• 제목/요약/키워드: CPR

검색결과 668건 처리시간 0.07초

간호대학생 대상 심폐소생술 교육의 지속효과 (Retention of cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills in Nursing students)

  • 박정미;서순림
    • 한국응급구조학회지
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    • 제9권2호
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    • pp.169-180
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this research was to evaluate retention of cognitive knowledge, psychomotor skills and self-confidence on CPR 3 months after CPR training program. The sample consisted of 39 nursing students. We provided one rescuer CPR training program for nursing college students on the basis of AHA. The questionnaires for knowledge of CPR were developed 50 items based on AHA guidelines. Self-confidence were checked by 11 items questionnaires. The accuracy of CPR skills were checked by Skillreporter CPR training manikin and by researcher's evaluation based on CPR skill checklist. The results were as follows ; 1. The majority of participants didn't have any previously experiences of CPR training (76.9%). Only 15.1% previously took the CPR training with CPR practice. 2. In terms of self-confidence of CPR. The score were increased for 2 days (p>.001) but retention of self confidence was significantly statistical decreased in 3 months after training (p<.001). 3. There was a statistically significant decrement in mean of knowledge of CPR between 2 days and 3 months after CPR training (p<.001). 4. There was a statistically significant decrement in cognitive knowledge of CPR based on CPR skills checklist(p<.001). 5. Retention scores of psychomotor skills of CPR 3 months after training were 42.10% in numbers of adequate ventilation, 52.81% in numbers of adequate chest compression (p<.001) respectively. 6. Retention of passing rate on chest compressions of CPR 3 months after training was 27% (p<.001), on ventilation was 2.63% (p>.001). The error items with statistically significant differences 3 months after CPR training were too little ventilation (74.36%) and too little chest compressions (92.31%). The results of the study suggest that we need further evaluation of course components which could improve retention of CPR for all trainees.

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CPR 시큐리티 시스템에 관한 연구 (A Study on the CPR Security System)

  • 김석수
    • 융합보안논문지
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    • 제6권1호
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2006
  • 본 논문은 유비쿼터스환경에 실현되는 CPR(Computer-based patient record) 시스템에 관한 연구이며, CPR 시스템내에 시큐리티 시스템을 설계하고 분석하여 시큐리티 정책을 안정화 하기 위한 목적이다. 본 논문에서는 유비쿼터스 환경의 사용자를 고려한 CPR 시스템을 위한 개략적 설계를 하고 보안시스템 개발을 위해서 먼저 운용환경 및 보안 취약성 분석을 통해 CPR 시스템에서 필요한 보안 정책을 수립하고 이를 수행하기 위한 보안 시스템을 설계하였다. CPR 시스템을 지원하는 보안 시스템은 인증 시스템, 의료 정보의 XML 문서화 및 암호화, 네트워크 보안 시스템으로 구성된다.

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일부지역 치과위생사의 심폐소생술에 관한 영향요인 분석 (Analysis of factors affecting the implementation of CPR by dental hygienists in certain regions)

  • 천혜원
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • 제17권6호
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    • pp.1037-1051
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge of dental hygienists on CPR, their CPR attitude and performance ability in an effort to offer data that can contribute to the development of a more effective CPR education program. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 234 dental hygienists in Jeollanam and Jeollabukdo from February 24 to May 20, 2017. The questionnaire asked dental hygienists of the knowledge, attitude, performance ability in regards to CPR. The data were analyzed using SPSS Window ver. 19.0 program through independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, chi-square test and multiple regression analysis. The Cronbach alpha of their CPR knowledge was 0.78, and that of attitude to CPR was 0.79. The Cronbach alpha of CPR performance ability was 0.96. Results: The dental hygienists surveyed in this study who were aware of CPR accounted for 88.9% of total subjects. Dental hygienists who were certified in CPR accounted for 20.5% of total subjects. They received a score of 7.66 on CPR knowledge, 3.33 on attitude and 2.61 on performance ability. There was a positive correlation between the knowledge and attitude, between the knowledge and performance ability and between the attitude and performance ability (r=0.332, r=0.461, r=0.426). A regression analysis showed that the dental hygienists who were younger, who graduated from a four-year university or a higher educational institution, who were CPR certificate holders, who received more CPR education, who were cognizant of automated external defibrillator, who were more knowledgeable on CPR and who took a more positive attitude were more likely to be affected in terms of CPR performance. Conclusions: The dental hygienists surveyed were aware of CPR on the whole, but their CPR knowledge, attitude and performance were not sufficient to perform CPR in emergency situations. More intensive education should be provided for dental hygienists to have an accurate knowledge of CPR to carry it out with a positive attitude.

가슴압박만 하는 심폐소생술과 30 : 2 표준 심폐소생술 방법에 의한 가슴압박 질의 비교 (Comparison of chest compression quality between compression-only CPR and 30 : 2 conventional CPR)

  • 민문기;류지호
    • 한국응급구조학회지
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    • 제19권3호
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study aimed to compare the chest compression quality between compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and conventional CPR. Methods: This study involved 123 participants randomly assigned to either the chest compression-only CPR training and conventional CPR training. After training for 120 min, the participants performed CPR for 4 min and the CPR quality was evaluated. The primary outcome was evaluated as the mean compression depth, and the secondary outcome was calculated as the proportion of chest compressions with an appropriate depth among the total chest compressions. Results: The mean compression depth was more deeper in conventional CPR than in compression-only CPR (57mm vs. 53mm, p <.001). The proportion of appropriate chest compression depth was also more higher in conventional CPR (98.8% vs. 68.6%, p <.001). As compared with every minute over time for a total of 4 min, the mean compression depth and the proportion of appropriate chest compression depth were deeper and higher after 1 min in conventional CPR than in compression-only CPR. Conclusion: The results suggested that conventional CPR is a better method than compression-only CPR in terms of chest compression quality.

간호사를 위한 모바일 웹기반 심폐소생술 융합교육의 효과 (Effects of a Mobile Web-based Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Convergence Education for Nurses)

  • 방정윤;김주성
    • 한국융합학회논문지
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    • 제9권3호
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    • pp.307-317
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구목적은 간호사를 위한 모바일 웹기반 심폐소생술(cardiopulmonary resuscitation:CPR) 융합교육의 효과를 확인하기 위함이다. 비동등성 대조군 시차설계에 따라 간호사 46명을 연구대상으로 실험군에게는 모바일 웹기반 온라인 CPR학습과 자기주도적 오프라인 CPR실습을 적용하고 대조군에게는 전통적 CPR강의교육과 CPR실습이 진행되었다. 설문지와 실기평가로 자료수집 후 SPSS 21.0 program을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구결과 CPR지식과 CPR자기효능감은 실험군이 대조군 보다 더 증가하였으나 집단 간 유의한 차이는 없었다(p=.741; p=.162). CPR 수행능력은 실험군이 대조군보다 유의한 차이를 보이며 증가하였다(p=.001). 따라서 모바일 웹기반 심폐소생술 융합교육은 간호사의 CPR실무역량 강화에 효과적이며 향후 다양한 융합교육중재개발에 확대 적용 가능할 것이다.

전화상담원 도움이 심폐소생술 수행에 미치는 효과 (The Effect of Dispatcher-assistance on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Performance)

  • 피혜영
    • 한국응급구조학회지
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    • 제14권2호
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The comparative effectiveness of without dispatcher-assisted telephone instruction CPR but received lectured and training(NDCPR) and without received lectured and training CPR but dispatcher-assisted telephone instruction(DCPR) in CPR. Methods : The CPR instruction to 774 students and faculties in universities and colleges. There selected without dispatcher-assisted telephone instruction CPR but received lectured and training(NDCRP) and without received lectured and training CPR but dispatcher-assisted telephone instruction(DCPR). Compare the effectiveness to sills performance of DCPR and NDCPR students and faculties of according to the CPR. Results : 397(51%) students and faculties was DCPR and 377(49%) students and faculties was NDCPR. There was no difference in the compression depth, hand position, adequacy of recoil, volume of ventilation, self-confidence, and willingness to do CPR between the two instructional methods. Conclusion : Under the guide of dispatcher-assisted CPR instruction integrated into mobil phone, novice could perform more effective CPR. This method could be used as a supplement to CPR practice and skill retention.

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자가 학습을 통한 심폐소생술 역량강화 프로그램의 효과 (Effects of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Competency Program based on Self-Practice)

  • 박정미;이성희
    • 한국응급구조학회지
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    • 제10권2호
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose was to test the effects of cardiopulmonary resuscitation competency program on knowledge of CPR, self-efficacy, and the skills of CPR of nursing college students. Method: A convenience sampling of non-equivalent control group was used. Nursing college students were assigned either to conventional CPR education(N=28) or to intervention that involved a conventional CPR education and CPR competency program(N=28). CPR competency program was focused to enhance the self-directed learning on CPR training. Result: There were no significant differences on the CPR competency of knowledge and self-efficacy between experimental and control groups. However in the skills competency of CPR, there were significant differences between two groups. Conclusion: It is promising that CPR competency program can be effective to increase the skills of CPR of nursing college students.

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최초 반응자를 대상으로 한 심폐소생술 교육결과의 분석 (Analysis on the efficacy of CPR training for first responders)

  • 백미례
    • 한국응급구조학회지
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    • 제4권1호
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    • pp.83-93
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    • 2000
  • This survey is mainly focus on identifying the efficacy of CPR training for 92 first responders who participated in the first aid and emergency rescue program dated on November 22 and November 24, 2000. First responders are trained and evaluated using AHA guideline for 4 hours. Data are analyzed by Percentage, Mean, T-test, F-test using SPSS program. The results for this study are as follows: 1. An average score for CPR evaluation is high as 1.71 of total score 2.0. 2. Between adult CPR and infant CPR, an average score for adult CPR is higher than infant CPR. The highest item of adult CPR and infant CPR is checking for unresponse(1.95 and 1.93), the lowest items are checking for circulation and chest compression position in the adult CPR and location of chest compression in the infant CPR 3. There are statistically significant differences in the evaluation score of CPR according to age, education level, occupation, job experience and emergency accident situation in the past.

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일반인을 대상으로 한 CPR 큐브의 가슴압박 효과의 융합적 연구 (A Convergence Study on Chest Compression Effects of CPR(Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation)Cube in the Layperson)

  • 양현모;김진우
    • 한국융합학회논문지
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    • 제10권3호
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    • pp.221-225
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    • 2019
  • 이 연구의 목적은 일반 대중이 심폐소생술을 쉽게 적용하기 위한 기본적인 데이터를 제공하는데 있다. 심폐소생술 마네킹과 CPR 큐브를 사용하는 두 그룹으로 나누었으며 실험에 앞서 참가자들에게는 3일 동안 실습을 동반한 심폐소생술 훈련을 실시하였고 2주 후 가슴압박에 대한 평가를 실시하였다. 참가자들은 가슴압박깊이, 가슴압박의 횟수, 가슴압박의 정확성, 불충분한 이완, 불완전한 압박위치를 기록하였다. 연구결과에서 불충분한 이완, 불완전한 압박위치는 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 있었다. 심폐소생술 교육의 확대를 위해서 CPR 큐브를 사용한다면 심폐소생술 시행 자신감과 질적인 측면에서도 유용할 것으로 생각된다.

이동 중 주들것에서 심폐소생술 분석 (Analysis of cardiopulmonary resuscitation during main stretcher transport - A manikin study -)

  • 노상균
    • 한국응급구조학회지
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    • 제24권2호
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study aimed to compare the effect of chest compression and the resulting ventilation volume in walking cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), straddling CPR, and mechanical CPR while moving manikins to main stretchers. Methods: We compared the chest compressions in terms of compression depth, number of incomplete releases, complete release depth, compression rate, duration between peak time of previous compression and peak time of current compression, and respiration. We analyzed the compression comparatively with the ventilation volume in three different types of CPR. Results: The chest compression depth was significantly improved during straddling CPR as compared to walking CPR, during which women were unable to achieve sufficient chest compression depth. A constant chest compression depth was maintained during mechanical CPR. Conclusion: High-quality chest compressions were difficult to achieve in moving spaces. Further, walking CPR may be helpful in men, but straddling or applying automatic chest compressions in women would result in more effective CPR. Our findings demonstrate the limitations and trends in administering CPR in men and women, which may be useful in devising better education and training methods in the future.