• Title, Summary, Keyword: Burnout

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Factors Affecting Burnout of Staff in Emergency Medical Service (Focusing on 119 rescuers in Busan and Gyeongnam) (응급의료종사자의 소진 영향요인 (부산, 경남 지역 119구급대원 중심으로))

  • Hong, Hui-Jeong;Sung, Mi Hae
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.164-173
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study aims to investigate the degree of burnout of 119 rescuers, to determine factors influencing their burnout, and to provide basic data for development of intervention programs to prevent the burnout. Methods: Subjects of this study were all 119 rescuers working at fire stations located in Busan and Gyeongnam. The data were collected from May 1, 2010 to June 30, 2010. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 17.0. Results: When the difference in the degree of burnout by general characteristics was investigated, the means of burnout were significantly different depending on age, period of service, position, license, annual salary, desire to work continuously and types of working hours. Job stress, job satisfaction, social support, self efficacy and self esteem showed a statistically significant correlation with burnout. The degree of burnout became higher with more job stress and lower job satisfaction, social support, self efficacy and self esteem. As a significant factor affecting the degree of burnout of 119 rescuers, job stress showed 47.3% of explanatory power. The explanatory power of all of job stress, job satisfaction, self efficacy, types of working hours, annual salary and license was 62% and the power of job stress was the highest. Conclusion: From these results, job stress, job satisfaction and self-efficacy were found to be factors affecting the burnout of 119 rescuers. Therefore, intervention programs to reduce job stress and to improve job satisfaction, social support, self efficacy and self esteem should be developed to lower the degree of burnout of 119 rescuers. In addition, further researches to analyze works of 119 rescuers and legal and institutional strategies to improve their treatment are necessary and supplementary training in various practices by different circumstances based on standardized protocols should be conducted.

Mediating Effects of Burnout in the Association Between Emotional Labor and Turnover Intention in Korean Clinical Nurses

  • Back, Chi-Yun;Hyun, Dae-Sung;Jeung, Da-Yee;Chang, Sei-Jin
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.88-96
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    • 2020
  • Background: The current lack of the number of nurses and high nurse turnover rate leads to major problems for the health-care system in terms of cost, patient care ability, and quality of care. Theoretically, burnout may help link emotional labor with turnover intention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effect of burnout in the association between emotional labor and turnover intention in Korean clinical nurses. Methods: Using data collected from a sample of 606 nurses from six Korean hospitals, we conducted a multiple regression analysis to determine the relationships among clinical nurses' emotional labor, burnout, and turnover intention, looking at burnout as a mediator. Results: The results fully and partially support the mediating role of burnout in the relationship between the subfactors of emotional labor and turnover intention. In particular, burnout partially mediated the relationship between emotional disharmony and hurt, organizational surveillance and monitoring, and lack of a supportive and protective system in the organization. In addition, we found that burnout has a significant full mediation effect on the relationship between overload and conflicts in customer service and turnover intention. Although the mediating effect of burnout was significantly associated with the demands and regulation of emotions, no significant effects on turnover intention were found. Conclusion: To reduce nurses' turnover, we recommend developing strategies that target both burnout and emotional labor, given that burnout fully and partially mediated the effects of emotional labor on turnover intention, and emotional labor was directly associated with turnover intention.

Impact of Job Stress, Coping Behavior, Hardiness on Burnout in Nurses in the Emergency Department (응급실 간호사의 직무 스트레스, 스트레스 대처방식, 강인성이 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Do Gyeong;Sung, Mi-Hae
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.215-223
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the effect of job stress, coping behavior, and hardiness on burnout in nurses in the emergency department (ED). Methods: Data were acquired via self-reporting questionnaires from 148 nurses in EDs at one general hospital, four university hospitals, and six hospitals with >200 beds. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 23.0 program through descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: A statistically significant difference in burnout was observed with respect to the age of the nurses. Burnout was positively correlated with job stress and wishful thinking and detachment, among coping behaviors, and was negatively correlated with hardiness. Job stress and wishful thinking, among coping behaviors, were significant predictors of burnout and were observed in 14.9% of the nurses who experienced burnout. Conclusion: According to our results, job stress was identified as the most significant factor which influenced burnout in ED nurse's. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and implement educational programs for reducing job stress and minimizing the use of wishful thinking as a coping behavior in order to alleviate the burnout in ED nurses.

The Influence of Job Satisfaction and Perfectionism on Burnout in Clinical Nurses (임상 간호사의 직무만족과 완벽주의 성향이 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, In Sook;Kim, Kyoung Ja;Choi, Yoon Jong
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This descriptive study was conducted to identify burnout and factors influencing burnout in clinical nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional survey design was conducted by administering a structured questionnaire to 195 nurses working at hospitals, from August to September 2017. This study used scales to measure burnout (20 items), job satisfaction (16 items), and perfectionism (40 items). Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis. Results: Burnout of participants was correlated with job satisfaction and perfectionism. Factors identified to have influence on burnout were job satisfaction (${\beta}=-.35$, p<.001), perfectionism-fail avoidance (${\beta}=.26$, p=.001), perceived health status (${\beta}=-.26$, p<.001), and intention of department relocation (${\beta}=-.23$, p<.001). The regression model explained approximately 48% of nurses' burnout. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to improve job satisfaction and organizational support to decrease dysfunctional perfectionism that could cause burnout in nurses. It is also necessary to establish a psychological support program in hospitals.

The Effects of Child Care Teachers' Mindfulness on Teacher Sensitivity: The Mediating Effect of Burnout (보육교사의 마음챙김이 교사민감성에 미치는 영향: 소진의 매개효과)

  • Park, Nayeon;Han, Sae-Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.69-88
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between child care teachers' mindfulness, burnout, and sensitivity. Also, the effects of child care teachers' mindfulness on teacher sensitivity, including the mediating effects of burnout, were investigated. Methods: A total of 263 child care teachers who work in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Incheon participated in this study. Data were analyzed by correlations and regressions using SPSS 21.0. Results: First, there were significant correlations between child care teachers' mindfulness, burnout and teacher sensitivity. Second, the relationship between mindfulness and teacher sensitivity was partially mediated by burnout. To be specific, mindfulness not only had a direct effect on teacher sensitivity, but also had an indirect effect on teacher sensitivity through burnout. Among the three dimensions of burnout, the decrease of personal accomplishments had the biggest significant mediation effect on the relationship between mindfulness and teacher sensitivity. Conclusion/Implications: In conclusion, this study highlights the importance of mindfulness in reducing burnout and enhancing teacher sensitivity toward children. Also, this research has implications for future research regarding the mindfulness of child care teachers and offers a foundation for the development of mindfulness training programs for child care teachers.

The Effect of Teacher Mindfulness on Job Stress and Burnout (교사의 직무스트레스와 소진 간 관계에서 교사 마음챙김의 효과)

  • Kim, Eunjin
    • The Korean Journal of Stress Research
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.208-214
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    • 2018
  • Background: The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of teacher mindfulness in teaching settings on job stress and burnout. Methods: Based on the previous studies, this study established a research model in which the teachers' job stress affects their burnout by the mediation of mindfulness, and verified the relationship between them using the teacher mindfulness scale in teaching situations. Results: First, female teachers perceived more job stress and experienced higher burnout than male teachers. Second, teacher's job stress and burnout showed high positive correlation, and mindfulness showed high negative correlation with job stress and burnout. Third, it was verified that teacher mindfulness significantly mediated the effect of job stress on burnout. Conclusions: This study suggests that teachers' mindfulness is effective in managing their job stress and preventing burnout.

Secondary Traumatic Stress and Burnout of North Korean Refugees Service Providers

  • Kim, Yeunhee Joyce
    • Psychiatry investigation
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.118-125
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    • 2017
  • Objective The current study investigated the burnout and secondary traumatic stress of service providers for North Korean (NK) refugees based on the conceptual framework of theJob Demands-Resources (JD-R) model of workplace burnout. Methods A cross-sectional self-administered survey was conducted with a national sample consisting of all 63 organizations in direct services to North Korean refugees. Of the estimated total number of 230 service providers comprising of social workers, psychotherapists, job counselors and paraprofessional counselors, 179 completed the survey, a 77.8% return rate. Results While job resources such as personal commitment to work and organizational support indicated inverse relations to burnout, job demands such as workload, work environment and secondary traumatic stress (STS) showed a positive relationship to worker burnout. The STS were present in more than half of the respondents (51.3%), of which 20.7% of them indicating a severe level of STS. The STS proved to be the most significant risk to worker burnout as it showed strong relations to all three dimensions of burnout. Conclusion Structural issues of chronic work overload and poor work environment need to be addressed to reduce staff burnout. STS is a serious occupational hazard in working with North Korean refugees.

The Effects of Child Care Helpers' Emotional Labor and Job Stress on Their Burnout (아이돌보미의 감정노동과 직무 스트레스가 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ju-Young;Hyun, Hye-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aims to understand baby care helpers' degree of emotional labor, job stress, and burnout and analyze the effects of emotional labor and job stress on their burnout. Methods: Data were collected from August 16 to September 6, 2016 for three weeks with child care helpers working in C city, D city, and S city as subjects. Multiple regression analysis was used in order to examine the factors influencing the subjects' burnout. Results: Burnout in general characteristics differed significantly according to age (F=4.81, p=.011). As the most influential factors for burnout, emotional labor (${\beta}=.43$) had statistically significant correlation with it, along with job stress (${\beta}=.16$) and age (${\beta}=.14$). These variables explained burnout ($Adj.R^2=0.29$, p<.001) at a rate of 29%. Conclusion: It is judged that strategies and continuous management aimed at reducing child care helpers' emotional labor and job stress are necessary. As an approach from different aspects, it is required that variables related to emotional labor, job stress, and burnout are identified and there would be more researches in order to establish some national policies for child care helpers.

Affecting Factors of Nurses' Burnout in Secondary General Hospitals (2차 종합병원 간호사의 소진에 영향을 미치는 요인 - 심리.성격 특성과 업무특성중심으로-)

  • Park, Seung-Mi;Jang, In-Sun;Choi, Jeong-Sil
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.474-483
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify factors affecting nurses' burnout in secondary general hospitals. Methods: Data were collected through structured questionnaires from 241 nurses working at the secondary general hospitals with below 400 beds in the P, C, and S city between April and May, 2009. Data analysis was done with independent t test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple stepwise multiple regression with SPSS WIN v 17.0. Results: Burnout was significantly different according to religion, age, clinical experiences, and shift work. Burnout score of the subjects was 58/100. Burnout of the subjects were positively correlated with job stress and negatively correlated with hardness, self efficiency, self esteem, spiritual wellbeing, social support, and job satisfaction. The explained variances for burnout was 51.8% and factors affecting nurses' burnout in secondary general hospitals were job stress, hardness, self efficiency, job satisfaction and shift work. Conclusion: These results showed the significant factors fo nurses' burnout in secondary general hospitals. These findings can be utilized to development of strategies for reducing job stress and enhancing hardness, self efficiency and job satisfaction.

Job Burnout of Restaurant Employees in Daegu City - With a Focus on 'Family-Work Conflict', 'Work-Family Conflict', Job Satisfaction, and Individual Job Performance - (대구 외식업 종사원의 직무소진에 관한 연구 - '가족-일 갈등', '일-가족 갈등', 직무만족 및 개인직무성과를 중심으로 -)

  • Ha, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.261-270
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between 'family-work conflict/work-family conflict', job burnout, job satisfaction, and individual job performance in the employees at the restaurants in Daegu City. The sample of this study consisted of employees at the restaurants in Daegu City who visited the 2010 Daegu Food Tour Expo between October 7 and October 10. A total of 302 questionnaires were analyzed using statistical methods of factor analysis, reliability test, and covariance structural analysis. The research findings were as follows; firstly, work-family conflict was positively related to job burnout, secondly, job burnout was negatively related to job satisfaction and individual job performance and thirdly, job satisfaction was positively related to individual job performance. However, there was no relationship between family-work conflict and job burnout. The reason for rejection of the relationship between family-work conflict and job burnout was that family-related affairs were not important enough to affect job burnout among restaurant employees in Korea. This phenomenon happened differently in the US. Therefore, currently, restaurant managers in Daegu City should pay much attention to work-related affairs so as to mitigate job burnout as much as possible among their employees.