• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bovine Immature Oocytes

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Effects of Culture Conditions on The Expression of Cyclin B1 Protein during the First Meiotic Maturation in Bovine Immature Oocytes

  • Hwang Seong-Soo;Yoon Jong-Taek
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.115-118
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    • 2006
  • Cyclin B1 is known to reflect the M-phase promoting factor (MPF), a universal regulator of G2/M-phase transition, activity during the process of oocytes maturation. To investigate whether culture condition affects the maturation rate and the expression of cyclin B1 protein, bovine immature oocytes are stimulated and cultured according to the following protocols: Experiment 1: denuded oocytes (denude) only, COC only, denuded oocytes+granulosa cells (denude+GCs) and COC+GCs; Experiment 2: no-activation (control), 7% ethanol for 5 min and $10{\mu}l/ml$ ionomycin for 5 min at immediately before maturation. The maturation rates of denude and no-activation group were significantly lower in both experiments (P<0.05), respectively. Co-culture or stimulation method in bovine immature oocytes culture increases the cyclin B1 expression significantly in both experiments (P<0.05). Based on these results, culture condition affects the maturation rate and the expression of cyclin B1 protein during the first meiotic maturation in bovine immature oocytes.

Effect of Different Cryoprotectants on the Viability, Maturation and Development of In Vitro Bovine Oocytes (동결액 조성이 소 난자의 체외성숙, 발육능 및 생존성에 미치는 영향)

  • 류일선;양병철;연성홈;이동원;서국현;손동수;이병천;황우석
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.147-157
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of in vitro fertilization, culture and embryo development according to in vitro maturation rate, protectant composition and equilibrium time after frozen /thawing of bovine immature oocytes. This results obtained in studies on the effect of different cryoprotectants on the viability, maturation and development of in vitro bovine oocytes were as follow: 1.The post-thawing of immature oocytes matured to metaphase II during culture time for 0 to 26 h, and those group (62~3%) were low than control group (76.7%). The optimal maturation time of frozen-thawed immature oocytes was at 24 h. 2.The viability of cryopreserved immature oocytes was not affected by sort of cryoprotectants. The developmental competence of frozen4hawed oocytes was not affected by cryoprotectants. These results indicate that an optimal maturation time of frozen /thawed immature oocytes was at 24h. Furthermore the viability of cryopreserved immature oocytes was not affected by sort of cryoprotectants and developmental competence of frozen /thawed oocytes.

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Studies on the Survival Rate of Rapidly Frozen Bovine Immature Oocytes (소 미성숙 난포란의 급속동결 융해후 생존성에 관한 연구)

  • 김상근;이봉구
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 1995
  • This study was carried out to investigate On in vitro fertilization, survival rate and developmental rate of rapidly frozen bovine immature oocytes. Immature oocytes cultured for 1, 12, 24, 48 hours in 20% FCS + TCM-199 medium and thereafter rapidly freezing-thawed oocytes inseminated with capacitated sperm. The immature oocytes following dehydration by 1.5M DMSO + 2.0M glycerol + 0.25M sucrose + TCM 199 media + 20% FGS were directly plunged into liquid nitrogen and thawes in 3$0^{\circ}C$ water. Rapid freezing embryos co-cultured in 20% FCS + TCM-199 media containing hormones(21U/mL PMSG, 21U /mL hGG and 1 $\mu$g /mL 17$\beta$-estradiol) and cumulus cells(1 x 105-6 cells). Survival rate was defined as development rate on in vitro culture or FDA-test. The results are summarized as follows ; 1. The in vitro maturation and fertilization rate of immature bovine oocytes on in vitro maturation period(1, 12, 24, 48 hrs) before rapid freezing4hawed were 57.1%, 45.7%, 37.1%, 25.7% and 40.0%, 31.4%, 20.0%, 11.4%, respectively. 2. The survival rate of immature bovine oocytes on in vitro maturation period(1, 12, 24, 48 hrs) before rapid freezing-thawed were 33.3%, 26.7%, 20.0%, and 10.0%, respectively. The survival rate of rapid freezing4hawed immature oocytes was significantly lower than that of non-freezing oocytes. 3. The survival rate of rapid freezing4hawed excellent and good bovine embryos co-cultured in 20% FCS + TCM-199 media containing hormones(PMSG, hCG, 17$\beta$-estradiol) and cumulus cells 4 to 5 hrs and 20 to 24 hrs were 35.0%, 15.0% and 25.0%, 15.0% and 40.0%, 20.0% and 30.0%, 15.0%, respectively. The survival rate of embryos co-cultured in TCM-199 media containing hormones and cumulus cells was significantly higher than that of non co-culture.

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Vitrification of Bovine Immature Oocytes using Microdrop Method

  • Park, H.S.;Kim, D.H.;Kim, S.W.;Yang, B.C.;Im, G.S.;Hwang, I.S.;Seo, J.S.;Yang, B.S.;Moon, S.J.;Chang, W.K.
    • Proceedings of the KSAR Conference
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    • pp.258-258
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    • 2004
  • Successful cryopreservation of mammalian oocytes would provide a source of materials for in vitro embryo production. This study was conducted to determine vitrification conditions for bovine immature oocytes using micro-drop method and, to examine maturation, fertilization and development of vitrified bovine immature oocytes. (omitted)

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Toxicity Test of Sucrose and Trehalose Prior to Cryopreservation in Immature Bovine Oocytes

  • Park, Sang-Hyoun;Yu, Il-Jeoung
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.263-267
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to determine toxic effect of sucrose and trehalose prior to cryopreservation on nuclear maturation and embryonic development in immature bovine oocytes. All cryoprotectant was prepared in tissue culture medium 199-HEPES (TCM 199-HEPES) with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). Immature oocytes were exposed to 1.2M ethylene glycol (EG) and 0.1M sucrose or 1.2M EG and 0.1M trehalose for 3 min and then were exposed to 3.2 M EG and 0.25 M sucrose or 3.2 M EG and 0.25 M trehalose for 1 min. Oocytes treated with cryoprotectants were exposed to 0.25 M sucrose or 0.25 M trehalose for 5 min and then 0.1 M sucrose or 0.1 M trehalose for 5 min. Depending on type of sugar added to cryopreservation solution, oocytes were allocated to sucrose group and trehalose group, respectively. Oocytes exposed to TCM 199-HEPES with 10% FBS were considered as control. Oocytes were cultured in TCM 199 supplemented with 10% FBS, 5 ng/ml epidermal growth factor, 0.01 IU/ml luteinizing hormone, and $1\;{\mu}g/ml$ estradiol for 24 h in $39^{\circ}C$, 5% $CO_2$. Nuclear maturation was assessed by staining oocytes with 1% aceto-orcein. Oocytes were fertilized in vitro and were cultured in TCM 199 supplemented with 10% FBS, 5 mM sodium pyruvate, and antibiotics in $39^{\circ}C$, 5% $CO_2$. The rates of cleavage and blastocyst, and cell number in blastocyst were assessed. Metaphase II rates were not different among experimental groups regardless of type of sugar. The cleavage rate of trehalose group (73.3%) was significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of sucrose group (62.8%) and control group (60.8%). The blastocyst rate was significantly higher in trehalose group (p<0.05). Mean cell number in blastocyst were not different among experimental groups, although cell number of blastocyst in trehalose group was significantly higher on day 7 (p<0.05). In conclusion, sucrose and trehalose were not toxic to immature bovine oocytes prior to cryopreservation. In particular, trehalose was more effective on embryonic development.

The Use of Fluorescein Diacetate (FDA) to Assess Oocyte Viability in the Bovine (FDA를 이용한 소 난포란의 생사 판정)

  • 김중계;박세필
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.211-217
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    • 1997
  • This experiment was carried out to determine the possibility of using FDA on the selection of viable bovine immature oocytes. The results obtained in these experiments were summarized as follows; 1. The rates of nuclear maturation (metaphase II) of bovine oocytes according to FDA concentration were 92.5% (37/40) in the control and those rates in the dilution on FDA to 1:400,000, 1:800,000 and 1:1,600,000 were 74.4% (67/90), 80.3% (38/46) and 71.1% (32/45), respectively. 2. The fertilization rate ( 2-cell) in the control was 72.2% (39/54) and those rates in the dilution of FDA to 1:400,000, 1:800,000 and 1:1,600,000 were 28.8% (23/80), 66.7% (32/48) and 62.2% (28/45), respectively. In these results, a, pp.opriate concentration of FDA to bovine immature oocytes was 1:800,000. 3. Effect of FDA treatment to the blastocyst development of bovine oocytes was indicated that control was 22.2% (18/81) and FDA treatment groups which were classified to strong, partial and weak were 21.4% (36/168), 14.5% (9/62) and 0% (0/15), respectively. This result suggested that in vitro development to the blastocyst was severely reduced except strong group according to the FDA fluorescent level (P<0.05) and that using FDA is possible to select of bovine oocytes.

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In Vitro Fertilization and Development of Bovine Immature Oocytes by Ultra- Rapid Cooling (미성숙 소난자의 초급속 동결ㆍ융해 후 수정 및 체외 배발달)

  • Ryu, C. S.;K. S. Kil;Kim, N-H;D. H. Ko;Lee, H. T.;K. S. Chung
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.221-227
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    • 1999
  • Successful cryopreservation of bovine immature oocytes can increase availably of oocytes for the in vitro fertilization or nuclear transfer. However, it was not reported successful development to the blastocyst stage following in vitro fertilization of cryopreserved bovine immature oocytes. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of survival, meiotic maturation, fertilization and in vitro development of cryopreserved bovine immature by ultra rapid cooling methods. The oocytes were adversely affected by brief exposure to EFS40 solution in electron microscope grids and plunged directly into liquid nitrogen. After such ultra-rapid cooled immature oocytes were warmed, 78% of oocytes were matured to the metaphase II stage, 50% of oocytes were fertilized after insemination, and 5% of oocytes were developed to the blastocyst stage. Different sodium concentration of sodium ion in the freezing medium did not affect survival, maturation, fertilization and in vitro development of cryopreserved oocytes. These results suggested that immature bovine oocytes can be cryopreserved by ultra-rapid cooling methods.

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Survival and In Vitro Development of Immature Bovine Oocytes Cryopreserved by Vitrification

  • Yang, Byoung-Chul;Im, Gi-Sun;Chang, Won-Kyong;Lee, Yun-Keun;Oh, Sung-Jong;Jin, Dong-Il;Im, Kyong-Sun;Lee, Chang-Kyu
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 2003
  • The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of PVP concentration and exposure temperature to vitrification solution on the post-thaw survival, in vitro maturation and development of immature bovine oocytes (germinal vesicle stage). The vitrification solution (VS) consisted of 40% ethylene glycol (EG)+0.5 M sucrose (S)+10% FBS. PVP was added to VS: 0%, 5% or 10%. The cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were diluted in VS as one step, after 2 min the COCs were loaded in straw and vitrified by direct immersion into liquid nitrogen. For thawing, the straws were plunged into $30^{\circ}C$ water bath for 10s. After thawing, the oocytes were diluted in 0.5 M (in DPBS with 10% FBS) sucrose solution for 5 min. The survival rate (FDA-test and trypan blue) of immature bovine oocytes was measured. The survival rate was higher in 5% PVP (91.5%) than in 0% (64.2%) or in 10% PVP (79.7%). The proportion of metaphase II formation was 69.35% in control (no vitrified COCs), 9.3% in 40% EG+0.5 M S+0% PVP and 21.05% in 40% EG+0.5 M S+5% PVP (p<0.05). The effect of room temperature ($25^{\circ}C$ for 10 min) and cold temperature ($4^{\circ}C$ for 10 min) on COCs were determined in this study. After IVF, the cleavage and blastocysts rate of oocytes exposed to room temperature and cold temperature in VS+5% PVP was significantly different (2 cell: 63.20% vs 37.97%, blastocysts: 18.40% vs 2.53%). The cleavage rates of frozen-thawed oocytes were 20.53% with PVP and 22.13% without PVP (p>0.05). Two out of 151 oocytes (1.32%) developed to blastocyst stage after frozen-thawed with 5% PVP (p>0.05). Development of oocytes after frozen-thawing to the 2 cell were not significantly affected with or without PVP following IVF. However, the vitrification of immature bovine oocytes with PVP maintained the ability to develop to the blastocyst stage after IVM-IVF and IVC, while no blastocysts were obtained from oocytes vitrified without PVP. These results suggested that PVP has a protective role for vitrification of immature bovine oocytes as far as survival is concerned, however, the protection was not sufficient enough to support blastocyst formation.

Sperm Penetration of Bovine Immature Oocytes in TC-199 Medium (TC-199액내에서 소 미성숙난자의 정자침입)

  • 박춘근;이준희;정희태;박수봉;양부근;김정익
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 1996
  • Bovine immature oocytes cultured for various times in TC-199 medium were inseminated with frozne-thawed spermatozoa in TC-199 medium supplemented with caffeine(5mM) and heparin(10$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml). Sperm penetraton was possible in oocytes at any stage of maturation, but penetration rates were lower in oocytes inseminated 0~16h (60~76%) than 20h (98%) after culture. Formation of male and female pronuclei were first observed in oocytes inseminated 8h after cultrue. Formation of male and female pronuclei were first observed in oocytes inseminated 8h after culture. The proportions of polyspermy were high(50~76%) in oocytes inseminated at any stage of maturation. Sperm penetration into oocytes at the GV stage started at 8h after insemination and the penetration rates gradually increased as time after insemination proceeds. The proportion(35%) of oocytes matured beyond metaphase-II 20h after sperm-oocytes incubation was low. When oocytes were incubated without spermatozoa in TC-199 medium, maturation rates were significantly higher (P<0.001) in those without(45 and 84% for 16 and 20 h) than with (0 and 36% for 16 and 20 h) caffeine and heparin. These results indicate that TC-199 medium with caffeine and heparin is not suitable for maturation and fertilization of immature oocytes and may inhibit male pronuclear formation in the cytoplasm.

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In Vitro Fertilization and Development of Frozen-thawed Bovine Follicular Oocytes (동결융해 소 난포란의 체외발생에 관한 연구)

  • 윤종택;이호준;한기영
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.191-197
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    • 1998
  • Immature nocytes and in VitrO matured Oocytes collected from the slaughtered Korean cattle were frozen slowly with 10% ethylene glycol+5% polyvinyl pyrolidine+0.05M trehalose (l0EPT), 10% ethylene glycol+5% ficoll+0.05M sucrose (1OEFS), or 10% ethylene glycol+5% ficoll+0.05M trehalose (l0EFT) by cell freezer (experiment 1). And also,They were ultra-rapidly frozen with 30% ethylene glycol+10% polyvinyl pyrolidine+0.5M trehalose (3OEPT) or 30% ethylene glycol+18% ficoll+0.5M sucrose (3OEFS) using electron microscope grid (experiment 2). In experiment 1, the cleavage rate was 23.0% when immature oocytes were frozen slowly using various cryoprotectants descrihed above, and 5.1% of cleaved oocytes developed to over morula stage after in Vitro fertilization (IVF). There were no significant differences among these groups. When matured oocytes were frozen slowly, the total cleavage rate was 19.7%, and over morula stage was 3.2%. lOEPT (4.8%) and EFS (4.4%) were slightly more effective than l0EFT (0.0%) for development in vitro. Only in l0EFT treated group, immature oocytes have higher developmental capacity than matured ones, when they were frozen slowly and IVF after thawing. In experiment 2, oocytes were ultra-rapidly frozen using the electron microscope grid with two kind of cryoprotectants described above. In immature oocyte group, the cleavage rate was 13.9% and 5.8% of cleaved oocytes developed to over morula stage after IVF, and in matured group, 25.7 and 7.6%, respectively. There were no significant differences between two kind of cryoprotectants, but in ultra-rapid freezing using electron microscope grid, the efficiency is slightly higher in matured oocyte group.

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