• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bitterlings

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Study on the Pigmentation of Albinic Bitterlings Acheilognathus signifer (Pisces; Cyprinidae) Based on Its Entire Body, Appendage and Eye (알비노 묵납자루의 부위별 색소발현에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Min-Ki;Park, Jong-Young;Kim, Chi-Hong;Kang, Eon-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.96-104
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    • 2010
  • During an artificial breeding as a part of restoration of the endangered Korean bitterling Acheilognathus signifer, a small number of individuals exhibiting oculocutaneous albinism were produced. We compared the pigmentation and morphology of normal and albinic bitterlings by histological examination of skin samples obtained from 10 regions on the body, fins, and eyes. There were no differences in morphometry and in general morphology of skin between them. In normal bitterlings, pigment cells were better developed in the dorsal region, the upper part of caudal peduncle region, the choroid-retinal epithelium and iris than in other areas. In the albinic bitterling, however, pigment cells were present only in three parts of the dorsal region, the caudal and dorsal fin, which had few melanin cells. Albinic bitterlings also displayed deficient pigmentation in the choroid-retina pigment epithelium and iris. Although they had different pigmentation aspects in distribution and development between normal and albinic bitterlings, melanin cells were mainly present in the dorsal regions of the skin and eyes where are exposed directly to light.

Pharyngeal Teeth and Masticatory Process of the Basioccipital Bone in Korean Bitterlings (Teleostomi : Cyprinidae) (韓國産 납자루아과어류(亞科魚類)의 인두치(咽頭齒)와 저작돌기(咀嚼突起))

  • Suzuki, Nobuhiro;Jeon, Sang-Rin
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.1 no.1_2
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 1989
  • The pharyngeal teeth and the masticatory process of the basioccipital bone were compared in ten species of Korean bitterlings. Three species, Acheilognathus lanceolata, A. limbatus, A. signifier and Rhodeus ocellatus, which are characterized by the absence of serrations on the side of the pharyngeal teeth, are found to, have reduced occlusal grooves on the outside of occlusal margin, Among Korean bitterlings, differences are found in the developmental degrees of the anterior part of the masticatory process, the grooves on the occlusal surface and the chewing area on the pharyngeal first tooth. The occlusal grooves in herbivorous species are considered to be more developed than those in omnivorous species. Considering these findings, the combination of developmental degrees in the three pharyngeal elements suggests generally the phylogenetic relationships among the Korean bitterlings.

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A Study on the Egg Development and Taxonomy of Two Bitterlings, Acheilognatus limbata and A. signifer (Pisces, Cyprinidae) from Korea (한국산 잉어과 어류 칼납자루(Acheilognathus limbata)와 묵납자루(A. signifer)의 초기발생과 분류에 관한 연구)

  • 김익수;김치홍
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.22-33
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    • 1989
  • Comparison of morphological characters and development of eggs and larvae of two bitterlings, Acheilognathus limbata and A. signifer from Korea were observed and discussed taxonomically. A. signifer differs from A. limbata by the color pattern of dorsal and anal fin ray of male, egg form and the length of ovipositor of female. Although two species are overlapping each other in some morphometric characters, there is a great difference between the two in the multivariate analysis of 15 morphological characters of five comparative populations. These results indicate that A. limbata and A. signifer are two independent allopatric sibling species in Korea.

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Spawning Conditions of the Bitterling, Acheilognathus yamatsutae Mori(Cyprinidae) (줄납자루,Acheilognathus yamatsutae Mori(Cyprinidae)의 산란 조건)

  • Song, Ho-Bok; Kwon, Oh-Kil
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 1995
  • The spawning condition was investigated of the bitterling, Acheilognathus yamatsutae Mori in aquariums. Sexual responses in male and female bitterlings were very sensitive to the mussel rather than the other sex. But spawning behavior was shown ouly when all of the male, the female and the mussel were present. And the sexual response was not shown at all when there was no direct contact with the live mussel.

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Prevalence and Intensity of Clonorchis sinensis Metacercariae in Freshwater Fish from Wicheon Stream in Gunwi-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea

  • Sohn, Woon-Mok;Na, Byoung-Kuk;Cho, Shin-Hyeong;Ju, Jung-Won;Son, Dong-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2018
  • The infection status of Clonorchis sinensis metacercariae (CsMc) was examined in freshwater fish from a highly prevalent site, Wicheon (a branch of Nakdong-gang), which is located in Gunwi-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, the Republic of Korea. Total 1,162 fish in 32 species were examined by the artificial digestion method through 6 years. CsMc were detected in 720 (67.5%) out of 1,067 fish (26 spp.) and their density was 610 per fish infected. In the susceptible gobioninid fish group, i.e., Pungtungia herzi, Squalidus gracilis majimae, Squalidus japonicus coreanus, Sarcocheilichthys variegatus wakiyae and Pseudorasbora parva, all of 323 fish were infected with an average of 1,310 CsMc. Total 23 (95.8%) gobioninid fish, i.e., Pseudogobio esocinus, Abbottina springeri, Hemibarbus longirostris, Microphysogobio koreensis, and Microphysogobio jeoni, were infected with 127 CsMc in average. In the acheilognathinid fish (bitterlings) group, the prevalence was 77.0%, and the density was 50 CsMc per fish infected. In the rasborinid fish (chubs) group, i.e., Zacco platypus, Zacco temminckii, Zacco koreanus, and Opsariichthys uncirostris amurensis, 147 (36.5%) out of 403 fish examined were infected with 15 CsMc in average. The susceptibility indices of CsMc were 412 in the overall positive fish group, 1,310 in the gobioninid group-1, 122 in the gobioninid group-2, 38.5 in the acheilognathinid group, and 5.5 in the rasborinid fish group. Conclusively, it was confirmed that CsMc are highly prevalent in fish from Wicheon, and their infection tendency varied according to the subfamily groups in Cyprinidae fish hosts.

Infection Status with Clonorchis sinensis Metacercariae in Fish from Yangcheon (Stream) in Sancheong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea

  • Sohn, Woon-Mok;Na, Byoung-Kuk;Cho, Shin-Hyeong;Ju, Jung-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.57 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 2019
  • The infection status with Clonorchis sinensis metacercariae (CsMc) was examined in freshwater fishes from Yangcheon (a branch of Gyeongho-gang), which is located in Sancheong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, the Republic of Korea. Total 2,201 fishes in 26 species were examined by the artificial digestion method through 7 years. CsMc were detected in 1,171 (53.2%) fishes in 21 spp. (80.8%) and their density was 85 per fish infected. Total 532 (99.6%) out of 534 Pungtungia herzi (index fish) examined were infected with 147 CsMc per fish infected. Metacercarial densities in this fish were highest in 2015 (179 CsMc), followed by 2012 (168), 2013 (152), 2016 (145), 2014 (114), and 2017 (89) respectively. In the gobioninid fish group, i.e., P. herzi, Sarcocheilichthys spp., Squalidus spp., Pseudogobio esocinus, Hemibarbus longirostris, and Hemibarbus labeo, 841 (92.7%) fishes were infected with 117 CsMc per fish infected. Total 250 (54.7%) acheilognathinid fish (bitterlings), Acheilognathus spp. and Acanthorhodeus spp. were infected with 5.8 CsMc. In the rasborinid fish (chubs) group, i.e., Zacco platypus, Zacco temminckii, and Zacco koreanus, 77 (13.7%) out of 563 fish examined were infected with 2.4 CsMc in average. The susceptibility indices of CsMc were 49.09 in the overall positive fish group, 104.15 in the gobioninid group, 3.17 in the acheilognathinid group and 0.35 in the rasborinid fish group respectively. Only 1 CsMc was detected in 3 fish species, Coreoperca herzi, Channa argus, and Lepomis macrochirus, respectively. Conclusively, it was confirmed that CsMc are moderately prevalent in fishes from Yangcheon in Sancheon-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea.

Genetic Identification of Hybrids between Rhodeus uyekii and R. notatus by Sequence Analysis of RAG-1 Gene (RAG-1 유전자의 염기서열 분석에 의한 각시붕어 Rhodeus uyekii와 떡납줄갱이 R. notatus 잡종의 동정)

  • Yun, Young-Eun;Lee, Il-Ro;Park, Sang-Yong;Kang, Eon-Jong;Kim, Eung-O;Yang, Sang-Keun;Nam, Yoon-Kwon;Bang, In-Chul
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.79-82
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    • 2009
  • Reciprocal interspecific hybrids between two bitterling species Rhodeus uyekii (RU) and R. notatus (RN) were genetically identified based on the partial sequence analysis of recombination activating gene-1 (RAG-1) gene. Out of 863 bp positions analyzed, 13 nucleotide substitutions were detected between the two parental species (RU and RN genotypes). Both the induced hybrids (RU female$\times$RN male; UN genotype) and their reciprocal counterparts (RN female$\times$RU male; NU genotype) displayed the double peaks (or polymorphism) of sequence chromatograms at the 13 diagnostic positions, indicating that those hybrids were actual karyogamy derived from the two parental haploid genomes. However, it was not possible to distinguish between the reciprocal interspecific hybrids.

Host Mussel Utilization for Spawning of the Oily Shinner, Sarcocheilichthys variegatus wakiyae (Pisces: Cyprinidae), Inhabiting the Dalcheon, Namhangang (river) from Korea (남한강 달천에 서식하는 참중고기 Sarcocheilichthys variegatus wakiyae (Pisces: Cyprinidae)의 산란숙주조개 이용에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyeong Su;Yoon, Jung Do;Yang, Hyun;Park, Jong Young
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.288-294
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    • 2014
  • Host mussel utilization for spawning of the oily shinner, Sarcocheilichthys variegatus wakiyae (Pisces: Cyprinidae), from Korea was investigated in part of the Dalcheon (river) in Cheongcheon-myeon, Goesan-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea from April to June 2011, 2013. The non-synchronicity of mature and immature eggs obtained from females of S. v. wakiyae and the number of spawned eggs found was less than those in the mussels, suggesting that these fish may be batch spawners. Five species of freshwater mussels - Unio douglasiae sinuolatus, Lanceolaria grayana, Anodonata arcaeformis flavotincta, Lamprotula leai, Corbicula fluminea - were found at the survey area (wild conditions) but three species of freshwater mussels - A. a. flavotincta (oviposition rate, 50.0%), U. d. sinuolatus (16.2%), L. leai (11.1%) - were host of S. v. wakiyae. Spawning of S. v. wakiyae occurred mainly in the mantle cavity (wild conditions, 77.4%; experiment, 62.8%) of the mussels that were connected more to the inhalant siphon than the suprabranchial cavity (22.6%; 31.8%) that linked to the exhalant siphon. Bitterlings prefer to lay eggs in L. leai and S. v. wakiyae prefers A. a. flavotincta as a spawning host. These were considered to be the result of niche partitioning.

Development of the Bitterling, Acanthorhodus asmussi (Cyprinidae) with Note on Minute Tubercles on the Skin Surface (큰납지리의 난발생(卵發生)과 자어(仔魚)의 발육(發育) 및 자어(仔魚)의 표피상돌기(表皮上突起))

  • Suzuki, Nobuhiro;Jeon, Sang-Rin
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.1 no.1_2
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    • pp.73-82
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    • 1989
  • The development of eggs and larvae, and minute scale-like tubercles on the skin surface of the larval Acanthorthodeus asmussi from Korea were observed in the laboratory. The egg was nearly ovoid-shaped. The number of egg averaged 195 per an oviposition. The morphological character of larval development was relatively similar to those of Acheilognathus tabira tabira, A. tabira subsp. (a), A. yamatsutae, A. moriokae, A. cyanostigma and A. rhombeus. The larvae of this species had many scale-like tubercles ellipsoided in a diagonal cross section on the skin surface of the body. And also this species moved like incessant wiggly movement pattern as that of fly maggot duing the larval development. As regards the tubercles and larval movement pattern, the larvae of A. asmussi shared similar characters with those of Acheilognathus rhombeus, A. longipinnis and Pseudoperilampus typos. Hence A. asmussi may be closely related to these species. The latter three species are autumn-spawning bitterlings and the larval development always retard in a certain stage, while A. asmussi is a spring-summer spawning species and the larval development never retards. Judging from these facts, it should be considered that there are close relations in evolutionary trend between the two spawning species.

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Development of the Bittering, Acanthorhodeus(=Acheilognathus) gracilis (Cyprinidae), with a Note on Minute Tubercles on the Skin Surface (가시납지리의 난발생(卵發生)과 자어(仔魚)의 발육(發育) 및 자어(仔魚)의 표피상돌기(表皮上突起))

  • Suzuki, Nobuhiro;Jeon, Sang-Rin
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.169-181
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    • 1990
  • The development of eggs and larvae, and minute scale-like tubercles on the skin surface of larval Acantlaorhodeus gracilis from Korea were observed. They spawned from late March through the middle of June. A fish spawned at least 5 times and the number of eggs averaged 304 per oviposition. Unfertilized eggs are nearly ovoid-shaped(mean$\pm$SD=$2.09{\pm}0.04\;mm$ in length with range of 2.05 to 2.13 mm and mean$\pm$SD=$1.26{\pm}0.02\;mm$ in breadth with range of 1.24 to 1.30 mm measured for the 50 eggs) and opaque yellow color. The tip of egg membrane at the animal pole side swelled and formed a few hilly projections. The shape of the eggs was just like a loquat. Most of embryos began to hatch out in thirty-eight hours after insemination at $22{\pm}1^{\circ}C$ in water temperature. As regards the morphological characters of the eggs and larval development, Acan. gracilis was similar to Acan. asmussi, Acheilognathus rhombeus, A. longipinnis and Pseudoperilampus typus. The larvae of this species is unique particularly in the following two characters, i.e., 1) scale-like tubercles ellipsoided in a diagonal cross section on the whole body and 2) incessant wiggly movement pattern as that of fly maggot, with the larvae of the above mentioned species. These characters seem to reflect the phylogenetic relationships among acheilognathine fishes. On the other hand, this species and Acan. asmussi are spring-summer spawning bitterlings. And also these species never retard the larval growth in such larval stage as the duration from Stage B to Stage D.

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