• Title, Summary, Keyword: Boral

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Validation Calculations of Simulated Shipping Container Experiments with Steel, Boral, and Cadmium Plates

  • Kim, Soon-Sam;Lee, Sang-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 1997
  • Criticality experiments with fixed neutron poison plates for water moderated and reflected low enriched(2.35 and 4.31 wt%) UO$_2$fuel rod clusters were evaluated to validate calculation techniques employed in analyzing fuel shipping and storage systems having steel, boral, or cadmium shield. Measurements were obtained for both the 2.35 wt% and the 4.31 wt% enriched rods in square pitched, water flooded lattices. The critical experiments with the 2.35 wt% enriched rods consists of three 20$\chi$ 16 or 20$\chi$ 17 fuel cluster. Critical separation were used in the experiments with the 4.31 wt% enriched fuel rods. In the experiments, the poison plates were placed on both sides of the centrally located fuel cluster. Critical separation between the three sub-critical fuel clusters were then measured for varying plate thicknesses and distances of the plates to the center fuel cluster. Calculations were performed for thirty eight critical configuration using KENO-V. a and MCNP. All of the results were within 1.23% in $\Delta$k when individually compared with the critical value of 1.0. Discrepancies of the code results are probably due to uncertainties in experiments and/or analytical modeling experiments. In general, MCNP predictions were observed to be in best agreement with the experiments.

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Analysis of the criticality of the shipping cask(KSC-7) (KSC-7 사용후핵연료 수송용기 핵임계해석)

  • Yoon, Jung-Hyun;Choi, Jong-Rak;Kwak, Eun-Ho;Lee, Heung-Young;Chung, Sung-Whan
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 1993
  • The criticality of the shipping cask(KSC-7) for transportion of 7PWR spent fuel assemblies has been calculated and analysised on the basis of neutron transport theory. For criticality analysis, effects of the rod pitches, the fixed neutron absorbers(borated sus+boral) were considered. The effective multiplication factor has been calculated by KENO-Va, Mote Carlo method computer code, with the HANSEN-ROACH 16 group cross section set, which was made for personal computer system. The criticality for the KSC-7 cask was calculated in terms of the fresh fuel which was conservative for the aspects of nuclear critility. From the results of criticality analysis, the calculated Keff is proved to be lower than subcritical limit during normal transportation and under hypothetical accident condition. The maximum calculated criticalities of the KSC-7 were lower the safety criticality limit 1.0 recommended by US 10CFR71 both under normal and hypothetical accident condition. Also, to verify the KSC-7 criticality calculation results by using KENO-Va, it was carried out benchmark calculation with experimental data of B & W(Bobcock and Wilcox) company. From the 3s series of calculation of the KSC-7 cask and benchmark calculation, the cask was safely designed in nuclear criticality, respectively.

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중성자흡수체를 이용한 사용후핵연료 저장대 설계에 관한 기술현황

  • 장상균;신태명
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.853-859
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    • 1995
  • 원자력발전소내 사용후핵연료 습식저장 방식 중에서 중성자흡수체를 사용하여 핵연료를 보관하는 중성자흡수체 저장대에 대한 국내외 기술현황을 조사하였다. 핵연료저장대에 중성자흡수체를 사용하는 목적은 핵연료로부터 방출되는 중성자를 횹수하여 임계요건을 만족하면서 단위 핵연료 저장공간을 줄이기 위함이다. 본 논문에서는 국내 핵연료저장대 설치현황을 파악하고, 국내외 중성자흡수체 재료로 사용되는 Borated Stainless Steel, Boral 및 Boraflex의 재료특성 등을 조사하였다. 또한 국내외 특허 출원된 중성자흡수체 저장대에 관한 자료를 검토하였다. 현재 국내에 외국회사의 완성품 인도방식으로 설치되었던 중성자홉수체 저장대에 대한 조사결과는 차세대 원자로 핵연료저장대의 중성자흡수체 선정 및 구조설계에 참고자료로 활용될 것이다.

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