• Title/Summary/Keyword: CPR

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Retention of cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills in Nursing students (간호대학생 대상 심폐소생술 교육의 지속효과)

  • Park, Jeong-Mi;Suh, Soon-Rim
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.169-180
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this research was to evaluate retention of cognitive knowledge, psychomotor skills and self-confidence on CPR 3 months after CPR training program. The sample consisted of 39 nursing students. We provided one rescuer CPR training program for nursing college students on the basis of AHA. The questionnaires for knowledge of CPR were developed 50 items based on AHA guidelines. Self-confidence were checked by 11 items questionnaires. The accuracy of CPR skills were checked by Skillreporter CPR training manikin and by researcher's evaluation based on CPR skill checklist. The results were as follows ; 1. The majority of participants didn't have any previously experiences of CPR training (76.9%). Only 15.1% previously took the CPR training with CPR practice. 2. In terms of self-confidence of CPR. The score were increased for 2 days (p>.001) but retention of self confidence was significantly statistical decreased in 3 months after training (p<.001). 3. There was a statistically significant decrement in mean of knowledge of CPR between 2 days and 3 months after CPR training (p<.001). 4. There was a statistically significant decrement in cognitive knowledge of CPR based on CPR skills checklist(p<.001). 5. Retention scores of psychomotor skills of CPR 3 months after training were 42.10% in numbers of adequate ventilation, 52.81% in numbers of adequate chest compression (p<.001) respectively. 6. Retention of passing rate on chest compressions of CPR 3 months after training was 27% (p<.001), on ventilation was 2.63% (p>.001). The error items with statistically significant differences 3 months after CPR training were too little ventilation (74.36%) and too little chest compressions (92.31%). The results of the study suggest that we need further evaluation of course components which could improve retention of CPR for all trainees.

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A Study on the CPR Security System (CPR 시큐리티 시스템에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Seok-Soo
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2006
  • This paper proposes CPR(Computer-based patient record) system that is utilized in Ubiquitous environment, establish security policy by analyzing security limitation of system and design suitable security system in CPR system. The present study designed a CPR system and, for the development of a security system, established security policies for the CPR system through analyzing the operating environment and vulnerability in security and designed a security system implementing the policies. The security system supporting CPR system is composed of authentication system, XML documentation and encryption of medical information and network security system.

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Analysis of factors affecting the implementation of CPR by dental hygienists in certain regions (일부지역 치과위생사의 심폐소생술에 관한 영향요인 분석)

  • Cheon, Hye-Won
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1037-1051
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge of dental hygienists on CPR, their CPR attitude and performance ability in an effort to offer data that can contribute to the development of a more effective CPR education program. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 234 dental hygienists in Jeollanam and Jeollabukdo from February 24 to May 20, 2017. The questionnaire asked dental hygienists of the knowledge, attitude, performance ability in regards to CPR. The data were analyzed using SPSS Window ver. 19.0 program through independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, chi-square test and multiple regression analysis. The Cronbach alpha of their CPR knowledge was 0.78, and that of attitude to CPR was 0.79. The Cronbach alpha of CPR performance ability was 0.96. Results: The dental hygienists surveyed in this study who were aware of CPR accounted for 88.9% of total subjects. Dental hygienists who were certified in CPR accounted for 20.5% of total subjects. They received a score of 7.66 on CPR knowledge, 3.33 on attitude and 2.61 on performance ability. There was a positive correlation between the knowledge and attitude, between the knowledge and performance ability and between the attitude and performance ability (r=0.332, r=0.461, r=0.426). A regression analysis showed that the dental hygienists who were younger, who graduated from a four-year university or a higher educational institution, who were CPR certificate holders, who received more CPR education, who were cognizant of automated external defibrillator, who were more knowledgeable on CPR and who took a more positive attitude were more likely to be affected in terms of CPR performance. Conclusions: The dental hygienists surveyed were aware of CPR on the whole, but their CPR knowledge, attitude and performance were not sufficient to perform CPR in emergency situations. More intensive education should be provided for dental hygienists to have an accurate knowledge of CPR to carry it out with a positive attitude.

Comparison of chest compression quality between compression-only CPR and 30 : 2 conventional CPR (가슴압박만 하는 심폐소생술과 30 : 2 표준 심폐소생술 방법에 의한 가슴압박 질의 비교)

  • Min, Mun-Ki;Ryu, Ji-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study aimed to compare the chest compression quality between compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and conventional CPR. Methods: This study involved 123 participants randomly assigned to either the chest compression-only CPR training and conventional CPR training. After training for 120 min, the participants performed CPR for 4 min and the CPR quality was evaluated. The primary outcome was evaluated as the mean compression depth, and the secondary outcome was calculated as the proportion of chest compressions with an appropriate depth among the total chest compressions. Results: The mean compression depth was more deeper in conventional CPR than in compression-only CPR (57mm vs. 53mm, p <.001). The proportion of appropriate chest compression depth was also more higher in conventional CPR (98.8% vs. 68.6%, p <.001). As compared with every minute over time for a total of 4 min, the mean compression depth and the proportion of appropriate chest compression depth were deeper and higher after 1 min in conventional CPR than in compression-only CPR. Conclusion: The results suggested that conventional CPR is a better method than compression-only CPR in terms of chest compression quality.

Effects of a Mobile Web-based Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Convergence Education for Nurses (간호사를 위한 모바일 웹기반 심폐소생술 융합교육의 효과)

  • Bang, Jung-Yoon;Kim, Ju-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.307-317
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of mobile web-based cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR) convergence education for nurses. This study used a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. A sample of 46 nurses was included. The experimental group was given mobile web-based online CPR education with self-directed offline CPR practice. The control group was given traditional CPR lecture education with CPR practice. The data were collected using a structured questionnaire and performance skill test and were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 program. The experimental group had higher scores on CPR knowledge and CPR self-efficacy than those of the control group. there were no significant differences between groups (p=.741; p=.162). CPR skill ability was significantly higher in the experimental group compared to the control group(p=.001). This findings indicate that mobile web-based CPR convergence education can be an effective to strengthen CPR capabilities for nurses. These contribute to expanding convergence of education program development.

The Effect of Dispatcher-assistance on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Performance (전화상담원 도움이 심폐소생술 수행에 미치는 효과)

  • Pi, Hye-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The comparative effectiveness of without dispatcher-assisted telephone instruction CPR but received lectured and training(NDCPR) and without received lectured and training CPR but dispatcher-assisted telephone instruction(DCPR) in CPR. Methods : The CPR instruction to 774 students and faculties in universities and colleges. There selected without dispatcher-assisted telephone instruction CPR but received lectured and training(NDCRP) and without received lectured and training CPR but dispatcher-assisted telephone instruction(DCPR). Compare the effectiveness to sills performance of DCPR and NDCPR students and faculties of according to the CPR. Results : 397(51%) students and faculties was DCPR and 377(49%) students and faculties was NDCPR. There was no difference in the compression depth, hand position, adequacy of recoil, volume of ventilation, self-confidence, and willingness to do CPR between the two instructional methods. Conclusion : Under the guide of dispatcher-assisted CPR instruction integrated into mobil phone, novice could perform more effective CPR. This method could be used as a supplement to CPR practice and skill retention.

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Effects of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Competency Program based on Self-Practice (자가 학습을 통한 심폐소생술 역량강화 프로그램의 효과)

  • Park, Jeong-Mi;Lee, Sung-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose was to test the effects of cardiopulmonary resuscitation competency program on knowledge of CPR, self-efficacy, and the skills of CPR of nursing college students. Method: A convenience sampling of non-equivalent control group was used. Nursing college students were assigned either to conventional CPR education(N=28) or to intervention that involved a conventional CPR education and CPR competency program(N=28). CPR competency program was focused to enhance the self-directed learning on CPR training. Result: There were no significant differences on the CPR competency of knowledge and self-efficacy between experimental and control groups. However in the skills competency of CPR, there were significant differences between two groups. Conclusion: It is promising that CPR competency program can be effective to increase the skills of CPR of nursing college students.

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Analysis on the efficacy of CPR training for first responders (최초 반응자를 대상으로 한 심폐소생술 교육결과의 분석)

  • Baek, Mi Lye
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.83-93
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    • 2000
  • This survey is mainly focus on identifying the efficacy of CPR training for 92 first responders who participated in the first aid and emergency rescue program dated on November 22 and November 24, 2000. First responders are trained and evaluated using AHA guideline for 4 hours. Data are analyzed by Percentage, Mean, T-test, F-test using SPSS program. The results for this study are as follows: 1. An average score for CPR evaluation is high as 1.71 of total score 2.0. 2. Between adult CPR and infant CPR, an average score for adult CPR is higher than infant CPR. The highest item of adult CPR and infant CPR is checking for unresponse(1.95 and 1.93), the lowest items are checking for circulation and chest compression position in the adult CPR and location of chest compression in the infant CPR 3. There are statistically significant differences in the evaluation score of CPR according to age, education level, occupation, job experience and emergency accident situation in the past.

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A Convergence Study on Chest Compression Effects of CPR(Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation)Cube in the Layperson (일반인을 대상으로 한 CPR 큐브의 가슴압박 효과의 융합적 연구)

  • Yang, Hyun-Mo;Kim, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.221-225
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to provide the general public with basic data to facilitate the application of Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation(CPR). There were two groups using CPR mannequin and CPR cube, and participants were given three days of CPR training and two weeks later evaluated for chest compression. Participants recorded chest compression depth, rate of chest compression, accuracy of chest compression, insufficient recoil and incomplete place. There was a statistically significant difference in insufficient recoil and incomplete place in the study. The use of CPR cube to expand CPR education is also believed to be useful in terms of confidence and quality in implementing CPR.

Analysis of cardiopulmonary resuscitation during main stretcher transport - A manikin study - (이동 중 주들것에서 심폐소생술 분석)

  • Roh, Sang-Gyun
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study aimed to compare the effect of chest compression and the resulting ventilation volume in walking cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), straddling CPR, and mechanical CPR while moving manikins to main stretchers. Methods: We compared the chest compressions in terms of compression depth, number of incomplete releases, complete release depth, compression rate, duration between peak time of previous compression and peak time of current compression, and respiration. We analyzed the compression comparatively with the ventilation volume in three different types of CPR. Results: The chest compression depth was significantly improved during straddling CPR as compared to walking CPR, during which women were unable to achieve sufficient chest compression depth. A constant chest compression depth was maintained during mechanical CPR. Conclusion: High-quality chest compressions were difficult to achieve in moving spaces. Further, walking CPR may be helpful in men, but straddling or applying automatic chest compressions in women would result in more effective CPR. Our findings demonstrate the limitations and trends in administering CPR in men and women, which may be useful in devising better education and training methods in the future.