• Title, Summary, Keyword: Boar Spermatozoa

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Effects of Green Tea Extract on Sperm Quality, Reactive Oxygen Species and Lipid Peroxidation in Long-term Liquid Preservation of Boar Spermatozoa

  • Park, Sang-Hyoun;Yu, Il-Jeoung
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.356-361
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    • 2016
  • During storage, boar spermatozoa undergo several changes including diminished motility and viability and accumulated reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we investigated the effects of green tea extract (GTE) supplementation in the Sui Dil extender on the sperm motility, viability, ROS and lipid peroxidation (LPO) of long-term preserved boar semen at $17^{\circ}C$. A total number of eight boars were used for this experiment. Pooled ejaculates were diluted to $20{\times}10^6sperm/ml$ in the Sui Dil extender containing 0 (control), 1, 10, 100 or 500 mg/l GTE and were preserved at $17^{\circ}C$ for 24, 72, 120 and 168 h, respectively. At each storage time, sperm motility and viability were estimated by microscopic examination and the fluorescent double stain $Fertilight^{(R)}$, respectively. Sperm ROS level and LPO were assessed using the 2', 7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate ($H_2DCFDA$)/propidium iodide (PI) and C11-BODIPY581/591/PI with flow cytometry, respectively. Compared to that of the 500 mg group, there were higher sperm motility and viability in the 1, 10 and 100 mg GTE groups during the preservation from 24 to 168 h (p < 0.05). The ROS levels of the 10 and 100 mg groups during the 168 h preservation were lower than those of the 0, 1 and 500 mg groups (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in LPO regardless of the preservation period or the GTE concentration. In conclusion, the optimal concentrations (10 and 100 mg/l) of GTE that led to lower ROS levels may be useful for liquid boar sperm preservation at $17^{\circ}C$ for a period of 168 h.

Effect of Antioxidant Supplementation in Freezing Extender on Porcine Sperm Viability, Motility and Reactive Oxygen Species

  • Park, Sang-Hyoun;Yu, Il-Jeoung
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2017
  • The present study was aimed to determine the effect of green tea extract (GTE) and beta-mercaptoethanol (${\beta}$-ME) supplementation in boar sperm freezing extender on sperm motility, viability and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level. Experimental groups were allocated into Lactose-egg yolk (LEY) without antioxidant (control), GTE (1,000 mg/L GTE in LEY) and ${\beta}$-ME ($50{\mu}M$ ${\beta}$-ME in LEY). Spermatozoa extended with LEY were cooled to $5^{\circ}C$ for 3 h and then kept at $5^{\circ}C$ for 30 min following dilution with LEY containing 9% glycerol and 1.5% Equex STM (final sperm concentration: $1{\times}10^8/mL$). Spermatozoa were loaded into straws and frozen in nitrogen vapor for 20 min. Following thawing at $37^{\circ}C$ for 25 sec, sperm viability and ROS level were measured using fluorescent double stain Fertility(R) and cytometry, respectively. Motility and viability of GTE supplemented-group were higher than those of control and ${\beta}$-ME without significance. ROS level in GTE group showed significantly lower than control (P < 0.05). In conclusion, GTE supplementation in boar sperm freezing extender can reduce ROS generation during freezing.

Amino Acid Composition Analysis of the 32 kDa Sperminogen

  • Yi Lee, S.H.
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.510-513
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    • 2000
  • Boar sperminogen was purified from the acid extracts of the washed epididymal spermatozoa by gel filtration through a Sephadex G-100 column, followed by preparative SDS-PAGE. The 32 kDa sperminogen band was sliced out from the preparative SDS-PAGE and 32 kDa sperminogen was eluted from the gel matrix. The purified 32 kDa sperminogen was subjected to amino acid composition analysis. The amino acid composition of the 32 kDa boar sperminogen showed significant differences from that of either boar proacrosin or ${\beta}-acrosin$, which signifies that 32 kDa sperminogen might not be a breakdown product of proacrosin-acrosin system and that the 32 kDa sperminogen is a different protein from proacrosin-acrosin system.

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Effect of Taurine on Sperm Characteristics and Gene Expressions in Fresh Boar Semen during In Vitro Storage

  • 장현용;정혜윤;조명현;정희태;박춘곤;김정익;양부근
    • Proceedings of the KSAR Conference
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    • pp.227-227
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of taurine on sperm characteristics and gene expressions(bax and Gpx) in fresh boar semen during in vitro storage. The motility of spermatozoa in Modena, Modana plus taurine 25 mM, Modana plus taurine 50 mM, Modana plus taurine 75 mM and Modana plus taurine 100 mM were 63.1%, 65.1%, 65.3%, 82.5% and 80.8%, respectively. (omitted)

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Peptide Sequence Analysis of the CNBr-Digested 34-36 kd Sperminogen

  • Yu, Hyunkyung;Yi, Lee-S.-H.
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.199-203
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    • 2001
  • Sperminogen was purified from the acid extracts of boar spermatozoa and partial peptide sequence of the 34-36 kd sperminogen was determined. Acid extracts of boar spermatozoa was gel-filtered through Sephadex G-75, and the 34-36 kd sperminogen was purified by preparative SDS-PAGE. The sperminogen bands were sliced out, and 34-36 kd sperminogen were eluted from the gel fragments and was subjected to peptide sequencing. Since the amino termini were blocked for Edman degradation method, internal amino acid sequences of the eluted 34-36 kd sperminogen were obtained from CNBr-digested peptides of sperminogen. Among several bands resolved on tricine SDS-PAGE, 14, 22 and 26 kd peptides were subjected to peptide sequencing. The ana1yzed amino acid sequences of the 26 and 22 kd peptides showed high homologies with that of the zona pellucida binding protein, Sp38, and the analyzed amino acid sequence of the 14 kd peptide showed neither sequence homology nor similarity with any known proteins.

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Effects of α-Linolenic Acid in Frozen-thawed Boar Spermatozoa (돼지 정자의 동결보존 시 α-Linolenic Acid의 효과)

  • Lee, Won-Hee;Hwangbo, Yong;Lee, Sang-Hee;Yang, Jin-Woo;Kim, Hwa-Young;Lee, Yu-Rim;Park, Ji-Eun;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Yang, Boo-Keun;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate effect of ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid (ALA) on viability, acrosome reaction and mitochondrial intact in frozen-thawed boar sperm. The boar semen was collected by gloved-hand method and cryopreserved in 20% egg yolk freezing extender containing ALA (0, 3, 5, and 10 ng/mL) with 0.05% ethanol. The frozen-boar spermatozoa were thawed at $37.5^{\circ}C$ for 45 sec in water-bath. The spermatozoa samples were evaluated the plasma membrane integrity, acrosome reaction, and mitochondrial integrity using flow cytometry. In results, population of live sperm with intact plasma membrane was significantly higher in control and 3 ng/mL ALA treatment group than ethanol group (p<0.05). In contract, dying sperms were higher in ethanol group than 3 ng/mL ALA treatment (p<0.05). Acrosomal membrane damage in all sperm population was reduced in 3 ng/mL ALA groups compared with ethanol treatment (p<0.05). However, acrosome damage in live sperm population was no significant difference among the all treatment groups. Mitochondrial integrity was not influenced by ALA treatments in both of live and all sperm population. In conclusion, this results show that supplement of ALA during the cryopreservation process could reduce the membrane damages including plasma and acrosomal membrane, whereas ALA did not influence to mitochondria in boar spermatozoa. Therefore, these results suggest that ALA can protect against the membrane damage derived cryo-stress, and cryopreservation efficiency of boar semen would be improved by use of ALA.

The Usefulness of Selected Physicochemical Indices, Cell Membrane Integrity and Sperm Chromatin Structure in Assessments of Boar Semen Sensitivity

  • Wysokinska, A.;Kondracki, S.;Iwanina, M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.12
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    • pp.1713-1720
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    • 2015
  • The present work describes experiments undertaken to evaluate the usefulness of selected physicochemical indices of semen, cell membrane integrity and sperm chromatin structure for the assessment of boar semen sensitivity to processes connected with pre-insemination procedures. The experiments were carried out on 30 boars: including 15 regarded as providers of sensitive semen and 15 regarded as providers of semen that is little sensitive to laboratory processing. The selection of boars for both groups was based on sperm morphology analyses, assuming secondary morphological change incidence in spermatozoa as the criterion. Two ejaculates were manually collected from each boar at an interval of 3 to 4 months. The following analyses were carried out for each ejaculate: sperm motility assessment, sperm pH measurement, sperm morphology assessment, sperm chromatin structure evaluation and cell membrane integrity assessment. The analyses were performed three times. Semen storage did not cause an increase in the incidence of secondary morphological changes in the group of boars considered to provide sperm of low sensitivity. On the other hand, with continued storage there was a marked increase in the incidence of spermatozoa with secondary morphological changes in the group of boars regarded as producing more sensitive semen. Ejaculates of group I boars evaluated directly after collection had an approximately 6% smaller share of spermatozoa with undamaged cell membranes than the ejaculates of boars in group II ($p{\leq}0.05$). In the process of time the percentage of spermatozoa with undamaged cell membranes decreased. The sperm of group I boars was characterised with a lower sperm motility than the semen of group II boars. After 1 hour of storing diluted semen, the sperm motility of boars producing highly sensitive semen was already 4% lower ($p{\leq}0.05$), and after 24 hours of storage it was 6.33% lower than that of the boars that produced semen with a low sensitivity. Factors that confirm the accuracy of insemination male selection can include a low rate of sperm motility decrease during the storage of diluted semen, low and contained incidence of secondary morphological changes in spermatozoa during semen storage and a high frequency of spermatozoa with undamaged cell membranes.

Effect of Estrogenic Xonibiotics on Boar Sperm Motility and Motion Kinematics (Estrogenic Xenobiotics가 돼지 정자의 운동성 및 운동역학에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Shin-Ae;Park, Yoo-Jin;Song, Won-Hee;Mohamed, El-Sayed A.;Pang, Myung-Geol
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2011
  • Endocrine disruptors bind to hormone receptors on sperm membrane, therefore spermatozoa are potentially a useful model for examining estrogenic activities of endocrine disruptors. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of two xenoestrogenic compounds [genistein (Gen) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP)] to those of two steroids [estrogen ($E_2$) and progesterone ($P_4$)] on boar sperm % motility and motion kinematics of in vitro. Porcine spermatozoa were incubated with various concentrations ($0.001{\sim}100\;{\mu}M$) of each chemical for 15 or 30 min, and then assessed % motility and sperm motion kinematics using computer assisted sperm analyzer (CASA). Each chemical decreased sperm % motility, and OP decreased VSL and VAP compared with untreated control(p<0.05). $E_2$ stimulated the motion kinematic changes except VCL. Moreover, Gen had effects on VCL and VAP alterations after 30 min incubation. In summary, since all chemicals studied effectively altered sperm % motility and motion kinematics, it was concluded that porcine spermatozoa could be a useful model for in vitro screening of potential endocrine disruptors.

Effects of Antioxidants Supplement in Porcine Sperm Freezing on in vitro Fertilization and the Glutathione and Reactive Oxygen Species Level of Presumptive Zygotes

  • Park, Sang-Hyoun;Jeon, Yubyoel;Yu, Il-Jeoung
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.337-342
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    • 2017
  • The present study was aimed to determine the effects of green tea extract (GTE) and beta-mercaptoethanol (${\beta}-ME$) supplementation in boar sperm freezing extender on in vitro fertilization (IVF) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH) levels of presumptive zygotes (PZs). Experimental groups were allocated into lactose egg yolk (LEY) without antioxidant (control), GTE (1,000 mg/l in LEY) and ${\beta}-ME$ ($50{\mu}M$ in LEY). In freezing, spermatozoa extended with LEY were cooled to $5^{\circ}C$ for 3 h and then kept at $5^{\circ}C$ for 30 min following dilution with LEY containing 9% glycerol and 1.5% Equex STM. The final sperm concentration was $1{\times}10^8/ml$. Spermatozoa were loaded into straws and frozen in nitrogen vapor for 20 min. For IVF, oocytes were matured in NCSU-23 medium and co-cultured with spermatozoa following thawing at $37^{\circ}C$ for 25 sec. At 12 h following IVF, IVF parameters (sperm penetration and monospermy) were evaluated. In addition, GSH and ROS levels of PZs were determined by Cell Tracker Blue CMF2HC and DCHFDA, respectively. IVF parameters did not show any significant difference among the experimental groups. GSH and ROS levels of PZs were not significantly different between groups. In conclusion, antioxidant supplementation in boar sperm freezing could not influence IVF parameters, ROS and GSH levels of PZs.

Effects of Storage in Different Commercial Semen Extenders on Sperm Motility, Viability and Membrane Integrity of Korean Native Boar Spermatozoa

  • Sa, Soo-Jin;Kim, In-Cheul;Choi, Sun-Ho;Hong, Joon-Ki;Kim, Du-Wan;Cho, Kyu-Ho;Kim, Young-Hwa;Chung, Ki-Hwa;Park, Jun-Cheol
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.349-353
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to compare the effect of semen extenders on the sperm motility, viability, acrosome integrity and functional integrity of plasma membrane (HOST: hypo-osmotic swelling test) during liquid preservation of Korean Native boar semen. In this experiment, semen was diluted in Androhep plus, Beltsville Thawing Solution (BTS), ModenaTM, Seminark and Vitasem LD. Sperm-rich fractions were collected from three Korean Native boars and sub-samples were diluted ($30{\times}10^6$ spermatozoa/ml) in different semen extenders. Semen samples were stored at $17^{\circ}C$ for 96 hours. On everyday (0, 24, 48, 72, 96 h) after storage, the sperm characteristics relevant for fertility, such as sperm motility, viability, acrosome integrity and HOST positive were evaluated. The motility of spermatozoa stored in different extenders was no significantly different among other extenders (P>0.05). Also, no difference was observed among samples processed with different extenders in the percentage of sperm viability, acrosome integrity and HOST positive. All extenders maintained a high percentage (70%) of sperm motility, viability and acrosome integrity through 96 h of storage. The result of this study show that there was no significant differences among extenders in their capacity to preserve motility, viability and membrane integrity of spermatozoa from normal, fertile Korean Native boars for 96 h of liquid preservation at $17^{\circ}C$.