• Title, Summary, Keyword: C. setidens Nakai

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Functional Composition and Antioxidative Activity from Different Organs of Native Cirsium and Carduus Genera (자생 엉겅퀴의 부위별 기능성 성분 및 항산화 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Mi;Won, Sun-Im
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.406-414
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to investigate the functional composition and antioxidant activity of Cirsium and Carduus genera based on different parts. Leaves of Cirsium setidens Nakai contained 23.66% protein and seeds of Carduus crispus L contained 25.30% lipid. Extraction yields of Cirsium and Carduus genera were higher in leaves than in any other parts of the plants. Total phenolics and total flavonoid content were abundant in extracts of leaves, steam and root of C. japonicum var. ussuriense, and the flower extract of C. setidens Nakai. Silymarin was not found in extracts of Cirsium and Carduus genera. Acacetin was identified in leaf or flower extracts of C. setidens Nakai, or in leaf and steam extracts of C. pendulum Fisch ex DC. Apigenin was identified in the flower extracts of Cirsium and Carduus genera and constituted 7.16 mg/g in C. japonicum var. ussuriense. Cynarin was present at 5.55 mg/g in the seed extract of C. setidens Nakai, and narirutin represented 19.56 mg/g and, 4.18 mg/g of the seed extracts of C. pendulum Fisch ex DC and, Carduus crispus L, respectively. 2,2-Diphenyl-1-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenger activity was higher in flower extracts of C. setidens Nakai than in the other genera. Photochemiluminescence activity was 2.3 nmol in leaves and flower extracts of C. setidens Nakai and flower extract of Carduus crispus L. Flowers and seeds of C. setidens Nakai shoe potential as new functional materials.

Analysis of Pectolinarin Content and Antioxidant activity in Cirsium setidens Nakai by Cultivars (산지별 고려엉겅퀴의 Pectolinarin 함량 및 항산화 활성)

  • Cho, Bong-Yeon;Lee, Jin-Ha;Ra, Moon-Jin;Kim, Sun-Young;Kang, Il-Jun;Han, Kyoung-Chan;Lee, Ok-Hwan
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.210-215
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    • 2016
  • This study was performed to provide basic data of Cirsium setidens Nakai by cultivars that will be applied for development of functional foods and ingredients. We assessed pectiolinarin content, total flavonoids content and antioxidant effects (DPPH radical scavenging activity and ORAC assay) of C. setidens Nakai. Our results showed that the pectolinarin and total flavonoids contents of C. setidens Nakai by cultivars ranged from $3.95{\pm}0.05$ to $7.29{\pm}0.07mg/g$ and from $40.42{\pm}0.91$ to $76.70{\pm}2.24mg$ pectolinarin equivalent (PNE)/g, respectively. Among C. setidens Nakai by cultivars, the pectolinarin content was highest in GW-D extract. Futhermore, the DPPH radical scavenging activity of C. setidens Nakai ranged from 31.25 to 81.93%, respectively. The oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value was highest in GW-D and GW-E extracts (514.49 and $501.73{\mu}M\;TE/g$, respectively). These results suggest that C. setidens Nakai extract could be considered as a good sources of natural antioxidants and functional food ingredients.

Taxonomic Identities of Cirsium setidens, C. chanroenicum and C. toraiense (고려엉겅퀴, 정영엉겅퀴 및 동래엉겅퀴의 분류학적 실체 검토)

  • Song, Mi-Jang;Kim, Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.227-245
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    • 2005
  • Numerical analysis using morphological characters was done in order to clarify taxonomic circumscriptions and identities of Korean endemic, Cirsium setidens (Dunn) Nakai, Cirsium chanroenicum Nakai, and Cirsium toraiense Nakai ex Kitam.. Principal components analysis of C. setidens and C. chanroenicum using 29 morphological characters and 12 leaves characters revealed one group which could not separate. Identity of C. toraiense could not be confirmed by the destruction of habitat, similarity of morphological diagnostic characters between many specimens identified C. toraiense including type specimen and C. japonicum var. ussuriense. In considering the variational patterns of morphological characters, it is strongly suggested that identities of C. setidens f. alba, C. setidens var. niveo-araneum, and C setidens var. pinnatifolium should be recognized, but C. chanroenicum var. lanceolata should be included to circumscription of C. setidens.

Stability of Ethanolic Extract from Cirsium setidens Nakai (고려엉겅퀴 주정추출물의 안정성 조사)

  • Lee, Jin-Ha;Cho, Yang-Hwan;Cho, Bong-Yeon;Ra, Moon-Jin;Kim, Sun-Young;Kang, Il-Jun;Han, Kyoung Chan;Lee, Ok-Hwan
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.304-309
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    • 2016
  • This study was assessed stability of ethanolic extract from Cirsium setidens Nakai that will be applied for development of functional foods and ingredients. We evaluated pectolinarin content, total phenol content and antioxidant activity (DPPH radical scavenging activity and FRAP assay) of ethanolic extract from C. setidens Nakai against various temperature (4, 25 and $50^{\circ}C$) and pH (4.0, 7.0 and 10.0). Our results show that the pectolinarin and total phenol contents in ethanolic extract from Cirsium setidens Nakai slightly reduced during the storage periods. Moreover, the DPPH radical scavenging activity at $4^{\circ}C$ was higher than those of other temperature. Pectolinarin content, total phenol content and DPPH radical scavenging activity of ethanolic extract from Cirsium setidens Nakai at acidic (pH 4.0) and neutral (pH 7.0) pH ranges were higher than at alkaline pH ranges. These results indicate that the optimum storage condition of C. setidens Nakai ethanol extract are temperature $4^{\circ}C$ and pH 4.0-7.0 ranges.

Nutritional Components and Physiological Activities of Cirsium setidens Nakai (고려엉겅퀴(곤드레)의 영양성분 및 생리활성)

  • Lee, Ok-Hwan;Kim, Jae Hwan;Kim, Young Hyun;Lee, Young Jun;Lee, Jong Seok;Jo, Ju Hyun;Kim, Bong Gyun;Lim, Jae Kag;Lee, Boo-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.791-798
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    • 2014
  • Cirsium setidens Nakai, a wild perennial, is widely consumed as a food and traditional medicine in Korea. In addition, diverse functionalities of C. setidens Nakai, including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, have been reported. However, whether or not C. setidens Nakai and its major compound, pectolinarin have high nutritional value and functional properties remains unknown. This paper investigated the proximate compositions, mineral contents, hepatoprotective activities, hepatic fat accumulation inhibitory activities, and anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities of C. setidens Nakai and its component parts, including of pectolinarin. The result showed that C. setidens Nakai and its major compounds have potential as a functional food material with natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.

Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk added with Cirsium setidens Nakai (곤드레 첨가 설기떡의 품질특성)

  • Park, Sung Jin;Rha, Young-Ah
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the desirable mixture ratio of Cirsium setidens Nakai powder to rice flour for the preparation of Sulgidduk. The moisture of samples raged from 36.51% to 40.67%. The addition of Cirsium setidens Nakai powder in the Sulgidduk tended to decrease the lightness (L) in Hunter color value, but to increase the redness (a) and yellowness (b). With increasing Cirsium setidens Nakai powder level, the hardness, springness and chewiness of the samples increased and their cohesiveness decreased. In sensory evaluation, the addition of 5% Cirsium setidens Nakai powder showed the best score in taste and overall preference. Over 3 days of storage, Sulgidduk showed a slightly high total bacterial count compared to control. Therefore, these results suggested that the addition of 5% Cirsium setidens Nakai powder could be applied for making Cirsium setidens Nakai powder Sulgidduk.

Changes in Antioxidant and Antiobesity Activities of Cirsium setidens Nakai Ethanolic Extract Depending on Different Harvest Time (수확시기별 고려엉겅퀴 주정추출물의 항산화 및 항비만 활성 비교)

  • Cho, Bong-Yeon;Lee, Jin-Ha;Choi, Sun-Il;Jung, Tae-Dong;Choi, Seung-Hyun;Ra, Moon-Jin;Kim, Sun-Young;Kang, Il-Jun;Han, Kyoung-Chan;Lee, Ok-Hwan
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.234-242
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to provide basic data of Cirsium setidens Nakai in different harvest time that will be applied for development of functional foods and ingredients. We investigated pectiolinarin and pectolinarigenin content, total flavonoids content and antioxidant effects (DPPH radical scavenging activity and ORAC assay) of C. setidens Nakai. Our results showed that the pectolinarin and total flavonoids contents of C. setidens Nakai in harvesting time ranged from $43.13{\pm}0.22$ to $95.65{\pm}0.34mg/g$ and from $32.81{\pm}1.68$ to $40.43{\pm}0.35mg$ rutin equivalent (RE)/g, respectively. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of C. setidens Nakai did not show differences in harvesting time. The oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value was highest in August (2016) extracts ($827.72{\mu}mole\;TE/g$). In addition, C. setidens Nakai exthanolic extract in harvesting time did not show any cytotoxicity up to $200{\mu}g/mL$. During adipocyte differentiation, C. setidens Nakai extract in harvesting time significantly inhibited lipid accumulation and ROS production, compared with the controls. These results suggest that C. setidens Nakai extract could be considered as a non-toxic natural resources of functional food ingredients and natural antioxidants.

Effects of Blanching Conditions by Various Salt Contents on the Quality Properties of Cirsium setidens Nakai (소금함량을 달리한 데치기 조건이 곤드레의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sung Jin;Lee, Dae Won;Park, Sung Hye;Rha, Young-Ah
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.280-290
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    • 2015
  • This study was carried out to investigate the change of the quality of wild edible plants, Cirsium setidens Nakai, blanched at various conditions. Samples were blanched under blanching conditions of $90^{\circ}C/25min$, $95^{\circ}C/15min$, and $100^{\circ}C/5min$, with salt concentrations of 0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5%. The color, texture (hardness), chlorophyll and total polyphenols were analyzed. The contents of polyphenol and hardness in Cirsium setidens Nakai were found to be decreased in relation to blanching time. With respect to sensory evaluation, the 3% treatment had a higher overall acceptability than other treatments. The optimal blanching condition was found to be $100^{\circ}C/5min$ and 3% salt.

Composition Analysis and Antioxidative Activity from Different Organs of Cirsium setidens Nakai (부위별 고려엉겅퀴(Cirsium setidens Nakai)의 이화학적 성상 및 항산화 활성 효과)

  • Lee, Seong-Hyeon;Jin, Ying-Shan;Heo, Seong-Il;Shim, Tae-Heum;Sa, Jae-Hoon;Choi, Dae-Sung;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.571-576
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    • 2006
  • In the present study, we investigated the compositions including protein, lipid, ash, carbohydrate, and minerals as well as antioxidant activity of Cirsium setidens Nakai in order to detect the biological activities and develop novel functional resources. Different organs commonly had the highest concentration of potassium among 7 minerals evaluated in this study. The leaf had K at the concentration of 5371.97 mg/100 g, while the flower, and stem, the root and the boiled leaf at the concentration of 1770.62 mg/100 g, 1983 mg/100 g, 6096.74 mg/100 g and 1604.2 mg/100 g, respectively. The monosaccharides were composed of the xylose, galactose and glucose. The xylose was only detected in the flower and stem and the galactose was only detected in the stem. DPPH scavenging activity was measured at the $88.22\;{\mu}g/mL$ and $111.19\;{\mu}g/mL$ in root and leaf at $IC_{50}$ value in ethanol extracts, while $53.27\;{\mu}g/mL$, $75.84\;{\mu}g/mL$ and $257.48\;{\mu}g/mL$ in flower, boiled leaf and stem at $IC_{50}$ value, respectively, in water extracts. These results suggest that extracts from Cirsium setidens Nakai can be potentially used as novel resources for antioxidant and biological active substances.

Anti-obesity Activities of Cirsium setidens Nakai Ethanolic Extract (고려엉겅퀴 주정 추출물을 함유하는 임상시험제품의 항비만 활성 평가)

  • Cho, Bong-Yeon;Choi, Sun-Il;Choi, Seung-Hyun;Sim, Wan-Sup;Xionggao, Han;Ra, Moon-Jin;Kim, Sun-Young;Kang, Il-Jun;Han, Kyoung-Chan;Lee, Ok-Hwan
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.389-398
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate anti-obesity activity of Cirsium setidens Nakai test material (CNTM) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and obese C57BL/6J mice fed with a high-fat diet using various obesity-related in vitro experiments. During adipocyte differentiation, CNTM significantly inhibited lipid accumulation and ROS production compared to controls. To evaluate whether CNTM could exert glycerol release effects on mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes, we treated cells with various concentrations of CNTM for 1 h. Treatment of mature adipocytes with $160-320{\mu}g/mL$ of CNTM increased the release of glycerol, but not in a significant dose-dependent manner. Anti-adipogenic and anti-lipogenic effects of CNTM seemed to be mediated by the inhibition of $PPAR{\gamma}$ and $C/EBP{\alpha}$. Moreover, CNTM stimulated fatty acid oxidation in an AMPK-dependent manner. CNTM-treated groups of C57BL/6J mice showed reduced body weights and adipose tissue weight with improving serum lipid profiles and adiponectin protein expression in obese C57BL/6J mice fed with a high-fat diet. These results suggest that CNTM might have anti-obesity effect on adipogenesis and lipid metabolism in vitro and in vivo. This presents the possibility of developing a treatment for obesity using nontoxic natural resources.