• Title, Summary, Keyword: Body composition

Search Result 2,191, Processing Time 0.094 seconds

The Effect of Regular Exercise Program on Body Composition and Body Image in Adults Using One Fitness Center (규칙적 운동이 스포츠센터 이용 성인의 체구성과 신체상에 미치는 효과)

  • Oh Jin-Hwan;Lim Nan-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.15-20
    • /
    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was done to compare of adult body composition and body image before and after regular exercise program at a sports center. Method: The participants were 32 adults who were beginning regular exercise at a sports center in D city. The body composition was measured by body weight, soft lean mass, fat mass, percent body fat, fat distribution, degree of obesity and BMI, using the Inbody 3.0. Body image. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and analyzed using paired t-test. Results: 1. Significant improvement was shown in body composition. 2. The score for body image increased after the program, but the change was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The short-term exercise program was very effective in improving body composition, but changes in the evaluation of body image need long-term exercise. Also, we were concluded that it is very important to consider preference level when evaluating body composition and body image.

  • PDF

BODY COMPOSITION CHANGES IN CROSSBRED COWS AND MURRAH BUFFALOES DURING LACTATION

  • Jindal, S.K.;Ludri, R.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.577-580
    • /
    • 1993
  • Six lactating crossbred cows and six Murrah buffaloes, maintained under similar conditions of feeding and management were studied for body composition by the antipyrine dilution technique. Measurements were made at the start of the experiment when the animals had completed about 50 days in lactation and thereafter at monthly intervals up to 90 days of the experimental period. The percent body water estimates in both species at different time intervals did not change significantly. Percent body fat and protein content also remained unchanged. The correlation coefficient between body composition parameters and various hormones (growth hormone, insulin, $T_3$ and $T_4$) were generally low and non-significant. It was concluded that body composition studies using body water are not sufficiently sensitive to predict changes in body composition of lactating cows and buffaloes and/or the changes in body composition during lactation are not very drastic.

A Study on the Association between Sasang Constitutions and Body Composition (사상체질분류검사에 의한 체질 진단과 체성분분석과의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Sun-mi;Chi, Sang-en;Jung, Bong-yeon;Sung, Hyun-jea;Ahn, Kyoo-seok;Koh, Byung-hee
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.24-34
    • /
    • 2001
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the body shape of Sasang Constitutions by body composition and body measurement. Methods : This study was carried out 98 cases(68 males and 30 females)of Oriental Medical College at Kyunghee University. After determining the Sasang Constitutions(Soeumin, Soyangin, Taeumin) by QSCCII, the body shape of each group were analysed by body composition(INBODY 2.0, Biospace, seoul, korea) and body measurement. Results : 1) The result of Sasang Constitution analysis of 98 cases were classified as Soumin(52%), Soyang(24.5%), Taeumin(23.5%). 2) In the body composition and body measurement, there were significant difference from intercellular fluid, protein, mineral mass, weight, percent body fat, body water of left arm and BMI between Taeumin, Soyangin and Soumin. 3) In the body composition of male, Taeumin group showed that the arms were more developed than the legs and the upper trunk were more developed than the lower trunk. Soumin group showed the asymmetry of the right and left limbs. Soyang group showed the asymmetry of the right and left arms. In the body composition of female, Taeumin group showed the asymmetry of the right and left upper limbs. Conclusion : There are significant relationships between Sasang Constitutions, Body composition and BMI. The findings indicated here Body composition could be useful mean to make a diagnosis of the body shape, body type, physical constitution of Sasang constitutions.

  • PDF

A Study on the Relationships between Edema Index of Body Composition and Pathologic Patterns (체성분 분석의 부종지수와 변증설문과의 상관성 연구)

  • Lee, Ju-Ho;Yoo, Seung-Yeon;Lee, Jin-Moo;Park, Young-Jae;Park, Young-Bae
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.27-34
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to find out whether if there is correlation between the pattern differentiation questionnaire and edema index of body composition analysis. Methods The authors obtained results of pattern differentiation Questionnaires and body composition analysis tests from 195 female patients who visited the Oriental gynecology department in Kyung Hee university Oriental medicine hospital at Gang-dong. The authors conducted correlation analysis between indicators of Body composition analysis and each part of the pattern differentiation Questionnaire. Pearson correlation analysis was performed on SPSS version 13.0 for windows. Results There was negative correlation between the Phlegm Questionnaire and right arm ECF, left arm ECF, and left arm ECW of the Body composition index. There was no correlation between Yin-deficiency Questionnaire and Body composition index. There was no correlation between Heat pattern Questionnaire and Body composition index. There was positive correlation between the Cold pattern Questionnaire and right leg ECF, and right leg ECW of the body composition index. There was no correlation between degree of edema self-awareness and Body composition index. Conclusions The result showed that each Questionnaire score has different correlation or even no correlation with Body composition index and degree of edema self-awareness. Further studies are needed for a better understanding and interpretation of the relationship between edema index on Body composition analysis and Questionnaires.

The Effects of Physical Therapy on Body Composition in Stroke Patients (물리치료가 뇌졸중 환자의 체성분 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Hong-Cheul;Kang, Jeong-Il;Kim, Woong-Gak
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.95-104
    • /
    • 2002
  • This study investigated effect to injure cerebrovascular accident patients who divided cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction of sex the distinct on as a result of body composition. cerebral infarction patients of cerebrovascular accidents were observed the higher ratio than cerebrovascular hemorrhage patients. Experimental group were sixteen subjects who had received. we used assessment instruments such as in body to assess body composition. The result were as follows; 1. Change in body composition according to the come of onset, there were not differenced significantly between two groups. 2. Change in body composition according to the sex, the soft lean mass were differenced significantly(p<.05). but the other variations were not differenced significantly between two groups. 3. Change in body composition according to the region of paralysis, the soft lean mass were differenced significantly(p<.05). but the other variations were not differenced significantly between two groups.

  • PDF

A Correlation Study on IADL and Body Composition of the Elderly (노인의 신체조성과 일상생활기능(IADL)의 상관성 연구)

  • Um, Ki-Mai;Yang, Yoon-Kwon;Lim, In-Hyuck
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.131-136
    • /
    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of body composition on IADL (Instrumental Activities of Daily Living) of the elderly. This study consisted of male elder(n=50) and female elder(n=60). The average age of elder male and female was 73.79, 70.42 years. The data were analyzed with correlation test and regression test using SPSSWIN ver 10.1 and MINITAB program. Body composition was measured using InBody 3.0(seoul, korea) of Segmental Multifrequncy Bioelectical Impedance Analyzer technique. IADL was measured with Philadelphia Geriatric Center IADL. The result of this study were the following : A correlation of body composition between IADL. 1. Body composition of the elderly had effect on IADL. 1)The free fat mass(kg) and total body water(1) in Body composition of male elder had positive effect on IADL. 2)The WHR(waist-to-hip ratio %) in Body composition of male elder had negative effect on IADL.

  • PDF

A Study of Correlation among Bone Mineral Density, Body Composition and Body Circumference on 20's Women

  • Lee, Sang-Min;Wang, Joong-San;Park, Sung-Kyu;Kim, Hong-Rae;Ko, Jin-Hee;Oh, Yu-Jung;Yoon, Hae-Ran;Kim, Ji-Sung
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.383-390
    • /
    • 2012
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation among bone mineral density(BMD), body composition and body circumference on 20's college women in Hwaseong. A total of 86 subjects were measured with BMD and body composition and body circumference. To evaluate the correlation between BMD and body composition, bone density and body weight, body mass index(BMI), lean body mass, muscle mass, fat mass and body fat mass were compared. The results of this study, weight was considered the strong correlation with BMD than the height and BMI seems to be greater significance rather than the lumbar spine and femur BMD. In addition, the relationship between body composition and BMD, lean body mass, muscle mass, body fat mass were the most relevant factors and BMD. The relationship between BMD and body circumference that have been difficult because of not enough previous studies but somewhat the study showed that association.

Effect on body composition change during 6 weeks of aerobic and circuit weight training (6주간의 유산소성 및 근력강화운동이 체성분 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Eui-Hyoung;Kim, Jeong-Yeon
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.11-20
    • /
    • 2005
  • Objectives: To find relation with training period and body composition of peoples engaged in training program of six weeks and present a better training formula. Methods: Changes of body composition during training were analysed with paired t-test. correlation of training period and body composition were analysed with simple correlation analysis. Results: Body weight, body fat and body fat ratio were decreased significantly, all of them were concerned in training period. Conclusions: Training program of six weeks reduce body weight, body fat ratio even muscle mass. It should be careful to order training prescription.

  • PDF

A Study of the Body Composition, Obesity according to Working Pattern of Working Women (여성 근로자들의 근무형태에 따른 체성분 분석 결과 비만도 지수에 대한 고찰)

  • Lee, Ja-Young;Seung, Jun-Ho;Park, Young-Sun;Kim, Dong-Chul
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
    • /
    • v.21 no.3
    • /
    • pp.231-244
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze body composition, obesity according to working pattern of working women. The subjects were workers in the automobile manufacturing industry. Methods: The subjects consisted of 514 industrial women workers who had received Korean oriental medicine health examination and submitted questionires about working pattern, during 8 months from April 2005 to November 2005. The body composition was measured by X-scan(Jawon medical, Seoul, Korea). We analyzed the relationship between body composition analysis, obesity and shift pattern with $X^2-test$ using the SPSS Ver. 12.0 Results: Regarding the realationship between body composition and working pattern, shift worker group had a significantly higher level of body weight, ratio of body fat, visceral fat and abdominal fat than normal worker. Conclusion: From this study, we can know that shift work can influence on working women's body composition and obesity.

  • PDF

Comparison of Body Composition of College Students after 4week Jump-roping Exercise (대학생의 4주간 줄넘기 운동 후 신체조성 비교)

  • Chu, Min;Lee, Myoung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
    • /
    • v.8 no.4
    • /
    • pp.627-635
    • /
    • 2013
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify how the body composition changes after jump-roping exercise. METHODS: The subjects are 40 college students, 20 females and 20 males. The subjects were selected among college students who had not taken any drug for more than 4 weeks before the experiment started. The experiment was performed for 4 weeks, from May 23rd to June 13rd, 2012. To collect the data, the vital signs such as pulse, blood pressure, weight), and the body composition were measured before and after the experiment. The data on the body composition were analyzed by the electrical resistance analyzer. RESULT: Muscle mass was increased and body fat was decreased for both females and males after the exercise. In particular the increase of the muscle mass and the decrease of the body fat for the females were statistically significant. The result that the body fat of the females was decreased significantly more than that of males is interpreted that the body fat of females are comparatively higher than that of males. Additionally the muscle mass of the left arm and leg of the subjects were significantly increased(p<.05). Correlation analysis between general characteristics such as body composition, abdominal obesity and specific muscle areas for both men and women showed generally positive between before and after the jump-roping exercise (p<.05, p<.01). However the correlation between sleeping time and each variable showed negative. CONCLUSION: A according to the result of this study, jump-roping exercise had a very positive effect on the body composition. The study suggests that college students keep jump roping for a long period to change their body composition favorably.