• Title, Summary, Keyword: Burnout

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The Mediator Effect of Coping Strategies in the Relationship between Care Givers' Job Stress and Burnout (요양보호사의 직무스트레스와 소진과의 관계에서 스트레스 대처방식의 매개효과)

  • Moon, Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.341-350
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the level of care givers' job stress, burn-out and stress coping strategies and to determine the mediator effect of coping strategies in the relationship between job stress and burnout. The research subjects were 193 care givers for the elderly in Jeollanamdo. The data analysis was performed by using SPSS Win 17.0. The results of this study were as follows; The level of care givers' job stress which they perceived was 2.68 points in a scale of 5 points, stress coping strategies was 2.39 points in a scale of 4 points, and the degree of burnout was 2.27 points in a scale of 5 points. There was a positive correlation between the care givers' job stress and burnout. There was a negative correlation between the job stress and stress coping strategies. There was a positive correlation between the stress coping strategies and burnout. And the stress coping strategies showed mediating effects between the care givers' job stress and burnout. Accordingly, we found that stress coping strategies had an mediating effect on care givers' burnout and various coping strategies were related to the burnout.

The Relationship between Depression, Colleagues/supervisor's Emotional Support Levels and Burnout Experienced by Teachers in Kindergartens and Childcare Centers (유아교육기관 교사의 우울 및 동료교사/원장의 정서적 지지가 직무소진에 미치는 영향 : 정서적 지지의 주효과와 완충효과를 중심으로)

  • Min, Ha-Yeoung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between depression, colleagues/ supervisor's emotional support and burnout experienced by teachers in kindergartens and childcare centers. The subjects were 195 teachers who worked in kindergartens or childcare centers in Daegu and Gyeongbuk Province. Questionnaires, which required self-report by teachers, were used to investigate depression, colleagues/supervisor's emotional support and burnout. The data collected were analyzed by means of paired t-test, Pearson's correlation, simple regression, hierarchial regression, using SPSS Win 15.0. The results are as follows. (1) The emotional support from colleagues was significantly higher than from that provided by the supervisor. Moreover, teachers' depression levels were positively associated with burnout. (2) Colleagues' emotional support operated as major determining factor with the effect that burnout decreased as colleagues' emotional support levels increased. There were observable interactional effects between depression and the emotional support provided by colleagues' to colleagues experiencing burnout. (3) The supervisor's emotional support operated as a major factor with the effect that burnout decreased with a rise in the levels of a supervisor's emotional support. No interactional effects were observed between depression and supervisor's emotional to colleagues dealing with burnout.

Effects of Nursing Practice Environment, Compassion Fatigue and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout in Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 간호근무환경, 공감피로 및 공감만족이 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Mi Young;Lee, Min Sook;Bae, Ju Young;Kim, Young Suk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.193-202
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study was to identify the effects of nursing practice environment, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction on burnout in clinical nurses. Methods: Participants selected for the final analysis were 208 nurses working in 2 general hospitals in Busan and Masan. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation and Hierarchial Multiple Regression with SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: Compassion fatigue had a significant positive effect on burnout, while Compassion satisfaction had a negative effect on burnout, but Nursing practice environment had no effect on burnout. The explained variance for burnout was 61% and compassion satisfaction was the most significant factor in burnout of nurses. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that to reduce burnout in clinical nurses it is necessary to develop programs to increase nurses' compassion satisfaction and decrease compassion fatigue.

The Mediating Effect of Emotional Dissonance in the Relationship between Emotional Labor and Burnout among Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 감정노동과 소진과의 관계에서 감정부조화의 매개효과)

  • Ko, Chung Mee;Lee, Ae Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.647-657
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the mediating effect of emotional dissonance in the relationship between emotional labor and burnout among clinical nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional survey design was used. The participants were 257 nurses working at three general hospitals located in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. Data were collected by convenience sampling using self-report questionnaires that consisted of general characteristics, and measures of emotional labor, emotional dissonance and burnout. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple regression. Results: The findings of the multiple regression were as follows. First, surface acting of emotional labor showed significant positive effects on emotional dissonance and burnout. Second, when surface acting and emotional dissonance were entered into the regression model at the same time, surface acting showed an insignificant effect on burnout, however, emotional dissonance showed a significant effect. Finally, emotional dissonance had a mediating effect only between surface acting of emotional labor and burnout, not between deep acting and burnout. Conclusion: Results of the study suggest that as a way to reduce burnout, nursing administrators should develop educational programs for nurses to perform deep acting of emotional labor instead of surface acting at the moment of truth.

Relation among Compassion Fatigue and Burnout in Hospital Nurses (종합병원 간호사의 공감피로와 소진과의 관련성)

  • Seo, Young-Sook;Son, Yu-Lim
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2013
  • Purpose. The purposed of this study was done to identify correlates and variables predicting burnout among hospital nurses. Methods. The participants were 172 nurses working in hospital nurses in D and P, K cities. Data on compassion fatigue and burnout were collected via questionnaire between May 2011 and July 2011. Data analysis was done with PASW 18.0 program and included one-way ANOVA, independent t-test, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Result. Compassion fatigue of participants in this study were shown to have high levels (compassion fatigue: M=58.34/115, SD=12.85). Burnout of participants in this study were shown to have poor levels (burnout: M=30.73/85, SD=6.84). The burnout by nurses was positively to compassion fatigue(r=.482, p<.000). The variables predicting burnout were compassion fatigue, total period of nursing job, nursing part and job period of present part. These factors accounted for 31%((F=20.39, p<.000) of the variance of burnout in hospital nurses. Conclusion. The results of this study indicate that it is necessary to reduce compassion fatigue and to encourage compassion satisfaction among hospital nurses.

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Development and Validation of Korean Academic Burnout Scale for Elementary School Students (한국형 초등학생용 학업소진척도(KABS-ESS) 개발 및 타당화 연구)

  • Cho, Jooyon;Kim, Myoung So
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.43-53
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to 1) investigate the characteristics of burnout of Korean elementary school students and 2) develop and validate the Korean Academic Burnout Scale-Elementary School Students (KABS-ESS). Fifty-one behavioral descriptions of burnout extracted through a preliminary survey, focus group interview, and literature review were administered to a sample of 531 elementary students of the 4th to 6th grade in Gyeonggi Province. The results of an exploratory factor analysis indicated that the structure of the burnout of Korean elementary school students consists of seven factors (i.e., inefficacy, avoidance, cynicism, emotional exhaustion, physical exhaustion, antipathy and cognitive exhaustion), and this structure of final 28 items was confirmed by the confirmatory factor analysis. The KABS-ESS showed a correlation of .771 with a representative academic burnout scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, and -.561 with the academic engagement scale, indicating that both convergent and discriminant validities were confirmed. Furthermore, all fit indices of the structural equation model of the Schaufeli and Bakker's job demands-resources in an academic setting were satisfactory, and the possibility of the validity generalization of the model was supported. The demand variables predicting academic burnout and engagement were academic overload and parental pressure, while self-resilience, self-regulated learning strategies, and parental and the teacher's support were identified as the resource variables. Lastly, the implications and future direction of the present study were discussed.

Effect of Nurses' Incivility Experienced by Nursing Student, Coping on Burnout in Clinical Practice (임상실습에서 간호대학생이 경험하는 간호사의 무례함, 대처가 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Yunkyung;Kim, Younghae;Son, Hyunmi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.323-331
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of nurse's incivility experienced by nursing students and coping against incivility on burnout in clinical practice. Methods: A cross-sectional correlation study design was used. The subjects were 120 nursing student from four universities in Busan and Yangsan, South Korea. A self-report questionnaire was used to collect data on incivility, coping, and burnout. Finally total 117 nursing students' data was analyzed except 3 nursing students who had never experienced nurse's incivility for clinical practice. Data analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, independent t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression. Results: 97.5% of subjects (n=120) experienced incivility. Incivility was positively correlated with seeking social support coping, avoiding focused coping and burnout. Incivility and avoiding focused coping had a significant positive effect on burnout. The explained variance for burnout was 10.0% and avoiding focused coping was the most significant factor in burnout. Conclusion: Most of nursing students experience the nurses' incivility. Judging incivility as a difficult problem to solve, students use more avoiding focused coping strategy and burnout is increased. Therefore education is needed to improve the coping strategies at incivility. Additionally colleges and hospitals should establish the formal reporting system to handle the incivility.

The Influence of Psychological Well-being and Social Support on the Burnout of Infant Care Teachers (영아보육교사의 심리적 안녕감과 사회적 지지가 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ji Min;Chung, Jee-Nha
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the relative influence of psychological well-being and social support on the burnout of infant care teachers. Participants were 194 infant care teachers from 52 infant daycare centers in Gyeong-gi-do. Psychological burnout was assessed by the Maslach Burnout Inventory(Lee, 2011), psychological well-being was measured by the Psychological well-being scale(Cho & Cha, 2001) and social support was measured by the social support questionnaire(Bak, 1985). Date were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis, t-test, Pearson's correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The major results of this study were as follows; First, there were differences in burnout in terms of marital status, work experiences, classroom operation type and income. Second, Infant care teachers' burnout was negatively correlated with psychological well-being and social support. Third, the most influential factor on infant care teachers' burnout was purpose in life, the second most influential factor was self-acceptance, the third most influential factor was emotional support, and the least influential factor was environmental mastery. Results of this study indicate that a psychological well-being enhancement program should be developed and emotional support from a social relationship network should be enhanced in order to prevent infant care teachers' burnout.

The Influence of Adolescents' Academic Stress on Academic Burnout and Academic Engagement: Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Parental Academic Involvement Behavior (청소년의 학업스트레스가 학업소진 및 학업열의에 미치는 영향: 부모의 학습관여행동의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hye-Won;Jang, Yoon-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.99-117
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of adolescents' academic stress on academic burnout and academic engagement and the moderating effects of parental academic involvement behavior on the relation between academic stress, academic burnout and academic engagement. The main results of this study were as follows. First, adolescents' academic stress had an influence on academic burnout and academic engagement. The higher adolescents' academic stress was, the higher academic burnout and the lowerer academic engagement were. Second, adolescents'academic stress and parental adequacy results pursuit behavior influenced academic burnout. That is, the level of adolescents'academic stress and parental behavior encouraging academic progress of children caused the low academic burnout. And parental behavior encouraging academic progress of children appeared to have a moderating effect on the relation between academic stress and academic burnout. Third, adolescents'academic stress, parental behavior pursuing adequate result, encouraging academic progress and granting their children academic options influenced academic engagement. However, parental academic involvement behavior appeared not to have a moderating effect on the relation between academic stress and academic engagement.

A Path Analysis for Burnout and Intent to Stay for Infection Control Nurses (감염관리간호사의 소진과 잔류의도 경로모형)

  • Lee, Mi Hyang;Park, Young Im
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the impact of emotional labor, social support, pay satisfaction and professional concept on burnout and intention to stay for infection control nurses and to identify the relationship between burnout and intention to stay. Methods: Participants were 146 nurses who consented and faithfully responded to the research questions. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 20.0. Results: The variables affecting burnout and intention to stay in infection control nurses were identified. Emotional labor (B=.424) had a positive impact on burnout, social support (B=-.528), professional self-concept (B=-1.056) and pay satisfaction (B=-.072) had negative impacts on burnout, social support (B=.392)and pay satisfaction (B=.136) had positive impacts on intention to stay, and burnout had a negative impact on intention to stay. Conclusion: As a result, in order to reduce burnout in infection control nurses and increase their intention to stay, the infection control nurses themselves must invest in education and self-improvement to become specialists while hospitals and the government should make efforts to develop specialists by holding workshops and seminars. In addition, institutional procedures should be put in place so as to oblige hospitals to hire nurse specialists for infection control work in infection control units.