• Title, Summary, Keyword: Beta vulgaris L

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Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity of Extracts from Brassica juncea czerniak et coss., Celosia cristata L., and Beta vulgaris L. (맨드라미, 비트, 홍갓 색소 추출물의 항산화 및 항균 효과)

  • Kim, Mi-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.719-729
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    • 2012
  • We sought to study the qualities and scientific benefits of Dongchimi, a traditional Korean food. We compared and analyzed ingredients used for the appearance and storability of dongchimi - honggot (Brassica juncea czerniak et coss), cockscomb (Celosia cristata L.), and beet Beta vulgaris L.). We specifically examined the antioxidative and antibacterial activity of pigments from extracts of these ingredients. Distilled water ($H_2O$) and 1% citric acid were used to safely extract pigments. The antioxidative activity of the pigments was then measured for total phenolic compounds, SOD (Super Oxide Dismutase), and EDA (Electron Donation Ability) by DPPH. The antibacterial activity of was also assessed by a Paper disc solution. Our results show that the pigments had sufficient antioxidative activity and had antibacterial properties against Gram positive and negative bacteria. In particular, Cockscomb (used for enhancing color) contained the highest amount of polyphenol compounds and had the most efficient antioxidative activity.

Effects of Prunella vulgaris labiatae extract on specific and non-specific immune responses in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

  • Park, Kwan-Ha;Choi, Sanghoon
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.3.1-3.7
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    • 2014
  • We examined the effects of Prunella vulgaris Labiatae (P. vulgaris L.) on specific and non-specific immune responses of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. The optimal concentration without toxicity of P. vulgaris was determined to $30-40{\mu}g/ml$ in vitro and $120{\mu}g$/100 g of fish in vivo. P. vulgaris significantly elicited an antibody titer compared to FCA or ${\beta}$-glucan. ${\beta}$-glucan plus P. vulgaris group synergistically enhanced antibody production. No significant difference in antibody production was observed between P. vulgaris and P. vulgaris plus ${\beta}$-glucan group. A respiratory burst activity of head kidney (HK) leucocytes of tilapia administered with 300 or $500{\mu}g$ P. vulgaris was significantly (p < 0.05) enhanced compared with the PBS-injected control group and FCA-treated group. Maximum increase in the NBT reduction value was observed in $500{\mu}g$ P. vulgaris group but no significant difference was found between 300 and $500{\mu}g$ P. vulgaris group. The level of serum lysozyme activity was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in the 300 and $500{\mu}g$ P. vulgaris than $100{\mu}g$ P. vulgaris and FCA group. The phagocytic activities of HK leucocytes from tilapia administered with 300 and $500{\mu}g$ P. vulgaris were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than $100{\mu}g$ P. vulgaris and the control group. P. vulgaris was revealed with a good immunoadjuvant evoking the specific and non-specific immune responses of tilapia.

Effects of Nutrient Solution Concentrations for Each Growing Stages on Beet(Beta vulgaris L. var. detroit) Growth (생육단계별 배양액농도가 비트(Beta vulgaris L. var. detroit)의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • 박권우;강호민;박용건
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Bio-Environment Control Conference
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    • pp.58-59
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    • 1996
  • 생활수준이 높아지면서 수경재배된 신선채소의 수요가 늘어나고 있으며, 비트와 같은 서양근채류의 이용도 증가하는 추세여서 근채류의 양액재배도 증가하리라 기대된다. 특히 비트의 경우 색소의 원료로도 이용이 많으므로 재배가 늘 것으로 보인다. 비트는 중성 내지 약알칼리성 토양에서 생육이 가장 좋은 것으로 알려져 있는데. 현재 국내 대부분의 밭토양은 산성이므로 비트 재배에 적함하지 않다고 본다. (중략)

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Identification of Novel Saringosteryl Glucoside in Phaseolus vulgaris Seed (강낭콩 미숙종자내 신규 Saringosteryl Glucoside의 동정)

  • 김성기
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.441-444
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    • 1994
  • From immature seed of Phaseolus vulgaris L., a novel phytosteryl glucoside was isolated. Strong ion peaks at m/z 613 $[M+Na}^{+},\;696\;[M+Matrix]^{+}$ in positive F AB- MS and at m/z 589 $[M-1]^{-}$ in negative F AB- MS indicated the molecular weight of the compound is 590. Four hundred MHz $^IH-NMR$ analysis revealed that the compound canys a 24-hydroxy-24-vinyl-cholesterol (saringosterol) as an aglycone and a ${\beta}-D-glucopyranose$. Four hundred MHz $^IH-NMR$ analysis of the acetate derivate of the compound revealed that hydroxyls at C-1' in glucose moeity and at C-3 in aglycone have been condensed. Therefore, the phytosteryl glucoside was characterized to be $3-0-{\beta}-D-glucopyranosyl-24-hydroxy-24-vinyl-cholesterol$ (saringosteryl glucoside). This is the first demonstration for the presence of saringosterol in higher plants. Also this is the first identification of saringosteryl glucoside in natural materials.erials.

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Effects of Hagocho (Prunella vulgaris L.), Gamgook (Chrysanthemum indicum L.) and Galgeun (Pueraria Radix) on Plasma Lipid Compositin and Histological Consideration in Hyperlipidemic Rat (하고초, 감국 및 갈근 증류액이 비만쥐의 지질구성 및 각종 장기의 해부조직학적 소견에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Chan-Hee;Kim, Nam-Young;Nam, Eun-Jeung;Kim, Sang-Hyeun;Lee, Ji-Hyang;Lee, Eun
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.22-27
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    • 2007
  • Effects of prunella vulgaris L., chrysanthemum indicum L. and pueraria Radix on plasma lipid composition and histological consideration were investigated in hyperlipidemic rats. Concentration of plasma ${\beta},-lipoprotein$ showed a tendence to decrease in prunella vulgaris L., chrysanthemum indicum L. and pueraria Radix treatment groups. However these values were showed not significantly different from control group. Concentration of plasma FFA in prunella vulgaris L., chrysanthemum indicum L. and pueraria Radix treatment groups showed a lower values compared to control group and concentration of plasma FFA of prunella vulgaris L. and pueraria Radix treatment group showed a lower values than prunella vulgaris L. and chrysanthemum indicum L. treatment group. Concentration of plasma glucose and triglyceride showed a tendence to decrease in prunella vulgaris L., chrysanthemum indicum L. and pueraria Radix treatment groups. However plasma glucose values showed not significantly different from control group. Plasma total cholesterol concentration showed a low and HDL-cholesterol concentration showed a high in prunella vulgaris L. and pueraria Radix treatment group. However LDL-cholesterol concentrations were not significantly different in treatment groups. Histological consideration of heart, liver and kidney in prunella vulgaris L. and pueraria Radix treatment groups showed a good features in fat accumulation condition than those of other treatment groups. However in the condition of high fat accumulation in tissues, heart, liver and kidney were showed a slight congestion and a bashed cell nucleus.

Effects of Salt Stress on Inorganic Ions and Glycine Betaine Contents in Leaves of Beta vulgaris var. cicla L. (염 스트레스가 근대(Beta vulgaris var. cicla L.)의 무기이온 및 glycine betaine 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Sung-Chul;Kim, Jong-Guk;Choo, Yeon-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.388-394
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    • 2013
  • Growth, inorganic solutes and glycine betaine accumulation in spinach beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla L.) were studied under different salt conditions. Plants of fortythree days old were assessed by growing for a further 10 and 20 days at four NaCl concentrations (0, 100, 200, 300 & 400 mM). The dry weight of leaves was maximal in plants which were grown at 100 to 200 mM NaCl treatments and after 10d it was decreased slightly at salt treatments of more than 300 mM NaCl. Under the salt conditions, leaves of B. vulgaris contained high inorganic ions to maintain low water potential, but low water soluble carbohydrate contents. Total ionic content and osmolality increased with increasing salt concentration. Salt stress led to a preferential accumulation of glycine betaine in leaves of B. vulgaris, especially for the 200 mM NaCl treatment. These findings suggest that a high degree of NaCl tolerance of B. vulgaris resulted from the accumulation of glycine betaine, which is known to have osmoprotectant properties in the cytoplasm.

Quality Characteristics of Noodles Supplemented with Dried Beta vulgaris L. Root Powder (비트 건근 첨가에 따른 국수의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Min Jeong;Park, Jung Eun;Park, So Hae;Han, Ji Sook;Choi, Ji-Hye;Lee, Heeseob
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.302-306
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    • 2015
  • This study evaluated the quality characteristics of noodles added with dried Beta vulgaris L. root powder (BV powder) in order to determine the most preferred noodle recipe. When amount of BV powder increased, both L and b color values decreased, whereas a value increased due to the red betalain pigments in BV powder. Weight, volume, and water absorption of cooked noodles decreased, whereas turbidity of soup increased. For textural properties, addition of BV powder to cooked noodles increased springiness, chewiness, and brittleness. Overall, according to the results of the sensory evaluation, noodles added with 1% BV powder were the most preferred.

Screening of Antioxidant Activity from Exocarp of Watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris L.) (수박(Citrullus vulgaris L.) 외피의 항산화 활성 탐색)

  • Duan, Yishan;Kim, Min-A;Kim, Han-Soo;Jang, Seong-Ho;Kang, Dong-Soo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.1233-1239
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    • 2014
  • Watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris L.) is a summer fruit typical to help fatigue systemic absorption is getting better. The goal of this study is to screen antioxidant activity to ensure the possibility as a functional material for exocarp of watermelon. Watermelon was extracted with 70% methanol, 70% ethanol, chloroform:methanol (CM, 2:1, v/v). Total phenol contents were 12.01 mg/g, 8.89 mg/g, 3.53 mg/g in the 70% methanol, 70% ethanol, CM, in that order, respectively. Total flavonoid content, DPPH radical scavenging activity, ABTS radical scavenging activity, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), ${\beta}$-carotene bleaching assay were 70% methanol extract remarkably higher than the other extracts. And these results showed the same trend of total phenol content. From the above results shows that watermelon was effective on the antioxidative activity.

Effects of Hagocho(prunella vulgaris L.), Gamgook(chrysanthemum indicum L.) and Galgeun(pueraria Radix) aqua-acupuncture at gokji(LI-11) and Joksamri(ST-36) on lowering lipid effect, oxidative capacity, concentration of TNF-Effects of Hagocho(prunella vulgaris L.), Gamgook(chrysanthemum indicum L.) and Galgeun(pueraria Radix) aqua-acupuncture at gokji(LI-11) and Joksamri(ST-36) on lowering lipid effect, oxidative capacity, concentration of TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-6, Leptin and histological consideration in hyperlipidemic rat, IL-6, Leptin and histological consideration in hyperlipidemic rat (하고초, 감국, 갈근 약침이 비만쥐의 지질강하, 항산화 효과, TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-6 및 Leptin의 농도와 각종 장기의 해부조직학적 소견에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Hyun-Jun;Lee, Hyang-Sook;Lee, Joon-Moo
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.201-219
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : We studied Effects of Hagocho(prunella vulgaris L.), Gamgook(chrysanthemum indicum L.) and Galgeun(pueraria Radix) aqua-acupuncture on the hyperlipidemic rat. methods : We investigated lowering lipid effect, oxidative capacity, concentration of TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-6, Leptin and histological consideration in hyperlipidemic rat. Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing about 400g were divided into 5 groups of control, Ⅰ: Hagocho (prunella vulgaris L.)+Gamgook (chrysanthemum indicum L.) and Gokji aqua-acupuncture, Ⅱ: Hagocho(prunella vulgaris L.)+Gamgook (chrysanthemum indicum L.) and Joksamri aqua-acupuncture, Ⅲ: Hagocho(prunella vulgaris L.)+Galgeun(pueraria Radix)and Gokji aqua-acupuncture and Ⅳ: Hagocho (prunella vulgaris L.)+Galgeun(pueraria Radix) and Joksamri aqua-acupuncture. Results : Contents of plasma ${\beta}$-lipoprotein, contents of IL-6, TNF-${\alpha}$ and leptin, Plasma triglyceride and glucose, plasma total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol, liver total cholesterol, liver triglyceride, plasma and liver TBARS, free fatty acids showed a tendency to decrease in the aqua-acupuncture groups compared to those of control group. The activities of GOT and GPT showed no significantly different in all treatment groups. Values of super oxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase activity showed a tendency to increase in the aqua-acupuncture groups. Histological consideration of heart, kidney and liver in the aqua-acupuncture groups showed slight vasodilation and fat accumulation compared to those of normal rat. Conclusions : These results indicated that prunella vulgaris L., chrysanthemum indicum L. and pueraria Radix aqua-acupuncture at gokji(LI11) and Joksamri(ST36) suppressed adipose tissue mass and lipid peroxidation and increased antioxidant system in hyperlipidemic rat.

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