• Title, Summary, Keyword: C-P-N-D

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C-P-N-D Ecological System and ICCT (Information, Communication, Contents Technology) (C-P-N-D 생태계와 ICCT (Information, Communication, Contents Technology))

  • Choi, ChangHyeon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.7-16
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to analyze the key logic of the current C-P-N-D ICT ecological system, to find out the shortcomings of the current system, and then to offer policy suggestions for the establishment of a new creative contents industry ecological system; that is, ICCT (Information, Communication, Contents and Technology) System.

C-P-N-D Ecosystem-based Broadcasting/Media Virtual Reality (VR) Prospects (C-P-N-D 생태계 차원에서의 방송/미디어 분야 가상현실(VR) 발전 전망)

  • Lee, Jongseok;Suh, Kyoowon;Nam, Sanghun
    • Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2018
  • The growth of virtual reality(VR), which is regarded as a part of the 4th industrial revolution, is being delayed differently from the prediction. In this study, we briefly analyze these reasons from the point of view of CPND ecosystem. Virtual reality is a technology in which a user wears a device and accesses a platform through a network to use various contents. Therefore, balanced development of C-P-N-D ecosystem fields is important for successful popularization of virtual reality. In Korea, content, platforms, and devices, except for the network, are evaluated as having low competitiveness. While efforts to secure competitiveness in individual fields are important, it is also necessary to nurture network-based platforms that can utilize killer content. It should be kept in mind that simple breeding of killer content alone can not build an entire virtual reality C-P-N-D ecosystem, and the broadcast / media sector also needs to take this approach.

A Study on the Piezoelectric Characteristic of P(VDF-TrFE) Copolymer Thin Film by Physical Vapor Deposition Method (진공증착법을 이용한 P(VDF-TrFE) 공중합체 박막의 압전특성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, S.H.
    • Journal of the Korean Vacuum Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.220-225
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    • 2008
  • In this research, the P(VDF-TrFE) copolymer thin films were prepared by the physical vapor deposition and studied to their piezoelectric properties. In the case of a specimen produced by varying the deposition temperature from $260^{\circ}C$ to $300^{\circ}C$, its piezoelectric coefficient($d_{33}$) increased from 32.3pC/N to 36.28pC/N, and piezoelectric voltage coefficient($g_{33}$) from $793{\times}10^{-3}V{\cdot}m/N$ to $910.5{\times}10^{-3}V{\cdot}m/N$. On the basis of these experimental results, we concluded that the P(VDF-TrFE) copolymer thin film prepared at $300^{\circ}C$ showed the optimum piezoelectric properties. At the deposition temperature of $320^{\circ}C$, its piezoelectric coefficient(d33) decreased 25.3 pC/N and piezoelectric voltage coefficient($g_{33}$) $680{\times}10^{-3}V{\cdot}m/N$.

COUNTING FORMULA FOR SOLUTIONS OF DIAGONAL EQUATIONS

  • Moon, Young-Gu;Lee, June-Bok;Park, Young-Ho
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.803-810
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    • 2000
  • Let N($d_1,...,{\;}d_n;c_1,...,{\;}c_n$) be the number of solutions $(x_1,...,{\;}x_n){\in}F^{n}_p$ of the diagonal equation $c_lx_1^{d_1}+c_2x_2^{d_2}+{\cdots}+c_nx_n^{d_n}{\;}={\;}0{\;}n{\geq},{\;}c_j{\;}{\in}{\;}F^{*}_q,{\;}j=1,2,...,{\;}n$ where $d_j{\;}>{\;}1{\;}and{\;}d_j{\;}$\mid${\;}q{\;}-{\;}1$ for all j = 1,2,..., n. In this paper, we find all n-tuples ($d_1,...,{\;}d_n$) such that the reduced form of ($d_1,...,{\;}d_n$) and N($d_1,...,{\;}d_n;c_1,...,{\;}c_n$) are the same as in the theorem obtained by Sun Qi [3]. Improving this, we also get an explicit formula for the number of solutions of the diagonal equation, unver a certain natural restriction on the exponents.

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Fabrication of polycrystalline 3C-SiC thin film diodes (다결정 3C-SiC 박막 다이오드의 제작)

  • Ahn, Jeong-Hak;Chung, Gwiy-Sang
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.348-349
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    • 2007
  • This paper describes the electrical characteristics of polycrystalline (poly) 3C-SiC thin film diodes, in which poly 3C-SiC thin films on n-type and p-type Si wafers, respectively, were deposited by APCVD using HMDS, Hz, and Ar gas at $1180^{\circ}C$ for 3 hr. The schottky diode with Au/poly 3C-SiC/Si(n-type) structure was fabricated. Its threshold voltage ($V_d$), breakdown voltage, thickness of depletion layer, and doping concentration ($N_D$) values were measured as 0.84 V, over 140 V, 61nm, and $2.7\;{\times}\;10^{19}\;cm^3$, respectively. The p-n junction diodes fabricated on the poly 3C-SiC/Si(p-type) were obtained like characteristics of single 3C-SiC p-n junction diodes. Therefore, poly 3C-SiC thin film diodes will be suitable microsensors in conjunction with Si fabrication technology.

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THE COMPUTATION METHOD OF THE MILNOR NUMBER OF HYPERSURFACE SINGULARITIES DEFINED BY AN IRREDUCIBLE WEIERSTRASS POLYNOMIAL $z^n$+a(x,y)z+b(x,y)=0 in $C^3$ AND ITS APPLICATION

  • Kang, Chung-Hyuk
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.169-173
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    • 1989
  • Let V={(x,y,z):f=z$^{n}$ -npz+(n-1)q=0 for n .geq. 3} be a compled analytic subvariety of a polydisc in $C^{3}$ where p=p(x,y) and q=q(x,y) are holomorphic near (x,y)=(0,0) and f is an irreducible Weierstrass polynomial in z of multiplicity n. Suppose that V has an isolated singular point at the origin. Recall that the z-discriminant of f is D(f)=c(p$^{n}$ -q$^{n-1}$) for some number c. Suppose that D(f) is square-free. then we prove that by Theorem 2.1 .mu.(p$^{n}$ -q$^{n-1}$)=.mu.(f)-(n-1)+n(n-2)I(p,q)+1 where .mu.(f), .mu. p$^{n}$ -q$^{n-1}$are the corresponding Milnor numbers of f, p$^{n}$ -q$^{n-1}$, respectively and I(p,q) is the intersection number of p and q at the origin. By one of applications suppose that W$_{t}$ ={(x,y,z):g$_{t}$ =z$^{n}$ -np$_{t}$ $^{n-1}$z+(n-1)q$_{t}$ $^{n-1}$=0} is a smooth family of complex analytic varieties near t=0 each of which has an isolated singularity at the origin, satisfying that the z-discriminant of g$_{t}$ , that is, D(g$_{t}$ ) is square-free. If .mu.(g$_{t}$ ) are constant near t=0, then we prove that the family of plane curves, D(g$_{t}$ ) are equisingular and also D(f$_{t}$ ) are equisingular near t=0 where f$_{t}$ =z$^{n}$ -np$_{t}$ z+(n-1)q$_{t}$ =0.}$ =0.

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Carbon, Nitrogen and Phosphorous Ratios of Zooplankton in the Major River Ecosystems (국내 주요 강 생태계 내 동물플랑크톤의 탄소, 질소, 인 비율 해석)

  • Kim, Hyun-Woo;La, Geung-Hwan;Jeong, Kwang-Seuk;Kim, Dong-Kyun;Hwang, Soon-Jin;Lee, Jaeyong;Kim, Bomchul
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.581-587
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    • 2013
  • The amounts of carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in relation to dry weight (D.W.) were measured in zooplankton from the large four rivers (Han R., Geum R., Yeongsan R. and Seomjin R.) during 2004~2008. The stoichiometry of total zooplankton in four river systems was highly variable. The ranges of average C, N and P-contents were $70{\sim}620mgC\;mg^{-1}$ D.W., $7.1{\sim}85.5{\mu}gN\;mg^{-1}$ D.W. and $2.5{\sim}7.4{\mu}gP\;mg^{-1}$ D.W., respectively. The mean C :N: P atomic ratios reflected large spatial differences. The C : P and N : P ratios of the zooplankton community ranged from 38 to 392 : 1 and from 4 to 65 : 1 in all sampling sites. Self-Organizing Map (SOM) was applied to the survey data, and the study sites were clearly classified into 3 clusters. Clustering was largely affected by the distribution pattern of C, N, P-contents, which is related with characteristics of river systems on the basis of stoichiometry.

Conditions for Artificial Culture of Lemna Paucicostata and Potentiality as an Alternative Biomass Source (바이오매스 자원으로서의 Lemna Paucicostata의 인공배양조건과 이화학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kwag, Jung-Hoon;Lee, Jin-Eui;Kim, Ki-Hye;Eum, Hye-Yeong;Shin, Jong-Suh;Ra, Chang-Six
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.143-152
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    • 2010
  • Conditions for artificial culture of Lemna Paucicostata and its nutritional values were examined in this study. Lemna P. was cultured using artificial wastewater and a bioreactor (total volume $2,630\;cm^3$, working volume $2,240\;cm^3$) was operated at conditions of 6,250 lux and $28^{\circ}C$. Water flow affected the growth of Lemna P.: growth rate was very high (more than $1.1\;d^{-1}$) at a condition of no-water movement, but it was very low (less than $0.15\;d^{-1}$) when water moved slowly. The growth of Lemna P. was higher in $16h\;d^{-1}$ light cycle than in Sand $24h\;d^{-1}$, and it was also severely affected by the initial $NH_4$-N levels of wastewater. The growth rate of Lemna P. was high in lower $NH_4$-N level, indicating that the growth rate is in inverse proportion to $NH_4$-N concentration in wastewater. However, the contents of crude protein (CP) of Lemna P. were proportional to the initial $NH_4$-N concentration. The CP contents of Lemna P. cultured at 2, 10, 50 and 100 $NH_4$-N mg $L^{-1}$ was 18, 24, 37, 43%, respectively, showing the Lemna P. cultured at 50 and $100\;mg\;L^{-1}$ had similar protein contents to linseed (CP 35%), cottonseed (CP 38%) and soybean (CP 45%). Fat, protein, fiber, NDF and ADF contents of Lemna P. harvested at conditions of $16h\;d^{-1}$ light cycle and less than $2\;mg\;L^{-1}$ of $NH_4$-N level was 2.8, 18, 27, 20, 41 and 65.7%, respectively. Since the growth rate of Lemna P. was very high (more than $1.1\;d^{-1}$) at those conditions, it was convinced that mass production of valuable protein and fiber sources are feasible. In particular, since the Lemna P. has unsaturated fatty acids found mainly in animal fat as well as beneficial fatty acids to health such as C18:ln9c, C18:2n6c, C20:5n3 and C22:2, the Lemna P. biomass would be a highly valuable alternative feed source to grains.

Hydrolysis Mechanism of N-(benzoyl)-C-(N-methylanilino)imidoylchloride Derivatives (N-(benzoyl)-C-(N-methylanilino)imidoylchloride 유도체의 가수분해 반응메카니즘)

  • Kwon Ki-Sung;Lee Yong-Gu;Sung Nack-Do;Kim Chon-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.618-625
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    • 1993
  • Rate constants of hydrolysis of N-(benzoyl)-C-(N-methylanilino)imidoylchlorides were determined by UV spectrophotometry in 50% (v/v) aqueous methanol at 25$^{\circ}C$. On the basis of rate equation, substituent effect, solvent effect, salt effect, thermodynamic parameters and hydrolysis product analysis, it may be concluded that the hydrolysis of N-(benzoyl)-C-(N-methylanilino)imidoylchlorides proceed through $S_N$1 mechanism via azocarbonium ion intermediate in the range of from pH 3.0 to pH 10.0, while above pH 10.0 and below pH 3.0 the hydrolysis proceeds through nucleophilic addition-elimination (A$d_{N-E}$) mechanism.

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SOME RESULTS ON UNIQUENESS OF MEROMORPHIC SOLUTIONS OF DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS

  • Gao, Zong Sheng;Wang, Xiao Ming
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.959-970
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we investigate the transcendental meromorphic solutions with finite order of two different types of difference equations $${\sum\limits_{j=1}^{n}}a_jf(z+c_j)={\frac{P(z,f)}{Q(z,f)}}={\frac{{\sum_{k=0}^{p}}b_kf^k}{{\sum_{l=0}^{q}}d_lf^l}}$$ and $${\prod\limits_{j=1}^{n}}f(z+c_j)={\frac{P(z,f)}{Q(z,f)}={\frac{{\sum_{k=0}^{p}}b_kf^k}{{\sum_{l=0}^{q}}d_lf^l}}$$ that share three distinct values with another meromorphic function. Here $a_j$, $b_k$, $d_l$ are small functions of f and $a_j{\not{\equiv}}(j=1,2,{\ldots},n)$, $b_p{\not{\equiv}}0$, $d_q{\not{\equiv}}0$. $c_j{\neq}0$ are pairwise distinct constants. p, q, n are non-negative integers. P(z, f) and Q(z, f) are two mutually prime polynomials in f.