• 제목, 요약, 키워드: By-product

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소셜미디어와 PDM 시스템을 활용한 협업적 제품자료관리 교육 (Education of Collaborative Product Data Management by Using Social Media in a Product Data Management System)

  • 도남철
    • 한국CDE학회논문집
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.254-262
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    • 2015
  • This study proposes an approach to Product Data Management (PDM) education for collaborative product data management, which can support collaborative product development process. This approach introduces social media and a PDM system into a framework for PDM education supported by consistent product development process and product data model. It has been applied to two PDM classes and the result shows that the social media in PDM education can support not only experiences of the collaborative product data management but also interactive and informal communications among instructors and participants using integrated social media with product data during courses.

신제품의 혁신 속성과 계획적 진부화가 소비자의 구매의도에 미치는 영향 (The Influence of a New Product's Innovative Attributes and Planned Obsolescence on Consumer Purchase Intention)

  • 박철주
    • 유통과학연구
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.81-90
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - To vitalize a market or develop a new one, companies frequently release new products into the market, often by shortening the time to market, called the release period. This research aims to investigate the purchase intention behavior of consumers in terms of buying new products at the time of product release based on the release speed. Research Design, Data, and Methodology - The research reviews the influence of relative advantage, complexity, and compatibility among innovative attributes of new products, as proposed by Rogers. Moreover, it examines the moderating effect of the innovative new product attributes in terms of speed of obsolescence of old products and how that influences consumer purchase behavior. Additionally, this study tests the research hypotheses using empirical analysis. Results - The analysis demonstrated that the relative predominance (H1) and suitability (H3) of new products had a statistically significant positive influence on new product purchase intention. However, the complexity (H2) of new products had a statistically significant positive influence on new product purchase intention in contrast to its predicted sign (-). The results of the moderating effect of the old product use period were as follows. H4-1 was not supported since the difference between the path coefficients of the group with the low level old product use period and the group with the high level, represented by the relationship of relative predominance and new product purchase intention, was not statistically significant. H5-1 was also not supported since the difference between the path coefficients of the group with the low level of old product use period and the group with the high level, represented by the relationship of complexity and new product purchase intention, was not statistically significant. However, H4-2 was supported since the difference between the path coefficients of the group with the low level of old product use frequency and the group with the high level, represented by the relationship of relative advantage and new product purchase intention was statistically significant. H5-2 was not supported since the difference between the path coefficients of the group with the low level of old product use frequency and the group with the high level, represented by the relationship of complexity and new product purchase intention, was not statistically significant. H6-2 was also not supported since the difference between the path coefficients of the group with the low level of old product use frequency and the group with the high level, represented by the relationship of compatibility and new product purchase intention, was not statistically significant. Conclusion - According to the results, only H4-2 among the hypotheses on the moderating effect of the old product use period and use frequency was statistically significant. Future research should focus on carrying out a detailed review of the hypothesis on the moderating effect of the old product usage period and frequency, find the cause, and connect this to potential new research.

"ㄱ" 단면 형상 제품의 압출굽힘 가공에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Extru-Bending Process of the Product with "ㄱ" Section)

  • 이경국;진인태
    • 한국소성가공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.371-374
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    • 2003
  • The bending process for the "ㄱ" section product can be developed by the hot metal extrusion machine with the two punches moving in the different velocity. The bending phenomenon can be controlled by difference of velocity at the die exit section by the different velocity of billets through the two-hole container. The results of the experiment show that "ㄱ" section product can be bended by the extrusion process and that the curvature of the product can be controlled by the velocity of punch and that the defects such as the distortion of section and the thickness change of the product and the folding and wrinkling of the product did not happen after the bending processing by the extrusion bending machine.

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상품후기 작성자에 대해 상품후기 독자가 느끼는 유사성이 상품후기 독자에게 미치는 영향 (Effects of Perceived Similarity between Consumers and Product Reviewers on Consumer Behaviors)

  • 김지영;서응교;서길수
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.67-90
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    • 2008
  • Prior to making choices among online products and services, consumers often search online product reviews written by other consumers. Online product reviews have great influences on consumer behavior because they are believed to be more reliable than information provided by sellers. However, ever-increasing lists of product reviews make it difficult for consumers to find the right information efficiently. A customized search mechanism is a method to provide personalized information which fits the user's requirements. This study examines effects of a customized search mechanism and perceived similarity between consumers and product reviewers on consumer behaviors. More specifically, we address the following research questions: (1) Can a customized search mechanism increase perceived similarity between product review authors and readers? (2) Are product reviews perceived as more credible when product reviews were written by the authors perceived similar to them? (3) Does credibility of product reviews have a positive impact on acceptance of product reviews? (4) Does acceptance of product reviews have an influence on purchase intention of the readers? To examine these research questions, a lab experiment with a between-subject factor (whether a customized search mechanism is provided or not) design was employed. In order to enhance mundane realism and increase generalizability of the findings, the experiment sites were built based on a real online store, cherrya.com (http://www.cherrya.com/). Sixty participants were drawn from a pool that consisted of undergraduate and graduate students in a large university. Participation was voluntary; all the participants received 5,000 won to encourage their motivation and involvement in the experiment tasks. In addition, 15 participants, who selected by a random draw, received 30,000 won to actually purchase the product that he or she decided to buy during the experiment. Of the 60 participants, 25 were male and 35 were female. In examining the homogeneity between the two groups, the results of t-tests revealed no significant difference in gender, age, academic years, online shopping experience, and Internet usage. To test our research model, we completed tests of the measurement models and the structural models using PLS Graph version 3.00. The analysis confirmed individual item reliability, internal consistency, and discriminant validity of measurements. The results show that participants feel more credible when product reviews were written by the authors perceived similar to them, credibility of product reviews have a positive impact on acceptance of product reviews, and acceptance of product reviews have an influence on purchase intention of the readers. However, a customized search mechanism did not increase perceived similarity between product review authors and readers. The results imply that there is an urgent need to develop a better customized search tool in order to increase perceived similarity between product review authors and readers.

제품사용설명서의 작성원칙이 소비자의 제품사고예방에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of the Writing Rules of Product User Guide on Consumer Accident Prevention)

  • 서준혁;배성민
    • 품질경영학회지
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.509-522
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze how the writing rules of the product user guide affect consumers' understanding of products and the prevention of product accidents. Methods: We surveyed consumers to see how the writing rules of the product user guide help consumers to understand products and prevent product accidents. Results: We derived the importance, necessity, usability, and readability of the principle of making product manuals through analysis of previous research. Usability is the writing rule of the product user guide that the consumer has the most influence on the understanding of product use and the product accident. Conclusion: It is necessary to make product user guide so that consumers can understand the function and safety of products by using video and various image media. Also, It is the obligation to explain all stages of the product and to communicate through the product user guide how to prevent the product accident step by step.

사용상황별 제품유형에 따른 온라인 점포 제품디스플레이의 유용성 - 제품 휴대성의 조절효과를 중심으로 - (The Usefulness of Product Display of Online Store by the Product Type of Usage Situation - Focusing on the moderate effect of the product portability -)

  • 이동일;최승훈
    • 한국유통학회지:유통연구
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2011
  • 오프라인 구매환경과는 달리 온라인 환경에서는 제품을 직접 눈으로 확인하고 만져 볼 수 없다. 때문에 온라인 쇼핑몰을 구축하고 운영하는 입장에서는 보다 구체적인 제품정보를 제공해야 하며(김광석 2008), Alba (1997)는 제공된 정보의 질은 소비자들이 구매 후 만족을 얼마나 예상할 수 있는 가로 결정된다고 정의한 바 있다. 이에 패션 의류 온라인 쇼핑몰을 중심으로 실제 모델이 제품을 착용한 사진정보(실착사진)를 제공함으로써 실제 제품사용에 따른 결과를 제시하여 제품정보의 유용성을 높이고 있다. 한편 온라인 환경에서 소비자들의 제품에 대한 제한된 지각을 극복하는 또 다른 수단으로써, 가상제품경험은 가장 효과적인 것으로 논의되어 왔다(Jiang & Benbasat 2005). 그러나 가상현실도구의 도입과 지속적 활용에는 일반적인 텍스트/사진 정보와 비교해 높은 비용과 기술적 전문성을 요구한다(Shaffer 2006). 이는 특히 영세 소매상 입장에서 시장에 대한 진입장벽으로 작용하는 한편, 소비자의 정보처리과정에서는 오히려 단순한 형태의 정보에 비하여 더 높은 수준의 인지적 노력을 요구할 수 있다. 따라서 이러한 도구들의 활용하는 것이 소비자들의 정보과부하를 초래해 제품에 대한 핵심정보 취득을 방해하고, 소비자의 지각된 정보유용성에 부정적 영향을 미칠 수 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 제품유형을 소비자들의 제품 사용상황에 따라 휴대제품과 설치제품으로 구분하고, 이때 정지사진, 실착사진, VR로 대별되는 제품정보의 형태에 따른 소비자들의 지각된 정보의 유용성, 쇼핑몰에 대한 태도와 품질평가, 구매의도, 재방문 의도를 측정하기 위한 실험을 진행했다. 그 결과 소비자 구매의도에 영향을 미치는 종속변수군에 대해 제품유형과 제품정보형태가 상호작용효과를 일으키는 것을 확인할 수 있었다.

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신규제품 아키텍처 개발을 위한 기업조직의 설계 -PDA 개발에 있어 샤프와 카시오의 개발조직 비교 분석-

  • 위정현
    • 기술경영경제학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.44-68
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the organizational design and management of product development in creating new product architecture by an established firm. For the purpose, the paper put up the organizational design in the process of PDA(Personal Digital Assistant) development of Sharp and Casio which were Japanese major PDA firms in 1990s. PDA is the product born through architectural change from Electronic Organizer. Prior research on the product architecture change and organizational adaptation emphasized that an established firm is difficult to adapt to new product architecture due to the restriction of prior technology or organizational inertia. For overcoming these problems and successful development of new product architecture, organizational design and management in the process of product development becomes essential. In case of Sharp, corporate development project team had been used to overcome the restrictions from architectural knowledge accumulated through previous product. After launching first new PDA by corporate development project team, Sharp created a new division and pushed an evolution of PDA, when new PDA market start to grow up rapidly toward a major market segmentation. As a result, Sharp was able to build up stable PDA project trajectory. However, Casio was late for three years in launching of new PDA architecture because previous division charging of Electronic Organizer tried to develop first new PDA. Casio's PDA development was prohibited by engineers of previous division because new PDA architecture was inferior on user interface and display definition. That is, Casio's first PDA development was restricted by architectural knowledge of previous product.

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FMEA기법을 이용한 화학제품의 PL 대응체계 연구 (A Study on Product Liability Response System of Chemical Products by Using Failure Mode and Effect Analysis)

  • 고재욱;유진환;김대흠
    • 한국가스학회지
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.30-35
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    • 2003
  • 제조물책임(Product Liability : PL)이란 제조물의 결함으로 인하여 소비자 또는 제3자의 생명, 신체, 재산 등에 손해가 발생했을 경우 그 제조물의 제조자 또는 판매자 등에게 손해배상 책임을 부과시키는 법으로 국내에서는 제조물책임법은 2002년 7월 시행되었다. 본 연구에서 FMEA를 이용한 화학제품의 제조물책임 대응체계를 구성하였으며, 깍N-Dimethyethylamine을 사례로 적용하여 연구를 진행하였다. 우선 화학제품의 취급설명서 역할을 하는 MSDS(Material Safety Data Sheet)를 통해 제품의 정보를 파악하고, 제품의 결함으로 인한 영향을 분석하는 FMEA기법을 적용하여 결함의 심각도, 결함의 발생빈도 및 검출도의 곱으로 정의된 RPN(Risk Priority Number)에 의하여 위험성을 정량적으로 제시하였다.

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소비자의 특성이 온라인 상품평 활용의도에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Consumer Characteristics on Intention to Use Product Reviews to Make Online Purchasing Decisions)

  • 박윤주
    • 한국IT서비스학회지
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzes the variable consumer characteristics that influence the intention to use online product reviews. In online e-commerce, where purchases take place without consumers seeing the products in person, the product reviews left by other consumers who have already purchased the product are believed to be valuable information. However, when different consumers read the same product review, their responses to it may vary. This study analyzes the characteristics of consumers who utilize product reviews for their purchases. Consumer characteristics are categorized into personal information, personality, purchasing tendency, and experience related to product reviews. These factors are examined to see if they have direct or indirect effects on a consumer's intention to use product reviews when making online purchases. We surveyed a total of 240 consumers who had experience using e-commerce and knew about online product reviews. Once the data was collected, path analysis was conducted using the statistics tool AMOS. The study results reveal that consumers who are female, extroverted, and have higher price sensitivity think that product reviews left by others are useful, and that this "perceived usefulness" has a positive effect on the intention to use product reviews for making online purchasing decisions. In addition, consumers who are agreeable to others, have high brand sensitivity, and who have left numerous reviews themselves demonstrated the tendency to trust reviews left by others more. Thus, we conclude that this "perceived reliability" makes it more likely that a consumer will use product reviews when making online purchasing decisions. Future research can be done to develop this study further by analyzing whether providing online product reviews corresponding to the personal characteristics of consumers enhances the effect of product reviews on online purchasing decisions.

공통 아키텍처 기반 제품계열 아키텍처 설계 (Design of Product-Line Architecture based-on Common Architecture)

  • 오영배;신성욱;김영갑;백두권
    • 한국IT서비스학회지
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.155-168
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    • 2006
  • Software product line is a software product or a set of software system, which has common functions. We can develop a specific software product, which satisfies requirements of a particular market segment and a mission in a specific domain by reusing the core asset such as the developed software architecture through the software product line. Software development methodology based on the software product line can develop a software more easily and fast by reusing the developed software core asset. Developed countries of software technology select software product line as a core field of software production technology, and support technology development. In case of USA, CMU/SEI(Carnegie Mellon University/Software Engineering Institute) developed product-line framework 4.0 together with the industry and the Department of Defense. Europe is supporting the development of product line technology through ITEA(IT for European Advancement) program. However, industries in our country understand the necessity of software production technology based on product line concept for the purpose of increasing productivity, it is not sufficient to invest for this technology development. In this paper, we aim to construct the common architecture of software product line for production of the software product line.