• Title, Summary, Keyword: C677T and A1298C

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Interactions Between MTHFR C677T - A1298C Variants and Folic Acid Deficiency Affect Breast Cancer Risk in a Chinese Population

  • Wu, Xia-Yu;Ni, Juan;Xu, Wei-Jiang;Zhou, Tao;Wang, Xu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.2199-2206
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    • 2012
  • Background: Our objective was to evaluate the MTHFR C677T-A1298C polymorphisms in patients with breast cancer and in individuals with no history of cancer, to compare the levels of genetic damage and apoptosis under folic acid (FA) deficiency between patients and controls, and to assess associations with breast cancer. Methods: Genetic damage was marked by micronucleated binucleated cells (MNBN) and apoptosis was estimated by cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay (CBMN). PCR-RFLP molecular analysis was carried out. Results: The results showed significant associations between the MTHFR 677TT or the combined MTHFR C677T-A1298C and breast cancer risk (OR = 2.51, CI = 0.85 to 7.37, p = 0.08; OR = 4.11, CI = 0.78 to 21.8, p < 0.001). The MNBN from the combined MTHFR C677T-A1298C was higher and the apoptosis was lower than that of the single variants (p < 0.05). At 15 to 60 nmol/L FA, the MNBN in cases with the TTAC genotype was higher than controls (p < 0.05), whereas no significant difference in apoptosis was found between the cases and controls after excluding the genetic background. Conclusions: Associations between the combined MTHFR C677T-A1298C polymorphism and breast cancer are possible from this study. A dose of 120 nmol/L FA could enhance apoptosis in cases with MTHFR C677T-A1298C. Breast cancer individuals with the TTAC genotype may be more sensitive to the genotoxic effects of FA deficiency than controls.

Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Gene Germ-Line C677T and A1298C SNPs are Associated with Colorectal Cancer Risk in the Turkish Population

  • Ozen, Filiz;Sen, Metin;Ozdemir, Ozturk
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.18
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    • pp.7731-7735
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    • 2014
  • Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cause of death due to cancer in the worldwide and the incidence is also increasing in Turkey. Our present aim was to investigate any association between germ-line methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and A1298C polymorphisms and CRC risk in Turkey. A total of 86 CRC cases and 212 control individuals of the same ethnicity were included in the current study. Peripheral blood-DNA samples were used for genotyping by StripAssay technique, based on the reverse-hybridization principle and real-time PCR methods. Results were compared in Pearson Chi-square and multiple logistic regression models. The MTHFR 677TT (homozygous) genotype was found in 20.9% and the T allele frequency 4.2-fold increased in CRC when compared with the control group.The second SNP MTHFR 1298CC (homozygous) genotype was found in 14.0% and the C allele frequency 1.4-fold elevated in the CRC group. The current data suggest strong associations between both SNPs of germ-line MTHFR 677 C>T and 1298 A>C genotypes and CRC susceptibility in the Turkish population. Now the results need to be confirmed with a larger sample size.

Polymorphisms of 5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR C677T and A1298C) Gene in Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion (5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR C677T와 A1298C) 유전자 돌연변이의 반복자연유산 관련성 연구)

  • Kim, Nam-Keun;Nam, Yoon-Sung;Lee, Su-Man;Kim, Sun-Hee;Shin, Seung-Joo;Chang, Sung-Woon;Kim, Se-Hyun;Cha, Kwang-Yul;Oh, Do-Yeun
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.215-222
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    • 2002
  • Objective : Previous studies have suggested that hyperhomocysteinemia and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR C677T) mutations are associated with increased risk of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). Recently, a second site polymorphism in MTHFR, 1298A-->C, which changes a glutamic acid into an alanine residue, was shown to be associated with a decreased enzyme activity. We tested whether the variant alleles of MTHFR C677T and A1298C are risk factor (biomarker) for RSA. Materials and Methods: We analyzed DNA from a case-control study in the Korean DNA was extracted from blood samples of 118 patients with RSA and 123 healthy fertile patients as the controls. MTHFR variant alleles were determined by a PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. Results: We found no evidence for an association between 677TT genotype and risk of RSA (OR=1.95, 95% CI=$0.84{\sim}4.50$, p=0.12). However, the MTHFR 1298AC (OR=0.36, 95% CI=$0.20{\sim}0.63$, p=0.0004) and 1298AC+CC (OR=0.35, 95% CI=$0.20{\sim}0.61$, p=0.0002) genotypes were lower among 118 RSA cases compared with 123 controls, conferring a 2.8-fold decrease in risk of RSA, respectively. Moreover, the combined genotypes of MTHFR 677CC/1298AC (OR=0.30, 95% CI=$0.10{\sim}0.88$, p=0.029) and 677CT/1298AC (OR=0.77, 95% CI=$0.60{\sim}0.99$, p=0.043) also showed significantly lower risk than those with MTHFR 677CC/1298AA type. Conclusion: MTHFR 1298AC, MTHFR 677CC/1298AC and 677CT/1298AC genotypes may represent genetic markers for the protection of RSA at least in Korean women.

Serum Homocysteine Level and MTHFR C677T, A1298C Gene Polymorphism in Korean Schizophrenics (정신분열병 환자에서의 혈중 Homocysteine 농도와 MTHFR C677T, A1298C의 유전자 다형성)

  • Lee, Young Sik;Jeon, Chang Moo;Na, Chul;Chae, Seok Lae
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.114-122
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    • 2005
  • Objectives:Recently in schizophrenia high incidence of MTHFR(methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase), which is a main relating enzyme that reduce homocysteine level, genetic variations were reported. So we examined serum homocysteine level and MTHFR gene polymorphism in Korean schizophrenics. Method:We compared serum homocysteine level and MTHFR polymorphism between 235 schizophrenics (100male, 135female) and 235 normal controls(100male, 135female). C677T and A1298C polymorphism of MTHFR gene were analyzed. Results:1) C677T genetic mutation(CT and TT) were more frequent in schizophrenia group than normal control group(p<0.01). But the difference of A1298C mutation frequency was not found between two groups. 2) In schizophrenia patients, TT genotype of C677T mutation showed significantly higher homocysteine level (29.99uM/L) than other group(CT:13.34uM/L, CC:9.34uM/L p<0.01). 3) MTHFR 677 TT homogeneous mutation genotype showed two times more risk(odds ratio=2.15) than 677CC normal genotype in schizophrenia. Conclusion:Some schizophrenia patients with high homocysteine serum level may have C677T TT genotype. In that case, folate ingestion could be a good management for clinical improvement.

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Germ-line MTHFR C677T, FV H1299R and PAI-1 5G/4G Variations in Breast Carcinoma

  • Ozen, Filiz;Erdis, Eda;Sik, Ebru;Silan, Fatma;Uludag, Ahmet;Ozdemir, Ozturk
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.2903-2908
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    • 2013
  • Background: Various oncogenes related to cancer have been extensively studied and several polymorphisms have been found to be associated with breast cancer. The current report outlines analysis of germ-line polymorphisms for C677T, A1298C (MTHFR), Leiden, R2 (FV) and 5G/4G (PAI-1) in Turkish breast cancer patients. We studied 51 cases diagnosed with invasive ductal and operable with lymph node-positive breast cancer and 106 women as a control group. Materials and Methods: Peripheric blood-DNA samples were used for genotyping by StripAssay technique which is based on the reverse-hybridization principle and real-time PCR methods and results were compared statistically. Results: The frequency of the MTHFR gene 677T and 1298A alleles were significantly higher in cancer patients than in the healthy subjects. The T allele frequency in codon 677 was 2.3-fold and C allele frequency was 3.1-fold increased in BC when compared to the control group for the MTHFR gene. Both differences were statistically significant (OR: 2.295, CI: 1.283-4.106), p<0.006 and (OR: 3.131, CI:1.826-5.369), p<0.0001 respectively. The R2 allele frequency of FV gene was 5.1-fold increased in the current BC when compared to the control group and that difference was also statistically significant (OR: 5.133, CI: 1.299-20.28), p<0.02. Conclusions: The present data suggest that germ-line polymorphisms of C677T, C1298A for MTHFR and R2 for FV are associated in breast cancer and may be additional prognostic markers related to breast cancer survival. The results now need to be confirmed in a larger group of patients.

MTHFR Polymorphism and Folate Status of Korean Women of Childbearing Age

  • Choi, Jeong-Hwa;Kim, Hee-Ah;Lim, Hyeon-Sook
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2006
  • It should be concerned to the women with mutated genotype of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), C677T or A1298C, since they need more folate than those with wild genotypes. In this study, we evaluated the folate status of Korean women of childbearing age according to their MTHFR polymorpiysm. Dietary folate intakes, plasma and erythrocyte folate concentrations, plasma homocysteine concentrations, and urinary excretions of para-aminobenzoylglutamate (pABG) and para-acetoamidobenzoylglutamate (ApABG) of twenty-five subjects aged between 19 and 35 years old were determined Folate intakes seemed to be inadequate, being only three-quarters of the Korean RDA of folate. More than one-quarter of the subjects was exposed to folate deficiency risk as determined by erythrocyte folate concentration and almost one-quarter of the subjects showed hyperhomocysteinemia, although they had normal plasma folate concentrations. Urinary excretions of pABG and ApABG seemed to be low and ApABG constituted more than $85\%$ of total folate catabolites. There were no significant differences in dietary folate intakes, plasma concentrations of folate and homocysteine, and urinary excretions of pABG and ApABG among the geneotypes of both C677T and A1298C. However, the subjects with 1298AC genotype had significantly lower erythrocyte folate concentration than those with 1298AA. Erythrocyte folate concentration showed an inverse relationship with plasma homocysteine concentration and positive relationships with urinary excretions of pABG and ApABG. The results of this study imply that mutations of 677C$\rightarrow$T and 1298A$\rightarrow$C in the study were not associated with decreased plasma folate and raised plasma homocysteine concentrations. A1298C polymorphism night be, however, more influential on erythrocyte folate concentration than C677T polymorphism, and urinary excretions of folate catabolites, pABG and ApABG, might be reliable indexes of folate nutritional status like plasma homocysteine concentrations.

Allele and Genotype Frequencies of the Polymorphic Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase and Lung Cancer in ther Jordanian Population: a Case Control Study

  • Al-Motassem, Yousef;Shomaf, Maha;Said, Ismail;Berger, Sondra;Ababneh, Nidaa;Diab, Ola;Obeidat, Nathir;Awidi, Abdallah
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.3101-3109
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    • 2015
  • Background: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is involved in amino acid synthesis and DNA function. Two common polymorphisms are reported, C677T and A1298C, that are implicated in a number of human diseases, including cancer. Objective: The association between MTHFR C677T and A1298C genotype and haplotype frequencies in risk for lung cancer (LC) was investigated in the Jordanian population. Materials and Methods: A total of 98 LC cases were studied for MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms, compared to 89 controls taken from the general population, employing the PCR-RFLP technique. Results: The frequency of the genotypes of MTHFR C677T among Jordanians was: CC, 59.6%, CT, 33%; and TT, 7.4% among LC cases and 49.4%, 40.2% and 10.3% among controls. No significant association was detected between genetic polymorphism at this site and LC. At MTHFR A12987C, the genotype distribution was AA, 29.5%; AC, 45.3%, and CC 25.3% among LC cases and 36.8%, 50.6% and 12.6% among controls. Carriers of the CC genotype were more likely to have LC (OR=2.5; 95%CI: 1.04-6; p=0.039) as compared to AA carriers. Smokers and males with the CC genotype were 9.9 and 6.7 times more likely to have LC, respectively ($OR_{smokers}=9.9$; 95%CI: 1.2-84.5, p=0.018; $OR_{men}=6.6$; 95%CI: 1.7-26.2, p=0.005). Haplotype analysis of MTHFR polymorphism at the two loci showed differential distribution of the CC haplotype (677C-1298C) between cases and controls. The CC haplotype was associated with an increased risk for lung cancer (OR=1.6; 95% CI: 1.03-2.4, p=0.037). Conclusions: The genetic polymorphism of MTHFR at 1298 and the CC haplotype (risk is apparently lower with the C allele at position 677) may modulate the risk for LC development among the Jordanian population. Risk associated with the 1298C allele is increased in smokers and in males. The results indicate that a critical gene involved in folate metabolism plays a modifying role in lung cancer risk, at least in the Jordanian population.

Mutational Analysis of the MTHFR Gene in Breast Cancer Patients of Pakistani Population

  • Akram, Muhammad;Malik, Fa;Kayani, Mahmood Akhtar
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1599-1603
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: Since methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) maintains the balance of circulating folate and methionine and blocks the formation of homocysteine, its regulation in relation to different cancers has extensively been studied in different populations. However, information on Pakistani breast cancer patients is lacking. The MTHFR gene has two most common mutations that are single nucleotide additions which result in change of amino acids C677T to Ala222val and A1298C to Glu429Ala. Methodology: 110 sporadic breast patients with no prior family history of cancer or any other type of genetic disorders along with 110 normal individuals were screened for mutations in exons 1 to exon 9 using single strand conformational polymorphism, RFLP and sequencing analyzer. Results: The p values for the 677CC, 677CT, and 677TT genotypes were 0.223, 0.006, and 0.077, respectively. Those for the 1298AA, 1298AC, and 1298CC genotypes were 0.555, 0.009, and 0.003, respectively. Conclusions: We found an overall a significant, weak inverse association between breast cancer risk and the 677TT genotype and an inverse association with the 1298C variant. These results for MTHFR polymorphism might be population specific in sporadic breast cancer affected patients but many other factors need to be excluded before making final conclusions including folate intake, population and disease heterogeneity.

The Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase C677T Polymorphism Influences Risk of Esophageal Cancer in Chinese

  • Qu, Hong-Hong;Cui, Li-Hong;Wang, Ke;Wang, Peng;Song, Chun-Hua;Wang, Kai-Juan;Zhang, Jian-Ying;Dai, Li-Ping
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.3163-3168
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    • 2013
  • Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) plays a central role in folate metabolism. This study with 381 esophageal cancer patients and 432 healthy controls was conducted to examine the association of MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms with susceptibility to esophageal cancer (EC) in a Chinese population. Compared with the CC genotype of MTHFR C677T, subjects carrying homozygote TT and variant genotypes (CT+TT) demonstrated reduced risk of EC with adjusted ORs (95% CI) of 0.44 (0.28-0.71) and 0.57 (0.37-0.88), respectively. However, no association was found between the MTHFR A1298C polymorphism and the risk of EC. Comparing to haplotype CA, haplotypes TA and TC could reduce the susceptibility to EC with adjusted ORs (95% CI) of 0.61(0.47-0.79) and 0.06 (0.01-0.43), respectively. In conclusion, the present study suggested that the MTHFR C677T polymorphism can markedly influence the risk of EC in Chinese.

The Associtation between Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Gene Polymorphisms and a Risk of Spontaneously Aborted Embryos (Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase(MTHFR) 유전자다형과 자연 유산아 발생의 관련성에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Nick-Beom;Ji, Seung Il;Shin, Seung Joo;Cha, Sun Hee;Choi, Dong Hee;Yim, Dong Jin;Park, Sang Hee;Lee, Suman;Lee, Sang Hwa;Ko, Jung Jae;Kim, Nam Keun
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.61-61
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : This study was performed to understand the influence of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR C677T and A1298C) genotypes on the spontaneously aborted embryos. Methods : DNA was extracted from tissue samples of 95 spontaneously aborted embryos and 100 samples of normal children randomly and 449 samples of normal adults were selected as the controls. MTHFR genotypes were determined by a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay. Results : The aborted embryo group had higher frequency of MTHFR 677CC type (p=0.014) and lower 677CT type (p=0.063) than the controlled child group. The frequency of MTHFR 677CT type was drastically lower than that of controlled adult group (p=0.032). In the MTHFR C677T/A1298C combination, 677CC/1298AC genotype of the aborted embryo was significantly higher (p=0.034) than that of controlled child group, but it was not statistically significant in controlled adult group (p=0.063). Conclusion : MTHFR 677CC and MTHFR 677CC/1298AC genotypes may represent genetic markers for the risk of spontaneously aborted embryos at least in Koreans.