• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Boar

검색결과 303건 처리시간 0.062초

100마리의 야생 멧돼지 사냥견에서 응급 외상성 질환의 분류 (Prevalence of Emergency Traumatic Injuries in 100 Wild Boar Hunting Dogs)

  • 고재진;김세훈;지중룡;심관섭;김남수
    • 한국임상수의학회지
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.718-722
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    • 2010
  • 전북지역에서 야생 멧돼지 사냥 시 발생한 응급 외상성 질환을 치료하기 위하여 내원한 사냥견 100마리를 외상의 정도에 따라 분류 하였다. 분류는 응급 외상성 질환의 경향과 정도를 부상의 원인, 부상 부위의 숫자와 위치, 부상의 중등도, 치사율과 같은 의료 기록들을 통하여 정보를 수집하였고 이를 토대로 후향성 조사를 실시 하였다. 사냥견 100마리의 환자에서 136개 (71마리의 단일 응급 외상성 질환과 29마리에서 복합 응급 외상성 질환)의 응급 외상성 질환이 발견되었다. 응급 외상성 질환의 원인으로는 야생 멧돼지 공격에 의한 응급 외상이 92마리, 오발로 인한 응급 외상이 7마리 그리고 덫에 의한 응급 외상이 1마리로 조사 되었다. 흉부는 응급 외상 질환이 가장 잘 발생하는 부위이며, 부상심각점수(ISS)는 2단계로 판단되었다. 치사율은 9% 였으며 사망에 이르게 된 증례는 모두 흉강에 외상을 입고 있었다. 야생 멧돼지 사냥 시에 발생하는 응급 외상성 질환은 사냥물을 공격할 때 대부분 발생하는 것으로 특히 가장 흔한 부위는 흉부였으며 이것은 임상 수의사가 흔히 접하는 일반적인 응급 질환들과는 매우 다른 특징을 나타내고 있었다. 본 연구를 통하여 야생 멧돼지 사냥견에서 응급 외상성 질환의 치료 경과, 발생 형태, 예후, 치사율 등 임상 응급 진료에 필요한 정보들을 알 수 있었다.

경남 거창 농경지 멧돼지(Sus scrofa)의 식이물 분석 (Diet of The Wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Agricultural Land of Geochang, Gyeongnam Province, Korea)

  • 이성민;이우신
    • 한국산림과학회지
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    • v.103 no.2
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    • pp.307-312
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    • 2014
  • 최근 멧돼지의 개체수 및 농작물 피해 증가로 인하여 사회적 문제를 야기 시키고 있다. 국내 멧돼지에 대한 연구는 미미하여 향후 효과적인 멧돼지 관리를 위해서는 종에 대한 생태적 연구가 필요하다. 본 연구는 2012년 5월부터 12월까지 경남 거창군 일대에서 유해야생동물 포획을 통해 수집된 멧돼지 위 내용물(n=79) 분석을 통하여 식이습성 구명 및 선호 농작물을 파학하기 위해 수행되었다. 연구 결과 멧돼지는 주로 식물성 먹이를 섭식하며, 계절별로 유의한 차이를 나타냈다. 식물성 먹이는 잎-줄기가 83.5%로 가장 높은 출현율 보였으며, 농작물을 포함한 식물성 먹이는 건중량의 93.5%을 차지하였다. 무척추동물의 발견 빈도는 높았으나 빠르게 소화되는 특성으로 인하여 건중량은 낮게 나타났다. 식이농작물로는 밤, 벼, 사과 등이 선호하는 농작물로 나타났다. 수확기 농작물은 멧돼지가 야생 먹이보다 선호하여 의도적으로 섭식하는 것으로 판단된다. 지렁이는 총 수집된 위에서 50%의 출현율을 보였으며, 섭식 마릿수는 여름에 가장 높고, 겨울에 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 멧돼지는 전형적인 잡식성의 성향을 보이며, 시기에 따라 섭식하는 식이물이 다른 것으로 나타났다. 향후 멧돼지에 의한 농작물 피해를 줄이기 위해서는 밤나무림에 인접한 논과 사과 과수원의 우선적인 피해방지가 필요할 것으로 판단된다.

Factors Regulating Changes of Head-to-Head Agglutinability in Boar Spermatozoa During Epididymal Transit and Capacitation In Vitro - Review-

  • Hiroshi, Harayama;Seishiro, Kato
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.1196-1202
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    • 2001
  • In boar spermatozoa, the head-to-head agglutinability changes in parallel with the development of the fertilizing ability. Namely, both abilities gradually increase in the distal caput and corpus epididymides, but are subsequently suppressed in the cauda epididymidis. It has been postulated that these changes of the agglutinability are controlled via sperm interaction with specific epididymal plasma factors including agglutination mediators (agglutinins) and inhibitors (anti-agglutinins). Expression of these abilities (sperm agglutination and capacitation) is hardly observed in spermatozoa immediately. after ejaculation, but it occurs during incubation in a capacitation medium. Recently, we have purified and characterized epididymal plasma anti-agglutinin for boar spermatozoa. Moreover, we have conducted a series of experiments to reveal biological significance and mechanism of the head-to-head agglutination and have accumulated data indicating that boar sperm agglutination is mediated by capacitation-supporting factors including calcium, bicarbonate and sterol acceptors. This review introduces our recent data and discusses a possible mechanism for suppression of the agglutinability in the distal epididymidis and relationship between agglutinability and fertilizing ability.

Ameliorative Effect of Chitosan Complex on Miniature Pig Sperm Cryopreservation

  • Hong, Hye-Min;Sim, Ga-Young;Park, So-Mi;Lee, Eun-Joo;Kim, Dae-Young
    • 한국수정란이식학회지
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.337-342
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    • 2018
  • Cryopreservation is mainly used for preservation of boar sperm. However, this method stresses the sperm by reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the conception rate and the litter size are not more efficient than the liquid preservation of spermatozoa. Therefore, we use chitosan which is a natural product derived antioxidant compound. We used GnHA (chitosan+hyaluronic acid) and GnHG (chitosan hydrogel) as chitosan complexes to cryopreserve boar sperm for improve sperm metabolism and function. Sperm parameter (sperm motility, progressive motility, path velocity, straight-line velocity, curvilinear velocity) is measured by computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) using frozen sperm with GnHA or GnHG (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1 mg/mL), respectively. Also, lipid peroxidation analysis using malondialdehyde (MDA) is performed to confirm the antioxidative effect of chitosan in frozen spermatozoa. CASA analysis showed GnHA and GnHG are effective against cryopreserved boar sperm. And antioxidant effect is measured by lipid peroxidation analysis. GnHA and GnHG, which is chitosan complex are effective for boar sperm cryopreservation by antioxidant effect.

Estimates of Genetic Correlations between Production and Semen Traits in Boar

  • Oh, S.H.;See, M.T.;Long, T.E.;Galvin, J.M.
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.160-164
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    • 2006
  • Currently, boars selected for commercial use as AI sires are evaluated on grow-finish performance and carcass characteristics. If AI sires were also evaluated and selected on semen production, it may be possible to reduce the number of boars required to service sows, thereby improving the productivity and profitability of the boar stud. The objective of this study was to estimate genetic correlations between production and semen traits in the boar: average daily gain (ADG), backfat thickness (BF) and muscle depth (MD) as production traits, and total sperm cells (TSC), total concentration (TC), volume collected (SV), number of extended doses (ND), and acceptance rate of ejaculates (AR) as semen traits. Semen collection records and performance data for 843 boars and two generations of pedigree data were provided by Smithfield Premium Genetics. Backfat thickness and MD were measured by real-time ultrasound. Genetic parameters were estimated from five four-trait and one five-trait animal models using MTDFREML. Average heritability estimates were 0.39 for ADG, 0.32 for BF, 0.15 for MD, and repeatability estimates were 0.38 for SV, 0.37 for TSC, 0.09 for TC, 0.39 for ND, and 0.16 for AR. Semen traits showed a strong negative genetic correlation with MD and positive genetic correlation with BF. Genetic correlations between semen traits and ADG were low. Therefore, current AI boar selection practices may be having a detrimental effect on semen production.

Spargana in a Weasel, Mustela sibirica manchurica, and a Wild Boar, Sus scrofa, from Gangwon-do, Korea

  • Lee, Seung-Ha;Choe, Eun-Yoon;Shin, Hyun-Duk;Seo, Min
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.379-381
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    • 2013
  • To know the status of sparganum (plerocercoid of Spirometra erinacei) infection in the Korean wild life, several species of wild animals were captured in Gangwon-do and examined for their status of infection with spargana. From February to December 2011, a total of 62 wild boars, 5 badgers, 1 weasel, 1 Siberian chipmunk, and 53 wild rodents were captured, and their whole muscles were examined with naked eyes for the presence of spargana worms. From the weasel and 1 wild boar, a total of 5 spargana specimens were extracted. The weasel was for the first time recorded as an intermediate or paratenic/transport host of S. erinacei in Korea, and both the weasel (Mustela sibirica manchurica) and wild boar (Sus scrofa) were added to the list of wild animals carrying spargana.

Prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis E virus in wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Korea

  • Park, Yu-Ri;Park, Ji-Young;Kang, Dae-Young;Han, Do-Hyun;Yoon, Hachung;Jeong, Wooseog;An, Dong-Jun;Yeo, Sang-Geon;Park, Choi-Kyu
    • 한국가축위생학회지
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.267-270
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    • 2016
  • We determined the nationwide seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in the wild boar population in Korea. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) results showed that 42% of the 528 wild boars that were hunted between 2013 and 2014 were anti-HEV antibody positive. Furthermore, all Korean provinces showed an HEV seroprevalence between 9.8% and 51.1%, suggesting that wild boar HEV infection occurs throughout the country. Importantly, infected wild boar could act as a potential reservoir for HEV and could aid transmission to other animals and humans.

Phelligridin D from Phellinus baumii Reduces Boar Sperm Viability

  • Yi, Young-Joo;Lee, In-Kyoung;Seo, Dong-Won;Yun, Bong-Sik;Lee, Sang-Myeong
    • 한국균학회지
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.122-125
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    • 2016
  • Phelligridin D (Phe D) is a compound isolated from Phellinus baumii, which is known for various biological activities. In this study, the authors examined the effect of Phe D on boar spermatozoa for its potential application in assisted reproductive technology for mammals. Sperm motility and deubiquitinylating activity significantly decreased when boar spermatozoa were incubated with Phe D (>$0.5{\mu}M$). The fluorescence intensities of dead sperm, and reactive oxygen species production increased after sperm incubation in the presence of Phe D. Although Phe D is associated with antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity, sperm viability deteriorated after its addition. This could lead to fertilization failure, including that following artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization. Phe D might have other biological functions in spermatozoa, and therefore requires additional studies in the future.

Maintenance of Sperm Characteristics and In vitro Developmental Rate of Embryos against Oxidative Stress through Antioxidants in Pig

  • Jang, H.Y.;Kong, H.S.;Oh, J.D.;Park, B.K.;Yang, B.K.;Jeon, G.J.;Lee, H.K.
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.340-345
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    • 2008
  • Oxidative stress is one of the major causes of failure of in vitro storage of boar semen. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are one of the important mediators of oxidative stress during in vitro storage of boar semen. Our study examined the effects of taurine on sperm characteristic and on in vitro developmental embryos during in vitro storage of boar semen for 7 days. Semen was randomly aliquoted into 3 centrifuge tubes and treated with different concentrations of taurine (25-100 mM). The characteristics of boar sperm were analyzed for motility by light microscopy, viability by using a Makler counting chamber and membrane integrity by a hypoosmotic swelling test (HOST). The percentages of motile spermatozoa in taurine groups after 5 days were significantly higher compared to the control. Sperm viability in the control was lower than in taurine groups after 7 days irrespective of different taurine concentration. In the hyoosmotic swelling test (HOST), significantly higher results were obtained in taurine groups after 3 days. Also, the developmental rates of IVM/IVF porcine embryos from semen treated with pyruvate and taurine were significantly increased when compared with the control (p<0.05). These results indicate that supplementation of taurine as an antioxidant in boar semen extender can improve the semen quality.

Selenium in Pig Nutrition and Reproduction: Boars and Semen Quality - A Review

  • Surai, Peter F.;Fisinin, Vladimir I.
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.730-746
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    • 2015
  • Selenium plays an important role in boar nutrition via participating in selenoprotein synthesis. It seems likely that selenoproteins are central for antioxidant system regulation in the body. Se-dependent enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) is the most studied selenoprotein in swine production. However, roles of other selenoproteins in boar semen production and maintenance of semen quality also need to be studied. Boar semen is characterised by a high proportion of easily oxidized long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and requires an effective antioxidant defense. The requirement of swine for selenium varies depending on many environmental and other conditions and, in general, is considered to be 0.15 to 0.30 mg/kg feed. It seems likely that reproducing sows and boars are especially sensitive to Se deficiency, and meeting their requirements is an important challenge for pig nutritionists. In fact, in many countries there are legal limits as to how much Se may be included into the diet and this restricts flexibility in terms of addressing the Se needs of the developing and reproducing swine. The analysis of data of various boar trials with different Se sources indicates that in some cases when background Se levels were low, there were advantages of Se dietary supplementation. It is necessary to take into account that only an optimal Se status of animals is associated with the best antioxidant protection and could have positive effects on boar semen production and its quality. However, in many cases, background Se levels were not determined and therefore, it is difficult to judge if the basic diets were deficient in Se. It can also be suggested that, because of higher efficacy of assimilation from the diet, and possibilities of building Se reserves in the body, organic selenium in the form of selenomethionine (SeMet) provided by a range of products, including Se-Yeast and SeMet preparations is an important source of Se to better meet the needs of modern pig genotypes in commercial conditions of intensive pig production.