• Title, Summary, Keyword: Butterfly fauna

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Study on the Ecological Influences on the Butterfly Fauna of Islands in Korea - Roles of Island Area, Isolation, Latitude and Maximum Elevation - (한반도 도서지역 나비 종 수에 미치는 생태학적 영향에 관한 연구 -섬 면적, 격리정도, 위도 및 최고 고도의 역할-)

  • 최세웅
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.237-246
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    • 2000
  • The equilibrium theory of island biogeography describes that the number of species on an island is determined by two factors, island area and distance from mainland acting through extinction and immigration rates. I was analysed the relationships between species number and island area, latitude, and maximum elevation for butterflies on 71 islands in the Korean Peninsula. Among Korean islands, island area ($r^2$=0.405, P< 0.005) and habitat diversity ($r^2$=0.341, P<0.005) were significantly correlated, but distance from mainland ($r^2$=0.018, P>0.05) and latitude ($r^2$=0.040, P>0.05) were weakly correlated. The present and earlier studies on the butterfly species richness in Korean islands demonstrate that the butterfly fauna is closely related to the ecological variables, i.e., area, composition of flora and maximum elevation. [Equilibrium theory, butterfly, island area, latitude, distance from mainland, elevation]

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Pattern of Change of the Local Butterfly Community in a Rural Area of Southwestern Part of Korea (전남 서남부 농촌지역에 분포하는 나비군집의 변화 양상에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Sei-Woong;An, Jeong-Seop
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2015
  • We surveyed butterfly community in a rural area of the southwestern part of Korea to investigate the changes of species composition and their abundances between 2001~2002 and 2014. The butterfly survey was conducted at the same site using a line transect method. There was a significant decrease of the numbers of species and individuals between 2001~2002 and 2014. We categorized each species based on six ecological traits: habitat type, habitat breadth, food plant type, food plant breadth, number of generation per year and overwintering stage. The comparison of number of species using these ecological traits showed no difference during the 10-yr time intervals. However, the comparison of number of individuals for the ecological traits showed the significant differences except for one trait, overwintering stage. We could suspect that the decrease of butterflies in the study area was resulted from the habitat change. To investigate the causal factors and the changes of butterfly fauna, we need a long-term monitoring of the local butterfly community.

The Butterfly Community in Is. Guleopdo, Korea and the Dominance of the Endangered Species Argynnis nerippe (굴업도의 나비군집과 멸종위기종 왕은점표범나비의 우점현상)

  • Kim, Sung-Soo;Lee, Cheol-Min;Kwon, Tae-Sung
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.115-123
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    • 2011
  • Although Guleopdo is small island of only $1.71\;km^2$, the endangered butterfly species, Argynnis nerippe, is abundant there. This study was carried out to estimate the abundance of A. nerippe in Guleopdo, using quadrate, mark-recapture, and line-transect methods. Although the study was insufficient, the population size was estimated at 4,467 to 6,700 larvae and approx. 1,000 adults. A. nerippe was the most abundant among butterfly species in Guleopdo, and it comprised 32% of the total butterflies. A total of 28 butterfly species were observed in this study, and 3 species of these species were migrating species. When the abundance of A. nerippe throughout the country during the period from 1938 to 2010 was studied, we found that it decreased abruptly in the 2000s. Presently, A. nerippe inhabits a few locations in the mid-northern region and western islands. The relatively high numbers of A. nerippe in Guleopdo was due to conservation of natural grasslands and grazing of livestock, which provides adequate habitat for this species.

Estimation of Species Richness of Butterfly Community in the Gwangneung Forest, Korea (광릉 숲 나비군집의 종풍부도 산정)

  • Kwon, Tae-Sung;Byun, Bong-Kyu;Lee, Bong-Woo;Lee, Chi-Young;Shon, Jeong-Dal;Kang, Seung-Ho;Kim, Sung-Soo;Kim, Young-Kul
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.439-445
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    • 2009
  • Species richness (number of species) of the butterfly community in the Gwangneung forest, Korea, was estimated using data of the long-term butterfly monitoring, which had been carried out 291 times in the Korea National Arboretum or forest area of Gwangneung from 1998 to 2008. Abundance of each butterfly species was monitored using the line-transact method. In the present study, 13,333 butterflies belonging to 112 species were observed. Species accumulation curve and species richness was obtained using a software, EstimateS. The species accumulation curve shows an increase tendency even at 291 survey times, implying the possibility of the presence of a few unfound species. However, values of species richness estimated by the seven estimators were stabilized around 240-250 survey times. Species richness estimated by the estimators ranged from 120 species to 141 species with 128 species in average. However, the figure estimated by the previous studies since 1958 was 148 species. We estimated the reasonable scale of species richness on the base of recent analysis on the change of butterfly species. Species richness of the Korea National Arboretum was higher than that of natural forest and of plantation. However, species richness of butterfly was not different between natural forest and plantation. It is likely that increase of grasslands and habitat diversity in arboretum led to the increase of species richness of butterfly community.

Assessment on Diversity and Abundance of Butterflies in the Chunbul-dong Valley of the Soraksan by Line Transect Method (선조사법에 의한 설악산 천불동계곡 나비류의 다양성과 풍부도의 평가)

  • 권태성;박해철
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.171-183
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    • 1997
  • Diversity, abundance, species distributions and distributions of two strategists (specialist and geceralist) of butterflies were investigated monthly from June 1996 to Oct. 1996 by line transect method in the Chunbul-dong valley from park gate to Yangpok Sanjang. The butterfly faunas of the eight regions in Kwangwon province, Gyunggi proavince and Pusan were also studied by the same method to assess diversity and abundance of butterfly community in the study region. The 18 butterfly species in 7 families were found in this study and the 48 butterfly species in 7 families were distributed in the study area from thes study and the other researches. The 30 butterfly species reported in the other studies were not found in this study and Kaniska canace L. of them would be to decrease in density. In the study area, the common species were Artogeia melete M., Neptis sappho P. and Libythea celtis F.. The representative Korean common butterflies such as Artogeia rapae L., Colias erate E. and Papillio xuthus L. were rare. The PCA(Principal Component Analysis) ordinations indicate that habitat disturbance by human would be major factor for butterfly community and species distribution. Difference was not found in diversity according to habitat disturbance. Abundance, however, was higher in the disturbed region than the undisturbed region. Compared with the other regions, abundance was greatly lower and diversity was slightly lower than that of the other regions. Two strategists exhibited different distribution patterns. Generalists were found more commonly in the disturbed region and widely distributed in both of the disturbed region and the undisturbed region than specialists.

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Analysis on Changes, and Problems in Phonology of Butterflies in Gwangneung Forest (광릉 숲 나비류의 생활주기 변화분석 및 문제점)

  • Kwon, Tae-Sung;Byun, Bong-Kyu;Kang, Seung-Ho;Kim, Sung-Su;Lee, Bong-Woo;Kim, Young-Kul
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.209-216
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    • 2008
  • In order to find phenological change of butterflies due to global warming, we analyzed weekly monitoring data of butterfly at Gwangneung forest in 1958 and 2004. It was tested whether the timing of first flight and mean flight of butterflies in 2004 became earlier due to global warming compared with those in 1958 and whether the duration of flight period became longer. No significant difference was found in timing of first flight and in duration of flight period between 1958 and 2004. Furthermore, species showing delayed timing of mean flight was more abundant than species showing earlier timing of mean flight. Hence, the results do not confirm the predicted changes of phonology due to global warming. We discussed reasons on the non-apparent phenological changes despite the increase of temperature, and the problems and solutions in butterfly study on Korean butterfly fauna in utilization of butterflies as indicator for global warming.