• Title, Summary, Keyword: Boar Spermatozoa

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Studies on the Freezing of Boar Semen II . In Vitro and In Vivo Fertilizing Capacity of Frozen Boar Spermatozoa (돼지정액의 동결에 관한 연구 II. 동결한 돼지정액의 체내, 체외수정능력)

  • Kim K. S.;Song H. B.
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2005
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of saccharide in the lactose-egg yolk(LEY) extender for freezing of boar semen on the viability, normal acrosome, fertilizable of in vitro or in vivo oocyte after thawed. Normal acrosome post-thawed spermatozoa was higher when increasing of glucose concentration in LEY extender with 3 or $4\%$ glycerol, but viability was not significant. Viability of the post-thawed spermatozoa was higher when fructose or fructose and glucose were added to LEY extender with $3\%$ glycerol than glucose and sucrose or fructose, glucose and sucrose(P<0.05). Rate of normal acrosome of post thawed spermatozoa was higher when both fructose and glucose$(81.4{\pm}2.3\%)$ were added to the LEY extender than saccharide not added$(41.6\pm0.6\%)$ to it(P<0.001). The percentage of fertilization, cleavage and development to blastocyst of oocytes fertilized with post-thawed spermatozoa from freezing by LEY extender were $70.8\~80.7\%$, $44.6\~45.7$ and $13.6\~16.0\%$, respectively. Conception rate by artificial insemination with frozen boa. semen was higher$(83.1{\pm}0.3\%)$ than commercial frozen semen from SGI company$(50.0{\pm}0.1\%,\;P<0.05)$, but litter size were no significant differences between frozen by LEY extender$(9.4{\pm}1.7\~10.4{\pm}0.7head/sow)$ and SGI semen$(8.0{\pm}1.1 head/sow)$.

Purification and Partial Immuno - Characterization of Boar Sperm Proteinase Sperminogen

  • YiLee, S.H.
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.448-452
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    • 1997
  • Polyclonal antibody of the boar sperminogen was used to characterize the boar sperm proteinase sperminogen. Boar sperminogen was purified from the acid extracts of the washed epididymal spermatozoa by gel filtration through a Sephadex G-100 column. followed by preparative SDS-PAGE. The sperminogen band was sliced out and was eluted from the gel matrix. The purified sperminogen was used to produce the polyclonal antibody of the boar sperminogen. When characterized on a Western blot, the final preparation of sperminogen appeared as a homogenous protein with a molecular weight of 32 kDa. The relative migration of sperminogen was distinctly different from the major components of the proacrosin-acrosin system as well as all the observable proacrosin activation by-products detected on the Western blot. The sperminogen antibody, however. cross-reacted with the proacrosin-acrosin system.

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Studies on the Separation of X and Y-Chromosome bearing Spermatozoa by Sedimentation in Boar Semen (침전에 의한 돼지의 X-와 Y-정자의 분이에 관한 연구)

  • 정용기;이용빈;임경순
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 1981
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of temperature and time of sedimentation and dilutor on the a, pp.arance of B-body in top and bottom fractions at separation of X and Y- chromosome bearing spermatozoa in boar semen. 1. The top fraction showed higher a, pp.arence rate of B-body than the bottom. 2. Sixty minutes at 5 and 15$^{\circ}C$ and 90 min, at 25$^{\circ}C$ showed highest difference of B-body a, pp.arence rate between top and bottom fractions. The highest difference was shown in the treatments of Sg at 5$^{\circ}C$, C at 15$^{\circ}C$ and P at 25$^{\circ}C$. 3. The highest difference was shown in the treatments of 25$^{\circ}C$ and Sg for 30 min, 15$^{\circ}C$ and P for 60 min. and 25$^{\circ}C$ and P for 90 min. 4. Sixty minutes in C, P, S and Sg dilutors showed the highest difference. 5. 25$^{\circ}C$ of the temperature levels, 60 min of the time levels and P of the dilutor levels showed the highest difference. 6. The difference was given due to the individual boar.

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Analysis of Sperm Ability in Specific Pathogen Free Miniature pig for Production of Bio-Organ

  • Kim T. S.;Cao Y.;Cheong H. T.;Yang B. K.;Park C. K.
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was the analysis of sperm ability in Specific Pathogen Free (SPE) miniature pig for production of bio-organ. The collected semen was diluted with extender and stored at $17^{\circ}C$t for up to 7 days. The semen samples were evaluated at 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7 days of storage for analysis of sperm ability. Sperm ability was evaluated by examining viability, progressive motility, sperm abnormality and intensity of the sperm membrane. Also, the semen was processed according to the convenient freezing method, and frozen-thawed sperm was evaluated by examining viability, capacitation and acrosome reaction using chlortetracycline (CTC) staining. Motility of spermatozoa of SPF miniature pig was significantly (P<0.05) lower on 3 days or later compared to the Duroc, Yorkshire and Landrace in domestic boar. The percentage of abnormal spermatozoa of Landrace were significantly (P<0.05) higher than in SPF miniature pig, Duroc and Yorkshire that had a similar percentage on 5 or 7 days of sperm storage. The percentage of spermatozoa with coiled tail decreased during the storage period but there were no significant difference. On the other hand, viability of frozen-thawed spermatozoa had a significantly (P<0.05) lower in SPF miniature pig than in other domestic boars. CTC patterns had no significant difference, but SPF miniature pig had higher percentage of capacitated spermatozoa and lower percentage of acrosome-reacted it than domestic boars. Therefore, this study suggest that it is necessary to develop the suitable extender and freezing methods methods for the high viable rate and fertilizing ability in vitro.

Effect of Cryodiluents, Cryoprotectants, Pre-freezing Method and Total Time Required for Freezing on Post-thaw Viability of Boar Spermatozoa (돼지정자의 동결융해 후 활력 및 생존성에 대한 보존액, 동해보호제, 예비동결 및 동결처리시간의 영향)

  • 이장희;김인철
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.165-174
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    • 1999
  • Boar semen can be frozen successfully. However, there is a large variability in the extent of damage boar semen samples experiences during cryopreservation. This experiment was undertaken to find out factors that affect a post-thaw viability of boar spermatozoa. For this purpose, cryodiluents(BF5, LEY, Soejima and M-Soejima), cryoprotectants(glycerol. ethylene glycol, and propylene glycol), pre-freezing method(dryice-pellet, dryice-straw and L$N_2$vapour-st-raw) and total time required for freezing(2. 5, and 7 h) were compared as a factors. To investigate quality of semen during freezing process, motility(%), normal apical ridges(%, NAR), and proportion of living sperm(%) by flow cytometic analysis were assessed after collection, cooled, pre-frozen and post-thawing. Post-thaw motility of semen diluted with M-Soejima was 52.0%, respectively. When heparin, caffeine or heparin+caffeine was added to 2nd cryodiluent of M-Soejima during freezing process, the highest motility after thawing was shown at the addition of caffeine (2mM), with 61.7$\pm$2.9% of motility. M-Soejima with heparin or caffeine was significantly higher than that of controI(p<0.05). The result using glycerol(Gly), ethylene glycol(EG), propylene glycol(PG), and their mixture (Gly+EG and Gly+PG) as cryoprotectants, the highest motility was shown at the mixture treatment with Gly plus PG. However, the highest proportion of live spermatozoa was shown at Gly+EG, there was no significantly difference among treatments(p>0.05). When semen was pre-frozen with three manners(dryice-pellet, dryice-straw, and L$N_2$ vapor-straw), motility(%) of post-thaw spermatozoa was the highest in the L$N_2$ vapor-straw pre-freezing method of M-Soejima cryodiluent with 57.5% of motility, For a simple, economical and timesaving approach to freezing boar semen, total time required for freezing were 2, 5, and 7 hours, post-thaw motility were 43.8, 45.0 and 38.8%, NAR were 19.5, 22.7 and 28.5%, and viability were 20.8, 19.9 and 22.1%, respectively. This data suggests that boar semen diluted with M-Soejima cryodiluent contained caffeine, using mixture of glycerol and propylene glycol or ethylene glycol as cryoprotectants, frozen with 2 hours, can be taken better motility, NAR, and proportion of live spermatozoa.

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Effect of Extenders and Temperatures on Sperm Viability and Fertilizing Capacity of Harbin White Boar Semen during Long-term Liquid Storage

  • Zhou, J.B.;Yue, K.Z.;Luo, M.J.;Chang, Z.L.;Liang, H.;Wang, Z.Y.;Tan, J.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.1501-1508
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    • 2004
  • In this study the effect of extenders and temperatures on sperm viability and fertilizing capacity of boar sperm during long-term storage was investigated. Acrosomal integrity, membrane integrity, motility and hypo-osmotic resistance were evaluated by fluorescence and light microscopy. An in vitro fertilization test was performed to assess the fertilizing capacity of stored spermatozoa. The five diluents tested were ranked according to their ability to maintain sperm functional parameters and Zorlesco (ZO) extender with BSA or with PVA instead of BSA produced the best results. Zorlesco extender substituted with PVA (ZO+PVA) was found to maintain motility both at 15 and 20$^{\circ}C$. within 5 days of storage, but the quality of semen stored at 15$^{\circ}C$ decreased thereafter as compared to semen stored at 20$^{\circ}C$ Semen stored at 5$^{\circ}C$ demonstrated rapid loss of motility already within 24 h. Both fertilization and cleavage of semen stored at 20$^{\circ}C$ in ZO substituted with PVA instead of BSA did not change significantly until day 8 of storage. It is therefore concluded that PVA can be used to substitute for BSA and 20$^{\circ}C$ was more suitable than 15$^{\circ}C$ for boar semen storage, and in vitro fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa was maintained for at least 8 days in ZO+PVA at 20$^{\circ}C$.

Evaluation of Antifreeze Proteins on Miniature Pig Sperm Viability, DNA Damage, and Acrosome Status during Cryopreservation

  • Kim, Daeyoung
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.355-365
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    • 2016
  • The cryopreservation of sperm has become the subject of research for successful artificial insemination technologies. Antifreeze proteins (AFPs), one of the factors necessary for effective cryopreservation, are derived from certain Antarctic organisms. These proteins decrease the freezing point of water within these organisms to below the temperature of the surrounding seawater to protect the organism from cold shock. Accordingly, a recent study found that AFPs can increase the motility and viability of spermatozoa during cryopreservation. To evaluate this relationship, we performed cryopreservation of boar sperm with AFPs produced in the Arctic yeast Leucosporidium sp. AFP expression system at four concentrations (0, 0.01, 0.1, and $1{\mu}g/ml$) and evaluated motility using computer assisted sperm analysis. DNA damage to boar spermatozoa was measured by the comet assay, and sperm membrane integrity and acrosome integrity were evaluated by flow cytometry. The results showed that motility was positively affected by the addition of AFP at each concentration except $1{\mu}g/ml$ (p<0.001). Although cryopreservation with AFP decreased the viability of the boar sperm using, the tail DNA analyses showed that there was no significant difference between the control and the addition of 0.1 or $0.01{\mu}g/ml$ AFP. In addition, the percentage of live sperm with intact acrosomes showed the least significant difference between the control and $0.1{\mu}g/ml$ AFP (p<0.05), but increased with $1{\mu}g/ml$ AFP (p<0.001). Our results indicate that the addition of AFP during boar sperm cryopreservation can improve viability and acrosome integrity after thawing.

Assessment of the fertilizing capacity of domestic animal spermatozoa by hamster test I. Comparison of storage temperatures for boar sperm and results of hamster test between boar and dog sperm (Hamster test를 이용한 가축정자(家畜精子)의 수정능력(受精能力) 검정(檢定) 1. 돼지정자의 보존온도(保存溫度) 비교 및 돼지와 개정자의 hamster test결과)

  • Kim, Yong-jun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.435-450
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    • 1992
  • To evaluate the fertilizing capacity of domestic animal spermatozoa by hamster test, semen were collected from 15 boars(Duroc, Landrace, and Yorkshire) and 2 mixed dogs which had been proved to be fertile in the past then, the semen were preserved in BWW medium at $4^{\circ}C$ or $18^{\circ}C$ for about 20 hours and coincubated with zona-free hamster ova for 5 hours. The ova were stained by lacmoid and examined under phase contrast microscope to investigate the rates of sperm binding to the ova, penetration and formation of a male pronucleus, and the numbers of both bound and penetrated sperm per ovum. Both the semen preserved at $18^{\circ}C$ for about 20 hours and that treated by swim up procedure showed considerably higher rates of sperm binding and penetration as well as higher number of penetrated sperm than that preserved at $4^{\circ}C$ for about 20 hours, respectively(p<0.01). Motility of boar sperm at insemination was from 40 to 90% and no difference in hamster test was obtained according to different degree of sperm motility. Abnormality in morphology of boar sperm at insemination was from 6 to 45% and no difference in hamster test was obtained according to different degree of sperm abnormality. The sperm concentrations of $7{\times}10^7$ and $7{\times}10^6$ showed considerably higher rates of sperm binding and penetration as well as higher number of bound sperm than that of $7{\times}10^4$ (p<0.01) along with the same higher results than that of $7{\times}10^5$(0<0.05), respectively. Boar sperm showed considerably higher rates of sperm binding and penetration as well as higher numbers of both bound and penetrated sperm than dog sperm, when both semen were treated by BWW+heparin medium and swim up procedure, respectively. These results indicated that fertile boar sperm showed considerably lower rates in the results of hamster test, when preserved at $4^{\circ}C$ for about 20 hours and in lower concentration of sperm than when preserved at $18^{\circ}C$ for about 20 hours and in higher concentration of sperm, respectively, and at the same time considerably higher results than fertile dog sperm, consequently to prove that hamster test would be of great value in assaying the fertilizing capacity of boar sperm.

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