• Title, Summary, Keyword: Brassica juncea czerniak et coss

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Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity of Extracts from Brassica juncea czerniak et coss., Celosia cristata L., and Beta vulgaris L. (맨드라미, 비트, 홍갓 색소 추출물의 항산화 및 항균 효과)

  • Kim, Mi-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.719-729
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    • 2012
  • We sought to study the qualities and scientific benefits of Dongchimi, a traditional Korean food. We compared and analyzed ingredients used for the appearance and storability of dongchimi - honggot (Brassica juncea czerniak et coss), cockscomb (Celosia cristata L.), and beet Beta vulgaris L.). We specifically examined the antioxidative and antibacterial activity of pigments from extracts of these ingredients. Distilled water ($H_2O$) and 1% citric acid were used to safely extract pigments. The antioxidative activity of the pigments was then measured for total phenolic compounds, SOD (Super Oxide Dismutase), and EDA (Electron Donation Ability) by DPPH. The antibacterial activity of was also assessed by a Paper disc solution. Our results show that the pigments had sufficient antioxidative activity and had antibacterial properties against Gram positive and negative bacteria. In particular, Cockscomb (used for enhancing color) contained the highest amount of polyphenol compounds and had the most efficient antioxidative activity.

Optimal Conditions for Extraction of Anthocyan from Celosia cristata L., Brassica juncea czerniak et coss, Beta vulgaris L. for manufacture of Color Dongchimi (컬러동치미 제조를 위한 홍갓, 맨드라미, 비트에 함유된 안토사이안 색소의 최적 추출 조건)

  • Kim, Mi-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.686-694
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to develop a method to change the color of traditional Dongchimi using natural dyes to meet changing consumer demands. It was intended to improve the manufacturing process ability for color Dongchimi, and the best optimum extraction solvent and method from the natural dyes were proven to be confirmed and valid. The extraction process was evaluated using different solvents including distilled water, 20% ethyl alcohol, and 1% citric acid, and the quantity of the extracted anthocyanin was then measured based on the absorbance. The greatest absorbance was observed when 1% citric acid was used. Based on these findings, it would be most efficient to allow the traditional Dongchimi to produce citric acid naturally instead of using artificial additives during its production. Celosia cristata L. was extracted in its largest quantity when reacted with 20% ethyl alcohol. Therefore, instead of applying Celosia cristata L. to Dongchimi as the sub-ingredient during the preparatory stage, it will be more efficient to use Celosia cristata L. as the fractional ingredient in order to first extraction.

Antioxidative Activities of Anthocyanins in Red Mustard Leaf Kimchi (적갓김치 Anthocyanins의 항산화 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 최홍식
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.937-941
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    • 2003
  • Red mustard leaf (RML) kimchi was prepared with native Brassica juncea czerniak et coss as a major raw material and antioxidative characteristics of crude anthocyanin (CA)/refined anthocyanin (RA) isolated from RML kimchi were studied. Among crude pigment fractions, CA fraction showed a higher inhibition rate of peroxide formation in linoleic acid autoxidation system. These effects seemed to be increased with the increase of CA concentration. CA also was considered to have a role of electron donor by the experiments using DPPH ($\alpha$, $\alpha$'-diphenyl-$\beta$-picrylhydrazyl) reaction. Furthermore, various RA fractions had a higher antioxidative activity and especially RA-fraction 3 demonstrated the highest score of the antioxidative characteristics in terms of the prevention of lipid peroxidation and scavenging of free radicals.