• Title, Summary, Keyword: CaO회수

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Improvement of Analytical Method of Tricyclazole-and IBP-Combined Dust (Tricyclazole과 IBP 혼합분제의 분석법 개선)

  • Kim, Yoon-Jeong;Nam, Young-Rack;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.90-97
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    • 1994
  • This experiment was conducted to improve the analytical method of tricyclazole- and IBP-combined dust. When the tricyclazole and IBP active ingadients were analyzed by the official analytical method, their recovery rates were 89.5 and 100%, respectively. A reason of the lower recovery rate in tricyclazole was found to be due to strong binding to the minor inorganic compoments, $Al_2O_3$, $Fe_2O_3$, CaO and MgO, of talc and kaoline. However, addition of 0.2% dimethylamine to extraction solvent for tricyclazole- and IBP-combined dust effectively raised the recovery rate of tricyclazole by providing higher basicity than tricyclazole. We have suggest an improved analytical method which is applicable to effective and simultaneous analysis of the active ingradients of tricyclazole- and IBP-combined dust.

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Pyro-metallurgical Treatment of used OA Parts for the Recovery of Valuable Metals (유가금속(有價金屬) 회수(回收)를 위한 PCB 스크랩의 건식처리기술(乾式處理技術))

  • Shin, Dong-Yeop;Lee, Sang-Dong;Jeong, Hyeon-Bu;You, Byung-Don;Han, Jeong-Whan;Jung, Jin-Ki
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 2008
  • It is well known that PCB (Printed Circuit Board) is a complex mixture of various metals. In this study, pyro-metallurgical process was investigated to extract valuable metallic components from the PCB scrap. PCB scrap was shredded and oxidized to remove plastic materials, and then, quantitative analysis were made. 15 mass %$Al_2O_3-45$ mass %CaO-40 mass %$SiO_2$ and 32 mass %$SiO_2-20$ mass %$Al_2O_3-38$ mass %CaO-10 mass %MgO, were chosen as basic slag compositions which are determined based on the quantitative analysis of PCB scrap. During experiments a super kanthal rotating furnace was used to melt and separate metallic components. Moreover the revolution effect on was the recovery of valuable metals from PCB scrap also investigated.

Extraction Method for Paraquat from Soil (토양중 Paraquat의 효과적인 추출방법)

  • Kwon, Jin-Wook;Kim, Yong-Se;Choi, Jong-Woo;Lee, Kyu-Seung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.239-244
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    • 1997
  • To develope more effective extraction methods for paraquat in soil, some modification methods were accomplished in two different types of soil. For extraction of tightly bound-paraquat, conc. HCl 70ml were added with different shaking times, and then $H_2SO_4$ reflux were performed for an hour. In this case, 60 minutes shaking were optimum and recovery were increased more $1.09{\sim}1.50$ folds(84.0% in high clay contents soil, but 96.7% in low clay contents soil) and the long-time consuming step, filtration were easily done, with decreasing filtration time were shorter 4.6 folds(ca. $11{\sim}14min.$). than general paraquat analytical method(ca. $55{\sim}65min.$). And only $H_2O_2$ digestion with different volume and refluxing time resulted in recovery increasing. Nevertheless, considering analyst's safety, 30ml of $H_2O_2$ addition and 30 minutes reflux were regarded as optimum condition. Although, Kjeldahl digestion with $H_2O_2$ showed relatively high recovery, it is not significant statistically. For extraction of loosely bound-paraquat, 0.01, 0.1, 1.0, 10.0M of $NH_4Cl$ and of $CaCl_2$ compared with $1.5{\sim}24hr$ of different shaking time. There were no loosely bound residues of paraquat.

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Effects of Sulfuric Acid on the Synthesis of Highly Pure Calcium Borate in the Boron-Containing Brine and Bittern (붕소함유 염수와 간수로부터 고순도 calcium borate를 합성하는 반응에 황산이 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Hyo-Jin;Kim, Myoung-Jin
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.523-528
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we investigated the effects of sulfuric acid on the synthesis of calcium borate in the artificial boron-containing brine (bittern) saturated with calcium hydroxide. For the study, we attempted to synthesize calcium borate under various conditions such as reaction temperature, reaction time, and cooling temperature after heating, and then to examine the recovery and purity of the calcium borate according to the presence or absence of sulfuric acid at each condition. The XRD analysis confirmed that, regardless of the presence of sulfuric acid, the calcium borate ($Ca_2B_2O_5{\cdot}H_2O$) was synthesized, while, in the presence of sulfuric acid, the calcium sulfate ($CaSO_4{\cdot}0.5H_2O$) was produced as a by-product. In all the experiments performed by varying the reaction temperature and time, the recovery and purity of the calcium borate without sulfuric acid were observed higher than those with it. The results indicated that the addition of sulfuric acid increased the solubility of the calcium hydroxide, but the calcium sulfate produced as a by-product could decrease the recovery and purity of the calcium borate by preventing the synthesis. In this study, the artificial boron-containing brine (bittern) (500 mg-B/L) was saturated with calcium hydroxide in the absence of sulfuric acid, and then the solution was heated at $80-105^{\circ}C$ for less than 10 minutes to synthesize the calcium borate. The recovery and purity of calcium borate were measured as high as 80 % and 96 %, respectively.

An Experimental Study on Iron Recovery from Steelmaking Slag by Microwave Heating (마이크로웨이브 가열(加熱)을 이용(利用)한 제철(製鐵) 슬래그 중 철(鐵) 회수(回收)에 관한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Tae-Young;Kim, Eun-Ju;Shin, Min-Soo;Lee, Joon-Ho
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.21-26
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    • 2010
  • In order to understand the microwave carbothermic reduction of steelmaking slag to recover Fe, the effects of gas atmosphere and carbon addition on the carbothermic reduction behavior of CaO-$SiO_2$-FeO slag were investigated. It was found that the maximum temperature and the reduction rate were higher in air than in nitrogen atmosphere. In addition, under air atmosphere, the maximum temperature and the reduction rate were increased by increasing the amount of additive carbon. When the carbon equivalent is 5, the maximum temperature reached as high as 1800K and the reduction rate was approximately 90%. As the Carbon equivalent increased further, the maximum temperature and the reduction rate did not change.

Recovery of $\alpha$-iron from converter dust in a steelmaking factory (제철소 전노 dust로부터 철분강 회수에 관한 연구)

  • 김미성;김미성;오재현;김태동
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 1993
  • In this study, we investigated the grinding and sedimentation(elutriation) process of the dusts for the effective separation of high purity iron and iron oxides. For characterization of the dust, particle size distribution and chemical composition, were examined. The results obtained in this study may be summarized as follows : 1. The converter CF(clarifier) dust of the Pohang 1st, 2nd steel making factory and EC(Evaporation Cooler), EP(Eltrostatic precititator) dust of the Kwangyang 2nd steel making factory are composed $\alpha$-Fe(21~50%), FeO(wustite)$Fe_3$$O_4$(magnetite), $Fe_2$$O_3$, CaO, $Al_2$$O_3$, $SiO_2$, and etc. 2. Pure iron has ductile characteristic in nature, particle size of the pure iron increase by increasing the grinding time. On the other hand, it is conformed that bo고 particles of hematite and magnetite become less than 325 mesh after 10 minutes grinding. 3. By applying the elutriation technique for the EC dust of the Kwangyang 2nd steel making factory, the iron powder of high content more than 99.17% of pure Fe was recovered with 37.8% yield at grinding time for 40 minutes. 4. By applying the elutriation technique for the CF dust of the Pohang 2nd steel making factory, the iron powder of high content more than 98.38% of pure Fe was recovered with 44.42% yield at grinding time for 40 minutes. 5. When magnetic separation was performed using plastic bonding magnet of 70 gauss, more than 98% Fe grade of iron powder was recovered in the size range +65 -200 mesh but the recovery of it was low.

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Study on basic characteristics for utilization of bituminous pyrolysis by-products (인도네시아 역청 열분해 무기 부산물의 활용을 위한 기초 특성 연구)

  • Jang, Jung Hee;Han, Gi Bo;Park, Cheon-Kyu;Jeon, Cheol-Hwan;Kim, Jae-Kon
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.892-898
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the basic properties of recoverable gaseous and solid materials were investigated from heavy oil contained in the resources. The basic characteristics of pyrolysis reaction for the conversion of bituminous oil to pyrolysis various temperature were investigated. The characteristics of gas and solid phase byproducts were also investigated with a laboratory scale fixed bed reactor according to various reaction temperature. As a result, it was confirmed that the oil yield was about 17% at $550^{\circ}C$ and $CH_4$, $CaCO_3$ and CaO could be recovered as by-products.

The Study of Luppe Smelting with Converting Dust and Slag (제강전로 더스트와 슬래그를 이용한 루페제련에 관한 연구)

  • 황용길;이상화;김재일;김연수
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 1998
  • We smelted thc pellets made by mixing the distilled carbon from wlISte Lires, LD converter dust and slag with reduction process in the revcrberatory furnace. Thc obtained results are as follows 1) The removal mte of zinc appears above 97% after T reducing the pellets at $1300^{\circ}C$ for Ihr and the zinc content in the residue are 0.1~D.2%. 2) Under the mixing condition of 500 g LD dust. 150-200 g LD slag and 30-50 g distilled carbon of waste lires the removal raho of zinc shows above 95%, while t the 50-60% Fe remains in the residue. 3) After smelting at $1350^{\circ}C$ for 3hrs, the recovery ratio of pig iron reduced from lhe p pellets containing 15-20% LD slag and 4.1-7.2% distilled carbon of waste tires appears in the range of 89.3-92%. 4) Tbe c chemical composition of the recovered pig iron is 1.7%C, O.05%P, 0.05%S and balance Fe. 5) Tbe recovered dust from the d dust collcctor alter finishing the reduction rcaction appears as a crude zinc oxide conLaining 60% zinc.

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A Study on Synthesis of Mayenite by Using Recycled Aluminium Resource for Application in Insulating Material (알루미늄 재활용 소재를 이용한 내화재용 Mayenite 합성 연구)

  • Im, Byoungyong;Kang, Yubin;Joo, Soyeong;Kim, Dae-Guen
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.65-72
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    • 2020
  • Black dross is a dark gray dross generated during the aluminum recycling process that uses flux, and contains NaCl, KCl, Al2O3, MgO, etc. Black dross is separated into soluble substances (NaCl, KCl) and insoluble substances (Al2O4, MgO) through the dissolution process. Soluble materials can be reused as salt flux, and Al2O3 and MgO can be upcycled to various ceramic materials through the synthesis process. In this study, Mayenite was synthesized using Al2O3 and MgO recovered from black dross, and the synthesis was performed according to the mixing ratio and reaction temperature. It was confirmed that when Mayenite was synthesized using black dross (spinel) and CaCO3, precursors were changed to Mg0.4Al2.4O4 and CaO at 700 ℃, and to Ca12Al14O33 (Mayenite) after 800 ℃. In the mixing conditions experiment, it was confirmed that the Mayenite XRD peak increased with increase of the CaCO3 content, and the Mg0.4Al2.4O4 XRD peak decreased. As a result of the BET analysis of the synthesized powder, the surface area decreased as the fine particles were grown and agglomerated in the process of generating mayenite.

The Characteristic Dissolution of Valuable Metals from Mine-Waste Rock by Heap Bioleaching, and the Recovery of Metallic Copper Powder with Fe Removal and Electrowinning (더미 미생물용출에 의한 폐-광석으로부터 유용금속 용해 특성과 Fe 제거와 전기분해를 이용한 금속구리분말 회수)

  • Kim, Bong-JuK;Cho, Kang-Hee;Choi, Nag-Choul;Park, Cheon-Young
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.207-222
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    • 2014
  • In order to recover the metallic copper powder from the mine-waste rock, heap bioleaching, Fe removal and electrowinning experiments were carried out. The results of heap leaching with the mine-waste rock sample containing 0.034% Cu showed that, the leaching rate of Cu were 61% and 62% in the bacteria leaching and sulfuric acid leaching solution, respectively. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), hydrogen peroxide ($H_2O_2$) and calcium hydroxide ($Ca(OH)_2$) were applied to effectively remov Fe from the heap leaching solution, and then $H_2O_2$ was selected for the most effective removing Fe agent. In order to prepare the electrolytic solution, $H_2O_2$ were again treated in the heap leaching, and Fe removal rates were 99% and 60%, whereas Cu removal rates were 5% and 7% in the bacteria and sulfuric acid leaching solutions, respectively. After electrowinning was examined in these leaching solution, the recovery rates of Cu were obtained 98% in bacteria and obtained 76% in the sulfuric leaching solution. The dendritic form of metallic copper powder was recovered in both leaching solutions.