• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bisection

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A study on Rough machining path generation of sculptured surface by bisection method (이분법에 의한 자유곡면 황삭가공 경로산출에 관한 연구)

  • 신동혁;주종남
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.157-163
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    • 1995
  • This paper presents an algorithm to deternine the tool path height for rough machining of sculptured surface. To minimize rough machining of sculptured surface, it is necessary to determine the tool path heights of contour planes. the proposed algorithm searches for the height at which maximum metal removal rate is obtained. This bisection method is accomplished until all shoulder heights are within roughing tolerance. The machining experiment demonstrates the superiority of the algorithm presented in this thesis.

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Studies on in vitro Developmental Rate of Bisected Bovine Embryos Co-Cultured in TCM-199 Medium Containing Hormones, Oviductal Epithelial Cells and Cumulus Cells (소 분할 초기배와 호르몬, 난관상피세포 및 난구세포와의 공배양에 따른 체외발생율에 관한 연구)

  • 김상근;이종진
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.259-264
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to investigate on the survival rates and in vitro developmental rates of bisected bovine embryos were by manipulator and micropipette. Bisected embryos were co-cultured in 20% FCS(v/v)+TCM-199 media containing hormones, oviductal epithelial cells and cumulus cells 0 to 72 hrs after bisection. Survival rate and in vitro fertilization rate were defined as development rate on in vitro culture or FDA-test. The results are summarized as follows ; 1. The in vitro developmental rate of biseciton embryos co-cultured in 20% FCS+TCM-199 medium containing PMSG, hCG, PMSG+hCG, hCG+$\beta$-estradiol 0 to 20 hrs and 20 to 40 hrs were 36.7, 26.7, 33.3, 40.0, and 30.0, and 30.0, 33.3, 30.0, 26.7, and 26.7%, respectively. The survival rate of bisection embryos co-cultured in TCM-199 medium containing hormones was significantly higher than that of non co-culture(25.0%). 2. The in vitro developmental rates of bisection embryos co-cultured in 20% FCS+TCM-199 medium containing oviductal epithelial cells 4 to 5 hrs and 20 to 24 hrs were 40.0 and 33.3%, respectively. The survival rate of bisection embryos co-cultured in TCM-199 medium containing oviductal epithelial cells was significantly higher than that of non co-culture(25.0%). 3. The in vitro developmental rates of bisection embryos co-cultured in 20% FCS+TCM-199 medium containing cumulus cells 4 to 5 hrs and 20 to 24 hrs were 43.3 and 36.7%, respectively. The survival rate of bisection embryos co-cultured in TCM-199 medium containing cumulus cells was significantly higher than that of non co-culture (25.0%).

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Studies on the Effects of Bisection Method and With and Without-Zona Pellucida of Bovine Embryos on In Vitro Developmental Rates (분할방법 및 투명대 부착 여부가 분할 초기배의 체외발생에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 이종진;남윤이;김상근
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 1997
  • The studies were carried out to investigate the effects of bisection method and with and without-zona pellucida of embryos on in vitro developmental rate bisected embryos by micromanipulator, micropipette and pipetting. The ovaries were obtained from slaughtered Korean native cows. The follicular oocytes were cultured in TCM-199 mediurn containing 10 IU /ml의 PMSG(Sigma, USA), 10 IU /ml의 hCG, 1$\mu$g /ml의 $\beta$-estradiol(Sigma, USA) and 10% FCS for 24~48 hrs in incubator with 5% $CO_2$ in air at 38.5$^{\circ}C$ and then, matured oocytes were again cultured for 12~ 18 hrs with motile capacitated sperm by preincubation of heparin. Bisected embryos cultured for 1~5 days in 20% FCS + TCM-199 medium. Survival rate was defined as developmental rate on in vitro culture or FDA-test. The results are summarized as follows :1. The survival rates of bisected bovine embryos by micromanipulator and micropipett were 29.2% and 19.1%, respectively. The rates of non-bisection embryos(46.7%) were significantly higher than those of bisection embryos. 2. The in vitro developmental rates of bisected bovine embryos by micromanipulator, micropipett and pipetting method were 32.4%, 19.4% and 25.6%, respectively.3. The in vitro developmental rates of with and without-zona pellucida of bisected bovine embryos by raicromanipulator were 30.8% and 25.0%, respectively. The rates of nonbisection embryos(53.1%) were significantly higher than those of bisection embryos.

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Studies on the Survival and In vitro Developmental Rate of Bisected Bovine Embryos (소 초기배의 분할후 생존율과 체외발생율에 관한 연구)

  • 김상근;이종진;이명헌
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.265-270
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to investigate on the survival rates and in vitro developmental rates of bisected bovine embryos by micromanipulator and micropipette. Bisected embryos were cultured for 1∼5 days in 20% FCS+TCM-199 medium. Survival rate and in vitro developmental rate were defined as development rate on in vitro culture or FDA-test. The results are summarized as follows ; 1. The survival rates of intact or free zona pellucida of bisected embryos were 30.3 and 25.0%, respectively. And the survival rates of bisected embryos by micromanipulator and micropipette were 33.3 and 26.7%, respectively. The survival rate of bisected embryos was significantly lower than that of non-bisection embryos(65.0%). 2. The survival rates of bisection embryos in cultured for 12, 24, 48, 72 hrs with 20% FCS+TCM-199 medium were 40.0, 30.0, 23.3 and 13.3%, respectively. 3. The in vitro developmental rates of intact of free zona pellucida of bisected embryos by micromainipulator and micropipettes were 33.3 and 26.7%, respectively. The survival rate of bisection embryos was significantly lower than that of non-bisection embryos(45.0%).

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Status of Occupational Therapists on Unilateral Neglect Test Tools Usage and Symptom Classification

  • Jang, Woo-Hyuk
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.271-275
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of the use of neglect test tools and the awareness for egocentric neglect (EN) and allocentric neglect (AN). Methods: A survey questionnaire was distributed to occupational therapists attending continuing education at the Daegu-Gyeongbuk branch on April 16. A total 143 responses were collected, and with the exception of 5 incomplete responses, 138 of them were analyzed. Results: The most commonly used unilateral neglect test tools were the line bisection test (86 responses, 62.3%), cancellation test (35 responses, 25.4%), copy and drawing test (7 responses, 5.1%). In a follow-up survey of 86 respondents who used line bisection tests as the most commonly used test, the majority (82 responses, 95.3%2) were found to use the 20-line test paper. In question about the familiarity and education experience for test manual, only 20 responses (23.2%) and 3 responses (3.5%) answered 'Yes'. In a question about the experience of a manual and the article for the manual, 25 responses (29.1%) answered 'Yes'. In the question regarding the separation of EN and AN on the unilateral neglect test, 44 responses (31.9%) were 'distinction' and 94 responses (68.1%) were 'no distinction'. Conclusion: Information on the guidance and interpretation of the line bisection test is lacking and the concept of EN and AN was insufficient.

Study on improvement of viability of mouse embryos after bisection (생쥐 수정란의 분할조작후 생존성 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyo-jong;Park, Hee-sung;Kim, Taeg-seog;Choe, Sang-yong;Park, Choong-saeng
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 1989
  • Demi-embryos were successfully produced by bisection of ICR mouse embryos at preimplantation stages. They were microsurgically bisected using a microsurgical blade attached to a micromanipulator after pretreatment with 0.5% pronase in PBS for two minutes or not. Embryos with softened zona pellucida were more easily bisected and less damaged than intact embryos. The highest success rate in bisection has been achieved by selecting blastocysts(94.1% in success rate with intact blastocysts and 100% in success rate with zona softened blastocysts). Demi-embryos without zona pellucida were cultured in D-PBS or M-16 medium at $37^{\circ}C$, 5% $CO_2$ in air for 72 hours for 2-cell stage embryos, 48 hours for 4-to 8-cell stage embryos, 24 hours for morula stage embryos and 6~12 hours for blastocyst stage embryos. For the in vitro culture of 2-cell stage embryos, $100{\mu}M$ 2Na-EDTA was added to the media. M-16 medium was better for the in vitro development of mouse embryos than PBS, and PBS is not considered to be suitable for long-term culture of embryos, especially at early stage of cleavage. In M-16 medium, developing rate of demi-embryos of which pair underwent development to form eublastocysts was 15.8% at 2-cell stage, 16.8% at 4-cell stage, 38% at 8-cell stage, 89.6% at morula stage and 94.4% at blastocyst stage, respectively. The more rapid and efficient production of demi-embryos and higher viability after bisection can be expected by softening zona pellucida with pronase and by selecting morulae or blastocysts rather than embryos at early stage of cleavage.

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The Bisection Seed Detection Heuristic for Solving the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem (한정 용량 차량 경로 탐색 문제에서 이분 시드 검출 법에 의한 발견적 해법)

  • Ko, Jun-Taek;Yu, Young-Hoon;Jo, Geun-Sik
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2009
  • The Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem (CVRP) is the problem that the vehicles stationed at central depot are to be optimally routed to supply customers with demands, satisfying vehicle capacity constraints. The CVRP is the NP-hard as it is a natural generalization of the Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP). In this article, we propose the heuristic algorithm, called the bisection seed detection method, to solve the CVRP. The algorithm is composed of 3-phases. In the first phase, we work out the initial cluster using the improved sweep algorithm. In the next phase, we choose a seed node in each initial cluster by using the bisection seed detection method, and we compose the rout with the nearest node from each seed. At this phase, we compute the regret value to decide the list of priorities for the node assignment. In the final phase, we improve the route result by using the tabu search and exchange algorithm. We compared our heuristic with different heuristics such as the Clark-Wright heuristic and the genetic algorithm. The result of proposed heuristic show that our algorithm can get the nearest optimal value within the shortest execution time comparatively.

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The Effect of Pseudoneglect on Visual Perception and Driving : Using a Driving Simulator (가성무시가 시지각과 운전수행에 미치는 영향 : 드라이빙 시뮬레이터를 이용하여)

  • Jang, Sung-Lee;Ku, Bon-Dae;Na, Duk-Lyul;Lee, Jang-Han
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1233-1238
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    • 2009
  • This study's aim was to confirm that pseudoneglect affects visual attention through car laterality, using a driving simulator with either bisection or quadrisection strategies being applied to road usage. On the pencil and paper tests, the left quadrisection and bisection marks deviated significantly to the left. While driving, the car was significantly lateralized to the right of the lane regardless of conditions. However, in terms of relative laterality, the biggest left laterality occurred on roads 1(bisection), while the smallest left laterality occurred on roads 2 (right quadrisection). Thus, the effect of pseudoneglect was demonstrated in both the pencil and paper tests and the driving simulation task. Also, roads 2 and 4, which were driven on the right side of the lane, showed a tendency for drivers to avoid the centerline, as this was the expected cause of right laterality. This study demonstrated that the pseudoneglect phenomenon can occur in a routine driving task.

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Optimization by Simulated Catalytic Reaction: Application to Graph Bisection

  • Kim, Yong-Hyuk;Kang, Seok-Joong
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.2162-2176
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    • 2018
  • Chemical reactions have an intricate relationship with the search for better-quality neighborhood solutions to optimization problems. A catalytic reaction for chemical reactions provides a clue and a framework to solve complicated optimization problems. The application of a catalytic reaction reveals new information hidden in the optimization problem and provides a non-intuitive perspective. This paper proposes a new simulated catalytic reaction method for search in optimization problems. In the experiments using this method, significantly improved results are obtained in almost all graphs tested by applying to a graph bisection problem, which is a representative problem of combinatorial optimization problems.

Array pattern synthesis using semidefinite programming and a bisection method

  • Lee, Jong-Ho;Choi, Jeongsik;Lee, Woong-Hee;Song, Jiho
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.619-625
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, we propose an array pattern synthesis scheme using semidefinite programming (SDP) under array excitation power constraints. When an array pattern synthesis problem is formulated as an SDP problem, it is known that an additional rank-one constraint is generated inevitably and relaxed via semidefinite relaxation. If the solution to the relaxed SDP problem is not of rank one, then conventional SDP-based array pattern synthesis approaches fail to obtain optimal solutions because the additional rank-one constraint is not handled appropriately. To overcome this drawback, we adopted a bisection technique combined with a penalty function method. Numerical applications are presented to demonstrate the validity of the proposed scheme.