• Title, Summary, Keyword: Boar Spermatozoa

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Effects of Thawing Conditions on the Viability and Acrosomal Morphology of Cryopreserved Boar Semen (동결보존한 돼지정액의 융해조건이 정자의 생존율과 첨체변화에 미치는 효과)

  • 정영호;서경덕;김광식;심금섭;이장희
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 1999
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of osmolarity of thawing diluents, seminal plasma added in thawing diluents on the sperm viability and the effects of thawing temperature, the temparature of the thawing diluents on the sperm viability and acrosomal morphology of boar spermatozoa by the straw method. The result obtained were summarized as follows: 1. The sperm viablilty after thawing of the frozen semen was shown greater in the high osmolarity(392~492mOsm) than low osmolarity(300mOsm) in thawing diluent. The added levels of seminal plasma in thawing diluent did not affect the viability of frozen-thawed boar semen. 2. In terms of thawing temperature, the sperm viability was shown higher in the frozen semen thawed at 5$0^{\circ}C$ for one min. (p<0.01) than those thawed at 2$0^{\circ}C$ or 37$^{\circ}C$ for one min. The sperm viability was not significant at the diluent temparature of 2$0^{\circ}C$or 37$^{\circ}C$ after thawing: but the sperm viability was higher in thawing diluent at 2$0^{\circ}C$ than in that at 37$^{\circ}C$. However, the effects of thawing temperature and diluent solution on normal acrosomal rate were not significant. 3. Cleavage rates of oocytes fertilized with frozen semen were 46.4% and 43.3%, respectively, which were thawed at 5$0^{\circ}C$ for one min. and then diluted in mBTS medium at 2$0^{\circ}C$or 37$^{\circ}C$. To sum up, the sperm viability was shown greater at the high of thawing diluents of frozen boar semen. In terms of thawing conditions, the sperm viability was shown greater, when semen was thawed at a high temperature for a short time and then diluted at the same temperature as that in the straw.

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Association with Post-Thawed Semen Motility and Kinematic Characteristics of g.35756 T>C on Estrogen Receptor 1 (ESR1) Gene in Duroc Pigs (두록의 동결정액의 운동학적 특성과 ESR1 유전자의 SNP(g.35756T>C)와 연관성 분석)

  • Cho, Eun-Seok;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Woo, Jae-Seok;Lee, Mi-Jin;Ko, Jun-Ho;Kim, Young-Ju;Sa, Soo-Jin
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.143-147
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    • 2015
  • Cryopreservation of boar semen is continually researched in reproductive technologies and genetic resource banking in breed conservation. For evaluating the boar semen quality, sperm motility (MOT) is an important parameter because the movement of spermatozoa indicates active metabolism, membrane integrity and fertilizing capacity. Various researches have been trying to improve the quality of semen Post-thawed in boar. Recently, polymorphism (g. 35756 T>C) of Estrogen Receptor 1 (ESR1) gene reported to be significant association with MOT. This study was conducted to evaluate the ESR1 gene as a positional controlling for motility and kinematic characteristics of post-thawed boar semen. To results, The g.35756 T>C SNP of ESR1 was significantly associated with frozen semen motility and kinematic characteristics. The g.35756 T>C SNP was high significantly associated with MOT, VCL, VSL and VAP (p<0.001). The SNP was also significantly associated with ALH (P<0.05). Therefore, we suggest that the g. 35756 T>C polymorphism in the intron 1 region of the porcine ESR1 gene could potentially be applied in frozen semen programs to improve MOT trait, but only after validation in other populations.

Effects of Turine and Vitamin E on Sperm Viability, Membrane Integrity and Mitochondrial Activity damaged by Bromopropane in Fresh Boar Semen

  • Lee, Seunghyung;Park, Hee-Woo;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Park, Choon-Keun;Yang, Boo-Keun
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.13-17
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of taurine and vitamin E on sperm characteristics damaged by bromopropane (BP) in pig. We evaluated toxicity of BP on viability, membrane integrity and mitochondrial activity of spermatozoa. 1-BP (0, 2.5, 5.0, 10, and $50{\mu}M$), 2-BP (0, 2.5, 5.0, 10, and $50{\mu}M$), taurine (0, 5.0, 10, and $25{\mu}M$) and vitamin E (0, 50, 100, and $200{\mu}M$) were treated in fresh boar semen for 6 h. 10 and $50{\mu}M$ of 1-BP and 2-BP inhibited sperm viability, membrane integrity and mitochondrial activity in fresh boar semen (P<0.05). $25{\mu}M$ of taurine increased sperm viability and membrane integrity (P<0.05), $100{\mu}M$ of vitamin E enhanced viability and mitochondrial activity of sperm (P<0.05). Finally, $10{\mu}M$ of 1-BP and 2-BP was co-treated with taurine ($25{\mu}M$) and vitamin E ($100{\mu}M$) in the fresh boar semen. The co-treated samples did affected viability, membrane integrity and mitochondrial activity of sperm. In conclusion, taurine and vitamin E can improve and maintain sperm quality in fresh boar semen.

Investigation on Association of ESR2 polymorphism as a Candidate Gene for Duroc sperm motility and kinematic characteristics (두록 정자의 운동학적 특성과 후보 유전자 ESR2 유전적 다형성과의 연관성 분석)

  • Jeong, Yong-dae;Jeong, Jin-Young;Sa, Soo-Jin;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Cho, Eun-Seok;Yu, Dong-Jo;Choi, Jung-Woo;Jang, Hyun-Jun;Woo, Jae-Seok;Park, Sungk-won
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.287-291
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    • 2016
  • For evaluating the boar semen quality, sperm motility (MOT) is an important parameter because the movement of spermatozoa indicates active metabolism, membrane integrity and fertilizing capacity. Estrogen receptors 2(ESR2) is involved in estrogen related apoptosis in cell cycle spermatogenesis, but their functions have not been confirmed in pig until now. Therefore, this study was conducted to analyze their association with sperm motility and kinematic characteristics. DNA samples from 105 Duroc pigs with records of semen motility and kinematic characteristics [Total motile spermatozoa (MOT), Curvilinear velocity(VCL), Straight-line velocity(VSL), the ratio between VSL and VCL(LIN), Amplitude of Lateral Head displacement(ALH)] were analyzed. A SNP in coding region of ESR2 g.35547A > G in exon 5 was associated with MOT (p < 0.05) in Duroc population. Therefore, we suggest that the porcine ESR2 gene may be used as a molecular marker for Duroc boar semen quality, although its functional effects were not defined yet. These results might shed new light on the roles of ESR2 in spermatogenesis as candidate gene for boar fertility, but still the lack of association across populations should be considered.

Effects of $\beta$-Mercaptoethanol on lipid Peroxidation and Fertilization Ability In Vitro by Xanthine-Xanthine Oxidase System in Pig (Xanthine-Xanthine Oxidase System,하에서 돼지 동결-융해정자의 Lipid Peroxidation과 체외수정능력에 대한 $\beta$-Mercaptoethanol의 영향)

  • 사수진;정희태;이장희;유일선;양부근;김정익;박춘근
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.263-273
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    • 2002
  • This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of $\beta$-mercaptoethanol ($\beta$-ME) on lipid peroxidation and fertilization ability in vitro by xanthine (X) - xanthine oxidase (XO) system in boar spermatozoa frozen-thawed. The boar spermatozoa were treated with X and/or XO, and the spermatozoa viability were measured by the eosin-nigrosin stain method. In control group, level of vitality in boar spermatozoa were higher than in medium with X, XO and X+XO groups. No significant differences, however, were observed under the all conditions. The percentage of spermatozoa that reached acrosome reaction were significantly (P<0.05) higher in sperm treated without that than with $\beta$-ME under the all conditions. On the other hand, when spermatozoa were inseminated in medium with X and/or XO, the penetration rates in all conditions were higher in medium with that than without $\beta$-ME. However, significant differences were not observed between medium with and without $\beta$-ME. The lipid peroxidation of sperm was evaluated on the basis of malondialdehyde (MDA) production. The MDA were higher in sperm treated without that than with $\beta$-ME under the above all conditions. However, significant differences were not observed between medium with and without $\beta$-ME. Sperm-SH group were higher detected in medium with that than without $\beta$-ME under the all conditions. The activity of sperm binding to Bona pellucida was also evaluated through binding to salt-stored porcine oocytes. In control group, sperm binding to zona pellucida were significantly (P<0.05) higher than in medium with X+XO groups. The sperm binding in all conditions were higher in medium with that than without $\beta$-ME. However, significant differences were not observed between medium with and without $\beta$-ME. These results suggest that addition of $\beta$-ME in X-XO system may play a positive role in improving of fertilization ability in vitro.

Applications of capacitation status for litter size enhancement in various pig breeds

  • Kwon, Woo-Sung;Shin, Dong-Ha;Ryu, Do-Yeal;Khatun, Amena;Rahman, Md Saidur;Pang, Myung-Geol
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.842-850
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    • 2018
  • Objective: Several studies have reported the development of new molecular methods for the prognosis and diagnosis of male fertility based on biomarkers aimed at overcoming the limitations of conventional male fertility analysis tools. However, further studies are needed for the field application of these methods. Therefore, alternative methods based on existing semen analysis methods are required to improve production efficiency in the animal industry. Methods: we examined the possibility of improving litter size in various pig breeds using combined Hoechst 33258/chlortetracycline fluorescence (H33258/CTC) staining. The correlation between field fertility and capacitation status by combined H33258/CTC staining in different ejaculates spermatozoa (n = 3) from an individual boar (20 Landrace, 20 Yorkshire, and 20 Duroc) was evaluated as well as overall accuracy. Results: The acrosome reacted (AR) pattern after capacitation (%) was positively correlated with the litter size of Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs and the overall accuracy was 75%, 75%, and 70% in Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs, respectively. The difference (${\Delta}$) in AR pattern before and after capacitation was positively correlated with the litter size of Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs and the overall accuracy was 80%, 65%, and 55% in Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs, respectively. However, the difference (${\Delta}$) in capacitated (B) pattern before and after capacitation was negatively correlated with the litter size of Landrace pigs and the overall accuracy was 75%. Moreover, average litter size was significantly altered according to different combined H33258/CTC staining parameters. Conclusion: These results show that combined H33258/CTC staining may be used to predict male fertility in various breeds. However, the selection of specific efficiency combined H33258/CTC staining parameters requires further consideration. Taken together, these findings suggest that combined H33258/CTC staining may constitute an alternative method for predicting male fertility until such time as fertility-related biomarkers are further validated.

Analysis of Membrane Integrity, DNA Fragmentation and Mitochondrial Function in Pig Spermatozoa Sorted by Flowcytometer

  • Kim, In-Cheul;Han, Deug-Woo;Lee, Sung-Won;Ryu, Jae-Weon;Choi, Eun-Ji;Son, Jung-Ho
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.123-126
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study was to determine the potential hazardous effects of sorting process by flowcytometry on the quality of boar spermatozoa by flowcytometer. Freshly collected boar semen was diluted and divided into two groups; control none sorted and sorted. Sperms in sorted group were processed with flowcytometer for cell sorting with $100\;{\mu}M$ nozzle under the 20 psi pressure. Measurements on each parameter were made at two time points, 0hr (right after sorting) and 24 hr post sorting. Although there was a tendency of lower viability in sorted group than none sorted control group, the percentage of live cells in control ($75.83{\pm}6.92\;&\;59.53{\pm}10.34$) was not significantly different from sorted ($59.70{\pm}7.37\;&\;43.97{\pm}3.76$) at both 0 and 24 hr post sorting. However, sorted sperm showed significantly lower mitochondrial function compared to the control at both 0 h ($79.37{\pm}3.22\;vs.\;63.50{\pm}10.05$) and 24 hr ($67.27{\pm}3.22$ vs. $46.97{\pm}5.37$) time points (p<0.007). Sperm DNA fragmentation rate was significantly lower in control ($22.0{\pm}7.04$) than that of sorted ($32.27{\pm}7.49$) at 24 hr time point (p<0.0002). Taken together, these data suggested thatsorting process by flowcytometer may have influenced sperm motility rather than viability. Also high speed sperm sorting by flowcytometer has significant effects on DNA fragmentation on elapsed time after sorting.

Effect of Nicotinic Acid on Sperm Characteristic and Oocyte Development after In Vitro Fertilization using Cryopreserved Boar Semen

  • Kim, Yu-Jin;Lee, Sang-Hee;Lee, Yeon-Ju;Oh, Hae-In;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Yang, Boo-Keun;Lee, Seunghyung;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the efficiency of nicotinic acid on sperm cryosurvival and fertilization ability in frozen-thawed boar semen. Boar semen was collected by glove-hand method and was frozen using freezing solution treated to 0, 5, 10 and 20 mM of nicotinic acid. The frozen sperm for sperm characteristic analysis was thawed such as viability, acrosome reaction, and mitochondrial integrity. The frozen-thawed sperm was estimated by SYBR14/PI double staining for viability, FITC-PNA/PI double staining for acrosome reaction and Rhodamine123/PI double staining for mitochondrial integrity using a flow cytometry. The embryo was estimated in vitro development and DCFDA staining for reactive oxygen species assessment. As results, frozen-thawed sperm viability was significantly higher in 5 and 10 mM ($61.1{\pm}1.5%$,$64.7{\pm}2.0%$) of nicotinic acid than other groups (0 mM, $52.1{\pm}2.3%$; 20 mM, $47.8{\pm}5.1%$, P<0.05). The live sperm with acrosome reaction was significantly higher in 5 and 10 mM of nicotinic acid ($26.1{\pm}1.8%$, $24.9{\pm}1.5%$) than other groups (0 mM, $35.3{\pm}0.8%$; 20 mM, $36.5{\pm}1.9%$, P<0.05). The live sperm with mitochondrial integrity was significantly higher in 5 and 10 mM ($84.2{\pm}3.6%$, $88.4{\pm}2.3%$) of nicotinic acid than other groups (0 mM, $77.3{\pm}4.4%$; 20 mM, $73.3{\pm}3.6%$, P<0.05). Blastocyst rate of in vitro development was significantly higher in 10 mM ($17.0{\pm}1.3%$) of nicotinic acid than other groups (0 mM, $9.4{\pm}0.5%$; 5mM, $12.6{\pm}0.8%$; 20 mM, $5.0{\pm}1.0%$, P<0.05). Moreover, total cell number was higher in 5 and 10 mM ($53.6{\pm}2.9%$, $57.9{\pm}2.8%$) of nicotinic acid than other groups (0 mM, $41.0{\pm}1.4%$; 20 mM, $23.2{\pm}2.8%$, P<0.05). Hydrogen peroxide in embryos was lower in 5 mM nicotinic acid ($0.7{\pm}0.1%$) than other groups (0 mM, $1.0{\pm}0.1%$; 10mM, $0.9{\pm}0.0%$; 20 mM, $1.4{\pm}1.0%$, P<0.05). In conclusion, nicotinic acid-treated semen improves cryosurvival and quality of spermatozoa. Also, the fertilized oocytes with nicotinic acid improve quality of embryo and blastocyst formation.

Effects of Ferrous Sulfate and Ascorbic Acid on In Vitro Fertility and Sperm Lipid Peroxidation in the Pig (돼지의 체외수정능력과 정자의 Lipid Peroxidation에 있어서 Ascorbic Acid와 Ferrous Sulfate의 영향)

  • Park, C. K.;J. Y. Ann;Kim, I. C.;Lee, J. H.;B. K. Yang;Kim, C. I.;H. T. Cheong
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.317-325
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    • 2001
  • This study investigated the effect of ferrous sulfate (Fe$^{2+}$) and/or ascorbic acid (Asc) on fertilizing ability in vitro of frozen-thawed boar spermatozoa. Using chlortetracycline (CTC) fluorescence, the spermatozoa was treated in preincubation medium with control, Fe$^{2+}$(1 mM), Asc (0.5 mM) and Fe$^{2+}$Asc to assessed for acrosome reaction, and the oocyte penetration test to determine whether the Fe$^{2+}$ and/or Asc can promote the penetration ability in vitro. When frozen-thawed spermatozoa was washed with preincubation medium, there were significantly (P < 0.05) more acrosome-reacted in medium with Fe$^{2+}$Asc (38%) than control (27%). The penetration rates were also significantly (P < 0.05) higher in medium with Fe$^{2+}$Asc (76%) than control (55%). Next, the lipid peroxidation of sperm was evaluated on the basis of malondialdehyde production following same treatments. The addition of Fe$^{2+}$Asc to sperm suspension increases the formation of malondialdehyde. However, there were not significantly different under the all conditions. The sperm suspension were also treated with control, Fe$^{2+}$, Asc and Fe$^{2+}$/Asc and assayed for sulfhydry1(-SH) group content. In the Fe$^{2+}$/Asc group, sperm-SH group were higher than another groups. In spermatozoa treated with Fe$^{2+}$ and/or Asc, however, no changes in sperm -SH-groups were detected when compared to controls. In another experiment, the activity of sperm binding to zona pellucida was evaluated through binding to salt-stored porcine oocytes. In control and Asc treatment groups, sperm binding to zona pellucida were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than in medium with Fe$^{2+}$. On the other hand, there is not a significant increase in binding to zona pellucida with spermatozoa treated by Fe$^{2+}$/Asc. In summary, the present study suggests that Fe$^{2+}$/Asc causes an enhancement in fertilizing ability that is associated with penetration rate increased without change of spermatozoa binding capacity to homologous zona pellucida.o homologous zona pellucida.

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