• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bioimpedence analysis

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Clinical efficacy of Gyeongshingangjeehwan16 according to bioimpedence analysis system (생체전기임피던스 측정법에 의한 경신강지환16의 비만개선 효과 평가)

  • Jung, Yang-Sam;Yoon, Ki-Hyeon;Choi, Seung-Bae;Yoon, Mi-Chung;Shin, Soon-Shik
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2008
  • Objective: Obesity threatens not only the problem of beauty but also health. Furthermore, it could be harmful a chronic disease to increase mortality rate. A purpose of this study is to show a effect of obesity control as developing a herbal medicine, Gyeongshingangjeehwan16 (GGEx16), in order to control obesity that is a harmful factor for healthy. Method : In order to prove the effect of GGEx16, BMI, fat distribution, fat control and fitness score which are closely related with obesity are considered as variables. Each variable is measured, for statistical analysis, using measurement implement of InBody 3.0 which applied a theory of bioimpedence analysis. Result and Conclusion : As a result of statistical analysis for four variables, it was improved that there are the improved effect for obesity because GGEx16 is statistically meaningful better than prior to taking.

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Clinical efficacy of Gyeongshingangjeehwan16 according to obeisty related to measurement variables. (신체부위별 측정변인에 따른 경신강지환16의 비만 개선효과 평가)

  • Jung, Yang-Sam;Yoon, Ki-Hyeon;Choi, Seung-Bae;Yoon, Mi-Chung;Shin, Soon-Shik
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.169-183
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    • 2008
  • In this study, we measured body mass index, visceral fat ratio and 6 parts of body, neck circumference, circumference of upper arm, chest circumference, abdomen circumference, hip circumference, and thigh circumference by bioimpedence analysis system, after taking Gyeongshingangjeehwan16 (GGEx16) in five months except the first period before taking GGEx16 on 49 women who are obesity or high-level obesity. In order to examine the significance test for the effect of obesity improvement of GGEx16, we practices repeated measure ANOVA with values of measurement variables in 6 monthly times. As a result of all measurement variables, there were significant difference (P-value=0.001). Therefore, we can say that GGEx16 is effective about obesity improvement. As it dramatically decreased between second measure period and first measure period for all measure variables, we can see that there were the most effect of GGEx16 in the first time after taking GGEx16. It is known that a important measurement variable to have a effect for obesity improvement about two variable which are body mass index and visceral fat ratio is waist circumference through correlation analysis. The result of whether there are differences to effect of obesity improvement for GGEx16 around the climacteric, there were significant difference for the effect of obesity improvement for GGEx16 around the climacteric about all parts of body (P-value=0.001). There were also powerfully difference in effect of obesity improvement for GGEx16 around the climacteric about all parts of body (P-value=0.001). Especially, the climacteric before is more effective than the climacteric after in the aspect of the effect of GGEx16.

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Clinical Trial of Herbal formula (Slim-diet) on Weight Loss in Obese Pre-menopausal Korean Females (비만환자의 체중감량에 있어 슬림다이어트 처방의 유용성 평가를 위한 임상시험)

  • Chung, Won-Suk;Shin, Hyun-Dae;Song, Mi-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2003
  • Background: Recently, Obesity has become a social problem in all over the world including Korea. Dietary regulation, exercise and behavior modification therapy are used in the treatment of obesity, but until now, there have been many difficulties in treating it. Objectives: To examine in obese pre-menopausal Korean females the short-term efficacy for weight loss of an herbal formula (Slim-diet). Design: A 6-week longituidinal evaluation of a herbal formula (Slim-diet) in 35 pre-menopausal females (baseline age $31.6\;{\pm}\;6.1$) with body mass index > $25kg/m^2$. Body composition was measured using bioimpedence analysis (BIA) and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Anthropometry was done by same observer. Total cholesterol, total lipid, triglyceride, and LDL-cholesterol were measured. Results: Herbal formula (Slim-diet) treatment produced significant loss of weight (P < 0.001), percent of body fat (P < 0.001, both BIA and DXA) and waist circumference (P < 0.001). It also produced significant reduction of total cholesterol and total lipid levels (P < 0.05).

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Relationship between body fat distribution and menstrual disorder in Obese Pre-menopausal Korean Women (한국 성인 비만여성의 체지방 분포와 월경 장애의 상관성 분석)

  • Choi, Ga-Ya;Song, Mi-Yeon;Shin, Hyun-Dai;Chung, Won-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2004
  • Background: Obesity is associated with menstrual disorder. Especially, upper-body obesity affects on female reproductive function. Objectives: The goals were to investigate relation between fat distribution and menstrual disorder in obese pre-menopausal Korean females. The hypothesis were tested that there is a relation between upper body obesity and menstrual disorder. Design: A cross-sectional evaluation of 66 Females (baseline age $32.15{\pm}7,32)$ with body mass index $31.22{\pm}4.05\;kg/m^2$. Body composition was measured using bioimpedence analysis (BIA) and anthropometry was done by same observer. VAS and Multidimensional verval rating scale(MVRS) were checked for menstrual pain. Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) was measured for evaluating body fat distribution. Menstrual disorder and body fat distribution were compared using statistical methods. Results: TLFR and WH ratio was higher in menstrual cyclic disorder group than controls. There was negative relationship between VAS and TLFR. Conclusions: The data shows that disorder of menstrual cycle was associated with upper body obesity. WH ratio could be one of the factor of menstrual disorder. VAS was correlated with lower body obesity. Further studies for role of upper body fat distribution on female reproductive function and relationship between menstrual pain and fat distribution thought to be needed.

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Relations among Nutrient Intake, Body Image Satisfaction, and Physical Fitness of College Students in Taegu (대구지역 대학생의 영양섭취상태, 체형만족도, 체력상태 및 그 관련성)

  • 최미자;류숙희;김기진
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.325-335
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    • 1999
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relations among nutrient intake. self body image and satisfaction, and physical fitness of college students in Taegu. A total of 213 apparently healthy college students living in Taegu were selected for the study. The following anthropometric measurements were made on all participants : weight, height: waist and hip circumferences, and bioimpedence. Using weight and height, the body mass index (kg/$m^2$) was calculated. The 24-hour recall were obtained from subjects. Dietary habits and energy expenditure were examined through questionnaires. Nutrients intake were analyzed by computer aided nutritional analysis program. Variables of Physical fitness were consisted of body fat, muscular strength and endurance, agility. power, flexibility, cardiorespiratory function, physical efficiency index(PEI). Data were analyzed by computer using the SAS 6.12(Statistical Analysis System). The mean heights and weights of these students were similar to those reported for the 50th percentile in a national survey. Nutrient intake of the college students in Taegu was considerably lower than RDA. The male subjects' mean intake of two nutrients, vitamin B$_2$ and calcium, were less than 55% of the RDAs. the female subjects' mean intake of two nutrients, iron and calcium, were less than 55% of the RDAs. A most variables of physical fitness except sit and reach in male students showed a significant higher values than those of female students. There was a significant positive relationship between PEI and the intake of animal protein, fat, Ca. and B$_2$ in male students. Also there was a significant positive relationship between exercise duration of PWC 170 and protein, fat, iron, vitamin A, B$_2$, niacin, and energy intake in female students. The muscular strength showed the significant correlation with weight, height, and waist circumference in male and female students. The cardiorespiratory function and Physical efficiency index showed significantly negative correlation with tricep and subscapular skin thickness in the female students. There were significantly positive correlations between WHR and body efficiency index in male students, and significantly positive correlations between WHR and the cardiorespiratory function in female students. There was no significant level of correlation between the degree of satisfaction of body image and physical efficiency index. However. there was a significant positive correlation between waist circumference (and weight) and physical efficiency index in male and female students and almost all of the surveyed male and female college students wanted less waist circumference or weight even though they were in the criteria of standard waist circumference or weight. In conclusion, a beneficial effect of adequate nutrient intake on physical fitness was found, college students must increase their energy and nutrient intake if it is below than the RDA for improving their physical fitness.

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Effects of Combination of Aerobic and Circuit Weight 12 Weeks Training on Body Composition and Body Shape of Middle Aged Korean Women (12주간의 유산소성 및 저항성 복합운동이 20-30대 여성의 체성분과 체형 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Hyun-Chol;Hong, Seo-Young;Park, Sung-Ho;Cho, Tae-Young;Choi, Seung-Peom;Song, Yun-Kyung;Lim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.109-126
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : This study is to examine the influence of exorcise program to body shape and body composition of women. Exercise program is composed muscular resistance exercise and aerobic exorcise with 70min/time, 5day/week for 4weeks and designed for the reinforcement of muscular strength and the decease the decrease of obesity. Methods : The subjects of this study are 26 females who are from twenty until thirty-nine years old and are divided into two groups according to Obese Rate. normal weight group is 18 females under a BMI of 23 and overweight group is 8 females over a BMI of 23. we measured body compositon and body shape with body composition analyzer(inbody 3.0) measured body compositions are body weight, Lean body mass, base metabolic rate, body fat, %body fat, waist hip ratio, body mass index. measured 6body shade are upper arm circumference, chest circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference, thigh circumference. the measurements had been taken before exercise of each group, after 4 weeks, after 8 weeks, after 12 weeks. Body compositon and body shape of the measured data were analyzed by two-way repeated ANOVA followed by Dunnett's Post hoc test using SPSS. Differences were considered significant at p<0.05. Results and Conclusions : The weight was reduced at a significant level in overweight group after 4 weeks. Body fat percent was reduced at a significant level in normal group alter 4 weeks and overweight group after 8 weeks. Waist-hip ratio was reduced at a significant level in normal and overweight group after 4 weeks. Lean body mass and body metabolic rate were reduced but did not satisfy statistical significance. Circumference of all body parts showed an decrease after 12 weeks exercise program. Upper Arm, Chest, Waist, Hip Circumference were reduced at a significant level in overweight group after 4 weeks, but In normal group only Waist Circumference was reduced at a significant level after 4 weeks. Aerobic and Circuit weight training for 12 weeks reduced body weight and body fat percent, waist circumstance statistically significant without loss of lean body mass and body metabolic rate. Also these change was more effective in overweight group than in normal group.

Bioimpedence to Assess Breast Density as a Risk Factor for Breast Cancer in Adult Women and Adolescent Girls

  • Maskarinec, Gertraud;Morimoto, Yukiko;Laguana, Michelle B;Novotny, Rachel;Guerrero, Rachael T Leon
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2016
  • Although high mammographic density is one of the strongest predictors of breast cancer risk, X-ray based mammography cannot be performed before the recommended screening age, especially not in adolescents and young women. Therefore, new techniques for breast density measurement are of interest. In this pilot study in Guam and Hawaii, we evaluated a radiation-free, bioimpedance device called Electrical Breast Densitometer$^{TM}$ (EBD; senoSENSE Medical Systems, Inc., Ontario, Canada) for measuring breast density in 95 women aged 31-82 years and 41 girls aged 8-18 years. Percent density (PD) was estimated in the women's most recent mammogram using a computer-assisted method. Correlation coefficients and linear regression were applied for statistical analysis. In adult women, mean EBD and PD values of the left and right breasts were $230{\pm}52$ and $226{\pm}50{\Omega}$ and $23.7{\pm}15.1$ and $24.2{\pm}15.2%$, respectively. The EBD measurements were inversely correlated with PD ($r_{Spearman}=-0.52$, p<0.0001); the correlation was stronger in Caucasians ($r_{Spearman}=-0.70$, p<0.0001) than Asians ($r_{Spearman}=-0.54$, p<0.01) and Native Hawaiian/Chamorro/Pacific Islanders ($r_{Spearman}=-0.34$, p=0.06). Using 4 categories of PD (<10, 10-25, 26-50, 51-75%), the respective mean EBD values were $256{\pm}32$, $249{\pm}41$, $202{\pm}46$, and $178{\pm}43{\Omega}$ (p<0.0001). In girls, the mean EBD values in the left and right breast were $148{\pm}40$ and $155{\pm}54{\Omega}$; EBD values decreased from Tanner stages 1 to 4 ($204{\pm}14$, $154{\pm}79$, $136{\pm}43$, and $119{\pm}16{\Omega}$ for stages 1-4, respectively) but were higher at Tanner stage 5 ($165{\pm}30{\Omega}$). With further development, this bioimpedance method may allow for investigations of breast development among adolescent, as well as assessment of breast cancer risk early in life and in populations without access to mammography.