• Title, Summary, Keyword: Behavior characteristics

Search Result 9,720, Processing Time 0.051 seconds

The Effects of Personality Characteristics and Drink Motivation on Drinking Behavior in College Students (대학생의 성격특성 및 음주동기가 음주행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min-Jung;Kang, Hangsook
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.29-41
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objects: This study examined the relations among college students' personality characteristics, drink motivation, and drinking behavior. This study also examined the mediating effect of drink motivation on the relationship between college students' personality characteristics and drinking behavior. Methods: The subjects of this study were 210 college students(male: 50, female: 160) attending a university in Chungnam. College students completed the personality characteristics, drink motivation, and drinking behavior scales. The data was analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation coefficients and regressions. Results: Results indicated that college students' neuroticism and extroversion were significantly related to drinking behavior. Also, college students' social motivation and coping motivation were significantly related to drinking behavior. Especially, social motivation fully mediated the relationship between college students' neuroticism and extroversion and drinking behavior. Coping motivation fully and partially mediated the relationship between college students' neuroticism and extroversion and drinking behavior. Conclusions: In this study, the personality characteristics directly influence the drinking behavior, but they found the influence on the drinking behavior through the drink motivation. In particular, it is very necessary to intervene in the development of health education programs that can intervene in drink motivation for college students with neurotic characteristics.

Influence of College Student' Leadership Behavior Characteristics on Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Moderating Effect of Self-Efficacy (대학생의 리더십 행동 특성이 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 자기효능감의 조절효과)

  • Kim, Jae-Boong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.8 no.12
    • /
    • pp.351-357
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study is one on the effect of leadership behavior characteristics in Korea and China on organizational citizenship behavior by means of moderating effect of self-efficacy. This study conducted analysis using PLS as methodology. This study conducted analysis on the effect of leadership behavior characteristics in Korea and China on organizational citizenship behavior. It was found in both Korea and China that leadership behavior characteristics makes positive influence on organizational citizenship behavior but without moderating effect of self-efficacy. Results of this study could be practically used in educational institutions in charge of leadership training, besides college students, and help seeking for direction to nurture basic attainments on leader's behavior characteristics.

Attachment Experience in Childhood, Personality Characteristics, Parenting Stress, and Parenting Behavior among Mothers with Preschool Children (유아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 아동기 애착경험, 성격특성, 자녀양육 스트레스와 양육행동)

  • Chyung, Yun-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.46 no.3
    • /
    • pp.73-85
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine: (1) relationships among mothers' attachment experience in childhood, mothers' personality characteristics, and parenting stress and parenting behavior; (2) whether mothers' personality characteristics mediate the relationship between mothers' attachment experience in childhood and parenting stress; and (3) whether mothers' personality characteristics mediate the relationship between mothers' attachment experience in childhood and parenting behavior. The subjects were 177 mothers with preschool children, and the data were collected with questionnaires. It was found that there are correlations among mothers' attachment experience in childhood, mothers' personality characteristics, parenting stress, and parenting behaviors(autonomy encouragement, and rejection). It was found that mothers' attachment experience in childhood predicts mothers' parenting stress, but the relationship is mediated by mothers' personality characteristics. It was also found that mothers' attachment experience in childhood predicts mothers' parenting behavior, but the relationship is mediated by mothers' personality characteristics.

A Study on the Relationship between Type A Behavior Pattern and Lifestyle and Psychological Characteristics of Korean Medical Students (한의대생의 A형 행동유형과 생활 양식 및 심리 특성과의 관계 연구)

  • Kwon, Oh Hyeon;Lee, Jae Hyok
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.71-82
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objectives : To determine the relationship between Type A Behavior Pattern and lifestyle and psychological characteristics of Korean medical students. Methods : The Type A Behavior Pattern in 73 Korean medical students was measured. Questionnaires were conducted on lifestyle and mental characteristics. Results : In the PSQI, ISI, S-Scale, BEPSI-K, PWI-SF, CES-D, BDI, STAI-X-1, STAI-X-2, K-RTA, PWI-SF and PSS surveys, The score of Type A Behavior Pattern was significantly higher than that of Type B Behavior Pattern. Otherwise, in SES, WHOQOL-BREF(Physical, Psychological) and SWLS surveys, The score of Type A Behavior Pattern was significantly lower than that of Type B Behavior Pattern. Conclusions : Lifestyle and psychological characteristics of Korean medical students are correlated with Type A Behavior Pattern. Therefore, Type A Behavior Pattern could be used an indicator reflecting various properties of Korean medical students.

The Relationship between Young Children's Creative Behaviors and Mothers' Supportive Child-Rearing Behaviors (유아의 창의적 행동특성과 어머니의 지지적 양육행동간의 관계)

  • Kim, Su-Yeon;Lee, Young
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.43 no.2
    • /
    • pp.69-79
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the creative behavior characteristics of 4-5 year olds and to investigate the relationship between these characteristics and the mothers' supportive child-rearing behaviors. The subjects were 125 pairs of young children and their mothers in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The major results of this study were as follows. First, young children were rated to show uniqueness, openness, sensitivity, playfulness, and perseverance as creative behavior characteristics by their teacher. There were no significant differences between creative behavior characteristics of boys and girls. Second, the more mother used supportive child-rearing behaviors, the higher their children's creative behavior characteristics were estimated.

Impact of Gender Differences in DNA on Consumer Buying Behavior

  • Kim, Young-Ei
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.33-39
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of gender differences in DNA on consumer buying behavior both online and offline and other buying channels to find out effective sales promotion strategies of enterprises. Research design, data, and methodology - This study investigated the relation between chromosome and DNA, DNA and gene, and gene and human behavior of gender. The study shows generic characteristics have influence upon consumers' buying behavior and inclination, and examined the effects of genetic characteristics depending upon the difference of gender DNA upon consumers' buying behavior. Results - Precedent studies on genetics and ethology showed close relations between chromosome and DNA, DNA and gene, and gene and buying behavior of the gene. 'Hunting and protection', one of the genetic characteristics in men's DNA, had great influence upon the consumers' different buying behavior. Conclusion - Gender DNA difference in genetics and ethology disclosed fundamental reasons for the difference in buying behavior and inclination of men and women. It gives implications that marketing strategies of advertising and sales promotion should be made in different ways depending upon men and women.

Effects of Corrosion Resistance Characteristics of Opponent Materials in relative Motion on Sliding Wear Behavior of Mild Carbon Steel (상대재 내식성이 철강재료의 미끄럼마모 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Han-Young
    • Tribology and Lubricants
    • /
    • v.35 no.2
    • /
    • pp.139-147
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study investigates the effects of corrosion resistance characteristics of opponent materials in relative motion on the sliding wear behavior of mild carbon steel. Pin specimens made of mild carbon steel are tested at several sliding speeds against mating discs made of two types of alloyed steels, such as type D2 tool steel (STD11) and type 420 stainless steel (STS420J2), with different corrosion resistance characteristics in a pin-on-disc type sliding wear test machine. The results clearly show that the sliding wear behavior of mild carbon steel is influenced by the corrosion resistance characteristics of the mating disc materials at low sliding speeds. However, the sliding wear behavior at high sliding speeds is irrelevant to the characteristics because of the rising temperature. During the steady state wear period, the sliding wear rate of mild carbon steel against the type 420 stainless steel at a sliding speed of 0.5 m/s increases considerably unlike against the type D2 tool steel. This may be because the better corrosion resistance characteristics achieve a worse tribochemical reactivity. However, during the running-in wear period at low sliding speeds, the wear behavior of mild carbon steel is influenced by the microstructure after heat treatment of the mating disc materials rather than by their corrosion resistance characteristics.

A Comparative Study on Mother's Caring Attitude between Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Normal Children (주의력 결핍 및 과잉행동장애 아동과 일반 아동 어머니의 양육태도 비교연구)

  • 공희자;문재우
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.297-317
    • /
    • 2004
  • As many precedent studies have shown, most children grow receiving influence from their parents. The purpose of this study was to serve as a basis for better preventive approach by finding out the relationship between the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) of elementary school children and maternal behavior characteristics. Moreover, the purpose of this study was to present basic materials for developing program of children and create good relationship between child and parents for better education. For the purposes, two hypotheses were posed. Hypothesis 1: There would be a significant disparity in maternal behavior between the ADHD group and the non-ADHD group. Hypothesis 2: The environment could have an influence on maternal behavior characteristics. The subjects in this study were 71 mothers who had children with ADHD and 69 mothers who had non-ADHD, who selected from mothers of third to sixth graders in elementary school in Kyonggi, Suwon. The instruments used for the diagnosis of ADHD was DSA-IV. The data were analyzed with ANOVA(Analysis of Variance) by SPSSWIN Program. The findings of this study were as fellows: First, Hypothesis 1 was accepted. The mothers who had ADHD children had rejective behavior characteristics in while the mothers group who had non-ADHD children had controling behavior characteristics but there was no significant difference in affectionate attitude and autonomic attitude. Second, hypothesis 2 was accepted generally. The psychological and physical environment had correlation with maternal behavior characteristics. Especially, there was a significant correlational relationship between the maternal satisfaction for their life and rejection of maternal behavior. The following conclusion could be made from the above mentioned findings. First, The maternal behavior characteristics resulted in severe ADHD for children which justified the need of proper education for mothers to care children wellbeing. Second, The environment of psychology had an influence on maternal behavior. This showed that it is essential to develope educational program and counselling system for mothers

The Effects of Peer Group on Adolescent Prosocial Behavior -Focusing on the Comparison between the Peer Influence Model and the Individual Characteristics Model- (청소년의 친사회적 행동에 대한 또래집단의 영향력 검증 -또래영향모델과 개인특성모델의 비교를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Hak-Lyoung;Kim, Jeong-Hwa;Chung, Ick-Joong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
    • /
    • no.36
    • /
    • pp.261-288
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study focuses on adolescent prosocial behavior as one of the necessary elements for youth to grow as a healthy member of the society. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of peer group on adolescent prosocial behavior by comparing the peer influence model and the individual characteristics model. For the study, we conducted hierarchical multiple regression analyses using the data from the Korean Youth General Survey 2008, administered by the Ministry of Health and Welfare. Results show that friends' prosocial behavior had a positive impact, but friends' antisocial behavior had a negative impact on adolescent prosocial behavior. When individual characteristics including self-esteem and empathy were analyzed simultaneously, empathy, self-esteem, friends' prosocial behavior, and friends' antisocial behavior were found to be statistically significant. The strength of association between individual characteristics and adolescent prosocial behavior was greater than that of friends' behaviors. Also, significant moderating effects of individual characteristics on the relationships between adolescent prosocial behavior and friends' behaviors were found. For example, the positive effect of friends' prosocial behavior on adolescent prosocial behavior increased as adolescent's level of self-esteem increased. On the other hand, the negative effect of friends' antisocial behavior on adolescent prosocial behavior decreased as adolescent's level of empathy increased. Based on the findings, both the peer influence model and the individual characteristics model were considered valid in explaining prosocial behavior of Korean adolescents. Finally, implications of this study for positive youth development were discussed.

The Effect of the Clothing Benefits Sought on the Enviromental Awareness and Environment-Friendly Consuming Behavior (의복추구혜택이 환경의식과 환경친화적 소비행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Yu-Jung;Park, Ok-Lyun;Ha, Jong-Kyung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
    • /
    • v.8 no.6
    • /
    • pp.639-646
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to examine clothing benefits seeking and buying behavior depending on the level of environmental awareness. The results showed a significant relationship between the level of environmental awareness and the factors of demographic characteristics, such as age, marital status, educational status, and type of housing, occupation, and average household income. However, there was no significant difference between those by gender. In relationship between the level of environmental awareness and clothing benefits seeking behavior, there were significant differences between the following groups. such as social stability-oriented, brand-oriented, individuality-oriented, and comfort-oriented group. With regard to the relationship between environment-friendly consuming behavior and demographic characteristics, there were significant differences in all factors of the demographic characteristics. Buying behavior showed a significant relationship with all factors of demographic characteristics except type of housing. Using behavior matched a significant relationship with all factors of demographic characteristics. Disposition behavior demonstrated a significant relationship with all factors except marital status. In terms of the effect of clothing benefits sought on the environment-friendly consuming behavior, the results suggested a significant relationship of brand-oriented, individuality-oriented, comfort-oriented, and price-oriented factors. Buying behavior showed a significant relationship with brand-oriented, comfort-oriented, and price-oriented factors. Using behavior demonstrated a strongly significant relationship with comfort-oriented factor while disposition behavior suggested a strong relationship with price-oriented factor.