• Title, Summary, Keyword: Broiler chicks

Search Result 631, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

우모 digest가 육계의 증체 및 계육 內 taurine 함량에 미치는 영향

  • 홍성진;남궁환;백인기
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Poultry Science Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.102-103
    • /
    • 2001
  • Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of feather digests on the growth of broiler chicks and taurine content in the broiler meat. In Experiment 1, a total of 40 broiler chickens(Ross) were assigned to 4 dietary treatments: control(T1), regular feather meal(FM) diet(R-FM, T2), NaOH treated FM diet(NaOH-FM,T3), HNO3 treated FM diet(HNO3-FM,T4). In Experiment 2, a total of 70 broiler chickens were assigned to 7 dietary treatments: T1~T4(same as those of Exp. 1), modified HNO3 treated FM diet(M-HNO3-FM,T5), hair meal diet(HM,T6) and 0.22% cystine supplemented diet(CYS,T7). Feather meals and hair meal were supplemented at the 5% in the diet. In Experiment 1 and 2, weight gain of chicks fed R-FM and NaOH-FM tended to be higher than those of the control and HNO3-FM. In Experiment 2, weight gain of chicks fed CYS was highest followed by NaOH-FM, HM, M-HNO3-FM, HNO3-FM, control and R-FM. In Experiment 1, taurine content in breast muscle of chicks fed NaOH-FM was significantly higher(P<0.05) than that of control. In Experiment 2, taurine content in breast muscle of chicks fed NaOH-FM and CYS tended to be higher than that of other groups. Taurine content in leg muscle was significantly different among treatments as NaOH-FM and R-FM being highest followed by M-HNO3-FM, CYS, control, HNO3-FM and BM. Taurine content in the liver(Exp. 1 and 2) and heart(Exp. 2) were not significantly affected by treatments. These results indicated that 5% NaOH-FM in the diet was effective in increasing taurine content in breast and leg muscle of broiler chicks.

  • PDF

Study on image-based flock density evaluation of broiler chicks (영상기반 축사 내 육계 검출 및 밀집도 평가 연구)

  • Lee, Dae-Hyun;Kim, Ae-Kyung;Choi, Chang-Hyun;Kim, Yong-Joo
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
    • /
    • v.12 no.4
    • /
    • pp.373-379
    • /
    • 2019
  • In this study, image-based flock monitoring and density evaluation were conducted for broiler chicks welfare. Image data were captured by using a mono camera and region of broiler chicks in the image was detected using converting to HSV color model, thresholding, and clustering with filtering. The results show that region detection was performed with 5% relative error and 0.81 IoU on average. The detected region was corrected to the actual region by projection into ground using coordinate transformation between camera and real-world. The flock density of broiler chicks was estimated using the corrected actual region, and it was observed with an average of 80%. The developed algorithm can be applied to the broiler chicks house through enhancing accuracy of region detection and low-cost system configuration.

Riboflavin deficiency occurred in the broiler chicks (육용계 병아리에서 발생한 리보플라빈 결핍증)

  • Kim, Gye-Yeop
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.41 no.4
    • /
    • pp.591-596
    • /
    • 2001
  • The chicks from 6 field broiler farms revealed peripheral neuropathy including leg weakness, curled toes and drooped wings. Grossly distinctive enlargements of sciatic nerve, branchial nerve and lumbar nerve were observed in the chicks. Histologically nerve lesions consisted of demyelination of myelin sheaths, Schwann cell proliferation and swelling, and interstitial edema in the peripheral nerves of all birds examined. Axonal swelling and infiltration of small lymphocytes were observed, but not a primary lesion. After treatment of riboflavin, neurological disorder was markedly recovered. From these results, it is suggested that the peripheral nerve lesions in these cases were caused by dietary riboflavin deficiency.

  • PDF

EFFECT OF DIETARY EXCESSIVE CHROMIUM PICOLINATE ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE, NUTRIENT UTILIZABILITY AND SERUM TRAITS IN BROILER CHICKS

  • Kim, Y.H.;Han, In K.;Shin, I.S.;Chae, B.J.;Kang, T.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.349-354
    • /
    • 1996
  • An Experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary excessive chromium picolinate on growth performance, nutrient utilizability and the content of serum cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, glucose, triglyceride and non-esterified fatty acid in broiler chicks. Experimental diets based on corn-soybean meal were supplemented at 0, 800, 1,600 and 2,400 ppb chromium in the form of chromium picolinate. Each treatment had six replicates of six female chicks each (average initial weight=45.6 g). Experimental period lasted for six weeks. Excessive supplementation of chromium as chromium picolinate had no effect on body weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion and nutrient utilizability of broiler chicks. Mortality was improved with a supplementation of chromium (p < 0.05). However, serum glucose decreased as chromium level increased (p < 0.05). Up to 2,400 ppb chromium as chromium picolinate, signs of toxicity were not noticed in this study.

Effects of Supplemention of Chinese Medicine Refuse on Performance and Physiology in Broiler Chicks (한약재 부산물 첨가가 육계의 성장과 생리적 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • 박성진;유성오
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.195-201
    • /
    • 1999
  • The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplemental dry powder of chinese medicine refuse (CMR) on the growth performance and physiological status of broiler chicks. The treatments consisted of corn-soybean meal control diet, CMR 4 and 8% diets. A total of 120 Arbor Acre broiler chicks were randomly allotted to 12 pens ; four pens per treatment and 10 birds per pen. The body weight gain and feed intake did not show ant differences among the treatment groups, but feed conversion was significantly higher (P〈0.05) in CMR 8% group than that of the control group. Hunt L and b did not show ant differences among the treatment groups, but hunt a was darker (P〈0.05) in CMR 4 and 8% group than that of the control group. The blood concentrations of total protein, sugar, glutamic-oxaloacetic-transaminase (GOT), glutamic-pyruvic-transaminase (GPT) Hemogloben were not different among the treatment groups. The pH of thigh muscle were lower in CMR 4 and 8% groups than that of the control group, but crude fat, crude ash of thigh muscle and bone hardness in brolier chicks did not show ant differences among the treatment groups. The saturated fatty acid content of the thigh muscle tende to decrease dietary CMR increased.

  • PDF

Effects of Dietary Levels of Single Cell Protein(SCP) on the Productivity of Broiler Chicks (균체 단백질의 첨가가 육계 생산성에 미치는 영향)

  • 장윤호;김정우;김인호;김춘수
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.79-89
    • /
    • 1998
  • Dietary levels of single cell protein(SCP) 0 %, 5 %, 10 % and 15 % were included in experimental diets. The purpose of this experiment is to examine the effects of diets containing different levels of SCP on the performance of broiler chicks, including the nutrient availabilities, compared to that of the commercial diet. In order to evaluate the nutritive value of SCP, feeding and metabolism trial were conducted with a total of 160 broiler chicks for a period of 4 weeks. Contents of CP and pure protein in the composition of SCP were 67 % and 32. 05 %, respectively. In general, diets with over 10 % SCP substitution had significantly decreased body weight gain compared to the control diet. Feed intake of chicks fed SCP supplemental groups was significantly decreased compared to that of control, especially observed the significant difference in proportion to increas mg the levels of SCP. The feed efficiency was decreased by the addiition of SCP, but was not significantly different between control and SCP supplemental groups. The digestibilities of DM, CP and NFE tended to be similar among treatments, whereas crude fiber treated with SCP tended to be lower digestibility than control. In conclusion, the optimum dietary supplemental SCP would be less 5 % for broiler growth in this experiment.

  • PDF

L-Leucine increases the daily body temperature and affords thermotolerance in broiler chicks

  • Han, Guofeng;Yang, Hui;Wang, Yunhao;Haraguchi, Shogo;Miyazaki, Takuro;Bungo, Takashi;Tashiro, Kosuke;Furuse, Mitsuhiro;Chowdhury, Vishwajit S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.32 no.6
    • /
    • pp.842-848
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objective: Heat stress poses an increasing threat for poultry production. Some amino acids have been found to play critical roles in affording thermotolerance. Recently, it was found that in ovo administration of L-leucine (L-Leu) altered amino acid metabolism and afforded thermotolerance in heat-exposed broiler chicks. Methods: In this study, two doses (35 and $70{\mu}mol/egg$) of L-Leu were administered in ovo on embryonic day 7 to determine their effect on rectal temperature (RT), body weight (BW) and thyroid hormones at hatching. Changes in RT, BW, and thermotolerance in post-hatched chicks were also analyzed. Results: It was found that in ovo administration of L-Leu dose-dependently reduced RT and plasma thyroxine ($T_4$) level just after hatching. In post-hatched neonatal broiler chicks, however, the higher dose of L-Leu administered in ovo significantly increased RT without affecting BW gain. In chicks that had been exposed to heat stress, the RT was significantly lowered by in ovo administration of L-Leu (high dose) in comparison with the control chicks under the same high ambient temperature (HT: $35^{\circ}C{\pm}1^{\circ}C$, 120 min). Conclusion: In ovo administration of L-Leu in a high dose contributed to an increased daily body temperature and afforded thermotolerance under HT in neonatal broiler chicks.

Effect of Feeding Probiotics on Performance and Intestinal Microflora of Broiler Chicks (생균제의 급여가 육계의 생산성과 장내 미생물의 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • 류경선;박홍석
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-37
    • /
    • 1998
  • Two experiment were conducted to evaluate the feeding value of probiotics for the broiler chicks. Basal diets based on corn and soybean meal with no supplemental probiotics contained 21% dietary crude protein for the first 3 weeks and 19% for the rest of two weeks. In experiment 1, 0.2 % probiotics containing 2X 10 6 cfu /ml of Saccharomyces cerevisiae(S), Clostridium butyricum(C), Lactobacillus acidophilus(L), Bacillus polyfermenticus(B) were respectively supplemented to control groups. Two hundred day-olo chicks were randomly assigned to five treatments which had four replicates of 10 chicks each per treatment. Weight gain, feed consurnption, feed conversion ratio (FCR) were weekly measured for 5 weeks. The number of intestinal microflora was examined at the end of experiment. In experiment 1, Weight gain and feed intake of chicks fed probiotics exhibited a significant response compared to those of control for the first three weeks(P<0.01). Weight gain of S or C treatments was higher than that of control for the rest of two weeks, whereas it was significantly lower in L and B treatments than S or C treatments (P<0.01). Chicks fed S or C was significantly increased weight gain(P <0.05) compared to that of control at five weeks of age. FCR of C treatment seemed to improve relative to other supplemental probiotics groups, but was not significantly different. The number of intestinal anaerobes and Lactobacillus in large intestine of chicks fed probiotics supplements was significantly decreased compared to control groups(P<0.01). In experiment 2, there were six treatments: Ti, control; T2, 0.2%S; T3, 0.2%S + 0.2%C; T4, 0.2%S + 0.2%L; T5, 0.2%S + 0.2%B; T6, 0.2%S + 0.1%C + o.i%L + 0.1%B. Control diet based on corn soybean meal contained 21% CP and 3,2OOca1 /g ME with no probiotics. There were four replicates of 10 chicks each per treatment. Weight gain of chicks fed probiotics tended to increase compared to control groups, but were not significantly different between them. FCR was also improved in probiotics treatments. However, there were no significant differences between probiotics supplementation and control groups. The results of these experiments indicated that dietary supplemental probiotics improved weight gain, feed efficiency for the first three weeks of young broiler chicks, whereas supplementation of C, L, B combined probiotics to young broiler chicks was not superior to those of single or two probiotics.

  • PDF

Effect of Feeding Yeast (Saceharomyces eerevisiae) on Growth Performance and Changes of Intestinal E. coli in Broiler Chicks (효모의 급여가 육계의 성장 및 장내 대장균의 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • 이현우;김인호;김춘수;손중천
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.67-72
    • /
    • 1997
  • In order to investigate the effect of feeding live yeast (Sacckaromyces cerevisiae) on the growth performance and changes of intestinal microorganism (E. coli), a growth assay was conducted with 144 broiler chicks. Treatments were consisted of corn-soybean meal control, 0.05% live yeast, and 0.05% dead yeast. Most of the chick protein of the live yeast was in the pure protein form, and had a high amino acid composition with 47% of essential amino acids and 53% of non-essential amino acids. No differences in growth performance were shown among dietany treatments. Total number of E. coli in the small intestine of chicks fed either live or dead yeast was significantly reduced compared to chicks fed the control diet. Although the changes of E. coli in the cecum were not identical to differences in the small intestine, the changes of E. coli in the cecurn had a similar trend.

  • PDF

Effect of Dietary Fiber Levels on The Production Parameters in Colored Broiler Chicks (식이섬유 수준에 따른 유색육용계의 능력과 도체특성)

  • 김대진;한성운
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.278-285
    • /
    • 1996
  • This experiments was conducted to determine the effect of dietary fiber(DF) levels with diets of isocaloric (3,010 kcal/1kg diet) and isoprotein(21% of diet) on colored brolier chicks(Juk jun hatchery farm). Four groups of 6 chicks 4 replication. were fed corn-soy meal diets containing 0% (DF, 5%), 2%(DF, 6%), 4%(DF, 7%), and 6%(DF, 8%) of dehydrated alfalfa meal(AM) from 21 to 42 days of age. The addition of dietary fiber levels to the broiler chicks diets did noty affect body weight, feed efficiency, energy efficiency and protein efficiency, but affect feed intake of chicks fed 6% of fiber. The level of fiber diets did not affect gizzard weight of female(1.45g/100g BW) and male(1.25g/100g BW), but affect small intestine length of female. When comparing two the dietary fiber levels, 5% and 8%, the contents of the total serum cholesterol was slightly higher in chicks fed 5% of fier than that of 8% without significant. However, total serum cholesterol levels of female(121mg/dl) and male(119mg/dl) were not influenced by increased dietary fiber levels. The liver weight was not influenced by increasing of dietary fiber levels (female 2.03g and male 2.05g/100g BW). The yields of dressed weight(72% of shrunk body weight), skin weight)11% of dressed weight) were not influenced by increased dietary fiber.

  • PDF