• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Burnout

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교육에서의 소진에 관한 이론적 고찰 (Theoretical Review on Burnout Symptoms in Education)

  • 이상민;안성희
    • 의학교육논단
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2014
  • Burnout research has mostly been performed in human service fields. However, it has recently been expanded to cover diverse settings and even non-occupational samples, such as students. In this study, we defined the construct of academic burnout, which is the burnout experienced by students. Next, we described the concept of academic burnout by introducing measurements for assessing academic burnout. On the basis of the demand-control model (DCM) and effort-reward imbalance model (ERIM), which are the most predominant theoretical burnout models, we described the causal factors and the pathway to experiencing academic burnout symptoms. The ERIM was a more influential model than the DCM when explaining the academic burnout of Korean students. Based on the results of previous longitudinal studies on academic burnout, we recognized emotional exhaustion and academic inefficacy as the initial symptoms of academic burnout. Finally, we discussed the prevention and intervention programs with specific components that should be included in those programs.

소진탄력성이 노인복지관종사자들의 소진에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Workers's Burnout Resilience on Burnout in Community Welfare Centers for the Elderly)

  • 김남숙
    • 디지털융복합연구
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.401-409
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구는 감정노동자로서 노인복지관종사자들의 소진위험성과 소진탄력성이 소진에 미치는 영향을 살펴보는 동시에 소진위험성이 소진으로 이어지는 과정에서 소진탄력성이 보호요인으로 작용하는지를 밝히는 것에 목적을 두었다. 이를 위해 부산광역시 노인복지관 13곳에 근무하는 종사자들 중 192명을 대상으로 설문조사를 실시하였다. 조사도구로는 소진의 전제조건이라 할 수 있는 소진위험성, 소진의 보호요인으로 작용하는 소진탄력성, 그리고 전문가의 업무에 부정적 영향을 미치는 소진(감정고갈)을 구조화된 척도로 측정하였다. 대상들의 일반적 특징을 파악하기 위한 빈도분석, 주요 변수들간의 기술통계와 상관관계분석, 독립변수, 종속변수간의 인과관계를 검증하기 위해 회귀분석을 실시하였다. 분석결과 다음과 같은 결과를 도출하였다. 1) 소진위험성은 소진에 정(+)의 유의한 영향을 미쳤다. 2) 소진위험성은 소진탄력성에 부(-)의 유의한 영향을 미쳤다. 3) 소진탄력성은 소진에 부(-)의 유의한 영향을 미쳤다. 이에 본 연구는 감정노동자로서 노인복지관종사자들이 소진을 겪게 되는 과정의 예방적인 차원에서 소진탄력성의 유효성을 검증한 것이며 이를 바탕으로 연구의 시사점과 추후 연구과제를 제시하였다.

말라크 소진 측정도구(Maslach Burnout Inventory)의 적용가능성 평가 (Evaluating Applicability of Maslach Burnout Inventory among University Hospitals Nurses)

  • 강정희;김철웅
    • 성인간호학회지
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This Study was to examine to applicability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory on measuring burnout of the nurses who works in Korean university hospitals. Methods: The sample included 200 nurses and nurse managers. We used 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory to evaluate the reported burnout. We evaluated the convergent validity through the factor analysis, and evaluated the discriminant validity through the Pearson's correlation analysis. Also, we evaluated the reliability for three subscales of Maslach Burnout Inventory with the Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, which assesses the internal consistency. Results: Factor analysis revealed three factors being extracted from the 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory, and item loading for each factor is higher than 0.5. Therefore, the Maslach Burnout Inventory demonstrated high convergent validity. Also, emotional exhaustion, personal accomplishment, and depersonalization showed low correlation leading to the conclusion that there was discriminant validity. The Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ coefficients in the 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory and three subscales were higher than 0.7. Conclusion: Maslach Burnout Inventory can be used as a valid instrument to measure the burnout level of the nurses working in Korean university hospitals.

The Effects of Clinical Practice Stress and Resilience on Nursing Students' Academic Burnout

  • Shin, Sujin;Hwang, Eunhee
    • 의학교육논단
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 2020
  • The high degree of academic burnout experienced during academic life indicates that job skill levels during the first year following graduation are low, and the correlation with turnover intention is high. We investigated the effects of clinical practice stress and resilience on nursing students' burnout, and searched for factors that can prevent or control burnout. We recruited a convenience sample of 202 nursing students. Academic burnout, general characteristics, clinical practice stress, and resilience were assessed via self-reported questionnaires. The mean total score of academic burnout was 44.0 points; exhaustion was the highest at 18.5 points, inefficacy was 15.9 points, and cynicism was 9.6 points. High levels of clinical practice stress affected academic burnout (β=0.194, p=0.003), while high resilience was a factor that lowered the degree of academic burnout (β=-0.449, p<0.001). Based on our results, factors affecting students' experiences of academic burnout were clinical practice stress and resilience. We therefore propose the implementation of a new curriculum aimed at increasing satisfaction with the major, reducing clinical practice stress, and increasing resilience, including an efficient peer mentoring program for clinical practice.

보건교사의 소진이 직무만족에 미치는 영향: 셀프리더십의 매개효과를 중심으로 (The Influences of Burnout on Job Satisfaction on School Health Teachers (School Nurse): Focused on the Mediating Effects of Self-leadership)

  • 권오윤;박경숙
    • 한국학교보건학회지
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to identify the impact of burnout on job satisfaction of school health teachers (school nurses) and the mediating effects of self-leadership on the relationship between burnout and job satisfaction. Methods: The research is a cross-sectional survey. The participants were 131 school health teachers (school nurses) in Korea. Data was collected using a self-reporting questionnaire covering demographic characteristics, self-leadership, burnout, and job satisfaction. The collected data was analyzed through t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple regression using SPSS/WIN (ver. 23). Results: Significant positive correlations were found between self-leadership and job satisfaction (r=.384, p<.001). Significant negative correlations were found between burnout and job satisfaction (r=-.748, p<.001) and between burnout and self-leadership (r=-.308, p<.001). The factors that enhance job satisfaction were found to be lower burnout and higher self-leadership. The results of the 3-step regression are as follows: First, burnout had a significant negative effect on self-leadership. Second, burnout had a significant negative effect on job satisfaction. Third, self-leadership had a significant positive effect on job satisfaction and had a mediating effect on the relationship between burnout and job satisfaction (Zab=3.271, p<.001). Conclusion: Based on these results, self-leadership is needed in order to raise job satisfaction and reduce burnout.

어린이병원 간호사의 업무 스트레스와 공감만족, 공감피로, 소진 간의 관계 (Relationship between Job Stress and Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, Burnout for Nurses in Children's Hospital)

  • 최희강;박지선;박미정;박보배;김예슬
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.459-469
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Nurses experience burnout related to various factors. For this descriptive research job stress, compassion satisfaction, and compassion fatigue were examined as to their relationship to burnout in nurses from children's hospital. Methods: The participants were 305 nurses working in children's hospital. Self-report questionnaires were used to measure job stress, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout. Results: Nurses in children's hospital experienced a greater than moderate degree of job stress, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout, whereas differences existed according to general characteristics. Job stress, compassion fatigue and burnout showed a significant positive correlation and results of compassion fatigue and burnout were similar. Also, job stress, compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue were associated with burnout in nurses working in children's hospital. Conclusion: Findings indicate that as longer work experience is accompanied by higher job stress and burnout, it is necessary to develop intervention programs to reduce burnout among career nurses exposed to greater job stress in children's hospital.

최근 10년간 한국 간호사의 소진에 관한 연구 분석 (Nurse's Burnout Research Throughout the Past 10 Years in Korea)

  • 전경자;변성원
    • 간호행정학회지
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.305-313
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the current status of burnout research on Korean nurses and to suggest the directions for future research. Method: Fifty two articles between 1998 and 2007 were selected using the key words such as "Nurse" and "Burnout" from the database (RISS4U et al.). Results: 77.9% of studies were master's theses unpublished in the nursing journals. All studies were cross-sectional and therefore did not allow casual inference. Hospital nurses were the most common subjects (21 studies). The most frequently used burnout measurement instrument was the Burnout Measure, while the Maslach Burnout Inventory was used in only 6 studies. 55.7% of studies reported the average burnout score as higher than the middle level. Among individual factors, variables significantly correlated to burnout were age, position, work experience, coping, and personality. Some of job factors including shift work, workloads, job stress, and organizational commitment were also significantly related to burnout. There was very little discussion about the influence of organizational factors analyzed by unit or institution level. Conclusion: In Korea, the next phase of nurse burnout research needs to consider the measurement tool selection for the international comparison and longitudinal design to find more specific causal relationships.

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응급의료센터에 근무하는 보건의료인의 소진에영향을 미치는 요인 (Factors influencing burnout of health care provider in emergency medical center - Focused on nurses -)

  • 최연숙;최연희
    • 한국응급구조학회지
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.91-102
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    • 2012
  • Purpose : This study was designed to identify factors influencing burnout of nurses in emergency medical center. Methods : Data were collected by questionnaires from 178 emergency room nurses randomly selected from 6 general hospitals in two metropolitan cities. Measures were burnout, QEC, depression, decision latitude and job demand. Data were analysed using frequencies, means, standard deviation, t-test or one way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS/win 18.0 version. Results : The mean score for burnout in emergency room nurses was 2.59 out of possible 4. There were significant differences in burnout according to exercise, leisure, position, job demand and depression. Burnout correlated negatively with exercise and leisure, and positively with job demand and depression. Factors influencing burnout in emergency room nurses were identified as exercise(${\beta}$=-.399, p<.001), leisure(${\beta}$=-.354, p<.001), job demand(${\beta}$=.301, p=.006) and depression(${\beta}$=.189, p=.021). These factors explained 49.8% of burnout reported by emergency room nurses. Conclusion : The result indicate which factors are major factors influencing burnout in emergency room nurses in general hospitals. Therefore, these factors may serve as predictors of burnout in emergency room nurses.

일부 치과위생사의 감정노동과 직무소진과의 관련성: 직무스트레스의 매개효과를 중심으로 (Relationship between emotional labor and burnout among dental hygienists)

  • 정은경
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purposes of this study is to examine the relationship between emotional labor and burnout among dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 247 dental hygienists from September 4 to October 9, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of emotional labor, job burnout, and job stress. Emotional labor included frequency of emotional expression, compliance with emotional regulation, emotional diversity, and emotional dissonance by the instrument pf Morris and Feldman. Job burnout was adopted from Maslach burnout inventory(MBI). Job stress was adpoted from instrument of Chang. Except 13 incomplete answers, 234 data were analyzed by AMOS 18.0 and SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The emotional labor has a significant positive relation to the job burnout. There was a statistical significance between emotional labor and job stress. Job stress had a positive relation to job burnout. Job stress had a mediating effect between emotional labor and job burnout. Emotional labor had a direct effect on the job burnout. Job stress also had a mediating effect on job burnout. Conclusions: It is necessary to improve working environment that can enhance emotional balance and to develop job stress management program.

간호사의 감정노동이 소진에 미치는 영향: 사회지능과 감성지능의 조절 효과 중심으로 (Effects of Emotional Labor on Burnout in Nurses: Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Social Intelligence and Emotional Intelligence)

  • 이경란;김정미
    • 간호행정학회지
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.22-32
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of emotional labor on burnout in nurses focusing the moderating effects of social intelligence and emotional intelligence. Methods: Data were collected in March 2015 by self administered questionnaires among 392 nurses in eight hospitals located in Busan, Gyeongsangnam-do. Data were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression, hierarchical multiple regression. Results: Study results shown (a) emotional labor showed a positive correlation on burnout, while social intelligence and emotional intelligence showed a negative correlation on burnout, (b) emotional labor was the most influential variable on burnout, (c) social intelligence had a negative moderating effect the relationship between emotional labor and burnout, (d) emotional intelligence had a positive moderating effect the relationship between emotional labor and burnout. Conclusion: The result of the study indicate that emotional labor of nurses is positively correlated with burnout and emotional labor is to give the greatest effect on burnout, social intelligence and emotional intelligence had a moderating effects the relationship between emotional labor and burnout.