• Title/Summary/Keyword: Boar Urine

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An Evaluation of Suckling and Post Weaning Practices in Relation to the Stimulation and Ease of Detection of Oestrus in Nepalese Pakhribas Pigs

  • Shrestha, NP;Edwards, S.A.;English, P.R;Robertson, J.F.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.765-770
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    • 2001
  • Thirty second parity sows of the synthetic Nepalese Pakhribas genotype were used to investigate factors which might improve the occurrence and expression of estrus. The experiment had two sequential elements. In part 1, a change in suckling pattern was applied during lactation, and in part 2, different estrus detection methods were evaluated after weaning. All sows received the same pattern of weaning, which imitated the progressive weaning system used in Nepalese villages. Piglets from each litter were weaned at three ages (6, 7 and 8 weeks of age) in the proportion of 0.5 at 6 weeks followed by 0.25 at each of the subsequent weanings. In the first lactation treatment, the suckling pattern was left undisturbed, similar to the practice used in the villages in which the remaining piglets after first weaning are allowed continuous suckling. In the other treatment, the remaining piglets after first weaning were allowed to suckle their sows only during the night, whilst in the day time (09:00-16:00) they were excluded from the sow but left free to roam around. After weaning, estrus detection procedures were carried out in the absence or presence of two different boar stimuli: a synthetic boar pheromone spray or fresh boar urine. These were applied sequentially in a sequence of testing that alternated for each sow on a daily basis. The weaning to re-mating interval was significantly longer for the unrestricted suckling treatment. All sows were re-mated within 30 days after first weaning in the restricted suckling treatment groups, whereas only 71% of sows were re-mated within 30 days after weaning in the unrestricted suckling treatment groups ($x^2=3.877$, 1df, p<0.05). Both boar pheromone spray and boar urine increased the estrus detection probability, with no significant differences between the two stimuli treatments.

Surgical Repair of the Traumatic Urethral Transection with Urethrocutaneous Fistula in a Pung-san Dog (풍산 개에서 발생한 외상성 요도 절단과 요도 피부 누공의 수술적 교정)

  • Lee, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Song-Ho;Yang, Wo-Jong;Kang, Eun-Hee;Chang, Hwa-Seok;Chung, Dai-Jung;Kim, Hwi-Yool
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.295-298
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    • 2010
  • A five-year-old, castrated male, Pung-san dog was referred to Konkuk University Veterinary Teaching Hospital with trauma and persistent hemorrhage in the inguinal region. The dog had a history of being wounded by a wild boar at 5 days prior to presentation. Rupture of the membranous urethra and urethrocutaneous fistula were demonstrated by the retrograde positive contrast urethrography. A urinary catheter was placed to identify the urethra and urethrocutaneous fistula. The necrotic tissues and damaged tissues by urine leakage around urethrocutaneous fistula were debrided. An urethral anastomosis over an indwelling catheter was performed. The dog maintained normal urination without other complications including dysuria and hematouria at the follow-up evaluation after 1 month postoperatively. A retrograde urethrogram repeated at 2 months after surgery showed no urethral stricture.