• Title, Summary, Keyword: Boar

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Effect of Rubus coreanus leaf and stem extract on boar spermatozoa

  • Yi, Young-Joo;Cho, Min;Heo, Jung Min;Lee, Sang-Myeong
    • Journal of Biomedical and Translational Research
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 2017
  • Rubus coreanus is known to have diverse biological properties, such as free radical scavenging activity and anti-bacterial activity. In the present study, Rubus coreanus leaf and stem extract (RLSE) was used in boar semen preservation whether it has a beneficial effect on assisted reproductive technology (ART) in mammals. Boar spermatozoa were preserved in Beltsville thawing solution (BTS) in the presence of varying concentrations of RLSE ($0-10{\mu}g/mL$). Sperm motility, sperm viability, and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were examined after 2 days of preservation. The percentage of total motile spermatozoa and progressive motile spermatozoa improved in the spermatozoa preserved with $0.5{\mu}g/mL$ RLSE. Higher proportions of viable spermatozoa were seen in the presence of 0.5 and $1{\mu}g/mL$ RLSE than in the control. Intracellular ROS levels decreased when the spermatozoa were preserved in BTS with $0.1-1{\mu}g/mL$ RLSE. In order to examine the bacterial growth, E. coli was added to liquid semen diluted with antibiotics-free BTS in the presence or absence of RLSE. No anti-bacterial activity of RLSE against E. coli was observed during liquid semen preservation. Although there was no inhibition of E. coli growth, the addition of RLSE might help improve sperm motility and viability during boar semen preservation, suggesting it as a potential reagent for ART in mammals.

Amino Acid Composition Analysis of the 32 kDa Sperminogen

  • Yi Lee, S.H.
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.510-513
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    • 2000
  • Boar sperminogen was purified from the acid extracts of the washed epididymal spermatozoa by gel filtration through a Sephadex G-100 column, followed by preparative SDS-PAGE. The 32 kDa sperminogen band was sliced out from the preparative SDS-PAGE and 32 kDa sperminogen was eluted from the gel matrix. The purified 32 kDa sperminogen was subjected to amino acid composition analysis. The amino acid composition of the 32 kDa boar sperminogen showed significant differences from that of either boar proacrosin or ${\beta}-acrosin$, which signifies that 32 kDa sperminogen might not be a breakdown product of proacrosin-acrosin system and that the 32 kDa sperminogen is a different protein from proacrosin-acrosin system.

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RU486 Suppresses Progesterone-induced Acrosome Reaction in Boar Spermatozoa

  • Jang, Sun-Phil;YiLee, S.H.
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.604-608
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    • 2002
  • The effects of progesterone on the acrosome reaction, as well as the effects of RU486 on the progesterone-induced acrosome reaction in capacitated boar spermatozoa, were investigated. Progesterone, a major steroid that is secreted by the cumulus cells of oocyte, clearly induced the acrosome reaction in a dose-dependent manner in capacitated boar spermatozoa, even though it failed to show similar effects in non-capacitated spermatozoa. RU486, a potent antiprogestin, significantly reduced the effects of progesterone on the progesterone-induced acrosome reaction; however, when treated alone, it showed no inhibitory effects on the acrosome reaction. The inhibitory effects of RU486 were also shown to be dose-dependent. These results imply that in addition to the well-known inducer of the acrosome reaction, zona pellucida, progesterone can also induce the acrosome reaction through its specific receptors on spermatozoa after the spermatozoa undergo capacitation.

Effect of Sperm Selection by Glass Wool Filtration and Swim-up on the Fertilizing Capacity of Frozen-thawed Boar Sperm (동결융해 돼지정자의 수정능에 대한 Glass Wool여과법과 Swim-up법에 의한 정자 선별의 효과)

  • 박수봉;고대환;정진관
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.133-136
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    • 1992
  • Glass wool filtration and swim-up method resulted in inreasing to 58.3% and 62.7% of the progressive motility in frozen-thawed boar sperm, compared to 34.2% in the untreated sperm. Glass wool filtration tended to be more successful than swim-up method for the survival sfter incubation of 38.5$^{\circ}C$ for 3h. Sperm recovered by both the swim-up method and the glass wool filtration method were tested in an in vitro fertilization to determine which of the two techniques would yield sperm with high fertilizing capacity. The results indicated that there was a significantly(p

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Effect of Taurine on Sperm Characteristics and Gene Expressions in Fresh Boar Semen during In Vitro Storage

  • 장현용;정혜윤;조명현;정희태;박춘곤;김정익;양부근
    • Proceedings of the KSAR Conference
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    • pp.227-227
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of taurine on sperm characteristics and gene expressions(bax and Gpx) in fresh boar semen during in vitro storage. The motility of spermatozoa in Modena, Modana plus taurine 25 mM, Modana plus taurine 50 mM, Modana plus taurine 75 mM and Modana plus taurine 100 mM were 63.1%, 65.1%, 65.3%, 82.5% and 80.8%, respectively. (omitted)

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Study on the Convenient Freezing Method in Boar Semen

  • 김성곤;장현용;박동헌;박춘근;정희태;김정익;양부근
    • Proceedings of the KSAR Conference
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    • pp.278-278
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to establish the convenient freezing method for more cheap and simple. Semen quality was evaluated the motility, viability, abnormality, acrosome intactness and membrane integrity. And there were also examined the developmental rates of IVM/IVF embryos using frozen-thawed boar semen in each treatment group. (omitted)

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Storage of Bull and Boar Semen: Novel Concepts Derived Using Magnetized Water and Antioxidants

  • Lee, Sang-Hee;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Yang, Boo-Keun;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2014
  • Artificial insemination technique has been contributed immensely for production of livestock worldwide as a critical assisted reproductive technique to preserve and propagate excellent genes in domestic animal industry. In the past decade, methods for semen preservation have been improved mostly in liquid preservation method for boar semen and freezing method for bull semen. Among many factors affecting semen quality during preservation, reactive oxygen species, produced by aerobic respiration in sperm for survival and motility, are unfavorable to sperm physiology. In mammalian cell as well as in the sperm, antioxidant system plays a role in degradation of reactive oxygen species. Magnetized water forms smaller stabilizing water clusters, resulting in high absorption and permeability of the cell for water, implicating its application for semen preservation. Therefore, this review focuses on preservation methods of boar and bull semen with respect to improvement of extender and reduction of reactive oxygen species by using magnetized water and supplementation of antioxidants.

Evaluation of Toxicity of Green Tea Extract in Chilled Boar Spermatozoa

  • Park, Sang-Hyoun;Yu, Il-Jeoung
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2015
  • The cold shock of spermatozoa is associated with oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species. This study was conducted to evaluate the toxicity of natural antioxidant green tea extract (GTE) in lactose-egg yolk (LEY) extender during boar sperm cooling prior to freezing. Spermatozoa were cooled to $5^{\circ}C$ for 3 h in LEY extender containing 0 (control), 1, 10, 100 or 1,000 mg/l of GTE, re-suspended with LEY-glycerol-Equex extender and cooled at $5^{\circ}C$ for 30 min. Sperm progressive motility, viability and phosphatidylserine (PS) translocation were evaluated. PS translocation was assayed by flow cytometry using Annexin V-FITC apoptosis detection kit. The sperm function including progressive motility, viability and PS translocation was not significantly different regardless of GTE concentrations (P>0.05). In conclusion, this study demonstrated non-toxicity of GTE supplement in LEY extender during sperm cooling.

Effects of Breed, Insemination Time, Sperm Concentration, Farm and Year on Reproductive Performance of Sows Inseminated by Frozen Boar Semen (돼지에서 동결정액을 이용한 인공수정시 종모돈의 품종, 인공수정 횟수, 정자농도, 농장 및 연도가 번식성적에 미치는 영향)

  • 김인철;이장희;김현종;이성호;박창식
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of frozen boar semen on reproductive performance in swine artificial insemination (AI). Many factors, which were breeds, time of insemination, sperm concentration per dose, farm and year were investigated to improve reproductive performance efficiency. Boars were raised at Swine Artificial Insemination Center in National Livestock Research Institute, Sunghwan, Chungnam, Korea. This experiment was carried out from 1995 to 2000. There were no differences in swine AI with frozen boar semen using 5$m\ell$ maxi-straw among 3 breeds (Landrace, Yorkshire, Duroc), 2 or 3 times insemination per estrus, and 3 different sperm numbers of 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0$\times$10$^{9}$ per dose of insemination. However, non-return rate and litter size of sows inseminated with frozen boar semen of commercial farms were different according to farm management system and inseminator's skill. Conception rate, farrowing rate and number of pigs born alive per litter by artificial insemination with frozen boar semen (5$m\ell$ maxi-straw) from 1995 to 1999 was 68.3~74.6%, 61.7~67.6% and 8.1~8.7 heads.

Effects of α-Linolenic Acid in Frozen-thawed Boar Spermatozoa (돼지 정자의 동결보존 시 α-Linolenic Acid의 효과)

  • Lee, Won-Hee;Hwangbo, Yong;Lee, Sang-Hee;Yang, Jin-Woo;Kim, Hwa-Young;Lee, Yu-Rim;Park, Ji-Eun;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Yang, Boo-Keun;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate effect of ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid (ALA) on viability, acrosome reaction and mitochondrial intact in frozen-thawed boar sperm. The boar semen was collected by gloved-hand method and cryopreserved in 20% egg yolk freezing extender containing ALA (0, 3, 5, and 10 ng/mL) with 0.05% ethanol. The frozen-boar spermatozoa were thawed at $37.5^{\circ}C$ for 45 sec in water-bath. The spermatozoa samples were evaluated the plasma membrane integrity, acrosome reaction, and mitochondrial integrity using flow cytometry. In results, population of live sperm with intact plasma membrane was significantly higher in control and 3 ng/mL ALA treatment group than ethanol group (p<0.05). In contract, dying sperms were higher in ethanol group than 3 ng/mL ALA treatment (p<0.05). Acrosomal membrane damage in all sperm population was reduced in 3 ng/mL ALA groups compared with ethanol treatment (p<0.05). However, acrosome damage in live sperm population was no significant difference among the all treatment groups. Mitochondrial integrity was not influenced by ALA treatments in both of live and all sperm population. In conclusion, this results show that supplement of ALA during the cryopreservation process could reduce the membrane damages including plasma and acrosomal membrane, whereas ALA did not influence to mitochondria in boar spermatozoa. Therefore, these results suggest that ALA can protect against the membrane damage derived cryo-stress, and cryopreservation efficiency of boar semen would be improved by use of ALA.