• Title, Summary, Keyword: CaO recovery

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Effect of Nitrogen Sources on the Yields and the Ionic Balance of Mulberry(Morus alba L.) Leaves (시용질소(施用窒素)의 형태(形態)가 뽕잎 생산량(生産量) 및 이온 균형(均衡)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Won-Chu;Yoo, Sun-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 1982
  • Mulberry plants (Morus alba L.) were grown in pots with the following different nitrogen sources: ammonium sulphate, urea, ammonium nitrate, sodium nitrate + ammonium nitrate ($NO_3:NH_4$=2:1), and sodium nitrate. The effects of the nitrogen sources on mulberry yields, nitrogen recovery, distribution of ions and cation-anion balance (C-A) along leaf sequence and growth stage were investigated. The results were as follows: 1. Leaf yields and nitrogen recovery decreased with increasing $NO_3$-N application rates. 2. Relative cation contents in leaves in the early growth stages showed the following pattern : Na < Mg < Ca < K. However, the order of Ca and K reversed in the later stages. The order of anion contents chifted from $SO_4$ < $NO_3$ < Cl < $H_2PO_4$ in the early stages to $NO_3$ < Cl < $SO_4$ < $H_2PO_4$ in the later stages. 3. Contents of K, $H_2PO_4$, $SO_4$, $NO_3$, T-N and the sum of anion contents (${\sum}A$) were higher in upper leaves whereas Ca, Mg, Cl, the sum of cation contents (${\sum}C$) and (C-A) were higher in lower leaves. 4. When $NO_3$ in leaves decreased, Cl and K as counter-cations increased and consequently Ca decreased. 5. The (C-A) in leaves varied with leaf sequence and growth stage from 700 to 900 me/kg D.M.

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Presence of Rhodanese in the Cytosolic Fraction of the Fruit Bat (Eidolon helvum) Liver

  • Agboola, Femi Kayode;Okonji, Raphael Emuebie
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.275-281
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    • 2004
  • Rhodanese was isolated and purified from the cytosolic fraction of liver tissue homogenate of the fruit bat, Eidolon helvum, by using ammonium sulphate precipitation and CM-Sephadex C-50 ion exchange chromatography. The specific activity was increased 130-fold with a 53% recovery. The $K_m$ values for KCN and $Na_2S_2O_3$ as substrates were $13.5{\pm}2.2\;mM$ and $19.5{\pm}0.7\;mM$, respectively. The apparent molecular weight was estimated by gel filtration on a Sephadex G-100 column to be 36,000 Da. The optimal activity was found at a high pH (pH 9.0) and the temperature optimum was $35^{\circ}C$. An Arrhenius plot of the heat stability data consisted of two linear segments with a break occurring at $35^{\circ}C$. The apparent activation energy values from these slopes were 11.5 kcal/mol and 76.6 kcal/mol. Inhibition studies on the enzyme with a number of cations showed that $Mg^{2+}$, $Mn^{2+}$, $Ca^{2+}$, and $Co^{2+}$ did not affect the activity of the enzyme, but $Hg^{2+}$ and $Ba^{2+}$ inhibited the enzyme.

Changes in Rice Yield and Soil Physico-Chemical Properties as Affected by Annul Application of Silicare Fertilizer to the Paddy Soil (답토양(畓土壤)에 규산질비료(珪酸質肥料)의 매년연용(每年連用)이 년차간(年次間) 벼수량(收量) 및 토양(土壤)의 이화학적 성질변화(性質變化)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Chang-Bae;Park, No-Kwuan;Park, Seon-Do;Choi, Dae-Ung;Son, Sam-Gon;Choi, Jyung
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 1986
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of annual application of silicate fertilizer on rice yield and soil physico-chemical properties. Field experiment was done on the condition of fertilization of silicate fert. 150 and 250kg/10a to the clay loam paddy field for ten years from 1975 to 1984. Data for rice growth and nutrient uptake was analyzed for ten years base. The results obtained are as follows. 1. Average unhulled rice yield for 10 years increased at 16% in the treat of silicate fert. 150kg/10a annually applied in comparison with the N.P.K treated plot, but silicate fert. 250kg/10a treated plot was decreasing tendency somewhat in yield. 2. Amount of potassium uptake of rice straw at the harvesting stage was positively significant recognized with unhulled rice yield and straw yield of rice plant. 3. The amounts of N, $P_2O_5$ and $K_2O$ uptake in the treat of silicate fert. 150kg/10a were much more than those of silicate fert. 250kg/10a treated plot. However the treat of silicate fert. 250kg/10a increased the amounts of CaO, MgO and Silica uptake than other treats markedly. Especially the treat of silicate fert. 150kg/10a was higher in nitrogen recovery rate than other nutrients recovery rate, but the recovery of silica was low. 4. The treat of silicate fert. 250kg/10a annually applied markedly decreased the translocation rate of nitrogen, potassium and silica from straw to the unhulled rice grain. 5. Ten years' average value of soil O.M. content was much more in the treat of silicate fert. 150kg/10a which show higher yield increase than other treats, but in the treat of silicate fert. 250kg/10a, soil O.M. content was lower, however silicate content in soil was the most among other treats.

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Characterisitics of the Copper Converter Slag -Recovery of Copper from the Copper Converter Slag(I)- (동제연소 전노슬래그의 생성에 관하여 -동제연소 전노슬래그로 부터 동의 회수(I)-)

  • Kim, Mahn;Kim, Mi-Sung;Yoo, Taik-Soo;Oh, Jae-Hyun
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.14-22
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    • 1992
  • As a basic study to recover the copper from the copper converter slag, the characterisitcs of converter slag was studied. The results obtained in this work are as follows. 1. The copper converter slag is composed of Cu, $Cu_2$S, $Fe_3$$O_4$, Fayalite and silicate. 2. It is supposed that magnetite in converter slag is oxidized to hematite at $720^{\circ}C$ and this phase is soluted to fayalite. 3. As the converter slag is added in the water solution, pH increased and the heavy metal ions in the water are adsorbed on the slag. 4. Work index of the converter slag cooled for the 10 hour and the 2 hour are 25~27 kWh/ton and 35 kWh/ton, respectively. 5. In the case of grinding test of converter slag, fayalite in converter slag is easily grinded than magnetite in converter slag.

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Scientific Analysis of Slags and Furnace Wall collected from Iron Production Site at Suryong-ri Wonmorongi in Chungju (충주 수룡리 원모롱이 야철지 수습 철재 및 노벽의 과학적 분석)

  • Cho, Hyun-Kyung;Cho, Nam-Chul;Kang, Dai Ill
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.139-147
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    • 2013
  • This study focused on iron making related information through analyzing slags and furnace wall collected from iron production site of Suryong-ri Wonmorongi, Chungju. Total Fe content of slags were from 36.98% to 44.47% and this range was general recovery rate of iron in ancient. Compounds of calcium included slags was supposed to add intentionally during smelting process as deoxidation agent in order that these helped to separate iron from impurities. Furnace wall didn't make of high alumina clay because of low $Al_2O_3$. Microstructure and main components of slags show that No. 1 to 3 slags with fayalite and wustite were products of iron ore smelting. However, No.4 slag is more likely to smelt by iron sand because of ulvospinel with $TiO_2$ in No. 4 slag. Therefore, iron ore were not only used but iron sand in smelting and furnace wall made of general clay with low $Al_2O_3$ content in this area.

The effect of two Terpenoids, Ursolic acid and Oleanolic acid on epidermal permeability barrier and simultaneously on dermal functions

  • Lim Suk Won;Jung Sung Won;Ahn Sung Ku;Kim Bora;Ryoo Hee Chang;Lee Seung Hun
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.205-232
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    • 2003
  • Ursolic acid (UA) and Oleanolic acid (ONA), known as urson, micromerol and malol, are pentacyclic triterpenoid compounds which naturally occur in a large number of vegetarian foods, medicinal herbs, and plants. They may occur in their free acid form or as aglycones for triterpenoid saponins, which are comprised of a triterpenoid aglycone, linked to one or more sugar moieties. Therefore UA and ONA are similar in pharmacological activity. Lately scientific research, which led to the identification of UA and ONA, revealed that several pharmacological effects, such as antitumor, hepato-protective, anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic, antimicrobial, and anti-hyperlipidemic could be attributed to UA and ONA. Here, we introduced the effect of UA and ONA on acutely barrier disrupted and normal hairless mouse skin. To evaluate the effects of UA and ONA on epidermal permeability barrier recovery, both flanks of 8-12 week-old hairless mice were topically treated with either 0.01-0.1 mg/ml UA or 0.1-1 mg/ml ONA after tape stripping, and TEWL (Transepidermal water loss) was measured . The recovery rate increased in those UA or ONA treated groups (0.1 mg/ml UA and 0.5 mg/ml ONA) at 6 h more than $20\%$ compared to vehicle treated group (p<0.05). Here, we introduced the effects of UA and ONA on acute barrier disruption and normal epidermal permeability barrier function. For verifying the effects of UA and ONA on normal epidermal barrier, hydration and TEWL were measured for 1 and 3 weeks after UA and ONA applications (2mg/ml per day). We also investigated the features of epidermis and dermis using electron microscopy (EM) and light microscopy (LM). Both samples increased hydration compared to vehicle group from f week without TEWL alteration (p<0.005). EM examination using RuO4 and OsO4 fixation revealed that secretion and numbers of lamellar bodies and complete formation of lipid bilayers were most prominent $(ONA{\geq}UA>Vehicle)$. LM finding showed that thickness of stratum corneum (SC) was slightly increased and especially epidermal thickening and flattening was observed (UA>ONA>Veh). We also observed that UA and ONA stimulate epidermal keratinocyte differentiation via $PPAR\;\alpha$. Protein expression of involucrin, loricrin, and filaggrin increased at least 2 and 3 fold in HaCaT cells treated with either $ONA\;(10{\mu}M)$ or UA $(10{\mu}M)$ for 24h respectively. This result suggested that the UA and ONA can improve epidermal permeability barrier function and induce the epidermal keratinocyte differentiation via $PPAR\;{\alpha}$. Using Masson-trichrome and elastic fiber staining, we observed collagen thickening and elastic fiber elongation by UA and ONA treatments. In vitro results of collagen and elastin synthesis and elastase inhibitory activity measurements were also confirmed in vivo findings. These data suggested that the effects of UA and ONA related to not only epidermal permeability barrier functions but also dermal collagen and elastic fiber synthesis. Taken together, UA and ONA can be relevant candidates to improve epidermal and dermal functions and pertinent agents for cosmeseutical applications.

The Changes of Forest Vegetation and Soil Environmental after Forest Fire (산불 후 산림식생 및 토양환경의 변화)

  • Oh, Ki-Cheol;Kim, Jong-Kab;Jung, Won-Ok;Min, Jae-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to examine the recovery of forest ecosystem at the burned areas of coniferous (Mt. Chosdae) and broad leaved forest (Samsinbong in Mt. Chiri) by investigating the changes of forest vegetation. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. In the Samsinbong, the total number of species appeared at the burned area were 5 species at tree layer, 11 species at sub-tree layer and 24 species at herb layer, and at the unburned area were 5 species at tree layer, 14 species at sub-tree layer, 18 species at shrub layer and 23 species at herb layer, respectively. In the Mt. Chosdae, the total number of species appeared at the burned area only showed to 83 species at herb layer, and at the unburned area were 7 species at tree layer, 13 species at sub-tree layer, 21 species at shrub layer and 46 species at herb layer, respectively. 2. In the soil chemical properties of the burned area of Samsinbong, pH was 5.8, and contents of Organic matter, Total nitrogen, Available $P_2O_5$, Exchangeable $K^+$, Exchange $Ca^{{+}{+}}$ and Exchange $Mg^{{+}{+}}$ were 7.42%, 0.73%, 28.5mg/kg, 1.3me/100g, 13.3me/100g and 2.2me/100g, respectively. But they showed a tendency to decrease by passing the time. In the soil chemical properties of the burned area of Mt. Chosdae, pH was 5.3, and contents of Organic matter, Total nitrogen, Available $P_2O_5$, Exchangeable $K^+$, Exchange $Ca^{{+}{+}}$ and Exchange $Mg^{{+}{+}}$ were 6.42%, 0.25%, 24.4mg/kg, 0.7me/100g, 3.7me/100g and 2.1me/100g, respectively, and they also showed a tendency to decrease by passing the time. 3. An the burned and unburned areas of Samsinbong, the total evolved amounts of soil respiration were $4,049.1mg/m^2/h$ and $9,950.0mg/m^2/h$, respectively. An the burned and unburned areas of Mt. Chosdae, the total evolved amounts of soil respiration were $4,392.4mg/m^2/h$ and $8,286.5mg/m^2/h$, respectively.

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A Study on the Froth Flotation Characteristics for Development of Scheelite Ore (회중석광 개발을 위한 부유선별 특성연구)

  • Jeon, Ho-Seok;Kim, Su-Gang;Go, Byung-Hun;Baek, Sang-Ho;Kim, Byoung-Gon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Mineral and Energy Resources Engineers
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.397-408
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    • 2017
  • Froth flotation characteristics study was carried out on Yeongwol Sangdong mine Scheelite ore in order to produce $WO_3$ concentrate using oleic acid as collector. In case of using oleic acid, due to the low selectivity of the purpose mineral, the selection of the gangue mineral depressant and pH adjustment are important. As a result, it was confirmed that the optimum pH for providing optimum scheelite froth flotation characteristics while depressing silicate gauge minerals was in the alkalic region. In order to separate the Ca ion containing minerals and scheelite, -200 mesh ground sample, 35% solid in pulp density, 1,500 rpm and the addition of reagents in sequence such as $Na_2CO_3\;3kg/ton$, $Na_2SiO_3\;4kg/ton$, Oleic acid 250 g/ton, Lankropol-8,300 50 g/ton, respectively. As a result, final concentrate was obtained $WO_3$ grade of $67.6%WO_3$ with a recovery of 88.16%.

Removal of Uranium by an Alkalization and an Acidification from the Thermal Decomposed Solid Waste of Uranium-bearing Sludge (알카리화 및 산성화에 의한 우라늄 함유 슬러지의 열분해 고체 폐기물로부터 우라늄 제거)

  • Lee, Eil-Hee;Yang, Han-Beom;Lee, Keun-Young;Kim, Kwang-Wook;Chung, Dong-Yong;Moon, Jei-Kwon
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 2013
  • This study has been carried out to elucidate the characteristics of the dissolution for Thermal Decomposed Solid Waste of uranium-bearing sludge (TDSW), the removal of impurities by an alkalization in a nitric acid dissolving solution of TDSW, and the selective removal (/recovery) of uranium by an acidification in an carbonate alkali solution, respectively. TDSW generated by thermal decomposition of U-bearing sludge which was produced in the uranium conversion plant operation, was stored in KAERI as a solid-powder type. It is found that the dissolution of TDSW is more effective in nitric acid dissolution than oxidative-dissolution with carbonate. At 1 M nitric acid solution, TDSW was undissolved about 30wt% as a solid residue, and uranium contained in TDSW was dissolved more than 99%. In order to the alkalization for the nitric acid dissolving solution of TDSW, carbonate alkalization is more effective with respect to remove the impurities. At the carbonate alkali solution controlled to about 9 of pH, Al, Ca, Fe and Zn co-dissolved with U in dissolution step was removed about $98{\pm}1%$. On the other hand, U could be recovered more than 99% by an acidification at pH about 3 in a carbonate alkali solution, which was nearly removed the impurities, adding 0.5M $H_2O_2$. It was found that uranium could be selectively recovered (/removed) from TDSW.

Flotation for Recycling of a Waste Water Filtered from Molybdenite Tailings (몰리브덴 선광광미 응집여과액 재활용을 위한 부유선별 특성)

  • Park, Chul-Hyun;Jeon, Ho-Seok;Han, Oh-Hyung;Kim, Byoung-Gon;Baek, Sang-Ho;Kim, Hak-Sun
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.235-242
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    • 2010
  • Froth flotation using the residual water in the end of flotation process has been performed through controlling of pH. IEP (isoelectric point) of molybdenite and quartz in distilled water was below pH 3 and pH 2.7, respectively and the stabilized range was pH 5~10. In case of a suspension in reusing water, zeta potential of molybdenite decreased to below -10 mV or less at over pH 4 due to residual flocculants. As result of pH control, flotation efficiency in the alkaline conditions was deteriorated by flocculation, resulting from expanded polymer chain, ion bridge of the divalent metal cations ($Ca^{2+}$), and hydrophobic interactions between the nonpolar site of polymer/the hydrophobic areas of the particle surfaces. However, the weak acid conditions (pH 5.5~6) improved the efficiency of flotation as hydrogen ions neutralize polymer chains and then weakened its function. In cleans after rougher flotation, the Mo grade of 52.7% and recovery of 90.1% could be successfully obtained under the conditions of 20 g/t kerosene, 50 g/t AF65, 300 g/t $Na_2SiO_3$, pH 5.5 and 2 cleaning times. Hence, we developed a technique which can continuously supply waste water filtered from tailings into the grinding-rougher-cleaning processes.