• Title/Summary/Keyword: Body mass index

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Association between body composition parameters and non-specific low back pain in sedentary workers

  • Kim, Wondeuk;Park, Dongchun;Shin, Doochul
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.64-68
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    • 2021
  • Objective: In clinical practice, there are a lot of exercise to reduce body weight or reduce the amount of body fat in order to solve back pain. However, many studies have contradicted the relationship between back pain and weight or body fat mass. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between fat mass, body mass index and low back pain of office worker. Design: Crossed-sectional study Methods: Among the white-collar workers diagnosed with non-specific back pain by doctors, subjects who were not included in the exclusion criteria were selected to measure the subject's body fat mass, body mass index, pain intensity, and disability index due to back pain. The NPRS was used for the intensity of back pain of office workers, and the ODI was used for the degree of disability due to back pain. A body composition analyzer was used to measure the body fat mass and body mass index of white-collar workers. Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups in the comparison between the normal group and the excessive group according to the criteria of fat mass and body mass index. In the correlation analysis of fat mass, body mass index, pain intensity, and disability index, it was found that there was a significant correlation between fat mass and body mass index. However, neither fat mass nor body mass index had a significant correlation with pain intensity and disability index. Conclusions: The fat mass and body mass index of office worker do not affect low back pain.

Body Mass Index, Body Weight Perception, and Depressed Mood in Korean Adolescents

  • Lim, Yooli;Kim, Bongseog
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: We examined the relationships between the body mass index, body weight perception, and depressed mood in a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescents. Methods: We analyzed the data from the 2013 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey and evaluated the relationships between the body mass index, body weight perception, and depressed mood by gender (36655 boys and 35780 girls). Results: For boys, a low body mass index and perceiving oneself as underweight were related to depressed mood. For girls, both low and high body mass indices were negatively related to depressed mood. In addition, self-perceptions of being underweight or overweight were positively related to depressed mood. Body weight perception was not a significant mediator in the relationship between body mass index and depressed mood. Conclusion: These results suggest that both body mass index and body weight perception significantly contribute to Korean adolescents' depressed mood. Thus, research and clinical attention needs to be given to underweight as well as overweight adolescents, because those who perceive their weight as not normal are at risk for depression.

A Study on Body Mass Index, Body Attitude and Clothing Attitude of Women in Their Twenties (20대 여성의 비만도, 신체태도와 의복태도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Juyoung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze body mass index of women in their twenties and investigate the relationships of body attitude and clothing attitude. To achieve the purposes of this study, a questionnaire was conducted with 398 people from May 2 to May 30, 2013. The final data was analyzed with spss 18.0 program. The results were as follows: First, I found that body attitude had this order: Feeling fat, Lower body fatness, Salience of weight and shape, Attractiveness, Strength and fitness, and Body disparagement Secondly, there were significant differences of body attitude based on demographic characteristics and body mass index. Thirdly, I found that clothing attitude was classified into four factors of Personality pursuit, Body complement, Appearance ostentation, and Social approval. Fourthly, there were significant differences of clothing attitude based on demographic characteristics and body mass index. Fifthly, there were significant relations of body mass index, body attitude, and clothing attitude of women in their twenties. Thus, I found that body mass index and body attitude were related to clothing attitude.

The Association between Sleep Duration and Quality and Body Mass Index in Korean Adolescents (우리나라 청소년의 수면시간 및 질과 체질량지수와의 관련성)

  • Kim, So-Hui;Kim, Yu-Suk;Jang, Young-Hee;Park, Jong;Ryu, So-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study aims to discover the relation between the sleep duration and quality of adolescents and their body mass index. Methods: The study used data obtained through the 2009 online survey on adolescents health behaviors, targeting a total of 75,066 middle and high school students (39,612 of male students and 35,454 of female students). We first performed t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe's test and then the potential variables which was possibly related to the body mass index are determined from the tests. Using the potential variable, we performed the multiple regression analysis to finally identify the relation between the duration and quality of sleep. Results: As a result, the 39.8% of male students and the 46.5% of female students most frequently respond that the sleep duration was less than 6 hours, and 36.4% of male students and the 45.3% of female students respond that the quality of sleep was not good enough. The body mass index of both the male and the female students portionally decreases to their sleep duration, but the better quality of sleep makes their body mass index higher. Conclusion: In conclusion, the body mass index has some notable relationship with the sleep duration and quality for adolescents. It is advised to consider the sleep duration and quality in the business plans for adolescents in order for the prevention of their body mass index.

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Correlation study between Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors (비만과 심혈관 질환 위험인자와의 상관관계 분석 -건강검진 대상자를 중심으로-)

  • Cho, Tae-Young;Cho, Hyun-Chol;Hong, Seo-Young;Song, Yun-Kyung;Lim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.33-43
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    • 2004
  • Background: Recently obesity has become a social problem in all over the world including Korea. It is known that obesity is closely related with cardiovascular disease. Many studies are carrying out in the relation between several obesity indices, such as body mass index(BMI), waist-circumference(WC), body fat percent and risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Objective: This study was done in order to investigate correlation of obesity and cardiovascular risk factors. Method: We gathered totally 138 subjects who have taken health screening test in university hospital. With the exception of 40 abnormal cases on current illness and laboratory study, 98 healthy cases were analysed. We divided the groups as normal, overweight, obese group according to body mass index $(22.9kg/m^2\;and\;below\;/\;23{\sim}24.9kg/m^2\;/\;25kg/m^2\;and\;above)$and investigated the relationship between obesity based on body mass index(BMI) and cardiovascular risk factors. And investigated the relationship between each cardiovascular risk factor and body mass index, waist-hip ratio, body fat percent. Results: With the exception of blood pressure, other lab data such as total cholesterol, triglycerid, glucose were significantly different between the three groups divided by body mass index$(22.9kg/m^2\;and\;below\;/\;23{\sim}24.9kg/m^2\;/\;25kg/m^2\;and\;above)$. And Correlation coefficient of cardiovascular risk factors with body mass index, waist-hip ratio, body fat precent were acquired. Conclusion: We have concluded that the body mass index and waist-hip ratio body fat precent were predictive factors cardiovascular disease.

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The Effects on the Pulmonary Function and Body Mass Index of 20's Men Obesity after Treadmill Exercise (트레드밀 훈련이 20대 남성 비만인의 폐기능 및 체질량지수에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Kyochul;Kim, Hyeonae
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE : The purpose of this study was to determine whether tredmill exercise increases pulmonary function and decreases body mass index of the 20s obesity. METHOD : Thirty obesity in their 20s were randomly assigned to on experimental group (n=15) or control group (n=15). Over the course of four weeks, the experimental group participated in tredmill exercise for 30 minutes three times per week and the control group participated in auto-med exercise for 30 minutes three times per week. Subjects were assessed pre-test and post-test by measurement of pulmonary function (tidal volume, inspiration reserve volume, expiratory reserve volume, vital capacity) and body mass index. RESULT : Our findings show that the experimental group had significant difference in expiratory reserve volume and vital capacity and body mass index (p<.05). In the comparison of the two groups, the experimental group had higher pulmonary function and lower body mass index than the control group. CONCLUSION : In this study, the experimental group showed greater improvement in pulmonary function than the control group, which indicates that the tredmill exercise is effective at increasing the pulmonary function and body mass index 20s obesity.

A Comparison study on the relationship between the Self-reported Voice Problem and Body Mass Index (자가 음성평가와 체질량지수의 특성 비교)

  • Lee, Inae;Hwang, Young-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1330-1334
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between self-reported voice problem and body mass index. Data were collected from the 5th Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (2010) from 5,811 subjects(2,503 men and 3,308 women) aged 19 years and olders. chi-square, t-test and multi-nominal logistic regression analysis were used that to compare self-reported voice problem and variable(age, sex, hight, weight, waist measurement, body mass index). body mass index(OR=1.028, 95% CI: 1.003-1.056) was independently associated with self-reported voice problem(p<0.031). also over weight-two step obesity (OR=1.765, 95% CI: 1.036-3.006) were independently associated with self-reported voice problem(p<0.036). The results of comparison verified that body mass index are valuable self-reported voice problem of risk factor. when the evaluation were conducted, what was considered body mass index is needed.

The Relationships of Chewing Frequency, Eating Rates, and Food Consumption with the Body Mass Index and Gender of College Students (남녀 대학생의 체질량지수에 따른 저작횟수와 식사속도 및 식품섭취량 비교)

  • Jun, Seung-Cheol;Kim, Yun-Jeong;Kim, Young-Suk;Kim, Su-Kyung;Kim, Dong-Geon;Chang, Un-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2013
  • In this study, we examined chewing frequency, eating rates, and food consumption volume according to the body mass index of male and female college students. Twenty-five male college students were divided into a normal weight male group (<23 body mass index, n=14) and an obese male group (${\geq}23$ body mass index, n=11). Twenty-five female college students were divided into a normal weight female group (<23 body mass index, n=21) and an obese female group (${\geq}23$ body mass index, n=4). Subjects were provided with abundant fried rice and allowed to consume it at their own pace. Chewing frequency, total mealtime, rate of eating, consumption volume, calorie intake, and the amount of one bite were measured. There were no significant differences in chewing frequency, total mealtime, rate of eating, consumption volume, calorie intake, and the amount of one bite between the normal and obese male groups. There were also no significant differences in chewing frequency, consumption volume, calorie intake, and the amount of one bite between the normal and obese female groups. However, the obese female group had a significantly shorter mealtime and significantly higher eating rate compared with the normal group. Thus, our study suggests that females who eat a meal for a longer time may reduce their food intake, consequently inducing body weight loss.

The Study on the Correlation Between Spleen Deficiency Syndrome, Body Mass Index (BMI) and Eating Habit in Children and Adolescents (소아청소년의 비허증(脾虛證)과 체질량 지수 및 식습관과의 관계에 대한 조사 연구)

  • Kim, Bit Na Rae;Ryu, Su Hyang;Lee, Da Eun;Chae, Jung Won
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.72-81
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    • 2016
  • Objectives The purpose of this study is to understand the correlation between spleen deficiency syndrome, body mass index (BMI) and eating habit in children and adolescents and to provide foundation of preventive care and treatment. Methods A survey was conducted with 115 children and adolescents, who were 4th, 5th and 6th grade of elementary school in Gwangju from March 2nd, 2016 to April 8th, 2016. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using the measured height and weight. Spleen deficiency syndrome and eating habit in children and adolescents were investigated by using the Deficiency of the Spleen Questionnaire and Korean Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (K-CEBQ). A data analysis was performed by using SPSS 23.0 program. Results 1. There was no statistically significant correlation between spleen deficiency syndrome and body mass index (BMI). 2. Children and adolescents with spleen deficiency syndrome were interested in food rather than avoided it. 3. There was a positive correlation between body mass index (BMI) and FR (Food responsiveness), "Food approach". The correlation between the healthy weight group and FR is statistically significant negative correlation. Conclusions Due to various limitations, it is difficult to generalize the correlation between spleen deficiency syndrome, body mass index (BMI) and eating habit in children and adolescents. Therefore additional research is necessary to confirm this study's findings.

Analysis of Image Quality According to BMI of Digital Chest Radiography: Focusing on Bureau of Radiological Health Evaluation (디지털 흉부 방사선 영상의 체질량지수에 따른 영상품질 분석: 미국 방사선 안전국 규정 평가표 중심으로)

  • Jin, Seong-jin;Im, In-Chul;Cho, Ji-Hwan
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2017
  • Visual evaluation of chest radiograph images is the most practical and effective method. This study compared the Body Mass Index, waist circumference, and mAs with chest radiographs of 351 women. The Bureau of Radiological Health method was used to evaluate the image quality of chest X-ray images by anatomical and physical methods. The average age of the subjects was $30.17{\pm}4.73$ and the average waist circumference was $66.91{\pm}4.67cm$. The mean Body Mass Index value was $20.21{\pm}2.23$, the mean value of mAs was $3.04{\pm}0.78$, and the mean value of Bureau of Radiological Health was $79.83{\pm}8.45$. When the Body Mass Index value increased, waist circumference and mAs mean value increased. The mean value of Body Mass Index was statistically significant(p<0.05) in Group 4 compared to Groups 1 and 2, with increasing Body Mass Index. Exposure control of the automatic exposure control system is considered to be well performed according to body thickness or Body Mass Index at the time of chest radiography. As the Body Mass Index increases, the thickness of the body increases and the breast thickness of the woman also increases. Therefore, it is considered that the exposure amount is changed by the automatic exposure control device to affect the image quality.