• Title, Summary, Keyword: Burnout

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Factors Affecting the Burnout of Clinical Nurses - Focused on Emotional Labor - (임상간호사의 소진에 영향을 미치는 요인 - 감정노동을 중심으로 -)

  • Byun, Dae-Sik;Yom, Young-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.444-454
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to identify the factors that influence the burnout of clinical nurses. Methods: Subjects were 279 nurses in 3 university hospitals at Seoul and Gyunggi province. Data were collected with self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS 16.0 by applying t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and Stepwise multiple regression. Result: There are significant differences between burnout and demographic characteristics, such as, age, marital status, education level, clinical career, and position. All variables except emotional labor were negatively correlated with burnout. The emotional labor was positively correlated with burnout. Job satisfaction, emotional labor, self-efficacy, and age had significant influence on nurses' burnout. The explained variances for burnout was 54.8% and job satisfaction was the most significant factor of burnout of nurses. Conclusion: Emotional labor is found to be a new factor that influences burnout. Therefore, it is necessary to establish new organizational culture through emotional education programs at the organizational level to reduce nurses' emotional labor.

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Study on Fatigue, Stress and Burnout of Pregnant Nurses (임신한 간호사의 피로, 스트레스 및 소진에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ja-Sook;Lee, Young-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.208-217
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study is a correlative study to assess the relationships of fatigue, stress, and burnout among the pregnant nurses in hospital. Methods: The subjects in this study were 103 nurses aged between 22 and 40 who were confirmed as pregnant by the OBGY (Obstetrics and Gynecology) hospital and working at medical facilities located in J-province of G city during the period of July 15 through September 15, 2010. Results: The level of fatigue of pregnant nurses showed an average of 5.60 out of 10 points, and the level of stress showed an average of 25.91. In terms of burnout, the average was 2.72 out of 5 points. The results of the correlative study to assess relationships among fatigue, stress and burnout showed significant positive correlation between burnout and fatigue (r=.47, p<.001) and stress (r=.53, p<.001) and between stress and fatigue (r=.58, p<.001). Therefore, the results show that increased level of fatigue and stress leads to increased level of burnout. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that higher level of fatigue and stress led to higher level of burnout. Therefore, to minimize the burnout of pregnant nurses, many efforts are required in the hospital policy and for the strategies to reduce burnout.

Relationship of Job Stress, Hardness, and Burnout among Emergency Room Nurses (응급실 간호사의 업무 스트레스, 강인성 및 소진 간의 관계)

  • Cho, Hang Nan;Kim, Soo-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of job stress, hardness and burnout among emergency room nurses. Methods: The subjects were 110 emergency room nurses from three university hospital and three general hospital, with more than 500 beds, in G city and J region. Data collection was done from October 11 to November 12, 2010. Results: The score of job stress was 3.8 out of 5 point, the score of hardness was 2.6 out of 4 point, and the score of burnout was 3.3 out of 5 point. Burnout was found to be in a significant positive correlation with job stress and significant negative correlation with hardness. The main predictors of burnout were to hardness, job stress and night duty, and these variables explained 45.2% about burnout. Conclusion: In conclusion, the higher job stress was in higher burnout and the higher hardness was in the lower burnout. It is necessary to create improvement ways and programs to reduce and prevent burnout of emergency room nurses.

Influential Factors Related to Job Satisfaction in Hospice Nurses: Focus on Emotional Labor and Burnout (호스피스 간호사의 직무만족 관련 영향 요인: 감정노동과 소진을 중심으로)

  • Chung, BokYae;Han, Ji-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.322-331
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing job satisfaction in hospice nurses. The focus was on emotional labor and burnout. Methods: Between September 30 and October 18, 2013, hospice nurses (n=63) in 5 hospitals in 4 cities completed measures of emotional labor, burnout, and job satisfaction. Data were collected using questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regression with the SPSS/Win 21.0 program. Results: The mean score per item for emotional labor was 3.0, the mean of burnout score was 2.7, and the mean job satisfaction score was 3.4. Emotional labor showed a positive correlation with burnout (r=.61), and a negative correlation with job satisfaction (r=-.52). Burnout showed a negative correlation with job satisfaction (r=-.64). The factors influencing job satisfaction were burnout (${\beta}$=-.65, p<.001) and clinical experience (${\beta}$=.25, p=.007). Burnout and clinical experience explained 57.0% of the variance in hospice nurses' job satisfaction. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate a need to develop strategies to prevent burnout and control emotional labor in order to increase job satisfaction for hospice nurses.

The Mediating and Moderating Effect of Professional Self-concept in Relationship between Emotional Labor and Burnout of Organ Transplantation Coordinators (장기이식코디네이터의 감정노동, 소진의 관계에서 전문직 자아개념의 매개 및 조절효과)

  • Yang, Ya-Ki;You, Hye-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.158-167
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: To determine the mediating as well as moderating effect on both the emotional labor and burnout of professional self-concept perspective organ transplantation coordinators (OTC)'. Method: A self-report questionnaire was collected from 86 OTCs nationwide. The data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson' Correlation Coefficients, AMOS 20.0, and multiple regression. Results: For effects of professional self-concept on emotional labor and burnout, higher emotional labor was related to higher burnout. When professional self-concept was mediated, emotional labor had a greater effect on burnout however, a partial mediating effect was detected. From the regression analysis with the independent variables of emotional labor (A) and professional self-concept (B), adding relation of both variables ($A{\times}B$) increased the explained variance to 56.3% ($p$<.05). It was confirmed that professional self-concept had a moderating effect on emotional labor and burnout. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that, when professional self-concept was mediated emotional labor of an OTC decreased, and burnout decreased when professional self-concept was high. Also, by controlling professional self-concept, emotional labor and burnout decreased. Therefore, it's necessary to map out the environment and develop strategies to reduce emotional labor and burnout in organ transplantation coordinators.

The Influence of Nursing Practice Environment, Compassion Fatigue and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout among Clinical Nurses (간호근무환경, 공감피로 및 공감만족이 간호사의 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jui;Lee, Tae Wha
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of nursing practice environment, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction on burnout among clinical nurses in Korea. Methods: A descriptive crosssectional study was conducted. The sample consisted of 210 clinical nurses from three tertiary hospitals located in Seoul. Measurement instruments included the Korean version of the Practice Environment Scale of Nursing Work Index (K-PES-NWI) and Stamm's professional quality of life (ProQOL). Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: Nursing practice environment had moderate negative influence on burnout (r=-.38, p<.001). Compassion fatigue had strong positive influence on burnout (r=.50, p<.001), while compassion satisfaction had strong negative influence on burnout (r=-.61, p<.001). The regression model explained 63% of variance of burnout and the compassion satisfaction was the most influencing factor for nurses' burnout. Conclusion: This study identified nursing practice environment, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction as influencing factors for nurses' burnout. Strategies to decrease compassion fatigue, enhance compassion satisfaction and create better nursing practice environment are recommended to decrease nurses' burnout.

Relationships among Emotional Labor, Burnout, and Organizational Effectiveness of Employees in Public Health Centers (보건소 종사자의 감정노동과 직무소진이 조직유효성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kone, Dong Youn;Ahn, Jae Sun
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.544-555
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study examines the relationship among emotional labor, job burnout and organizational effectiveness of public healthcare center workers. In specific, authors focus on the relationships between emotional labor and job burnout and the one between job burnout and organizational effectiveness and mediating effect of job burnout between emotional labor and organizational effectiveness. Methods: For the empirical analysis, survey was conducted of workers in the public healthcare center, and 502 final data was secured after eliminating the insufficient ones, which were used in the statistical analysis. Results: Emotive effort showed to have a positive effect on organizational effectiveness, however emotive dissonance showed to have a negative effect on organizational effectiveness. Emotive effort showed to reduce the level of all job burnouts while emotive dissonance showed to increase the level of all job burnouts. All job burnout showed to have negative effects on organizational effectiveness. Job burnout showed to have mediating effect between emotional labor and organizational effectiveness. Conclusion: Emotive efforts of emotional labor has positive impact on organizational effectiveness while emotive dissonance has negative impact on organizational effectiveness overall. Therefore, public healthcare center should try to seek for proper way to reduce job burnout of workers, because job burnout functions as mediating element between emotional labor and organizational effectiveness.

A Study on the burnout of firefighters (소방대원의 소진(Burnout)에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, In-Soo;Choi, Eun-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2000
  • The study was conducted to investigate the burnout of firefighters. The subjects were 223 firefighters in C-Do. The instruments used for this study were a survey of general characteristics(10 items), burnout(23 items). Analysis of data was done by use of mean percentage, t-test, ANOVA, stepwise multiple regression with SAS program. The results of this study are as follows; 1. Burnout according to general characteristics were showed significant difference in job-aptitude(F=6.30, P<.001), health status(F=5.92, P<.001), education(t=6.09, P<.01), working place rotation(t=2.59, P<.01), call number/week(F=3.28, P<.01), job-burden(F=4.45, P<.01), paper-job burden(F=3.87, P<.05). 2. Category score of burnout were showed the higher score in the lowed personal accomplishment(3.29). 3. Category score of burnout according to aptitude were showed difference each other. 4. Predicting factor of burnout were paper-job burden, health status, job-burden(20.99%).

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A Study of Factors Predicting Burnout in Hospital Staff Nurses (병원 일반간호사의 소진에 대한 영향요인 분석)

  • Kim, Young-Ock
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.591-601
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of hardiness, job stress, and burnout in nurses, and to identify predictors of burnout. Method: Empirical data were collected from 154 staff nurses at one university hospital in Gwangju city. Self- reported questionnaires were composed of the Personal Views Survey(PVS), job stress scale, Tedium scale, and 7 items asking nurse's general characteristics. Data analysis was done with a SAS package. Result: In correlation analysis, hardiness, job stress, and nursing satisfaction had significant correlation with burnout. In stepwise multiple regression, 28.7% of the variance in burnout was accounted for by nursing satisfaction (19.9%), job stress (6.0%), and hardiness (2.8%). Among subscales of hardiness, only commitment was a significant predictor, so nursing satisfaction, job stress, and commitment explained 28.9% of variance in burnout. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, the development of program for nurses to increase nursing satisfaction is needed, and more studies to examine causal relationship between nursing satisfaction and burnout is also highly recommended.

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The Influence of Emotional Labor and Ego-Resilience on Child Care Teachers' Burnout (정서노동 및 자아탄력성이 보육교사의 소진에 주는 영향)

  • Hwang, Hae-Shin
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.7
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of the present study was to examine the child care teacher's ego-resilience, emotional labor, and personal characteristics on their burnout. It was expected that the child care teachers would feel less burnout if they have higher ego-resilience and lower emotional labor compared to those with lower ego-resilience and higher emotional labor. A survey was administered to 218 child care teachers in Seoul area using Maslach Burnout Inventory, California Personality Inventory, and Emotional Labor Scale. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and multiple regression using SPSS PC program(12.0 version). Major findings were as follows: First, child care teachers' burnout was not so high. Second, teacher's burnout was different depending on their personal factors such as age, marriage, and income. Last, child care teachers' burnout was explained by their emotional labor and egoresilience.