• Title, Summary, Keyword: CaO회수

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Separation for the Determination of $^{59/63}Ni$ in Radioactive Wastes (방사성 폐기물 내 $^{59/63}Ni$ 정량을 위한 분리)

  • Lee, Chang-Heon;Jung, Kie-Chul;Choi, Kwang-Soon;Jee, Kwang-Young;Kim, Won-Ho
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.309-317
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    • 2005
  • A study on the separation of $^{99}Tc,\;^{94}Nb,\;^{55}Fe,\;^{90}Sr\;and\;^{59/63}Ni$ in various radioactive wastes discharged from nuclear power plants has been performed for a use in their quantification which is indispensible for the evaluation of the radionuclide inventory Ni was recovered along with Ca, Mg, Al, Cr, Ti, Mn, Ce, Na, K, and Cu through the sequential separation procedure of Re(as a surrogate of $^{99}Tc$), Nb, Fe and Sr by anion exchange and Sr-Spec extraction chromatography. In this research, chemical separation of Ni from the co-existing elements was investigated by cation exchange and Ni-Spec extraction chromatography. Precipitation behaviour of Ni and the co-existing elements with dimethylglyoxime(DMG) was investigated in ammonium $citrate/ethanol-H_2O$ and tartaric $acid/acetone-H_2O$ in order to purify separated Ni fractions and to prepare $^{59/63}Ni$ source for the radioactivity measurement using a gas proportional counter. Recovery of Ni separated through ion exchange chromatographic separation procedure was $92.1\%$ with relative standard deviation of $0.9\%$. In addition, recovery of Ni with DMG in the tartaric $acid/acetone-H_2O$ was $85.6\%$ with relative standard deviation of $1.9\%$.

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Hydrochloric Acid Leaching Behavior of Mechanically Activated Black Dross (기계적 활성화처리한 블랙드로스의 염산 침출)

  • Nguyen, Thi Hong;Nguyen, Thi Thuy Nhi;Lee, Man Seung
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.78-85
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    • 2018
  • Effect of ball milling treatment on the hydrochloric acid leaching performance of black dross was investigated to recover alumina. Ball milling time and speed showed limited effect on the leaching behavior of the alumina in the mechanically dross. Under the optimum mechanical activation condition (for 1h at 700 rpm), the leaching of alumina in hydrochloric acid solution was significantly affected by leaching time and reaction temperature. MgO was completely dissolved in most of the leaching conditions, while a small amount of Ca, Fe, Si and Ti oxides was dissolved. Although 80% of alumina was dissolved, the dissolved minor components such as Ca, Fe, Mg, Si and Ti oxides should be separated to recover pure alumina solution.

Preparation and Characterization of the Hydrolyzed Protein from Shaving Scraps of Leather Waste Containing Chromium by the Combination Treatment with Alkaline Inducing Agent and Alkaline Proteolytic Enzyme (Alkaline Inducing Agent 및 Alkaline Proteolytic Enzyme 혼용처리에 의한 Shaving Scraps 가수분해 단백질의 제조 및 특성)

  • Kim, Won-Ju;Cho, Ju-Sik;Lee, Hong-Jae;Heo, Jong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1998
  • To examine the possibility of protein recycling of shaving scraps containing chromium generated from manufacturing process of leather, the optimum hydrolysis conditions and the withdrawal methods of low molecular weight protein for using the liquid fertilizer sources by investigation of solubilities of hydrolyzed protein, inorganic nutrients contents and molecular weight distributions of hydrolyzed protein from shaving scraps treated with mixed alkaline inducing agents and mixed alkaline proteolytic enzymes including MgO were investigated. In hydrolysis of shaving scraps treated with mixed alkaline inducing agents, the solubility of shaving scraps were clearly different with 65~85% according to the sorts of the inducing agents, and the degree of hydrolysis was high in the order of NaOH, $Ca(OH)_2$ and KOH. The average molecular weights of withdrawal hydrolyzed protein were 10, 40 and 80 KD treated with NaOH, $Ca(OH)_2$ and KOH, respectively. And the chromium contents was about 15 ppm. In hydrolysis of shaving scraps treated with mixed alkaline proteolytic enzymes, the bility of shaving scraps were high in the order of alcalase, esperase and savinase. In c of treating 0.5% alcalase, the low molecular weight of hydrolyzed protein could be withdrawn. The solubility of the hydrolyzed protein was about 85%, the average molecular weight of the protein was below 1 KD and chrome content of the protein was below 10 ppm.

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Removal of Unburned Carbon from Fly Ash using Countercurrent Column Flotation Cell (역류형 컬럼 부선기를 이용한 석탄회정제에 관한 연구)

  • 이전언;이제군
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 1999
  • The sbdy iwestlgaled ihc propa-ties of Lhe dust\ulcorner rrom fe~~oallomya ~~ufacturTeh. e chemical composition, cornpasitlon material, p d c l e sire md shapes of the bulk dust, sired dust and magnetically separated durl were mvesligaled. As the re\ulcornerulL, we suppose that the dust from &gh Carbon Fenama~~gunesMc anuiact~vingP rocess is not sufiicient as solulce material of Mn because of ale low Mn canlenl (13.5%) and complicaled composition mate~ial. The dust from Bug F!lter or AOD Proccss is mi~inlym ade up of 0.2-2 pm Mn30, (Hausmam~iu)p iutlde in spherical shape and thc Mn content is 63.190.The dust from Cooler of AOD Process is inninly made up of coarse Ca(O1-Or)zM. n,FeyO,, SiO, and fine Mn30d.

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Preparation and Characterization of the Hydrolyzed Protein from Shaving Scraps of Leather Waste Containing Chromium (피혁폐기물(皮革廢棄物)인 Shaving scraps으로 부터 가수분해(加水分解) 단백질(蛋白質)의 제조(製造) 및 특성(特性))

  • Kim, Won-Ju;Cho, Ju-Sik;Lee, Hong-Jae;Heo, Jong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 1997
  • To examine of possibility protein recycling of shaving scraps contained chrome generated from manufacturing process of leather, the characteristics of hydrolyzed protein that differently treated with MgO as alkaline agent were investigated. In alkaline hydrolysis of saving scraps treated with MgO, MgO had to be treated over 5.0% to maintain over pH 8.0 that is insoluble of chrome. Under the condition of alkaline treated with MgO, the solubility of chrome is low with about 60%. The average molecular weight of hydrolyzed proteins from shaving scraps treated with MgO was about 80~100 KD. The amino acid contents of that were largely collagen proteins such as glycine, alanine and proline, and acidic amino acids such as aspartic acid and glutatamic acid. The contents of Mg, Ca and Na in hydrolyzed protein were too much as liquid fertilizer, and chrome contents was 30~40 ppm that largely decreased in comparing with raw materials (40,000~42,000 ppm).

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Preparation of Feed Glass Materials for Producing a Foamed Borosilicate Glass Body from Waste LCD Panel (폐 LCD판넬로부터 붕규산유리 발포체 제조를 위한 원료 유리 제조)

  • Oh, Chi-Hoon;Park, Yoon-Kook;Lee, Chul-Tae
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.371-379
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    • 2016
  • In this article, the foamed body of glass was manufactured from the waste borosilicate glass produced by wet pulverization process without additional pretreatment which can be used as a recycling method for waste LCD panel glass. Each 100 g of pulverized waste borosilicate glass with the size of less than 270 mesh were mixed with 0.3 weight fraction of carbon and 1.5 weight fraction of $Na_2CO_3$, $Na_2SO_4$ and $CaCO_3$ and let them foamed for 20 minutes at $950^{\circ}C$ to manufacture the foamed body having the density of less than $0.3g/cm^3$. Additionally, adding $SiO_2$ or $H_3BO_3$ to the mixture enabled the foamed body to have efficient formation of open pores which showed the possibility for producing the foamed body with new functionalities such as sound absorption.

촉매에 따른 셀룰로오스로부터의 수소 발생량 변화

  • Gang, In-Cheol;Han, Jae-Gil;Zhang, Qiwu;Saito, Fumio
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.50.1-50.1
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    • 2009
  • 셀룰로오스를 Ca(OH)2와 Ni(OH)2를 Pot에 넣고 동시에 밀링 공정을 실시한 후, 열을 가함으로써 수소를 얻었다. X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry/ mass spectrometry (TG/MS), gas chromatography (GC) 장비를 이용해 수소 발생량 및 촉매의 역할에 관하여 실험하였다. 촉매 Ni(OH)2를 대신한 NiO 또는 Ni를 사용했을 경우 사용된 촉매에 따른 수소의 발생량의 차이를 보였는데 이는 촉매의 사이즈가 수소 발생량과 관련이 있음을 보여주었다. 한편, Ca(OH)2를 대신하여 Li(OH)를 사용하였을 때 수소 발생 온도가 약$400\sim500\;^{\circ}C$ 범위에서 $350\sim400\;^{\circ}C$의 범위로 낮아져 보다 낮은 온도에서 수소 회수가 가능하였다. 이때 발생한 CO와 CO2는 수 ppm정도로 적은 양이었다.

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A Study on Leaching of Vanadium and Nickel from Incineration Ash of Heavy Oil Fly Ash (중유회 소각재로부터 바나듐, 니켈 침출에 관한 기초적 연구)

  • 유연태;김병규;박경호;홍성웅
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 1995
  • Thc purpose of this study is to develop the efficient process for recovering vanadium and nickel from the incineralionash of the oil fly ash. In this paper, the physical and chemical properties of the incineration ash was examined, and theleaching characteristics of the incineration ash were investigated by water leaching and sulEuric acid leaching tcsls. The incinerationash of oil fly ash was mainly consisted of oxldes such as V,09, V,O,, NaVO,, Ni,(VO,)Z, Fe,O,, CaSO,, SiO,.Thc waler leaching showed low extraction of metallic components, while the sulfunc acid lcaching with high temperahlreand pressure increased the extraction of vanadium and nickcl considerably. For instance, the exlraction rates of the metalllccomponents on the sulfuric acid leaching were 99% for V and 45% for Ni at 90$^{\circ}$C with pH 0.5 H,SO,, and were86% for V and 75% far Ni at ZOO"C(64 psi) with pH 1.0 H-SO,. with pH 1.0 H-SO,.

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Melting of PCB scrap for the Extraction of Metallic Components (PCB스크랩으로부터 유가금속성분 회수를 위한 용융처리)

  • Kwon Eui-Hyuk;Jang Sung-Hwan;Han Jeong-Whan;Kim Byung-Su;Jeong Jin-Ki;Lee Jae-Chun
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2005
  • It is well known that PCB (Printed Circuit Board) is a complex mixture of various metals mixed with various types of plastics and ceramics. In this study, high temperature pyre-metallurgical process was investigated to extract valuable metallic components from the PCB scrap. For this purpose, PCB scrap was shredded and oxidized to remove plastic materials, and then, quantitative analyses were made. After the oxidation of the PCB scrap, $30.6wt\%SiO_2,\;19.3wt\%Al_2O_3\;and\;14wt{\%}CaO$ were analyzed as major oxides, and thereafter, a typical composition of $32wt\%SiO_2-20wt\%Al_2O_3-38wt{\%}CaO-10wt\%MgO$ was chosen as a basic slag system for the separation of metallic components. Moreover a size effect of crushed PCB scrap was also investigated. During experiments a high frequency induction furnace was used to melt and separate metallic components. As a result, it was found that the size of oxidized PCB scrap was needed to be less 0.9 m to make a homogeneous liquid slag and to recycle metallic components over $95\%$.

나노$TiO_2$계 화합물과 응용

  • Hwang, Yong-Gil;Gil, Sang-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.57.1-57.1
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    • 2009
  • 나노이산화티타늄은 인체에는 화장품, 의약, 식품분야 등에 쓰이고 외부 환경 재료에는 광촉매로서 유독가스 정화제, 옥내 외 항균, 수소발생 가시광 응답형 촉매 및 멤브레인 필터 등과 전자소재용 유전재료, 발광 재료 등 용도가 다양하다. 나노 산화티타늄 화합물의 제조법은 수열합성법, 기상법 등 여러 방법이 있다. 이들에 대한 리뷰의 목적은 2009년도 정부의 투자 계획 중에서 본제목에 관련되는 핵심 산업 재원 원천기술 개발, 태양광, 풍력 등의 신재생 에너지 개발, 록색 기술 개발을 통한 에너지절약형 LED 개발, 차세대 핵심환경 기술 개발, 핵심나노기반기술개발 등의 개발을 위하여 4,363억 원의 예산을 편성하고 연구자와 기술자들이 참여하여 유익한 실적이 창출되기를 원하고 있으므로 본 발표자들은 이 분야에서 연구하는 연구자와 기술자들에게 이 분야에 관련되는 자료를 참고로 제시하는데 있다. 페로브스카이트형 산화물인 유전재료($BaTiO_3$), 발광재료(CaTiO3:Pr3+적색), 박막형 반응기재료($Ca0.8Sr0.2TiO_3$), 등의 여러 가지 산화물은 류통식 급속 승온 수열 합성법, 겔 졸 법, 수열 합성법 등 여러 방법에 의하여 페로브스카이트형 산화물 입자 직경이 약 20nm~100nm 범위까지 합성된다. 태양광을 조사하여 물을분해 해서 수소를 생산하는 산화티타늄계 가시광 응답형 Vis-$TiO_2$ 박막은 기상법으로 제조하는데 한 예로써 RF 스퍼터링법으로 박막을 제조하여 수소와 산소를 회수하였으며, 황도프산화티타늄, 질소 도프 산화티타늄은 유기물 분해에 의한 공해제거, $NO_x$ 제거 등 환경정화에 사용되고, 고온 고압수법/산화티타늄 복합기술에 의해서는 바이오매스 분해 하고, 일종의 수열법인 개량형 HyCOM 법은 가시광 응답성 산화티타늄을 합성하여 NO가스 제거에 사용한다. 이들 여러 방법에 관한 것을 소개하고저 한다.

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