• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Bentonite

검색결과 665건 처리시간 0.049초

Performance of Soil-Bentonite Cutoff Wall considering Defects and Formation of Bentonite Cake

  • Nguyen, The Bao;Lee, Chul-Ho;Lim, Jee-Hee;Jeoung, Jae-Hyeung;Choi, Hang-Seok
    • 한국지반공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1264-1273
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    • 2010
  • Soil-bentonite cutoff walls are widely recognized to be the effective barrier for containment of wastes and groundwater. Bentonite cake is usually found remaining on the trench surface due to the use of bentonite slurry during the excavation for the cutoff wall construction. Defects also inevitably take place due to the inappropriate construction procedures or improperly mixed soil-bentonite backfill. The defects include insufficient keys and windows in the soilbentonite cutoff wall. In this study, the performance of the soil-bentonite cutoff wall is evaluated based on the flow rates through the wall. Three-dimensional numerical models were applied to simulate the groundwater flow through the soil-bentonite cutoff walls of typical geometries with consideration of the defects and bentonite cake. Results of the simulations showed that the bentonite cake has no effect in the insufficient key cases. In the keyed wall cases, the bentonite cake with very low hydraulic conductivity significantly impedes the flow of groundwater through the wall. The presence of the bentonite cake not only compromises the window defect but also renders the wall construction more effective in blocking the groundwater flow. These findings show the significance of the bentonite cake in a soil-bentonite cutoff wall construction.

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모래-벤토나이트 혼합물의 지반 공학적특성에 관한 기초 연구 (Fundamental Study on Geotechnical Properties of Sand-Bentonite Mixtures)

  • 권무남;유택항
    • 한국농공학회지
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 1997
  • The study was conducted in order to investigate the basic geotechnical properties of sand-bentonite mixtures with the various bentonite contents. The results obtained are as follows : 1. Optimum moisture content of sand-bentonite mixtures was approximately 17.10~18.52% corresponding to the maximum dry density of 1.58~1 .64gf/$cm^3$. As the bentonite contents and curing peroid increased, both the maximum dry density and optimum moisture content of sand-bentonite mixtures increased. 2. The unconfined compressive strength of sand-bentonite mixtures increased as the increase of bentonite content, but it did not change along the curing period. 3. The sand-bentonite mixtures ruptured at 8~15% of the axial strain and the maxi-mum shearing stress was about O.7Okgf/$cm^2$. 4. According to the increase of bentonite content, the cohesion intercept and internal friction of the sand-bentonite mixtures increased slightly in the shear test, while the cohesion intercept increased largely, and the internal friction angle decreased largely in the triaxial test. 5. Both the initial void ratio and swelling of the sand-bentonite mixtures were very low with respect to the consolidation pressure increase. 6. The swelling and shrinkage of sand-bentonite mixtures increased slightly according to the increment of bentonite content.

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Bentonite가 ABS 수지의 기계적 물성에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Bentonite on the Mechanical Properties of ABS Resin)

  • 돈윤승;심미자;김상욱
    • 공업화학
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.981-989
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    • 1994
  • 국내에서 상당량 채취되는 자연산 bentonite(Ca계)와 이를 $Na_2CO_3$로 전환시켜 상업적으로 여러 용도에서 사용되는 Na계 bentonite를 신소재 개발을 위한 점토/유기물 복합체에 대한 고찰 측면에서 matrix 수지를 ABS로 하고 이의 충진재로의 특성을 살펴 보았다. 결과, bentonite의 함량이 증가하면 탄성율은 증가하지만 충격강도는 감소하였으며, 경도는 일정하였다. Na계 bentonite가 Ca계에 비하여 탄성율은 낮지만 충격강도에서 상대적 높은 값을 나타내었다. 저장탄성율(E')은 온도가 상승함에 따라 감소하나 tan ${\delta}$는 주파수가 증가할수록 고온으로 shift되었다.

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벤토나이트를 이용한 양돈 폐수의 고액분리 (Solid-liquid Separation of Swine Wastewater using Bentonite)

  • 임제현;강선홍
    • 상하수도학회지
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.742-747
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    • 2004
  • Solid-liquid separation of swine wastewater was conducted using bentonite as coagulant. During the separation experiment, coagulation efficiency was also investigated. To determine optimal bentonite dose, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.6% (w/v basis) of bentonite was dosed. Suspended solid removal efficiency was 87-98% at whole bentonite dosage. But sediment volume was increased, and settling velocity was decreased at excessive bentonite dosage. Therefore optimal bentonite dosage was evaluated around 0.2-0.4%. In the test to determine optimal pH, coagulation using bentonite was performed at pH 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7. At lower pH suspended solid removal efficiency was increased. However, sediment volume was also increased and phosphorus release was observed. Thereby optimal pH for bentonite coagulation might be appeared in the range of 6-7.

국산벤토나이트 현탁액의 유동학적 성질 (Rheological Studies on the Aqueous Suspension of Korean Bentonite)

  • 김은희;이계주
    • 약학회지
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.302-310
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    • 1990
  • A study has been made of the Korean bentonite aqueous suspension contrast with American bentonite by means of XRD IR swelling, gel formation and rheogram at various conditions such as concentration, temperature and pH. The Korean bentonite was identified as montmorillonite clay containig a small proprotion of crystoballite and mordenite, and its swelling power were acceptable for requirements of Korean pharmacopeia regulations though its values were not satisfied. Korean bentonite swelled to 10 times and American one did to 15 times compared to its bulkiness of powder. The rheogram of Korean bentonite suspension reveals bulged pseudoplatic flow with yield value at higher concentration and pseudoplastic flow without yield value at lower concentration. The higher the concentration, the greater were the apparent viscosity and hysteresis loop. Korean bentonite suspension showed insignificant temperature dependence on both apparent viscosity and hysteresis loop and it was more temperature dependent on viscosity but less on hysteresis loop than those of American sample. The pH dependence was so high on viscosity that apparent minimum value was near pH 7 and maximum value at pH 3 or 7. The hysteresis loop appeared minimum over the pH range 5-7 and maximum near pH 3 or 11. The Korean bentonite was inferior to the American bentonite in swelling volume, gel formation, thioxotropy, however, it would be possible to improve the quality of Korean bentonite by developing the method of purification for bentonite clay.

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점토광물을 이용한 완효성 비료(K비료)개발 및 응용에 관한 연구 II. 비료의 합성과 응용 (Study on the development and application of slow releasing fertilizer using Korean natural clay minerals II. Synthesis and application of K-bentonite)

  • 박권우;최진호
    • 한국환경농학회지
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.135-140
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    • 1986
  • K-bentonite를 K포화용액에서 이온교환법에 의해 제조했다. 모래땅, 황토, 산흙에서 K-bentonite 완효성의 효과를 비교 시험했는데, 특히 모래땅에서 그 효과가 컸다. 알타리무우 및 상치를 이용한 모래땅 재배에서 KCl시용구. 보다 K-bentonite구는 상치의 지상부의 생육과 알타리무우의 근부신장을 월등히 촉진 시켰다. 그러나 적정량을 관수하면서 모래, 산흙, 황토를 이용한 온실내 pot시험에서는 생육차를 발견할 수 없었다. K-bentonite는 무우 및 상치의 Vitamin C, Nitrate, Thiocyanate, Dry wt 등의 함량변화에 영향을 미치지 않았다. K-bentonite 실제 생산에 있어 문제점에 대해 논의하였다.

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Effect of Exchangeable Cation on Radionuclide Diffusion In Compacted Bentonite

  • Park, Jong-Won;Park, Hyun-Soo;Dennis W. Oscarson
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.274-279
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    • 1996
  • Diffusion coefficient is a critical parameter for predicting radiological source term(migration rate and flux of radionuclide) through given near field conditions in spent fuel or high level waste repository. The effect of exchangeable cation-$Na^+$ and $Ca^{2+} - on the diffusion of $I^- \;and^3H$ (as HTO) in compacted bentonite was examined using a through-diffusion method. Bentonite material used here was compacted to a density of 1.3 Mg/m$^3$, and Na-bentonite was saturated with a solution of 100 mol NaCl/m$^3$ and Ca-bentonite with 50 $mol\;CaCl_2$/m$^3$. The results show that effective diffusion coefficients are generally higher by a factor of two to five in Ca-than Na-clay. This is attributed to the larger particle size of Ca-compared to Na-bentonite; hence, Ca-bentonite has a greater proportion of relatively large pores, which make a greater contribution to mass transport than small pores. Although the nature of the exchangeable cation affects mass diffusion in compacted bentonite, the effect is small and not likely to influence performance assessment modeling of compacted bentonite-based barriers.

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압축된 칼슘벤토나이트 블록의 침식에 대한 실험적 연구 (An Experimental Study on the Erosion of a Compacted Calcium Bentonite Block)

  • 백민훈;조원진
    • 방사성폐기물학회지
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.341-348
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    • 2005
  • 벤토나이트는 낮은 침투성, 높은 수착성, 자체밀봉특성, 내구성 등으로 인해 고준위 방사성 폐기물 처분을 위한 지하처분장에서 완충재 후보물질로 고려되고 있다. 적절한 처분장 조건에서 국내 Ca-벤토나이트에 대하여 지하수 침식에 의한 벤토나이트 입자의 발생 가능성과 발생된 벤토나이트 입자들의 영향에 대한 실험적 연구를 수행하였다. 실험결과 비록 벤토나이트의 팽윤압에 의한 암반 균열로의 벤토나이트의 침투는 적었지만 벤토나이트/화강암 경계에서 벤토나이트 입자가 발생될 수 있고 지하수 흐름에 의해 유동될 수 있음을 보였다. 압축된 벤토나이트 블록으로부터 이러한 벤토나이트 입자들의 유동화에는 각기 다른 과정들이 기여하고 있음을 확인하였다. 유량이 크면 클수록, 유출되는 벤토나이트 입자들의 농도가 높게 나타났다. 따라서 실험결과는 지하수 흐름에 의한 벤토나이트 표면의 침식은 침투과정과 함께 화강암 균열에서의 벤토나이트 입자들을 유동시키는 주요한 과정임을 보여준다.

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벤토나이트 슬러리의 전기적 특성에 대한 영향인자 분석 (Factors Affecting the Electrical Properties of Bentonite Slurry)

  • 유동주;오명학;김용성;박준범
    • 한국지반공학회논문집
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구에서는 벤토나이트 슬러리의 전기적 특성에 대한 영향인자와 전기전도 메커니즘을 규명하고자 하였다. 벤토나이트 및 흙-벤토나이트 슬러리의 전기전도도는 벤토나이트 함량이 증가함에 따라 뚜렷한 선형적 증가 경향을 나타내어 전기전도도 측정기법이 슬러리에서의 벤토나이트 함량 평가에 적용될 수 있음을 확인하였다. 이때 슬러리의 전기전도도 변화는 주로 벤토나이트에 존재하는 양이온이 용해되어 용액의 전기전도도를 변화시키기 때문에 나타나는 결과로 확인되었다. 슬러리에서 벤토나이트 함량에 따른 전기전도도의 선형적 관계는 용액의 초기 전기전도도와 세립토 함량에 영향을 받는 것으로 나타났으며 이들의 영향을 고려하여 슬러리에서 벤토나이트 함량과 전기전도도와의 관계식을 도출하였다. 본 연구에서 제시된 관계식을 토대로 다양한 조건의 벤토나이트 및 흙-벤토나이트 슬러리에서 전기전도도 측정을 통하여 벤토나이트 함량에 대한 정량적인 평가가 가능할 것으로 기대된다.

혼합반응 차수재의 투수특성 연구 (The Permeability Characteristics of the Reactive Soil - Bentonite Landfill Liner)

  • 이강원;황의석;안기봉;정하익;김학문
    • 한국지반공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.545-552
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this paper is to investigate permeability characteristic of soil-bentonite landfill liner and development of desirable liner system. In this study, permeability tests for soil-bentonite, reactive soil-bentonite and apply bentomat and reactive mat are carried out under the low and high water pressure. According to test result, additional amount of bentonite decreases the coefficient of permeability up to the bentonite mixture ratio of 15%. Therefore, the permeability test for landfill liner's indicated that the use of general water would be in more safe side because the liner system show low permeability duet decrease effect of porous by suspended soild(SS). The permeability of leachate for Zeolite mixture ratio 0, 5, 10% with bentonite mixture ratio 15% showed negligible variation in the permeability with general water. Therefore, Zeolite could be used as a successful that is available purification material for the treatment of leachate, without changing the of landfill liners. Also odious smell could be removed by adding smell amount of Zeolite to the leachate. It was revealed that the bentomat and reactive mat installed in soil-bentonite layer effectively improved the permeability as well as purification of the leachate.

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