0.05). E2 significantly increased the acrosome reaction in porcine spermatozoa, but only at the highest concentration examined (P < 0.05). P4 significantly increased the acrosome reaction in bovine and mouse spermatozoa treated for 15 min (P < 0.05). The same treatment significantly increased capacitation in porcine spermatozoa (P < 0.05). P4 significantly increased capacitation in mouse spermatozoa treated for 30 min (P < 0.05). GEN significantly increased the acrosome reaction in porcine spermatozoa treated for 15 and 30 min and in mouse spermatozoa treated for 30 min (P < 0.05). OP significantly increased the acrosome reaction in mouse spermatozoa after 15 min (P < 0.05). Besides, when spermatozoa were incubated for 30 min, capacitation and the acrosome reaction were higher than 15 min incubation in E2 or GEN. Furthermore, the responsiveness of bovine, mouse and porcine spermatozoa to each chemical differed. Conclusions: In conclusion, all chemicals studied effectively increased capacitation and the acrosome reaction in bovine, mouse, and porcine spermatozoa. Also we found that both E2 and P4 were more potent than environmental estrogens in altering sperm function. Porcine and mouse spermatozoa were more responsive than bovine spermatozoa.

Studies on HOSS test and CTC test for Viability and Capacitation of Frozen-thawed Canine Sperm (개 정맥의 동결 및 융해후 정자의 생존성 및 수정능획득 판정을 위한 HOS test 및 CTC test)

  • 김용준;지동범;오홍근
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.431-437
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    • 2000
  • Evaluation of viability and capacitation of canine sperm is of great importance to deter- mine good condition for freezing canine semen and consequently to improve conception rate by arti-ficial insemination. Semen were collected from nine male dots which had been proved to be fertile in the post and the semen were treaded for freezing procedure. Semen were thawed at 37$^{\circ}C$ for 30 seconds. In this study, hypoosmotic swelling(HOS) test and chlortetracycline(CTC) test were per- formed to evaluate post-thaw viability and capacitated status of sperm, respectively. In HOS test far canine sperm, the highest percentage of curled sperm was shown at 60 mOsm. In HOS test for canine semen, there were considerably significant correlation between HOS values and sperm motil- ity(r=0.9064, p<0.01) and converse correlation between HOS values and sperm abnormality(r=- 0.6905, p<0.05). The sperm viability and HOS-values for chilled extended semen were significantly decreased from 0 to 72 hours during storage at 5$^{\circ}C$ (p<0.05). Of the media added to canine semen after thawing, the most capacitated sperm were shown in CCM(p<0.01), and then This Fructose Cit- rate(TFC) medium with calcium from 3 hours after incubation with media. It was concluded that HOS test is of great value to determine the viability and motility of canine sperm, whereas CTC test is usable to determine the capacitated status. Consequently, both tests were thought to be useful as the additional tests to standard semen analysis.

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Objective Identification of Human Sperm Hyperactivation by Computerized Sperm Motion Analysis (Computerized Sperm Motility Analyzer를 이용한 Human Sperm의 Hyperactivated Motility의 객관적 관찰에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hee-Kyung;Lee, Chan;Kim, Hyun-Sook;Kim, Young-Tae;Kim, Sun-Haeng;Ku, Pyoung-Sahm
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 1994
  • The occurrence and time course of capacitation, acrosomal loss, and hyperactivated motility require quantitative definition in order to characterize fertile human sperm. Recently the method has been developed to estimate the quality of spermatozoa by using kinematic parameters such as curvilinear velocity(VCL), average path velocity(VAP), linearity(LIN), straightness(STR), amplitude of lateral head displacement(ALH), and beat cross frequence(BCF) from Computer Assisted Sperm Analysis (CASA). In this study, using the Hamilton Thorn motility analyzer HTM 2030(Hamilton Thorn Research, Beverly, MA), we attempted to identify the spermatozoa with hyperactivated motility (HA) objectively and to monitor hyperactivation of human spermatozoa during incubation in capacitating media and after treatment of calcium ionophore as compared with acrosome status. And we examined whether HA are related to the result of SPA. Semen samples obtained from 16 healthy men were prepared by swim up technique and preincubated in a capacitating media(modified BWW medium) for 5 hours and treated with calcium ionophore solution. The acrosome reaction was detected with PSA-FITC labelling of the acrosome and in vitro sperm ferilizing capacity was assessed by the zona free hamster ovum penetration assay (SPA). The incidence of hyperactivated sperm was 2.6% in fresh semen, 14.3% of the swim up population, 13.7% after 5h of incubation. Significant increase of percentage of hyperactivated sperm was observed after the incubation (p<0.05) but after treatment, no significant changes of percentage of hyperactivated sperm(l1.8%) in contrast to significant rise in the percentage of acrosome reacted cells. Correlation analysis failed to show any significant relationship between the percentage of sperm with HA and SPA score. In conclusion, although no direct correlations were found between the results of SPA and HA, hyperactivation of sperm is associated with capacitation and monitoring hyperactivated sperm will be expected as a method of evaluating the functional quality of sperm such as SPA.

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Development of Semen Extenders by Assessment of Sperm Viability in Miniature-Pig Semen

  • Lee S. H.;Cheong H. T.;Yang B. K.;Park C. K.
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.247-252
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to assess sperm quality during in vitro storage of miniature-pig semen in order to determine which extender should be used and how extender can be diluted for in vitro storage of miniature-pig semen. Freshly ejaculated miniature-pig's semen was diluted with same volumes of Beltsville Thawing Solution (BTS), Androhep, Modena, Mulberry III and modified-Modena extenders. Sperm quality was evaluated by examining viability, motility, abnormality, acrosome intactness, intensity and capacitation status by chlorotetracycline (CTC) staining. Sperm motility decreased with storage period prolonged and differences among BTS, Androhep, Modena and Mulberry III were apparent On Day 1, approximately 80% of the sperm were motile, but motility decreased to $40\%$ at Day 7. During the 7 days of storage, sperm survival in modified-Modena B extender was higher than another extenders. However, it was not differ significantly among other extenders. The percentage of F and B patterns were not differ significantly among the extenders. However, F pattern in modified-Modena B extender was slightly higher until 3 days of storage than that of Modena extender, modified-Modena A extender and modified-Modena C extender. The percentage of AR patterns in modified-Modena B extender was slightly lower, but did not differ significantly among other extenders. The results of present study suggest that modified-Modena B was effective as new extender for in vitro storage of miniature-pig semen.

Effect of Cholesterol and Serum Albumin on Sperm Ability and Lipid Peroxidation during the Storage of Miniature Pig Sperm (미니돼지정액의 보존 시 콜레스테롤과 혈청 알부민이 정자 성상과 지질 과산화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dong-Woo;Lee, Yong-Seung;Yoo, Han-Jun;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Yang, Boo-Keun;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2011
  • This study was undertaken to find out the effect of cholesterol and serum albumin on sperm ability and lipid peroxidation levels period to the liquid storage of miniature pig sperm. Ejaculated semen from miniature pigs was collected by gloved-hand method into a pre-warmed ($37^{\circ}C$) thermos bottle, and extended with Modena solution {with and without BSA, methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (-cholesterol) and cholesterol loaded cyclodextrin (+cholesterol)}. Each semen was assessed for viability (SYBR-14/PI staining) and acrosome intactness, intensity and capacitation status by chlorotetracycline (CTC) staining at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days of storage. At for the effects of cholesterol and serum albumin on lipid peroxidation, semen were incubated with $H_2O_2$ ($10\;{\mu}M$), and lipid peroxidation level were measured by flow cytometry using the lipid peroxidation reporter probe $C_{11}-BODIPY^{581/591}$. The result, lipid peroxidation level in sperm added with cholesterol were lower in $10\;{\mu}M$ $H_2O_2$ compared to the added sperm with serum albumin. Also, added cholesterol to sperm had significant (p<0.05) higher viability when storage for 7 and 10 days and lower when 10 days of storage percentage of acrosome-reacted sperm (AR pattern) in acrosome state as say result compared to other treated groups. In conclusion, role of cholesterol during lipid storage in miniature pig spermatozoa was protected boar spermatozoa from lipid peroxidation prior to lipid storage. Addition serum albumin during lipid storage in sperm may be induce sperm membrane damage by lipid peroxidation. Therefore, addition of cholesterol to miniature pig sperm will be lead to extension of liquid storage periods.

Effect of Storage Times on the Kinematics and Capacitation Status in Liquid Boar Semen (보존 기간이 돼지 액상정액의 운동역학 및 수정능 획득에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Yoo-Jin;Song, Won-Hee;Kim, Yeon-Hee;Mohamed, E.A.;Oh, Shin-Ae;Pang, Myung-Geol
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.59-64
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study was to estimate modification of semen quality during storage. Liquid boar semen samples extended in Beltsville Thawing Solution were stored at $17^{\circ}C$ up to 5 days. While % motility and linearity significantly decreased eon day 3 in extender, the qualitative motility patterns were maintained satisfactorily. Also the storage of boar semen up to 5 days before insemination did not significantly changed the acrosome intactness. However, acrosome changed sperm significantly increased and capacitated sperm significantly decreased from day 4. No significant modifications in acrosome integrity were showed during sperm storage; these results suggest that liquid boar semen may keep the quality in extender for 3 days.

Effect of Cholesterol Supplementation in Freezing Medium on the Survival and Integrity of Human Sperm after Cryopreservation (콜레스테롤이 동결-해동 후 인간정자의 생존과 기능보존에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Jung-Jin;Sung, Su-Ye;Kim, Kye-Seong;Song, Seung-Hon;Lee, Woo-Sik;Yoon, Tae-Ki;Lee, Dong-Ryul
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.203-212
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    • 2008
  • Objective: During cryopreservation process, cold shock and cryo-injury affect the fertilizing capacity of the sperm by damaging cell membranes with loss of functional integrity. A longstanding concept for preventing the cryo-damage is to stabilize the plasma membrane by incorporating cholesterol. This study was to determine the effects of cholesterol in freezing media on the motility and functional integrity of human sperm after cryopreservation. Methods: Control group (non-cholesterol treated) and different concentrations of cholesterol-treated sperm (14 healthy males) were frozen and thawed. After freezing and thawing of sperm, the quality of sperm was evaluated by sperm analysis, acrosome reaction test and sperm chromatin structure assay. Results: When human sperm were incubated in sperm freezing medium (SFM) containing $0.5{\mu}g$ cholesterol and then freezing/thawing, the motility of sperm have significantly improved compared to those untreated cholesterol ($33.46{\pm}1.48%$ vs. $30.10{\pm}1.07%$, p<0.05). The rate of calcium ionophore-induced acrosome reactions in post-thawed sperm was significantly higher than that ($53.60{\pm}1.60%$ vs. $47.40{\pm}1.86%$, p<0.05) in SFM containing cholesterol. Sperm chromatin structure assay revealed that DNA damage to the sperm in the cholesterol-treated group was lower than that of non-treated group. Conclusion: These results suggest that increased cholesterol content of sperm plasma membrane by supplementation of cholesterol in SFM improves sperm motility, capacitation status, and DNA integrity. Therefore, addition of cholesterol into SFM could be a useful for protecting human sperm from cold shock and cryo-injury during cryopreservation.