• Title, Summary, Keyword: Brain preference

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The Relationship between Fixation and Brain Preference (고착(Fixation)과 뇌활용성향과의 관계)

  • Lee, Hong;Jun, Yun-sook;Park, Eun-a
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.85-103
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between fixation and brain preference. Based on the hemisphere asymmetric theory and fixation, two hypotheses were articulated. They were: 1) Right-brain preference is negatively related to divergent fixation. 2) Left-brain preference is negatively related to convergent fixation. A self-reporting scale for measuring the brain preference with 42 items were developed for the study based on functional characteritics of left and right hemisphere. Samples were collected from 579 college students in K University. Regression analysis showed that right-brain preference was negatively associated with divergent fixation. In the relationship between left-brain preference and convergent fixation, mixed results were produced. Research implication were discussed at the end of the study.

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Case Analysis of Problem Solving Process Based on Brain Preference of Mathematically Gifted Students -Focused on the factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior- (수학영재들의 뇌선호유형에 따른 문제해결 과정 사례 분석 -Schoenfeld의 문제해결 행동요인을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Jae Hee;Song, Sang Hun
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.67-86
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze selection of factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior shown in problem solving process of mathematically gifted students based on brain preference of the students and to present suggestions related to hemispheric lateralization that should be considered in teaching such students. The conclusions based on the research questions are as follows. First, as for problem solving methods of the students in the Gifted Education Center based on brain preference, the students of left brain preference showed more characteristics of the left brain such as preferring general, logical decision, while the students of right brain preference showed more characteristics of the right brain such as preferring subjective, intuitive decision, indicating that there were differences based on brain preference. Second, in the factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior, the students of left brain preference mainly showed factors including standardized procedures such as algorithm, logical and systematical process, and deliberation, while the students of right brain preference mainly showed factors including informal and intuitive knowledge, drawing for understanding problem situation, and overall examination of problem-solving process. Thus, the two types of students were different in selecting the factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior based on the characteristics of their brain preference. Finally, based on the results showing that the factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior were differently selected by brain preference, it may be suggested that teaching problem solving and feedback can be improved when presenting the factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior selected more by students of left brain preference to students of right brain preference and vice versa.

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A Study on the Problem Solving Styles according to Left/Right Brain Preference of Earth Science Gifted Students (좌우뇌 활용 선호도에 따른 지구과학 영재들의 문제해결방식에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Duk-Ho;Park, Seon-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.172-184
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    • 2010
  • This study is to investigate the problem solving styles according to the left /right brain preference among earth science gifted students. We took the R/LCT and the test of BPI to investigate the brain preference of earth science gifted students (N=16), and took S-CPST to investigate the problem solving styles on them. In the R/LCT, the earth science gifted students were classified into 3 groups (8 left-brain preference students, 7 right-brain preference students, 1 middle-brain preference student). In the BPI, 8 students had the appearance of left-brain preference, whereas 8 students had the appearance of right-brain preference. According to the result of S-CPST, first the left brain preference students tended to resolve a problem into simple components, then they put together each simple component. They prefer to solve a problem using numbers and mathematical signs logically, but they were afraid of giving trouble to describe own idea with pictures. Whereas the right brain preference students solved a problem with 3 steps. First, they saw an overall form of problem. Second, they tried to analyze each simple component of it, and then, made up all in one. Also, the right brain preference students observed the intuitive pattern of problem first, and then suggested the various problem solving methods later, and they took a solving plan using a picture in detail. In sum, earth science gifted students are unequal in problem solving styles according to the left/right brain preference. Thus, a teaching-learning method needs to be developed based on left/right brain preference for more effective gifted education.

Brain Preference and Management : An Exploratory Reasoning from the Founders of Samsung and Hyundai Group, Lee and Chung (뇌활용성향과 기업경영 : 이병철회장과 정주영회장을 통한 탐험적 추론)

  • Lee Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.105-128
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    • 2005
  • The Purpose of the current study is to identify the differences between Samsung and Hyundai Group and the causes why the differences occurred. The study focuses on the founders of the two group as a main source of the differences, especially brain preference of the two founders. Two steps were employed to perform the study. Firstly, the two founders' characteristics were analyzed by using archival research. It was implicitly hypothesized that Group founders' characteristics explained the differences of the two Groups. It was found that the founder of Samsung Group, the late president Lee emphasized rationality, analysis, and cause/effect relationship and low risk taking, suggesting that he had left-brain preference. In contrast. the late president Chung, the founder of Hyundai Group, emphasized intuition, wholeness, contextual meaning, and risk taking, showing that he had right-brain preference. Secondly, a comparison between the two groups was performed in terms of business and financial risk in corporate portfolio, and management system. It was found that Hyundai Group was pursuing higher risk than Samsung Group. And it was observed that Samsung Group put more emphasis on formality in decision making and systematic control, and less emphasis on risk taking than Hyundai Group. From the two step research relationship between brian preference and management was reasoned. Research implications and limitations were discussed at the end of the study.

Effect of forming groups according to the brain hemisphere preference on the cooperative problem solving learning achievement in the middle school technology (중학교 기술 교과의 협동적 문제해결학습에서 좌우뇌 선호도에 따른 소집단 구성이 학업성취도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Heon-Mi
    • 대한공업교육학회지
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.205-229
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of forming groups according to the brain hemisphere preference on the cooperative problem solving learning achievement in the middle school technology. The subjects of this study were 95 second grade boy students of a middle school in Daejeon and the measurement instrument of the left and right hemisphere preference is the Brain preference Indicator(BPI) which had been developed by Torrance et al(1977) and was adjusted by Ko, Younghee(1991). The academic achievement was analyzed on cognitive, psychomotor and affective domains. Derived results from this research are stated below: First, making groups according that the brain preference is more similar was more effective than making groups according to the high familiarity and the similarity of performance in the academic achievement of psychomotor and affective domains. Second, making groups according that the brain preference is more similar was more effective than making groups according that the brain preference is more diffrent for the academic achievement of affective domains on the cooperative problem solving learning in technology. Third, the academic achievement score of the right hemisphere preference group is higher than the score of the population in three domains. Also, the academic achievement score of the right hemisphere preference group is higher than the score of the left hemisphere preference group.

The Characteristics and Relationships of Learning Abilities by Brain Preference and EEG According to Elementary School Students Academic Achievement Level (초등학생의 학업성취수준에 따른 뇌 선호도와 뇌파에 의한 학습능력의 특성 및 관계)

  • Kim, Jin Seon;Shim, Jun Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.85-100
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    • 2015
  • This study divided elementary school 6th graders of into a higher academic achievement group (n=19) and a lower academic achievement group (n=19) in order to examine the tendency of left and right hemisphere preferences, characteristics and relationships of learning ability factors by means of EEG. For this purpose, brain waves in performing higher cognitive tasks for 5 min. were measured with a two-channel (Fp1, Fp2) EEG measurement system and hemisphere preference was measured by means of a questionnaire. Our results were as follows. First, hemisphere preference indicated that the higher group showed a left hemisphere tendency and the lower group indicated a right hemisphere tendency. Second, the first learning ability test found that the higher group performed its task rapidly with higher levels of concentration and cognitive strength and lower loading and the lower group conducted its task more slowly with lower levels of concentration and cognitive strength and higher loading. The second test showed that the higher group performed its task rapidly with lower levels of concentration.

Analysis on Creative Thinking Leaning Between Scientifically Gifted Students and Normal Students (과학영재와 일반학생들의 창의적 사고 편향에 대한 분석)

  • Chung, Duk-Ho;Park, Seon-Ok
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.175-191
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    • 2011
  • This study is to investigate the creative thinking style and it's leaning that normal students and scientifically gifted students use mainly at processing information. Right Brain vs Left Brain Creativity Test(R/LCT) and Brain Preference Indicator(BPI) is taken to investigate the creative thinking style of normal students(N=144) and scientifically gifted students(N=97). In the R/LCT, the normal students responded that they prefer to use right-brain thinking rather than left-brain thinking. But the scientifically gifted students prefer to left-brain thinking. The normal students showed most preference for Holistic Processing of right side brain and they did most avoiding for Verbal Processing of left side brain. The scientifically gifted students showed most preference for Logical Processing of left side brain. And they did most avoiding for Random Processing of right side brain. There was a meaningful difference between left side brain preference group and right side brain preference group on Sequential, Symbolic, Logical, Verbal, Random, Intuitive, Fantasy-oriented Processing of normal Students. But the scientifically gifted students showed a meaningful difference in right side brain processing mainly. In other word, all the scientifically gifted students took an lean processing in Logical, Symbolic, Linear Processing, etc. In sum, the scientifically gifted students are unequal in at processing information against the normal students. So it is required more appropriate teaching-learning method based on the creative thinking style and it's leaning for effective gifted education.

The whole-brained English teaching (영어교육에서의 좌-우뇌 통합 교수법)

  • Kwon, Na-Young
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • no.5
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    • pp.103-122
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    • 1999
  • In this paper, I will argue that in teaching L2, it is important to take a holistic teaching method considering various learning styles of the learners and the nature of L2 learning. Under the situation that most of the school education is centered on the left brain activity, learners with the right brain preference tend to get only to the lower proficiency than they really can. To prove this, I conducted a experiment on two classes of high school students. I decided the hemispheric preference of each students using HMI (hemispheric mode indicator) Then I compared the hemispheric preferences of students with their scores in English tests. The students with right hemispheric preference show significantly lower scores than the ones with left preference. It is implied that the current English education should adapted to address various learning and cognitive styles and whole-brain L2 teaching method should replace the left-centered instruction in the learning environment.

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The Effect of Science Activity Activating Spatial Ability on Elementary School Students' Spatial Ability and Creativity Improvement (공간 능력을 활성화하는 과학 활동이 초등학생의 공간 능력과 창의성에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Sun;Kwon, Young-Sik;Lee, Kil-Jae
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.178-188
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    • 2011
  • This study was to find the effects of science activity activating spatial ability on spatial ability and creativity of the elementary school students. The survey was conducted with 30 second grade students in one class of "J" elementary school located in "C" City, Chungcheong-bukdo province. The students were taught with the program of science activity activating the spatial ability. According to the result, the science activity had significantly influence on the improvement of spatial ability of the elementary school students. It had also significantly influence on the improvement of spatial relationship ability. The science activity was also effective in the improvement of creativity, and especially in the subdomain of originality and sensitiveness. The students who has right brain preference showed much more improvement in the spatial ability compared to left brain preference students after science activity class. However there is no difference between the students who had the right brain preference and left brain preference in the creativity.

A Study on the Difference of Computational Thinking and Attitude according to Left and Right Brain Preference (초등학교 로봇 활용 교육에서 좌우뇌선호에 따른 컴퓨팅사고력, 로봇에 대한 태도의 차이)

  • Noh, Jiyae
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.327-335
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    • 2020
  • This study intends to examine the effects of education using robot on computational thinking and attitudes according to left and right brain preference. To execute the study, 17 elementary students at A youth training center in Seoul were selected to participate in the education. And the mean difference was analyzed using matched pair t-test and Mann-Whitey U test. As a result, after participating in the education, there was some statistical significance found in the scores to test student's computational thinking, but not statistical significance on the attitudes. Furthermore, there was no significance found in computational thinking or attitude according to the left and right brain preference. The purpose of this study can be found in that it expands the understanding of education using robot by verifying the efficacy and analyzing differences according to left and right brain preference.