• Title, Summary, Keyword: Butler-Volmer Equation

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Numerical Analysis of the electrochemical performance of a zinc-air fuel cell with an electrolyte flow (전해질 유동에 따른 아연/공기전지 성능의 수치해석적 연구)

  • Kim, Jungyun;Park, Sangmin;Oh, Taeyoung;Lee, Hoil
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.88.2-88.2
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구는 아연/공기전지 설계기술 개발을 위한 기초 연구로서 전산해석을 이용하여 전해질 유동에 따른 아연/공기전지의 성능 예측에 관한 것이다. 전산해석모델은 전기화학 방정식과 유체유동 방정식으로 구성하였으며, 화학종 반응에 관한 지배방정식으로는 Nernst-Planck식을 이용하였고 전극표면의 전기화학반응은 Butler-Volmer식을 이용하였다. 또한 유체유동 방정식은 Navier-Stoke식을 적용하여 전해질 유동에 따른 전기화학적 성능 변화를 모사하였다. 아연/공기전지 성능 평가 실험으로부터 얻은 I-V 곡선과 전산해석결과와의 비교/분석을 통하여 전기화학모델의 타당성을 검증하였으며, 유체 유동 방정식과의 연동해석을 적용하여 전해질 유입 위치 및 유입 속도에 따른 아연/공기전지의 성능 변화를 조사하였다. 아연/공기전지의 성능은 전해질 유입 위치가 아연극에 가까울수록, 유입 속도가 빠를수록 향상되는 것을 확인할 수 있었다.

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Numerical Analysis of the electrochemical performance of a zinc-air fuel cell (수치해석을 이용한 아연공기전지의 전기화학적 성능 연구)

  • Kim, Jungyun;Park, Sangmin;Oh, Taeyoung;Lee, Hoil
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.74.1-74.1
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    • 2010
  • 수치해석을 이용하여 형상 및 운전 조건에 따른 금속공기전지의 전기화학적 성능 변화를 조사하였다. 저전류밀도 영역에서의 전지 성능은 농도손실에 의한 영향이 미미하므로 활성화 손실과 저항손실만을 고려한 수치해서 모델을 적용하였다. 지배방정식은 전기전도식을 이용하였으며 전극 표면의 활성화손실을 모사하기위해 아연극(음극)에는 butler-volmer식을, 공기극(양극)에는 tafel식을 적용하였다. 실험결과와의 비교/분석을 통하여 수치해석 모델의 타당성을 검증하였다. 또한, 아연극과 공기극 사이의 간격과 전해질 농도 변화에 따른 아연공기전지 내부에서의 전류밀도분포를 조사하였으며, 분극곡선을 통해 전기화학적 성능을 평가하였다.

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Characteristic analysis of The Catalyst Layer and Gas Diffusion Layer Model for FEMFC optimal design (FEMFC 최적설계를 위한 촉매층모델과 기체확산층 특성해석)

  • Kwon, Kee-Hong
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.123-129
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    • 2017
  • Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (FEMFC) is a strong candidate for future automobile and power generation because of its high power density, low emission and low operation temperature. The major concerns of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) inside a FEMFC is water management. The GDL is typically comprised of carbon for electrical conductivity and PTFE for Hydrophobicity. In this simulation, GDL flooding was investigated using a simplified approach method of an established equation models(Fick' Law, Darcy, Law, Stefan-Maxwell diffusion). The performance of GDL was shown using result of the inner heat, water density and oxygen density of the cell using model equations. The catalyst layer mode in FEMFC showed results of effectiveness factor, Butler-volmer and hydrogen flux density. These results are interesting because the influence of several factors has been shown and the information will be helpful for fuel cell design.

Evaluation Modeling Heat Generation Behavior for Lithium-ion Battery Using FEMLAB (FEMLAB을 이용한 리튬이온전지의 발열특성 평가모델링)

  • Lee, Dae-Hyun;Yoon, Do-Young
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.320-324
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    • 2012
  • In the present study, the discharge characteristics of a lithium-ion battery was evaluated to calculate the rate of heat generation under various discharge rates by mathematical modeling. The modeling and simulation of a pseudo-two dimensional ionic transport system for governing Butler-Volmer equation were carried out by using FEMLAB as a PDE (partial differential equation) solver, where the discharge rate was changed from 5 $A/m^2$ to 25 $A/m^2$. The computational results showed that the concentration of consumed solid-phase lithium at the surface of electrode was increased with increasing discharge rates. While the resulting diffusion limitation occurred shortly, it increased the rate of heat generation even more rapidly for the internal voltage to approach the cutoff voltage of the lithium-ion battery.

Computational Modeling of Cyclic Voltammetry on Multi-electron Electrode Reaction using Diffusion Model (확산모델을 이용한 다중전자 전극반응에 대한 순환전위법의 전산모델링)

  • Cho, Ha-Na;Yoon, Do-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 2012
  • Here is implemented MATLAB program to analyze the characteristic curves of cyclic voltammetry which involves the multi-electron electrode reaction considered as key processes in electrochemical systems. For the electrochemical mass-transfer system, Fick's concentration equation subject to semi-infinite diffusion model for the boundary condition was discretized and solved by the explicit finite difference method. The resulting concentration values were converted into currents at each node by using Butler-Volmer equation. Based on the good agreement between the present numerical solution and the existing experimental results, effects of kinetic constants and CV scan rates on the reaction mechanism in multi-electron transfer processes were investigated effectively.

A Review on Electrochemical Model for Predicting the Performance of Lithium Secondary Battery (리튬이차전지 성능 모사를 위한 전기화학적 모델링)

  • Yang, Seungwon;Kim, Nayeon;Kim, Eunsae;Lim, Minhong;Park, Joonam;Song, Jihun;Park, Sunho;Appiah, Williams Agyei;Ryou, Myung-Hyun;Lee, Yong Min
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2019
  • As the application area of lithium secondary batteries becomes wider, performance characterization becomes difficult as well as diverse. To address this issue, battery manufacturers have to evaluate many batteries for a longer period, recruit many researchers and continuously introduce expensive equipment. Simulation techniques based on battery modeling are being introduced to solve such difficulties. Various lithium secondary battery modeling techniques have been reported so far and optimal techniques have been selected and utilized according to their purpose. In this review, the electrochemical modeling based on the Newman model is described in detail. Particularly, we will explain the physical meaning of each equation included in the model; the Butler-Volmer equation, which represents the rate of electrode reaction, the material and charge balance equations for each phase (solid and liquid), and the energy balance. Moreover, simple modeling processes and results based on COMSOL Multiphysics 5.3a will be provided and discussed.

Numerical Analysis of the Prediction of Zincate Concentration at a Zinc Electrode with Electrolyte Flow Conditions in a Zinc Air Fuel Cell (전해질 유동 조건에 따른 아연공기전지 아연극 표면의 Zincate 이온 농도 예측을 위한 수치해석적 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Yun;Lee, Ho-Il;Oh, Tae-Young;Park, Sang-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.231-238
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    • 2011
  • In this work, the numerical analysis for the zincate behavior at a zinc electrode with an electrolyte flow was carried out for a ZAFC. The Nernst-Planck equation with a boundary condition of Butler-Volmer type was adopted to describe electrochemical effects of mass transfer, migration, kinetics of electrode. The Navier-Stokes equation, coupling to the Nernst-Planck equation, is also applied to describe the internal electrolyte flow fields. The validity of the numerical model is proved through the comparative analysis between numerical and experimental results. The concentration of zincate and the current density were also investigated at a zinc anode according to various electrolyte velocities. We have found the concentration of zincate decreased and the current density increased with an increase in the electrolyte velocity.

Electrochemical model for the simulation of solid oxide fuel cells (고체산화물연료전지의 시뮬레이션을 위한 전기화학모델)

  • Park, Joon-Guen;Lee, Shin-Ku;Bae, Joong-Myeon
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.63-66
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    • 2008
  • This study presents 0-dimensional model for solid oxide fuel cells(SOFCs). The physics of the cell and the simplifying assumptions are presented, and only hydrogen participates in the electrochemical reaction. The electrical potential is predicted using this model. The Butler-Volmer equation is used to describe the activation polarization and the exchange current density is changed according to the partial pressure of reactants and the temperature. The electrical conductivities of electrodes and an electrolyte are calculated for the ohmic polarization. Material characteristics and temperature affect those factors. Analysis of concentration polarization based on transport of gaseous species through porous electrodes is incorporated in this model. Both binary diffusion and Knudsen diffusion are considered as the diffusion mechanism. For validation, simulation results at this work are compared with our experimental results and numerical results by other researchers.

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