• Title, Summary, Keyword: Benzene and MEK adsorption

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Variations of Equilibrium Adsorption Capacities According to Type and Mixing Fraction of Binary Mixed Gas on Activated Carbon Fixed-bed (활성탄 고정층에서 2성분 혼합가스의 종류와 혼합 분율에 따른 포화 흡착량의 변화)

  • Kim, Hyo-Won;Lee, Song-Woo;Lee, Min-Gyu;Cheon, Jae-Kee
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.1197-1202
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    • 2007
  • Adsorption experiments of binary mixed gases composed of acetone/methylethylketone (MEK), MEK/benzene, MEK/toluene, and benzene/toluene were carried out on activated carbon fixed-bed. The variations of equilibrium adsorption capacity according to type and fraction of binary gas were investigated. In case of binary gases composed of acetone/MEK and benzene/toluene, equilibrium adsorption capacities of MEK and toluene were increased according to the increase of fraction of MEK and toluene, but equilibrium adsorption capacities of acetone and benzene were decreased. In case of binary gases composed of MEK/benzene and MEK/toluene, equilibrium adsorption capacities of benzene and toluene were increased according to the increase of fraction of benzene and toluene, but equilibrium adsorption capacities of MEK was decreased.

Adsorption Characteristics of Benzene and MEK on Surface Oxidation Treated Adsorbent -Surface Oxidation by HNO3, H2SO4 and (NH4)2S2O8- (표면산화 처리된 흡착제의 Benzene 및 MEK 흡착 특성 - HNO3, H2SO4 및 (NH4)2S2O8에 의한 표면산화-)

  • Shim, Choon-Hee;Lee, Woo-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this research is to improve the adsorption capacity of adsorbent made from MSWI (Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) fly ash by surface oxidation. Used oxidation agents were $HNO_{3}$, $H_{2}SO_{4}$ and $(NH_{4})_{2}S_{2}O_{8}$. These agents can modify the surface property of an adsorbent such as specific surface area, pore volume, and functional group. The surface structure was studied by BET method with $N_{2}$ adsorption. The acid value and base value were determined by Boehm's method. The adsorption properties were investigated with benzene and MEK (Methylethylketone). According to the results, the specific surface area of the adsorbent was increased from 309.2 $m^{2}$/g to 553.2 $m^{2}$/g by $HNO_{3}$ oxidation. But $H_{2}SO_{4}$ and $(NH_{4})_{2}S_{2}O_{8}$ oxidation was decreased slightly. After Oxidation, surface acid value increased, but base value decreased. FAA-N shows the highest acid value. The content of oxygen increased greatly and oxygen group was created on the adsorbent surface. The surface oxidation improved the adsorbing capacity for MEK. The amount of adsorbing MEK was increased from 189 $m^{2}$/g to 639 $m^{2}$/g by $HNO_{3}$ oxidation.

The Change of Adsorption Characteristics for VOCs by HNO3 Activation of Adsorbent Prepared from MSWI Fly Ash (질산을 이용한 Fly Ash 흡착제의 표면 활성화에 따른 VOCs 흡착 특성의 변화)

  • Shim Choon-Hee;Lee Woo-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.471-478
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    • 2005
  • The objective of this research is to improve adsorption efficiency of adsorbent made from MSWI (Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) ny ash by $HNO_3$ activation. The acidity and the basicity were determined by Boehm's method and the surface structure was studied by BET method with N2 adsorption. The adsorption properties were investigated with benzene and MEK (Methylethylketone). $HNO_3$ activation can modify the surface property of an adsorbent such as specific surface area, pore volume, and functional group. According to the results, the specific surface area of the adsorbent was increased from $309.2m^2/g\;to\;553.2 m^2/g$ by activation. Also oxygen-containing functional groups were formed on it.

Adsorption Affected by Relationship Between Pore Sizes of Activated Carbons and Physical Properties of Adsorbates (활성탄의 세공크기와 흡착질의 물리적 특성과의 연관성이 흡착에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Jeong-Hwa;Kwon, Jun-Ho;Kim, Sang-Won;Song, Seung-Koo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.377-383
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    • 2007
  • In this study, the relationship between the pore size distribution and the adsorption amount of adsorbates is investigated in detail. Adsorption amounts of non-polar adsorbates were greater than those of polar adsorbates because of slight negative charge on surfaces of adsorbents. The adsorption of benzene on the surface of absorbents was largely influenced by the specific pore size of $2{\sim}4$ times of benzene diameter. But in case of toluene, the adsorption of toluene was affected by pore sizes of $2{\sim}4$ times as well as $4{\sim}6$ times of the diameter of toluene. Both acetone and MEK were examined by the same method. The adsorption of acetone was influenced by pore sizes of $2{\sim}4$ times of the diameter of acetone. But acetone does not look to be built up multi-layer on those pore sizes. Since acetone molecule is small and its mobility is so fast, it is assumed that the adsorption and desorption of acetone is simultaneously occurred at the same time even at room temperature. In case of MEK, MEK was effected by pore sizes of $2{\sim}4$ times of the diameter of MEK.

Manufacture of the Hydrophobic HY-type Zeolite-honeycomb and Its Adsorption/Desorption Characteristics for the Benzene, o-xylene, and MEK (소수성 HY-형 제올라이트제 하니컴의 제조 및 그 하니컴의 벤젠, o-xylene, MEK에 대한 흡.탈착특성)

  • Mo, Se-Young;Jeon, Dong-Hwan;Kwon, Ki-Seung;Sohn, Jong-Ryeul
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.84-96
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    • 2007
  • We performed the experiments to manufacture the hydrophobic $200cells/in^2$-zeolite honeycomb using HY-type zeolite of Si/Al ratio of 80 for separating and removing the VOCs emitted from small and medium size-plants by adsorption and to determine the drying method for the honeycomb at $105^{\circ}C$ without cracking, then measured performances of the honeycomb to adsorb the benzene, o-xylene, and MEK and to desorb the benzene and MEK saturated on the honeycomb by the nitrogen gas as the desorption gas. As a results, the good honeycomb was formed and the honeycomb was not cracked when the mixing ratio of the zeolite to bentonite to methyl cellulose to polyvinyl alcohol to glycerine to water is 100 : 8.73 : 2.18 : 4.19 : 1.38 : 126 and dried the honeycomb at $105^{\circ}C$ for 24 hours in the drying oven. The shape of the dried honeycomb was not changed after calcination, and the compressive strengths of the honeycomb after drying and calcination were 6.7 and $0.69kg/cm^2$, respectively. The adsorption efficiencies of the honeycomb for benzene, o-xylene, and MEK were $92{\sim}96%$ at the room temperature. The desorption efficiency at $180^{\circ}C$ was higher than that at $150^{\circ}C\;by\;1.5{\sim}13.8%$ depending on the flow rate of the nitrogen gas, and it was found that desorption efficiency is higher than 85% at $180^{\circ}C$ and 1.0L/min of the nitrogen gas. At $180^{\circ}C$ and 0.2 L/min, the concentration of the benzene and MEK in the used desorption gas are higher than 40,000 and 50,000ppm, respectively, so it be used as the fuel for preheating the desorption gas fed into the column in desorption cycle.

Regeneration Characteristics of Adsorbent Loaded with VOCs using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (휘발성 유기용제가 흡착된 흡착제의 초임계 이산화탄소를 이용한 재생특성)

  • Lee, Seung Bum;Seong, Dae Hyung;Hong, In Kwon
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.737-741
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    • 1997
  • The typical removal method of volatile organic compounds is adsorption process. In this study, granular activated carbon and activated carbon fiber were used as adsorbents, and the adsorption behavior for the two types of adsorbent was compared. And they were regenerated by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction at a constant temperature, 318.15 K, and 2000, 2500, 3000 psi respectively. The desorption percentage of initial adsorbates and iodine values were increased with pressure of supercritical carbon dioxide. The regeneration time was 70 and 60 minutes in adsorbents loaded with methyl ethyl ketone(MEK) and benzene, respectively. The desorption percentages were 64.0% for granular activated carbon and 55.3% for activated carbon fiber loaded with MEK, and 59.1% for granular activated carbon and 45.2% for activated carbon fiber loaded with benzene. The exit concentration could be evaluated by Tan and Liou model. Therefore, the granular activated carbon and the activated carbon fiber could be regenerated by supercritical fluid extraction process.

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