• Title, Summary, Keyword: By-product

Search Result 17,916, Processing Time 0.077 seconds

New Switchable Transmissive/Reflective LCD Mode Device

  • Kim, Yeon-Ji;Heo, Hong-Seok;Ko, Jeong-Hoon;Kim, Jin-Ho;Choi, Sang-Ho;Jeon, Il;Hwang, Seong-Han;Lee, Joun-Ho;Kim, Kyeong-Jin;Choi, Hyun-Chul
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.597-599
    • /
    • 2009
  • We have developed new type of LCD Device which enables switching from reflective to tranmissive LCD mode and vice versa according to brightness of the surrounding. Alternation in these modes are possible by adding on circular polarized sheet and retardation film onto the bottom polarizer which allows the control of the back light and the LCD cell gamma voltage depending on the atmosphere. This method has been evaluated and confirmed by running on the LCD module device in which we have optimized retardation value by Poincare polarizer analysis.

  • PDF

Analysis of Failure in Product Design Experiments by using Product Data Analytics (제품자료 분석을 통한 제품설계 실험 실패 요인 분석)

  • Do, Namchul
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
    • /
    • v.40 no.4
    • /
    • pp.366-374
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study assessed and analysed a result of a product design experiment through Product Data Analytics (PDA), to find reasons for failure of some projects in the experiment. PDA is a computer-based data analysis that uses Product Data Management (PDM) databases as its operational databases. The study examines 20 product design projects in the experiment, which are prepared to follow same product development process by using an identical PDM system. The design result in the PDM database is assessed and analysed by On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) and data mining tools in PDA. The assesment and analysis reveals the lateness in creation of 3D CAD models as the main reason of the failure.

Antioxidant Effects of Kochujang with Added Omija (Schizandra chinensis) By-product Extract Powder (오미자박 압착액 분말을 첨가한 고추장의 항산화 효과)

  • Kim, Jinkyung;Kang, Soon Ah
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.31 no.3
    • /
    • pp.388-394
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to investigate the antioxidant activity of Kochujang following the addition of Omija (Schizandra chinensis Baillon) by-product extract powder. This study specifically investigated the total levels of phenolics and flavonoids, the activities of DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging, and FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power). Our results showed that the total phenolic and flavonoid contents of unmodified Kochujang were 4.06 mg TAE/g and 2.87 mg TAE/g, respectively, and that the total phenolic and flavonoid contents of Kochujang with added Omija by-product extract powder were 3.89~5.19 mg TAE/g and 3.11~5.35 mg TAE/g, respectively. As more Omija by-product extract powder was added, the more the total levels of phenolic compounds and flavonoids increased. This study found that DPPH radical scavenging activity in unmodified Kochujang was 25.8% and that in Kochujang with added Omija by-product extract powder was 27.1~39.7% each. These results indicate that Omija by-product extract powder has possibility not only in Kochujang products but also as a functional food with antioxidant activity characteristics. These results also indicate that adding Omija by-product extract powder to Kochujang had significant effects on overall acceptability. Thus, the addition of 5 or 10% of Omija by-product extract powder is desirable for making Kochujang.

A Study of Product Information Quality Verification in Database Construction of Naval Ship Product Models (실적선 데이터베이스 구축을 위한 함정 제품모델의 데이터 품질검증에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Dae-Kyun;Shin, Jong-Gye;Choi, Yang-Ryul
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
    • /
    • v.46 no.1
    • /
    • pp.57-68
    • /
    • 2009
  • In automotive industries, reusability of product information is increasing through database construction of previous product data. The product data is stored by data quality management in product information systems. For naval ships, have the functional similarity by the ships of the same classification and class, that are built by series. Information of hull structures as well as embarked equipments are similar. So it would be effective to use database systems that are considered product information quality of previous ships in design and production processes. In this paper we discuss product information quality in database construction of naval ship product models. For this, we propose a basic concept and reference model for data quality verification. Based on this concept, A verification guideline is defined and it is applied for the case study of the digital naval ship which was built to the naval ship product model.

The Effect of On-line Product Presentation : A Comparative Study between 3D and General Product Presentation

  • liu, Shuo
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
    • /
    • v.8 no.5
    • /
    • pp.15-21
    • /
    • 2017
  • Purpose - This research aims to examine the effects of 3D online products presentation by comparing it with general presentation. Research design, data, and methodology - To rigorously investigate the differences of effects between 3D presentation and general presentation, this study examines the differences of the two presentations in vividness, informedness, entertainment, product trust, and purchase intention. This research designed two different forms of online product presentations, 3D and general presentation for an experiment. Results - The research findings indicate that 1) the vividness of online product presentation has a positive impact on the informedness and entertainment. While both vividness and informedness product presentation have a positive impact on product trust, the entertainment of online product presentation has no significant impact. 2) Vividness, informedness, entertainment, product trust, and purchasing intention showed significant differences between 3D and general product presentations. 3) Overall, 3D product presentation showed a stronger impact on purchasing intention than the general product presentation. Conclusions - This research expands the area of business presentation by comparing the differences of 3D and general presentation methods. This study made a great contribution to theory development, and also to guidelines for practice. These insights could be used by organizations in developing realistic environments for business presentations.

Study on the Deformation of Die and Product in Closed Die Upsetting (밀폐 업셋팅에서 금형과 제품 변형에 관한연구)

  • 박용복
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.94-97
    • /
    • 1999
  • The study has been performed for the relation between die and product in closed die upsetting by the experiment. the strain of die has been given by the simple experiment using the strain gauge located at the outer surface of die and the deformation history of die and product has been given by the experiment and Lame's formula. the product with accurate dimension and shape can be obtained by analysing elastic deformation of die during upsetting process. The deformation of die during metal forming process has been given by the experiment and lame's formula. The product with accurate dimension and shape can be obtained by analysing elastic deformation of die during upsetting process. The deformation of die during metal forming process has been usually predicted by the experience of industrial engineers of finite element analysis. But it is difficult to predict the dimension of product at unloading and ejected states. The study has given useful result for the deformation history of die and product through the experiment and Lame's formula at closed die upsetting and can be applied in the die design for product with accurate dimension.

  • PDF

The Effects of Product Line Rivalry: Focusing on the Issue of Fighting Brands (경쟁산품선적영향(竞争产品线的影响): 관주전두품패(关注战斗品牌))

  • Koh, Dong-Hee
    • Journal of Global Academy of Marketing Science
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.24-31
    • /
    • 2009
  • Firms produce various products that differ by function, design, color, etc. Product proliferation occurs for three different reasons. When there exist economies of scope, the unit cost for a product is lower when it is produced in conjunction with another product than when it is produced separately. Second, consumers are heterogeneous in the sense that they have different tastes, preferences, or price elasticities. A firm can earn more profit by segmenting consumers into different groups with similar characteristics. For example, product proliferation helps a firm increase profits by satisfying various consumer needs more precisely. The third reason for product proliferation is based on strategy. Producing a number of products can not only deter entry by providing few niches, but can also cause a firm to react efficiently to a low-price entry. By producing various products, a firm can reduce niches so that potential entrants have less incentive to enter. Moreover, a firm can produce new products in response to entry, which is called fighting brands. That is, when an entrant tries to attract consumers with a low price, an incumbent introduces a new lower-quality product while maintaining the price of the existing product. The drawback of product proliferation, however, is cannibalization. Some consumers who would have bought a high-price product switch to a low-price product. Moreover, it is possible that proliferation can decrease profits when a new product is less differentiated from a rival’s than is the existing product because of more severe competition. Many studies have analyzed the effect of product line rivalry in the areas of economics and marketing. They show how a monopolist can solve the problem of cannibalization by adjusting quality in a market where consumers differ in their preferences for quality. They find that a consumer who prefers high-quality products will obtain his or her most preferred quality, but a consumer who has not such preference will obtain less than his or her preferred quality to reduce cannibalization. This study analyzed the effects of product line rivalry in a duopoly market with two types of consumers differentiated by quality preference. I assume that the two firms are asymmetric in the sense that an incumbent can produce both high- and low-quality products, while an entrant can produce only a low-quality product. The effects of product proliferation can be explained by comparing the market outcomes when an incumbent produces both products to those when it produces only one product. Compared to the case in which an incumbent produces only a high-quality product, the price of a low-quality product tends to decrease in a consumer segment that prefers low-quality products because of more severe competition. Prices, however, tend to increase in a segment with high preferences because of less severe competition. It is known that when firms compete over prices, it is optimal for a firm to increase its price when its rival increases its price, which is called a strategic complement. Since prices are strategic complements, we have two opposing effects. It turns out that the price of a high-quality product increases because the positive effect of reduced competition outweighs the negative effect of strategic complements. This implies that an incumbent needs to increase the price of a high-quality product when it is also introducing a low-quality product. However, the change in price of the entrant’s low-quality product is ambiguous. Second, compared to the case in which an incumbent produces only a low-quality product, prices tend to increase in a consumer segment with low preferences but decrease in a segment with high preferences. The prices of low-quality products decrease because the negative effect outweighs the positive effect. Moreover, when an incumbent produces both kinds of product, the price of an incumbent‘s low-quality product is higher, even though the quality of both firms’ low-quality products is the same. The reason for this is that the incumbent has less incentive to reduce the price of a low-quality product because of the negative impact on the price of its high-quality product. In fact, the effects of product line rivalry on profits depend not only on changes in price, but also on sales and cannibalization. If the difference in marginal cost is moderate compared to the difference in product quality, the positive effect of product proliferation outweighs the negative effect, thereby increasing the profit. Furthermore, if the cost difference is very large (small), an incumbent is better off producing only a low (high) quality product. Moreover, this study also analyzed the effect of product line rivalry when a firm can determine product characteristics by focusing on the issue of fighting brands. Recently, Korean air and Asiana airlines have established budget airlines called Jin air and Air Busan, respectively, to confront the launching of budget airlines such as Hansung airline and Jeju air, among others. In addition, as more online bookstores have entered the market, a leading off-line bookstore Kyobo began its own online bookstore. Through fighting brands, an incumbent with a high-quality product can increase profits by producing an additional low-quality product when its low-quality product is more differentiated from that of the entrant than is its high-quality product.

  • PDF

Design a Management Model based on the Product Characterstic Area for Successful New Product Development (성공적인 신제품개발을 위한 제품속성역별 효율적 관리모형의 설계에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Cheol-Shin;Ahn, Ki-Hyun;Lee, Jae-Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Quality Management Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.435-439
    • /
    • 2010
  • The purpose of this paper is to design a new management model based on the grill-formed product charscteristic area(PCA) which specify the position of products classified by the level of market and technology. This product characteristic area is composed of 9 cells and the cases sorted by market and technology are analyzed by each cell. Conclusion of this study based on many significant results gained by the various multi-variate analysis is summarized as follows; First, it can be noted that success/failure factor and progress stages are different by each cell. Second, a new management model is designed by combining the Motive Resource, Success/Failure(S/F) factors, and Progress Stages of New Product Development. Third, success products featured a balance between marketing oriented and technically oriented activities. A new attemp that combine S/F factors with development stages by each product cell will be of great usefulness for further study.

  • PDF

Development of Product Specification Management System for Product Data Integration Framework in Customer-Oriented Manufacturing Enterprise (고객지향 수주생산 기업에서 제품정보 통합체계를 위한 제품사양관리시스템 구축)

  • Jung, Soon-Il;Kim, Jae-Gyun;Jang, Gil-Sang
    • IE interfaces
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.18-32
    • /
    • 2008
  • In recent, a general trend is observed towards more customized products and shorter product life cycles in manufacturing companies. In these companies, customers often wish to influence the product they order and to get a variant of product that meets their requirements. This environment is called as a customer-oriented manufacturing companies. This paper presents a procedure of product specification management for customer-oriented manufacturing companies by using product specification framework. This framework is founded on the product specification based product structure which is made of model, specification, function, and part. Also, a product specification management system(PSMS) is implemented by using the proposed product specification framework and is a core system in product data integration system. To illustrate an utilization of the proposed framework and procedure, a case of a ship engine product is applied. As a result, PSMS reduces delivery time and improves customer relationships. Moreover, the case shows that PSMS can be used as a tool for improving inter-department coordination within a company during product life cycle.

Evaluation of Module Degree Considering Assembly and Disassembly (조립과 분리를 고려한 제품의 모듈정도 평가)

  • Mok, Hak-Soo;Yang, Tae-Il;Hwang, Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
    • /
    • v.17 no.8
    • /
    • pp.140-150
    • /
    • 2000
  • In this paper module of a product is determined by the characteristics of a product itself and process. To analyze the characteristics of the product information on subassemblies and parts can be obtained by analyzing the existing product. Based on the analysis of characteristics of product structure and function determination rules of a module degree could be proposed for assembly and disassembly process and product structure and function. By applying these rules of a module, module of a product is classified into full half and non-module depending on the module degree of a product. As a result of module degree analysis simpler assembly process and reduced structural interference can be realized. For the product function simpler updated and multi function can be also achieved.

  • PDF