• Title, Summary, Keyword: Body Weight

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Relation between Various Body Fluid Volumes and Body Weight or Lean Body Mass in the Rats (흰쥐의 체액량과 체중 및 무지방 체중 사이의 관계)

  • Ahn, Hyung-Che;Nam, Kee-Yong
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1969
  • Relationships between red ceil volume $(^{51}Cr-cell)$, total blood volume (red cell volume divided by hematocrit ratio), and extracellular fluid volume (SCN distribution space) and body weight (ranging between 73 and 384 grams) or lean body mass were studied in 59 nembutalized rats. Lean body mass was determined by means of underwater weighing method on rats clipped and eviscerated. There were positive correlations between body weight or lean body mass and the absolute values (in milliliters) of body fluid volumes. Body fluid volumes expressed on the body weight or lean body mass basis, however, showed negative correlations between body weight (grams) or lean body weight (grams) with one exception. Red cell volume expressed as % lean body mass showed a positive correlation with lean body mass. The other results are summarized as follows: 1. Body density of rats was 1.0561 $(range:\;1.0123{\sim}1.0781)$ and 19.8% body weight of total body fat was obtained. The mean value of lean body mass was 80.2% body weight 2. The correlation between body weight and lean body mass was high, namely, coefficient of correlation was r=.99. 3. The correlation between the absolute value of red cell volume (ml) and body weight showed a high correlation, namely, r= 92 and between the lean body mass coefficient of correlation was r=.93. On a weight basis, red cell volume was 2.67 ml/100 gm body weight or 3.48 ml/100 gm lean body mass. The coefficient of correlation between body weight (grams) and red cell volume (% body weight) was r=-. 30. The coefficient of correlation between lean body mass (grams) and red cell volume (% lean body mass) was r=. 50. Thus, the following regression equation was obtained. Red cell volume (% lean body mass)=. 00243 Lean body mass (gm)+3. 12. 4. Total blood volume was 6.06% body weight or 7.83% lean body mass. The correlation between these blood volume values and body weight or lean body mass were negative, namely, r= -.43 and r=-.42 respectively. 5. Extracellular volume (SCN space) was 30.0% body weight or 37.2% lean body mass. These percentage values showed negative correlations between body weight or lean body mass and coefficients of correlation were r=-.40 and r=-.54 respectively. 6. The rate of increase in body weight or lean body mass is accompanied by a smaller rate of increase in blood volume and extracellular fluid volume. The rate of increase in red ceil volume paralled that of lean body mass.

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Body Image, Weight-control Self-efficacy, Body Mass Index, and Body Weight Control Behavior of High School Girls (여고생의 신체상, 체중조절 자기효능감, 비만도와 체중조절행위)

  • Im, Eun-Seon;Myeong, Su-Ji;Kang, Hee-Young
    • The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.195-204
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between body image, weight-control self-efficacy, and body mass index of high-school girls. Methods: Body image, gender role identity, weight-control self-efficacy, and body weight control behavior were measured by structured questionnaires. Date were analyzed by descriptive statistics, the t-test, the one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation, using the SPSS program. Results: Body weight control behavior was positively correlated with weight-control self-efficacy and objective body mass index. Body weight control behavior showed significant differences according to the interest in weight control, current weight control effort, reasons for weight control, secret method for weight loss, eating breakfast or not, and the amount of time exposed to mass media. In regard to the body weight control behavior according to the gender role identity type, the androgynous showed significantly higher tendency than other types. Conclusion: These findings suggest that health providers need to educate high-school girls about appropriate body image and weight control behavior. Also, more studies are needed to identify factors influencing weight control behavior.

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EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON BODY WEIGHT AT DIFFERENT AGES IN THE ROMNEY MARSH SHEEP

  • Fazlul Haque Bhniyan, A.K.;Curran, M.K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.469-473
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    • 1992
  • Data on the birth weight, 8 week body weight and ewe body weight of an unselected random mating Romney Marsh sheep flock are analyzed to study the influence of various environmental factors. The average birth weight of lambs was 5.06 kg. Sex of lamb, birth type and dam age contributed significant variation in lamb birth weight (p < 0.05). Males were significantly heavier than females (p < 0.05) and singles were significantly heavier than multiples (p < 0.05) at birth. Birth weight of lamb increased with the progress of dams' age. The overall average 8 week body weight of lambs was 20.84 kg. Effect of birth weight, sex, birth type and dam age was significant on 8 week body weight of lamb. Eight week body weight increased with the increase of lamb birth weight (b=1.285 kg). Ewes' body weight taken before tupping was affected by ewes' age, year of performance and their weight at birth. It was concluded that performance data on lamb birth weight, 8 week body weight and ewe body weight should be corrected for the above relevantly significant environmental factors in any genetic calculation in the United Kingdom Romney March sheep.

Body Weight Perception and Weight Loss Practices among Private College Students in Kelantan State, Malaysia

  • Badrin, Salziyan;Daud, Norwati;Ismail, Shaiful Bahari
    • Korean Journal of Family Medicine
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.355-359
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    • 2018
  • Background: Body image is associated with the perception of people on themselves. Influencing factors are generated internally and/or externally. The most common issue pertaining to body image is body weight and weight loss. This study aimed to determine the association between body weight perception and weight loss practices among college students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 297 college students from private nursing colleges in the state of Kelantan, Malaysia. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess sociodemographic characteristics, body weight perception, and weight loss methods. Weight and height were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated based on weight and height measurement. The World Health Organization BMI cutoffs were applied in the study. Results: More than half (54.2%) of college students perceived their weight correctly as per actual measured BMI. A total of 51.5% of participants had tried various methods to reduce their weight. Body weight perception is associated with weight loss practices (odds ratio, 0.31; 95% confidence interval, 0.19-0.50; P<0.001) adjusted for sex, marital status, and status of having obese family members. Those who had correct body weight perception were less likely to engage in weight loss practice. Food intake restriction (42.4%) is the most popular weight reduction method among students in nursing colleges. Over a quarter of the participants chose physical exercise (25.3%) to reduce their weight, and a small number engaged in unhealthy weight loss practices. Conclusion: Body weight perception is an important factor that influences the practice to reduce weight especially among young adult group and college students.

The BMI, Body Image Recognition, and Weight Control Behavior of Female College Students (여대생의 체질량지수와 체형에 대한 지각 및 체중조절행위)

  • Park, Ju-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.444-451
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    • 2011
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to identify weight control behavior according to body mass index and perception of body-image, and factors that affect weight control behavior in female college students. Methods: A convenience sample of 276 female college students agreed to complete a questionnaire. Data were collected from October 5 to October 15, 2009. The data were analyzed using SPSS win 18.0 program with descriptive statistics, Chi-square test and Logistic regression. Results: According to preferred body type, 86.9% of the students who preferred slim, 13.3% who preferred their own body type, and 4.2% who preferred chubby reported using weight control behavior. For weight control behavior according to satisfaction with body type, 82.9% of the students who were dissatisfied with their body type and 52.8% who were satisfied practiced weight control behavior. Variables influencing weight control behavior were body mass index (underweight OR 1.37, p=.050), cognition of the body (chubby/fat OR 2.68, p=.047), and preferred body type (slim OR 1.29, p=.006). Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that, health providers need to educate female college students about appropriate body image and weight control behavior. Also, more studies are needed to identify other factor influencing weight control behaviors.

Body Satisfaction and Self-esteem according to Weight Control of Female Middle School Students (서울 일부 여자 중학생의 체중조절 여부에 따른 신체만족도 및 자아존중감)

  • Song, Hyun Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.983-994
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate self-esteem, body image, body cathexis and body attitude of female middle school students. A total of 298 subjects were included in this study. Subjects were classified into weight control group and a non weight control group. As a result of analyzing body shapes satisfaction was higher in the non weight control group 2.83 than in the weight control group 2.28 (p<0.001). The weight control group revealed lower body satisfaction than the non weight control group. The result of the reason for weight control was the ratio of 'weight loss' 84.6%, respectively (p<0.001). Factors impacting physical image of female middle school students were analyzed as friends (3.46), internet (3.22), and TV (3.13). Results suggest that educational program should be combined with a positive emphasis on physical image and self-esteem for female middle school students. Also, there was a high correlation between body weight and self-esteem. Results indicate that female middle school students are interested in weight loss with the wrong body image. Therefore, female middle school students should be provided with an educational approach to such issues so that they have a realistic perception of their body and form realistic values about self-esteem and body.

A Comparative Study on Gender Differences in BMI, Body Weight Perception, Body Weight Satisfaction and Eating Behavior in Middle School Students (중학생의 체격지수, 체형인지, 체형만족 및 섭식행동에 관한 남ㆍ녀간의 비교연구)

  • 허혜경;박소미;김기연;송희영;전은표
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.53-66
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: To compare differences in BMI, body weight perception and satisfaction, and eating behavior by gender among middle school students. Methods: From 19 middle schools in W city four classes in two middle schools were selected by cluster sampling with multi-stage sampling. A structured questionnaire was answered by 143 adolescents. Results: Differences in BMI between boys and girls were significant (x$^2$=13.15, p=.00l). Boys reported higher ideal body weight than girls (t=6.33, p<.000l), and discrepancy between ideal body weight and body weight perception in girls was significantly greater than in boys(t=-5.0l, p<.0001). There was no significant gender difference in body weight perception but more boys were satisfied with their body weight(t=-4.48, p<.0001). Comparison of eating behavior showed that girls reported high scores in disinhibition (t=-2.29, p<.05) and hunger (t=-2.81, p<.01), while boys reported higher scores in cognitive restraints (t=3.22, p<.01). Conclusion: Interventions to help girls improve body image and satisfaction with body image are crucial. In order to establish proper diet habits and balanced nutritional status for adolescents, educational interventions should address characteristics of eating behaviors.

Recognition of Body Weight Loss according to Age and Gender (연령 및 성별에 따른 체중 감량에 대한 인식 조사)

  • Doo, Mi-Ae;Kim, Yang-Ha
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.40 no.7
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    • pp.658-666
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    • 2007
  • Among current health-related issues, obesity is considered one of the foremost, and the importance of this subject has fostered a national interest in body weight loss. In this study, the differences in recognition of body weight loss according to age and gender are investigated. The subjects of the study were 720 (male: 360 and female: 360) aged between 10-60 years, who had experienced to try body weight loss during 6 months prior to this study. Anthropometrics, general characteristics, personal reasons for body weight loss, comprehension of body weight loss, and a knowledge of diet-related issues were assessed through a questionnaire. The anthropometric measurements showed significant differences in height, body weight (present and desired) and BMI (p < 0.05) by age and gender. The difference between desired body weight and actual body weight was greater for younger subjects or female, regardless of whether they had under- or normal body weight (p < 0.05). Reasons for body weight loss varied; younger subjects and female tended to lose body weight "to enhance their appearances", whereas the older subjects and male desired "to improve their health" (p < 0.05). Subjects had different concepts concerning body weight loss; younger subjects and female considered body weight loss as "maintenance of a slender figure, or becoming more lean". On the other hand, older subjects and male thought body weight loss to be "effects approaching normal body weight" (p < 0.05). From our studies, it can be concluded that attitude on concerning body weight loss varied according to a age and gender. Thus, consideration of this individual differences would be vital in developing contents of a particular nutritional education program for body weight loss.

The Clinical Study on the Effect of Reduction in Body Weight and the Change of Body Composition after Fasting Therapy (절식요법의 체중감량효과와 체성분 변화에 대한 관찰)

  • Kim, Sung-Soo;Shin, Hyun-Dae;Shin, Seung-Uoo
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.25-35
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    • 2003
  • Objectives : This study was aimed to investigate the change of the reduction in body weight and the change of body composition after fasting therapy, Chulsikyopub, which was put into practice in Dept. of oriental rehabilitation medicine at Kyung Hee oriental hospital. Method : We measured body weight, body composition, and the degree of obesity 2 weeks after fasting therapy and 10 weeks after fasting therapy with body composition analyzer(Inbody 2.0). Statistical comparisons between pre-therapy group and post-therpay group were done by paired t-test and Wilcoxon's signed rank test. Results : 2 weeks after fasting therapy, body weight was decreased 7.33kg(9.18%), body fat was decreased 2.47Kg(7.24%), muscle weight was decreased 4.66kg(11.37%), body fat ratio was increased 1.08%, and body metabolic rate(BMR) was decreased 118.23kcal(8.22%). 10 weeks after fasting therapy, each of body weight and fat was decreased 10.4Kg, muscle weight was increased 0.3Kg(0.7%), body fat ratio was decreased 7.9%, and BMR was increased 6.8Kcal(0.47%). But muscle weight and BMR did not satisfy statistical significance. Conclusions : fasting therapy for 10 weeks reduced body weight and body fat statistically significant without loss of muscle weight and BMR.

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The effect of Kami-Saenghwatang and Kami-Bohertang to postpartum weight retention (가미생화탕과 가미보허탕의 연속 투여가 산후 체중정체와 체성분 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Jeong-Il;Kim, Dong-Il
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.164-175
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between the herbal medicines used for women in puerperium on postpartum care, Kami-Saenghwatang(SHT) and Kami-Bohertang(BHT) and postpartum body composition change. We also examined the influence of gestational age, the number of parity and the route of delivery for gestational weight gain and postpartum weight loss. Methods: 239 women followed by postpartum care center. Variety factor s were conformed and then checked body composition analysis. 8 weeks later, we followed up body composition of 36 women among the former checked. and additionally asked the body weight of another 42 former checked women by telephone call. Results: $Mean{\pm}S.D$(standard deviation) of pre-pregnancy weight is $55.22{\pm}8.98kg$, $Mean{\pm}S.D$ of gestational maximun weight is $69.26{\pm}9.77kg$, $Mean{\pm}S.D$ of weight loss in postpartum 8 weeks(means sub-tract postpartum 1 week weight from postpartum 8 week weight) is $57.86{\pm}8.60kg$. The number of parities had corrrelation with gestational weight gain. Age, number of parities and route of delive were not significantly correlated with postpartum weight loss during 8 weeks after delivery, and also it was not correlated with body water mass, body fat mass, body mass index and body weight on postpartum 8 weeks whether they treated with SHT and BHT. conclusion: It was not correlated with body water mass, body fat mass, body mass index and body weight on 8 weeks postpartum whether they treated with SHT and BHT.

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